A little bit of Tech - Internet Safety and Privacy
A little bit of Tech
Internet Safety and Privacy
Online safety AND Online privacy
5 steps to Using the Internet (and other
Before you begin … (Before you even start using the Internet)
Keeping your smartphones, tablets and computers safe
Using your real name or user name? Logging in and
using/understanding the websites, your safety AND website TAC
Resources, trustworthy sites and where to go if you want to
find out more
• Make sure that you have an up to date Virus Protection Program installed on
your computers. (this will protect you against malware and viruses).
Try AVG – a free virus protection program http://www.avgfree.com.au/
• Malware is software that is intended to damage or disable computers and
• Viruses are software programs capable of reproducing themselves and are
usually capable of causing great harm to files or other programs on the same.
• Make sure your computers are updated – on PCS check and install updates on a
regular basis - Macs automatically checks weekly for software updates provided
you have an internet connection.
• Before you begin
Set up an email address: Use Gmail or Windows Live (Outlook) as they both
filter out spam
• Select passwords which are difficult to use and choose different combinations
of passwords for different programs which you use
• Watch for Fake Pop-up Windows – install a pop up AD Blocker -
• Download the WOT add-on for Firefox, Chrome, Internet Explorer, Opera, and
Safari browsers - http://www.mywot.com – it checks that sites are good according
to user ratings (word of mouth) and Install a McAfee safe search toolbar - to check
that sites are secure www.siteadvisor.com/securesearch/
•Keeping your computer safe …
Set up a complex password:
• 1. From the home menu, tap the settings icon (Grey icon with a
couple of gears in it).
• 2. Tap on the "General" settings button.
• 3. From the "General" settings menu, choose the "Passcode
• 4. Tap the "Turn Passcode On" option at the top of the menu or
enter your current passcode if you already have a passcode
• 5. Set the "Require Password" option to "Immediately" unless
you wish to have a longer window of time before it is required.
This is where you have the chance to balance security versus
usability. You could create a longer passcode and set a longer
window of time before it's required so you won't be constantly
entering it or you could create a shorter passcode and require it
immediately. Either choice has it's pros and cons, it just
depends on what level of security vs. convenience you are
willing to accept.
• 6. Change the "Simple Passcode" to the "OFF" position. This
will enable the complex passcode option.
• 7. Enter your current 4-digit passcode if prompted.
• 8. Type in your new complex passcode when prompted and tap
the "Next" button.
• 9. Type in your new complex passcode a second time to confirm
it and tap the "Done" button.
• 10. Press the home button and then press the wake/sleep
button to test out your new passcode.
Smartphones or Tablets – safety
• Manage Privacy Settings
• Turn On Private Browsing and Other Safari Settings-
• Go to your phone service providers and ask how to switch off
location and privacy settings and to adjust your browsers!
• Don't give out personal information
such as your address or phone
number. (unless specified/shopping
on a secure site)
• Don’t give out your credit card details
– check the site and T and C’s before
doing so ((unless specified/shopping
on a secure site)
• Check emails or attachments from
people you don't know – prior to
• Be aware of all the
content, comments, images and
videos which you post online.
• Choose watertight passwords
• Log or sign out of all accounts.
• Read the terms and conditions
of each site
• Only access or shop on
• Use PayPal, don’t just email
credit card or payment details
(it’s hard for the bank to protect
• If something sounds like a
SCAM – it probably is -
Online Safety AND Privacy
Online Safety Tips
• Be aware of scams which can strike through social networking
• Maintain privacy settings on sites.
• Try not to not give out too much private information
• Don’t open emails or attachments from people you don’t know; malware
attachments are still making the rounds which can steal your
identity, add spyware, upload viruses, or send spam from your account.
• Never give anyone money from an instant message or email; someone
might have stolen info and are using a trusted name to scam you.
• Never give out financial info such as bank account or any other
details/numbers. (unless you are on a secure site and are intending to
purchase something – check first!)
More Online Safety Tips
• When redirected to another login page, check your browser for the
web address and leave site immediately if the web address is
incorrect (or seems suspicious)
• Click at your own risk; if it seems suspicious don’t click it.
• Be cautious when giving out your mobile number; you may get
entered into a text messaging service or an app that bills you a
monthly fee without realising it.
• Don’t fall for something too good to be true like “tweeting for cash-
earn money for tweets”.
