Yesterday Group Presentation


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  • (constitutional law of SA)
  • Yesterday Group Presentation

    1. 1. Presented by: Cedric Echo Elaine Maiko Mavis Renee Sony Yesterday : A Sympathetic Portrayal of People with AIDS
    2. 2. Outline <ul><li>Social Backgrounds: Causes for Yesterday’s hardships </li></ul><ul><li>Film Intro: Rural society presented in the film </li></ul><ul><li>Surviving in a society prejudiced against AIDS </li></ul><ul><li>Yesterday’s Survival </li></ul><ul><li>The film’s attitude and portrayal </li></ul><ul><li>Filming techniques </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusion </li></ul>
    3. 3. Social Background: AIDS Elaine
    4. 4. December 1
    5. 6. AIDS around the world <ul><li>About 33.2 million people are living with HIV/AIDS. </li></ul><ul><li>AIDS has killed an estimated 2.1 million people, including 330,000 children. </li></ul><ul><li>Over 3/4 of these deaths occurred in sub-Saharan Africa. </li></ul>
    6. 7. AIDS in South Africa <ul><li>South Africa has a population of approximately 40 million. </li></ul><ul><li>About 5.7 million people (8%) are living with HIV/AIDS, more than in any other country. </li></ul><ul><li>More than 330,000 South Africans died of AIDS in the last ten years. </li></ul><ul><li>National prevalence is around 11%. Almost one-in-three women aged 25-29, and over a quarter of men aged 30-34, are living with HIV. </li></ul>
    7. 8. AIDS in South Africa <ul><li>HIV prevalence also varies by province: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Western Cape (3.8%) being least affected </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>KwaZulu-Natal (15.8%) most affected. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>HIV in South Africa is transmitted predominantly between heterosexual couples and from mother to child. </li></ul>
    8. 9. Government’s Slow Response <ul><li>The government of South Africa did not introduce antiviral drugs to treat AIDS in the population until 2003. </li></ul><ul><li>South Africa has the largest antiretroviral therapy program in the world, but access to treatment is low. </li></ul><ul><li>At the end of 2007, an estimated 28% of infected people were receiving treatment for HIV, below the average for lower- and middle-income countries. </li></ul>
    9. 10. Government’s Slow Response <ul><li>President Thabo Mbeki (1999-2008) often sought the opinions of AIDS denialists. </li></ul><ul><li>Both Mbeki and his health minister, Manto Tshabalala-Msimang, questioned the effectiveness of ARVs. </li></ul><ul><li>The health minister even infamously promoted beetroot and garlic consumption as a way of fighting HIV infection. </li></ul>
    10. 11. People’s Perception of AIDS <ul><li>Due to many factors, including low educational level of the population and an ambivalent government position, there are widespread misconceptions about AIDS and its treatment. </li></ul><ul><li>E.g. some people believe that having sex with a virgin can cure them of AIDS. </li></ul><ul><li>Stigma against people with AIDS. </li></ul>
    11. 12. Further Complications <ul><li>Lack of medical resources </li></ul><ul><li>Rural areas - far from cities, lack of transportation </li></ul><ul><li>Women stay at home; men work in the cities </li></ul><ul><li>Witch doctors and superstition </li></ul>
    12. 13. Impact Upon Families <ul><li>There are 1.4 million AIDS orphans in South Africa. </li></ul><ul><li>The proportion of maternal orphans (children who lost their mother) orphaned by AIDS is estimated to be over 70%. </li></ul>
    13. 14. New Policies <ul><li>On World AIDS, South African President Jacob Zuma spoke of “the dawn of a new era”. </li></ul><ul><li>He announced policies that would see more people treated for HIV, including treatment for all HIV-positive babies under the age of one. </li></ul><ul><li>He compared the fight against AIDS to the struggle for liberation against apartheid and said he would be tested for HIV himself as part of the new campaign. </li></ul>
    14. 15. The sin of our generation <ul><li>&quot;I believe that this could very well be looked back on as the sin of our generation… I look at my grandparents and ask, what were they doing when the holocaust in Europe was occurring with regard to the Jews, and why didn't they speak up? … And I believe that our children and their children, 40 or 50 years from now, are going to ask me, what did you do while 40 million children became orphans in Africa?&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>- Rich Stearns, </li></ul><ul><li>President of World Vision, US </li></ul>
    15. 16. Social Background: Women, Witchcraft, and Zulu Echo
