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Elaich_adopt_site_principles_compressed

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ELAICH - Educational Linkage Approach in Cultural Heritage. …

ELAICH - Educational Linkage Approach in Cultural Heritage.
For more information and presentations, please visit: http://elaich.technion.ac.il/

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  • 1. Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural HeritageEducational ToolkitTeaching MaterialBasic CourseAdopt a SitePrinciples of study and documentation of a historic site for eLAICH students Dr. Anna Lobovikov-Katz -Technion – Israel Institute of Technology
  • 2. Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage Copyright ©ELAICH Beneficiaries 2009-2012 This material is an integral part of the “ELAICH – educational toolkit” and developed as part of the project ELAICH – Educational Linkage Approach in Cultural Heritage within the framework of EuroMed Cultural Heritage 4 Programme under grant agreement ENPI 150583. All rights reserved to the ELAICH Beneficiaries. This material, in its entirety only, may be used in "fair use" only as part of the ELAICH – educational toolkit for the educational purposes by non-profit educational establishments or in self-education, by any means at all times and on any downloads, copies and or, adaptations, clearly indicating “©ELAICH Beneficiaries 2009-2011” and making reference to these terms. Use of the material amounting to a distortion or mutilation of the material or is otherwise prejudicial to the honor or reputation of ELAICH Beneficiaries 2009-2011 is forbidden. Use of parts of the material is strictly forbidden. No part of this material may be: (1) used other than intended (2) copied, reproduced or distributed in any physical or electronic form (3) reproduced in any publication of any kind (4) used as part of any other teaching material in any framework; unless prior written permission of the ELAICH Beneficiaries has been obtained. Disclaimer This document has been produced with the financial assistance of the European Union. The contents of this document are the sole responsibility of the ELAICH Consortium and can under no circumstances be regarded as reflecting the position of the European Union. Photographs: Courtesy of Anna Lobovikov-KatzDr. Anna Lobovikov-Katz -Technion – Israel Institute of Technology Slide 2
  • 3. Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural HeritageAbstract Principles of study and documentation of a historic site for eLAICH students are specifically targeted to prepare the students for the on-site educational activity upon the completion of study of all 6 Modules. Dr. Anna Lobovikov-Katz -Technion – Israel Institute of Technology Slide 3
  • 4. Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage Principles of study and documentation of a historic site for eLAICH students AimThe in-situ survey project is intended to reinforce andapply the theoretical knowledge accumulated during theprevious teaching sessions in the framework of eLAICHthrough the in-situ survey and analysis of a historic site,which is focused on the deterioration of building materialsused on a (portion of a) historic building/site. The secondaim of this work is to collect data, to understand it, and toshape the results of your analysis and conclusions in a wayunderstandable by other people. Dr. A. Lobovikov-Katz, Arch.– Principles of study and documentation of a historic site Slide 4
  • 5. Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage Principles of study and documentation of a historic site for eLAICH students What is most important?•Accuracy: In this work you will have to be as accurate as possible, both ingraphic and verbal description.•Application of knowledge that you have acquired through theELAICH classes related to various conservation issues, such as: typesof deterioration, degrees of deterioration, possible causes of decay, differentbuilding materials, different types of structures and their elements, etc.•Please keep in mind that you are not a professional conservation expert (thatwould need a much longer period of study). However, you may make a realcontribution to preservation of cultural heritage – you just need to look, see,describe. You may not know what type of deterioration you’ve just discovered,but if you describe it accurately, you may help a conservation expert/ historic sitemanager in preserving your cultural heritage. Dr. A. Lobovikov-Katz, Arch.– Principles of study and documentation of a historic site Slide 5
  • 6. Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage Principles of study and documentation of a historic site for eLAICH students Important noteYou are requested to examine and document thetexture and color of stone, mortars, etc. as accurately aspossible. Please pay attention even to slight differencesin color, texture, thickness of layer, etc. Dr. A. Lobovikov-Katz, Arch.– Principles of study and documentation of a historic site Slide 6
