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Yesterday Group Presentation
 

Yesterday Group Presentation

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  • http://www.constitutionalcourt.org.za/text/rights/know/women.html (constitutional law of SA) http://www.columbia.edu/cu/sister/SouthAfrica.html http://www.southafrica.info/ess_info/sa_glance/constitution/gender.htm http://www.africa.upenn.edu/Urgent_Action/apicza_112495.html http://web.archive.org/web/20040214022735/http://www.oneworld.org/ips2/aug98/15_17_044.html
  • http://neonacho.net/africanenza/sangoma.html

Yesterday Group Presentation Yesterday Group Presentation Presentation Transcript

  • Presented by: Cedric Echo Elaine Maiko Mavis Renee Sony Yesterday : A Sympathetic Portrayal of People with AIDS
  • Outline
    • Social Backgrounds: Causes for Yesterday’s hardships
    • Film Intro: Rural society presented in the film
    • Surviving in a society prejudiced against AIDS
    • Yesterday’s Survival
    • The film’s attitude and portrayal
    • Filming techniques
    • Conclusion
  • Social Background: AIDS Elaine
  • December 1
  •  
  • AIDS around the world
    • About 33.2 million people are living with HIV/AIDS.
    • AIDS has killed an estimated 2.1 million people, including 330,000 children.
    • Over 3/4 of these deaths occurred in sub-Saharan Africa.
  • AIDS in South Africa
    • South Africa has a population of approximately 40 million.
    • About 5.7 million people (8%) are living with HIV/AIDS, more than in any other country.
    • More than 330,000 South Africans died of AIDS in the last ten years.
    • National prevalence is around 11%. Almost one-in-three women aged 25-29, and over a quarter of men aged 30-34, are living with HIV.
  • AIDS in South Africa
    • HIV prevalence also varies by province:
      • Western Cape (3.8%) being least affected
      • KwaZulu-Natal (15.8%) most affected.
    • HIV in South Africa is transmitted predominantly between heterosexual couples and from mother to child.
  • Government’s Slow Response
    • The government of South Africa did not introduce antiviral drugs to treat AIDS in the population until 2003.
    • South Africa has the largest antiretroviral therapy program in the world, but access to treatment is low.
    • At the end of 2007, an estimated 28% of infected people were receiving treatment for HIV, below the average for lower- and middle-income countries.
  • Government’s Slow Response
    • President Thabo Mbeki (1999-2008) often sought the opinions of AIDS denialists.
    • Both Mbeki and his health minister, Manto Tshabalala-Msimang, questioned the effectiveness of ARVs.
    • The health minister even infamously promoted beetroot and garlic consumption as a way of fighting HIV infection.
  • People’s Perception of AIDS
    • Due to many factors, including low educational level of the population and an ambivalent government position, there are widespread misconceptions about AIDS and its treatment.
    • E.g. some people believe that having sex with a virgin can cure them of AIDS.
    • Stigma against people with AIDS.
  • Further Complications
    • Lack of medical resources
    • Rural areas - far from cities, lack of transportation
    • Women stay at home; men work in the cities
    • Witch doctors and superstition
  • Impact Upon Families
    • There are 1.4 million AIDS orphans in South Africa.
    • The proportion of maternal orphans (children who lost their mother) orphaned by AIDS is estimated to be over 70%.
  • New Policies
    • On World AIDS, South African President Jacob Zuma spoke of “the dawn of a new era”.
    • He announced policies that would see more people treated for HIV, including treatment for all HIV-positive babies under the age of one.
    • He compared the fight against AIDS to the struggle for liberation against apartheid and said he would be tested for HIV himself as part of the new campaign.
  • The sin of our generation
    • "I believe that this could very well be looked back on as the sin of our generation… I look at my grandparents and ask, what were they doing when the holocaust in Europe was occurring with regard to the Jews, and why didn't they speak up? … And I believe that our children and their children, 40 or 50 years from now, are going to ask me, what did you do while 40 million children became orphans in Africa?"
    • - Rich Stearns,
    • President of World Vision, US
  • Social Background: Women, Witchcraft, and Zulu Echo
  • Women
    • Legislation
      • The Choice on Termination of Pregnancy Act of 1996
      • The Domestic Violence Act of 1998
      • Maintenance Act of 1998
      • Recognition of Customary Marriages Act of 1998
      • The Promotion of Equality and Prevention of Unfair Discrimination Act of 2000
      • (“Women’s rights” Constitutional Court of South Africa )
      • proper implementation?
    • Reality
      • sexual abuse (rape)
      • domestic violence
      • un- or low employment
    • “ South Africa has one of the highest incidents of rape in the world”
    • “ In the home, it is estimated that one in three married women suffer domestic violence”
    • “ The bulk of our women are still lowly paid, under paid or employed as domestic labor” (qtd. in)
    • (Mutume, “Rights-South Africa: Women Celebrate Gains” IPS World News ).
  • Sangoma African healers
    • Who is Sangoma ?
      • a holy man or woman connected to an ancestral spirit
    • What does Sangoma do?
      • mediators
      • healers
      • diviners
    • “ Sangoma’s function is vital to
    • maintaining order and fluidity
    • amongst members of the society”
    • (“Sangoma – African Healers” Enza ).
    <http://www.ezakwantu.com/Gallery%20African%20Snuff%20Bottles%20-%20Snuff%20Containers.htm>
  • Zulu
    • largest ethnic group in SA
    • 1816 kingdom founded, king Shaka
    • late 19th, British came
    • apartheid years, third class citizens
    • modern Zulu – 50 /50 (rural / urban)
    • Bantu / Zulu?
  • Film techniques: The film’s positive attitude and sympathy for Yesterday Cedric
  • Motif
    • Desert
    • Long way
  • Colors
    • Warm colour:
      • warmth of villagers
      • the weather
      • mother’s warmth
    • Cold Colour:
      • indifference of people
      • highlights smallness
      • his coldness
    Sources:
  • Long-take shots
    • The helplessness of the doctor and Yesterday (with a high-angle shot)
    Sources:
  • Long-take shots
    • Yesterday’s strength and vulnerability
    Sources:
  • Long-take shots
    • Her dignity (with low-angle shots)
    Sources:
    • Inability, helplessness
    Bird Eye’s level Sources:
  • Wide shots Sources:
  • Shoulder’s shots
    • Mother’s eye level
    Sources:
  • Shoulder’s shots
    • Love and expectation
    Sources:
  • Ending (Last scene)
    • Echoing effect
    • High-angle shots:
      • unpredictability of (her) life
      • composition w/ bright colour
    Sources:
  • Gallery
    • Her first cry
    Sources:
  • Gallery
    • Her second cry
    Sources:
  • Conclusion Elaine
  • How did you feel after watching the film?
  • The Film
    • The film, ultimately, is not a blame-game, but a brave portrayal of people with AIDS
    • It hopes to educate people and help remove the stigma against people with AIDS
    • It shows the power of friendship and the strength of a mother
    • Forgiveness, love, hope, dignity
  • The Future
    • The road ahead may be difficult for Yesterday (and Beauty), but there is still hope.
    • It is not a bleak film. Instead, it is one that holds out hope for a better tomorrow—for the next generation.
  • Works Cited
    • http://www.avert.org/aidssouthafrica.htm
    • http://www.littletravellers.net/hiv-aids-in-south-africa
    • http://edition.cnn.com/2009/HEALTH/12/01/zuma.aids/index.html
    • http:// en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Extreme_long_shot
    • http:// www.yesterdaythemovie.co.za/frameset.asp?pageName = production_notes
    • http:// en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kalahari_Desert
  • The End.