    16. 17. Women <ul><li>Legislation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Choice on Termination of Pregnancy Act of 1996 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Domestic Violence Act of 1998 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Maintenance Act of 1998 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Recognition of Customary Marriages Act of 1998 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Promotion of Equality and Prevention of Unfair Discrimination Act of 2000 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(“Women’s rights” Constitutional Court of South Africa ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>proper implementation? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Reality </li></ul><ul><ul><li>sexual abuse (rape) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>domestic violence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>un- or low employment </li></ul></ul><ul><li>“ South Africa has one of the highest incidents of rape in the world” </li></ul><ul><li>“ In the home, it is estimated that one in three married women suffer domestic violence” </li></ul><ul><li>“ The bulk of our women are still lowly paid, under paid or employed as domestic labor” (qtd. in) </li></ul><ul><li>(Mutume, “Rights-South Africa: Women Celebrate Gains” IPS World News ). </li></ul>
    17. 18. Sangoma African healers <ul><li>Who is Sangoma ? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>a holy man or woman connected to an ancestral spirit </li></ul></ul><ul><li>What does Sangoma do? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>mediators </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>healers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>diviners </li></ul></ul><ul><li>“ Sangoma’s function is vital to </li></ul><ul><li>maintaining order and fluidity </li></ul><ul><li>amongst members of the society” </li></ul><ul><li>(“Sangoma – African Healers” Enza ). </li></ul><>
    18. 19. Zulu <ul><li>largest ethnic group in SA </li></ul><ul><li>1816 kingdom founded, king Shaka </li></ul><ul><li>late 19th, British came </li></ul><ul><li>apartheid years, third class citizens </li></ul><ul><li>modern Zulu – 50 /50 (rural / urban) </li></ul><ul><li>Bantu / Zulu? </li></ul>
    19. 20. Film techniques: The film’s positive attitude and sympathy for Yesterday Cedric
    20. 21. Motif <ul><li>Desert </li></ul><ul><li>Long way </li></ul>
    21. 22. Colors <ul><li>Warm colour: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>warmth of villagers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>the weather </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>mother’s warmth </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Cold Colour: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>indifference of people </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>highlights smallness </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>his coldness </li></ul></ul>Sources:
    22. 23. Long-take shots <ul><li>The helplessness of the doctor and Yesterday (with a high-angle shot) </li></ul>Sources:
    23. 24. Long-take shots <ul><li>Yesterday’s strength and vulnerability </li></ul>Sources:
    24. 25. Long-take shots <ul><li>Her dignity (with low-angle shots) </li></ul>Sources:
    25. 26. <ul><li>Inability, helplessness </li></ul>Bird Eye’s level Sources:
    26. 27. Wide shots Sources:
    27. 28. Shoulder’s shots <ul><li>Mother’s eye level </li></ul>Sources:
    28. 29. Shoulder’s shots <ul><li>Love and expectation </li></ul>Sources:
    29. 30. Ending (Last scene) <ul><li>Echoing effect </li></ul><ul><li>High-angle shots: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>unpredictability of (her) life </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>composition w/ bright colour </li></ul></ul>Sources:
    30. 31. Gallery <ul><li>Her first cry </li></ul>Sources:
    31. 32. Gallery <ul><li>Her second cry </li></ul>Sources:
    32. 33. Conclusion Elaine
    33. 34. How did you feel after watching the film?
    34. 35. The Film <ul><li>The film, ultimately, is not a blame-game, but a brave portrayal of people with AIDS </li></ul><ul><li>It hopes to educate people and help remove the stigma against people with AIDS </li></ul><ul><li>It shows the power of friendship and the strength of a mother </li></ul><ul><li>Forgiveness, love, hope, dignity </li></ul>
    35. 36. The Future <ul><li>The road ahead may be difficult for Yesterday (and Beauty), but there is still hope. </li></ul><ul><li>It is not a bleak film. Instead, it is one that holds out hope for a better tomorrow—for the next generation. </li></ul>
    36. 37. Works Cited <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>http:// </li></ul><ul><li>http:// = production_notes </li></ul><ul><li>http:// </li></ul>
    37. 38. The End.