  • 7. Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage Principles of study and documentation of a historic site for eLAICH students Guidelines for observation and analysisIt is recommended to summarize the preliminary analysis performed in-situ, such as:a. What is the location of each specific type of deterioration? (Eachtype of deterioration of a certain visual appearance.)b. What is special about this location (e.g. close to the ground / roof / close tothe water source / unique location / recurring feature in different sections ofthe building which are characterised by . . ., etc.)c. Is a building material unique for your section (e.g. – specific stonecolor, texture, shape or deterioration type appears only in thesection where your team is working? (Collaborate with other teams consultingdata collected by them.) Dr. A. Lobovikov-Katz, Arch.– Principles of study and documentation of a historic site Slide 7
  • 8. Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage Principles of study and documentation of a historic site for eLAICH students Guidelines for observation and analysisd. What might be the causes of deterioration which you discovered?e. What do you think should be performed as part of a "monitoring" process?What should be done to prevent future decay, aspart of "preventive conservation”?f. In consultation with your ELAICH local conservation expert, create ​a legendshared for all teams. In case you cannot get the consultation – try to compare itto the material studied in the eLAICH Modules; you might find helpful Glossarieson the Deterioration and Conservation of Stone, available on the Internet.There should be a separate legend for Types of building materials Types of deterioration Grades (degrees) of deterioration Dr. A. Lobovikov-Katz, Arch.– Principles of study and documentation of a historic site Slide 8
  • 9. Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural HeritagePrinciples of study and documentation of a historic site for eLAICH students What is it?Documentation of built heritage comprises collecting on site andprocessing precise data on historic buildings and sites, both in written andtwo-dimensional images. Documentation involves different types andtechniques of documentation and measurements, from photography andsketches to precise drawings and sophisticated advanced techniques, likephotogrammetry and laser scanning. Dr. A. Lobovikov-Katz, Arch.– Principles of study and documentation of a historic site Slide 9
  • 10. Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural HeritagePrinciples of study and documentation of a historic site for eLAICH students MappingDocumentation of built heritage comprises collecting on site andprocessing precise data on historic buildings and sites, both in written andtwo-dimensional images, which involves different types and techniques ofdocumentation and measurements, from photography and sketches toprecise drawings and sophisticated advanced techniques, likephotogrammetry and laser scanning (see Module 1: Topic 1.5.). Dr. A. Lobovikov-Katz, Arch.– Principles of study and documentation of a historic site Slide 10
  • 11. Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage Principles of study and documentation of a historic site for eLAICH studentsOptional levels of recording in students’ study on siteLevel “A” Photographs taken by eLAICH students;Level “B” Sketches made by eLAICH students;Level “C” Measurements to be elaborated in precise drawings to be produced by eLAICH students.Level “A” is the basic level, which doesn’t demand any sketching abilityor background of students.Level “B” is based on basic sketching ability or background of students.Level “C” is the advanced level, which includes producing simpleprecise drawings by the students, and taking measurements on site. Dr. A. Lobovikov-Katz, Arch.– Principles of study and documentation of a historic site Slide 11
  • 12. Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage Principles of study and documentation of a historic site for eLAICH studentsOptional levels of recording in students’ study on site Dr. A. Lobovikov-Katz, Arch.– Principles of study and documentation of a historic site Slide 12
  • 13. Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage Principles of study and documentation of a historic site for eLAICH studentsOptional levels of recording in students’ study on site Dr. A. Lobovikov-Katz, Arch.– Principles of study and documentation of a historic site Slide 13
  • 14. Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage Principles of study and documentation of a historic site for eLAICH studentsOptional levels of recording in students’ study on site Dr. A. Lobovikov-Katz, Arch.– Principles of study and documentation of a historic site Slide 14
  • 15. Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage Documentation on site Level “A”: Photographs Step I Photographic survey From students’ work in the course “Documentation of historic building and sites” Faculty of Architecture and Town Planning, Technion, (supervised by Anna Lobovikov-Katz) 2011. Work by Yanai Apelbaum, Zahi Zafrani, Ronit Negrea, Daniel Koppel, Ori Roll;Dr. A. Lobovikov-Katz, Arch.– Principles of study and documentation of a historic site Slide 15
