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Monarch Butterflies

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  • 1. Monarch Butterflies Migration Created by: Amanda Swann; Karrista Moody; Shelbi Barlowe; Jennifer Mar; Katiie Wilhelm
  • 2. Basic Facts
    • Monarchs have an average life span of 2 – 6 weeks in captivity, or 8 – 9 months when migrating.
    • Butterflies go through four life stages as they grow:
      • Egg
      • Larva
      • Pupa
      • Adult
  • 3. Stage I - Egg
    • Egg stage 3-4 days
    • When it’s the right time the caterpillar begins to bite its way through the shell.
    • The new larvae will feed on its shell before making its way out to the world.
  • 4. Stage II - Larvae
    • The caterpillar's outer skin is actually not skin; it is a hard outer shell that does not grow. The caterpillar must shed its shell and face mask also. The little larvae then turns around and eats it, for it is a great source of nutrients.
    • The caterpillar has five stages of shedding before it begins to mold its chrysalis.
  • 5. Stage III - Pupa
    • The outside of the chrysalis is really clear and what you see is the green ‘Pupa’ inside.
    • You can see the caterpillar change colors when it is in the Pupa.
    • When the butterfly is ready to come into the world the chrysalis will turn brown, yellow, and orange.
  • 6. Stage IV - Adult
    • Black frame work indicates a strong structure which helps the butterflies glide, as if they are a kite.
    • A monarch’s body structure is close to the same as a Larva-head: thorax and abdomen.
    • There are four main structures to the adult head: eyes, antennae, palpi, and proboscis.
    • The wings are made up of thousands of tiny, overlapping scales, like as fish scales.
  • 7. Gender of Butterflies
    • Female
    • Male
    Black dots indicate a male.   No black dots indicate a female.
  • 8. Others…
    • Monarchs eat milkweed as a caterpillar and nectar as an adult.
    • Monarchs can fly from 5 – 30 miles per hour.
    • They can lay up to 500 eggs at a time.
    • They are considered the King Insect of the World.
    • It’s scientific name is Danaus Plexippus
    • The butterfly and moth belong to a category of insects called Lepidoptera, meaning “scale wing.”
  • 9. Monarch in Migration
    • Monarch butterflies migrate every fall south to Mexico where they wait out the winter in warmer temperatures.
    • The butterflies rest on the same mountain every year in Angangueo, and spend the winter in Michoacan, Mexico.
    • The migrating generation of monarch butterflies fly to Mexico, mate, then fly back to have their babies under a milkweed plant.
  • 10. Monarch Sightings of 2009 on their journey to Mexico. 
  • 11. Citations
    • http://images.google.com/imghp?hl=en
    • http://www.learner.org/jnorth/maps/current.html?layers=practice
    • http://www.tqnyc.org/2007/NYC074278/fun_facts_new.htm
    • http://www.monarchbutterflyusa.com/Cycle.htm