Explicit Questions clear and obvious; leaves no doubt as to the intended meaning Synonyms: “literal”, “factual”, “right there in the text”
Examples: Asking and answering “right there” questions found in the reading material Locating directly stated main ideas Locating significant and irrelevant details Placing items in correct sequence or order Reading and carrying out directions
Explicit questions usually start with: who, what, where, and when. These first four ‘wh’ questions are explicit questions where the answer is found directly in the text.
Implicit Questions not directly stated Synonyms: “inferential”, “interpretive”, “think and search”
Examples: Asking and answering “think and search” questions (the reader has to deduce the answers from the reading material) Asking and answering questions that call for interpretation (the answer is not found directly in the material) Drawing conclusions and generalizations Predicting the outcomes Summarizing what was read Sensing the author’s mood and purpose
Implicit questions usually start with “why” or “how”. When asking why, the answer is not spelled out in the text. Students must infer the answer based on what was going on in the story. For example, why did she say that? Or, why did she do that?