Monarch Butterflies


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Monarch Butterflies

  1. 1. Monarch Butterflies Migration Created by: Amanda Swann; Karrista Moody; Shelbi Barlowe; Jennifer Mar; Katiie Wilhelm
  2. 2. Basic Facts <ul><li>Monarchs have an average life span of 2 – 6 weeks in captivity, or 8 – 9 months when migrating. </li></ul><ul><li>Butterflies go through four life stages as they grow: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Egg </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Larva </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pupa </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Adult </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Stage I - Egg <ul><li>Egg stage 3-4 days </li></ul><ul><li>When it’s the right time the caterpillar begins to bite its way through the shell. </li></ul><ul><li>The new larvae will feed on its shell before making its way out to the world. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Stage II - Larvae <ul><li>The caterpillar's outer skin is actually not skin; it is a hard outer shell that does not grow. The caterpillar must shed its shell and face mask also. The little larvae then turns around and eats it, for it is a great source of nutrients. </li></ul><ul><li>The caterpillar has five stages of shedding before it begins to mold its chrysalis. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Stage III - Pupa <ul><li>The outside of the chrysalis is really clear and what you see is the green ‘Pupa’ inside. </li></ul><ul><li>You can see the caterpillar change colors when it is in the Pupa. </li></ul><ul><li>When the butterfly is ready to come into the world the chrysalis will turn brown, yellow, and orange. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Stage IV - Adult <ul><li>Black frame work indicates a strong structure which helps the butterflies glide, as if they are a kite. </li></ul><ul><li>A monarch’s body structure is close to the same as a Larva-head: thorax and abdomen. </li></ul><ul><li>There are four main structures to the adult head: eyes, antennae, palpi, and proboscis. </li></ul><ul><li>The wings are made up of thousands of tiny, overlapping scales, like as fish scales. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Gender of Butterflies <ul><li>Female </li></ul><ul><li>Male </li></ul>Black dots indicate a male.   No black dots indicate a female.
  8. 8. Others… <ul><li>Monarchs eat milkweed as a caterpillar and nectar as an adult. </li></ul><ul><li>Monarchs can fly from 5 – 30 miles per hour. </li></ul><ul><li>They can lay up to 500 eggs at a time. </li></ul><ul><li>They are considered the King Insect of the World. </li></ul><ul><li>It’s scientific name is Danaus Plexippus </li></ul><ul><li>The butterfly and moth belong to a category of insects called Lepidoptera, meaning “scale wing.” </li></ul>
  9. 9. Monarch in Migration <ul><li>Monarch butterflies migrate every fall south to Mexico where they wait out the winter in warmer temperatures. </li></ul><ul><li>The butterflies rest on the same mountain every year in Angangueo, and spend the winter in Michoacan, Mexico. </li></ul><ul><li>The migrating generation of monarch butterflies fly to Mexico, mate, then fly back to have their babies under a milkweed plant. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Monarch Sightings of 2009 on their journey to Mexico. 
  11. 11. Citations <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>