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Napoleon, part 2

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18th and 19th Century Europe

18th and 19th Century Europe

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Transcript

  • 1. The Age of Napoleon & the Napoleonic Wars, 1804-1815
  • 2. The Emperor Napoleon • After his self-coronation in 1804, Napoleon set out to make himself into an emperor and France into the “Grand Empire” • In the process, he redrew the map of Europe, rewrote the rules of warfare and created a hegemony
  • 3. The Grand Empire • Annexed Netherlands, Belgium, & parts of Italy & Germany • Abolished Holy Roman Empire & set up 38-member Confederation of the Rhine • He cut Prussia in half, creating Grand Duchy of Warsaw out of part of old Poland • Forced alliances on Spain, Austria, Prussia, Russia
  • 4. Napoleonic Europe, 1804-1815
  • 5. France versus Britain • Britain alone remained outside Napoleon’s empire, so he prepared to invade England • Waged economic warfare through the Continental System • Britain responded with a blockade of ports • British & French seized neutral ships— precursor to War of 1812 • In the end, Napoleon failed vs. Britain
  • 6. Challenges to Napoleon • Nationalism—many who had welcomed the ideas of the French Revolution saw Napoleon & his grand armee as oppressors • Resistance in Spain—Napoleon had made his brother king of Spain, but the Spanish revolted using guerrilla warfare • 2-front war and forcing the continental system
  • 7. Major Events • Austerlitz, Austria—1805 • Defeat in Russia--1812-13 • Battle of the Nations, Leipzig—1813 • Exile to Elba—1814 • Return to Power—1814 • Battle of Waterloo—1815 • Exile to St Helena—1815 • Death of Napoleon—1821