• Don’t pay for free trials or give your credit card number for access to
a trial or you could be charged monthly fees on your credit card for
something you never intended to purchase.
Online Privacy Tips
• There is no such thing as privacy on the Internet.
• You can adjust your privacy settings on each account you use. (Choose
who you want to see what information and why)
• Guard your information well. It is better to ask questions and to confirm
information so demand validation, verification, and authentication before
giving your information to anyone. If you still feel uneasy, say no or check
• Consider carefully when accessing free Wi-Fi or Wi-Fi in cafes or places
(as they are not 100% secure) Rather use secure Wi-Fi places
(home, work, or at a family or friend’s house)
• If you do access free Wi-Fi; set your computer to show you are in a public
place; don’t open secure accounts (such as bank accounts) and make
sure you sign out of everything.
Username or real name?
That really depends on you!
Some sites automatically use your real name as your username and you can
opt out of showing your full name.
Most people choose to use their full name or their initials and last name.
Most people WANT to be contacted or are online for business purposes so
using their REAL names to help establish their credibility and authenticity.
People use usernames – if they want to remain anonymous and a lot of
gamers/hackers use usernames.
Check Google to see if someone is who they see they are and use:
http://namechk.com/ - if you want to use a username
Or Pipl.com – if you want to find a person or email address (or search
yourself – see what digital footprint you are leaving!)
Logging in /Signing Up
• Check the site first, read the fine print and have a look at the terms
and conditions especially if you are deciding to purchase something
• Use PayPal or a credit card which have anti-fraud measures in
• You can opt out of information – you do not have to sign up for
emails or give every single detail the site asks you for.
• If you do give your mailing address; ensure that the website you are
using is safe and secure. Look at their privacy information
• Most sign-up forms have extra questions which aren’t required. Just
leave them blank!
• Most websites allow you to opt out of using your full name and date
of birth – you can choose to change your privacy/account settings
as you wish
• If you have concerns – you can report to SCAMwatch
• Or you can contact the website directly
• Check everything (before sending, forwarding, sharing, commenting
• Log or sign out of all accounts (before closing your computer)
• Check and change your account and privacy settings
• Keep your computer and virus protection software updated
• Keep your mobile phone/tablet updated
• Use strong passwords – I have a password generating tip for you!
• Be aware of online safety and privacy
• Don’t share details with people who sound a bit dodgy!
• Opt out of sharing every detail
• Use trusted Wi-Fi (such as home/office) rather than cafes or public
• Ask people if you have concerns
• And report to SCAMwatch or sites if you have an issue!
• The Department of Broadband, Communications and Digital economy has
a lot of resources http://www.dbcde.gov.au/
• Read, read, read! (But check everything before you share!)
• Have a look at the Digital Citizenship or Cybersmart sites for resources
• Here is a link to resources which will help you right now!
• Have a look at my Pinterest account for more computer, Internet and
Social Media resources http://pinterest.com/ebbye/
• Or on my Facebook page for tips, tools and information about Social
• Or find me on Twitter https://twitter.com/awarenetconnect
Resources, trustworthy sites and where to go if
you want to find out more
Trustworthy sites –
I picked the bigger brands as they offer more protection for users/shoppers
News sites: BBC, Reuters, New York Times
Grocery Shopping: Coles, Woolworths
Books: Randwick Library website, Amazon, Booktopia, The Nile, Oscar and
Music: ABC, YouTube (check videos carefully before you click!)
Search Engine: Google (check links before you click!)
Email: Gmail, Microsoft Outlook, Yahoo, Windows Live
Blog: Blogger, Wordpress
Social Media: Facebook, Twitter, Pinterest, Instagram
Shopping: eBay, Amazon
Courses: Universal Class, GCF, Internet Basics
Cybersafety: Cyber Smart
Fun/Search: Silver Surfers
Women: Third Age
Learn something new: Curious, Universal Class, Khan Academy, iTunes U
Brain Food: Mental Floss, Brain Pickings
Shopping: Amazon, eBay, Interflora, Big W, Target, Kmart
Hotel/Flights/Gifts/Deals: LastMinute, Zuji
Luxury: David Jones, Maggie’s Beer, Peter’s of Kensington
Just like this tree; digital
media and the Internet is
growing and growing!
And the more you read, ask and listen –
the more you will learn!
Social Media and Basic Computers/Internet Trainer