  • 16. Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage Documentation on site Level “A”: Photographs Step II Mapping on photograph: Studying stones From students’ work in the course “Documentation of historic building and sites” Faculty of Architecture and Town Planning, Technion, (supervised by Anna Lobovikov-Katz) 2011. Work by Yanai Apelbaum, Zahi Zafrani, Ronit Negrea, Daniel Koppel, Ori Roll;Dr. A. Lobovikov-Katz, Arch.– Principles of study and documentation of a historic site Slide 16
  • 17. Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage Documentation on site Level “A”: Photographs Step II Mapping on photograph: Different degrees of deterioration From students’ work in the course “Documentation of historic building and sites” Faculty of Architecture and Town Planning, Technion, (supervised by Anna Lobovikov-Katz) 2011. Work by Yanai Apelbaum, Zahi Zafrani, Ronit Negrea, Daniel Koppel, Ori Roll;Dr. A. Lobovikov-Katz, Arch.– Principles of study and documentation of a historic site Slide 17
  • 18. Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage Documentation on site Level “A”: Photographs Step II Mapping on photograph: Cracks, plaster, cement From students’ work in the course “Documentation of historic building and sites” Faculty of Architecture and Town Planning, Technion, (supervised by Anna Lobovikov-Katz) 2011. Work by Yanai Apelbaum, Zahi Zafrani, Ronit Negrea, Daniel Koppel, Ori Roll;Dr. A. Lobovikov-Katz, Arch.– Principles of study and documentation of a historic site Slide 18
  • 19. Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage Documentation on site From students’ work in the course “Documentation of historic building and sites” Faculty of Architecture and Town Planning, Technion, (supervised by Anna Lobovikov- Katz) 2011. Work by Yanai Apelbaum, Zahi Zafrani, Ronit Negrea, Daniel Koppel, Ori Roll;Level “A”: Example of Steps I & II: Mapping on photograph Dr. A. Lobovikov-Katz, Arch.– Principles of study and documentation of a historic site Slide 19
  • 20. Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage Documentation on site From students’ work in the course “Documentation of historic building and sites” Faculty of Architecture and Town Planning, Technio n, (supervised by Anna Lobovikov- Katz) 2011. Work by Yanai Apelbaum, Zahi Zafrani, Ronit Negrea, Daniel Koppel, Ori Roll;Level “A”: Example of Steps I & II: Mapping on photograph Dr. A. Lobovikov-Katz, Arch.– Principles of study and documentation of a historic site Slide 20
  • 21. Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage Documentation on site Level “B”: Sketches From students’ work in the ELAICH Pilot course, the Hebrew Reali School, Haifa, (Supervisor: Anna Lobovikov- Katz) 2010.Correct Incorrect (in perspective distortion) Dr. A. Lobovikov-Katz, Arch.– Principles of study and documentation of a historic site Slide 21
  • 22. Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage Documentation on site Level “B”: Sketches From students’ work in the ELAICH Pilot course, the Hebrew Reali School, Haifa, (Supervisor: Anna Lobovikov- Katz) 2010. Step I Making free hand sketch on site (as precise as possible)Dr. A. Lobovikov-Katz, Arch.– Principles of study and documentation of a historic site Slide 22
  • 23. Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage Documentation on site Level “B”: Sketches From students’ work in the ELAICH Pilot course, the Hebrew Reali School, Haifa, (Supervisor: Anna Lobovikov- Katz) 2010. Step II Mapping visual information on sketch on site: Building materialsDr. A. Lobovikov-Katz, Arch.– Principles of study and documentation of a historic site Slide 23
  • 24. Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage Documentation on site Level “C”: Measurements & precise drawings Step I Taking measurementsDue to its “rigid” on siteform triangular iscurrently used as abasis formeasurements. Dr. A. Lobovikov-Katz, Arch.– Principles of study and documentation of a historic site Slide 24
  • 25. Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage Documentation on site Level “C”: Measurements & precise drawings Step I Taking measurements on site Triangular measurements of arches, curves, any shape.Dr. A. Lobovikov-Katz, Arch.– Principles of study and documentation of a historic site Slide 25
  • 26. Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage Documentation on site Level “C”: Measurements & precise drawings Step I Taking measurements on site Triangular measurements of arches, curves, any shape. Example: measuring “green line”. You should check with level that meter is horizontal.Dr. A. Lobovikov-Katz, Arch.– Principles of study and documentation of a historic site Slide 26
  • 27. Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage Documentation on site Level “C”: Measurements & precise drawings Step I Taking measurements on site Triangular measurements of arches, curves, any shape. Example: measuring archDr. A. Lobovikov-Katz, Arch.– Principles of study and documentation of a historic site Slide 27
  • 28. Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage Documentation on site Level “C”: Measurements & precise drawings Step I Taking measurements on site Triangular measurements of arches, curves, any shape. Example: measuring archDr. A. Lobovikov-Katz, Arch.– Principles of study and documentation of a historic site Slide 28
  • 29. Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage Documentation on site Level “C”: Measurements & precise drawings Step I Taking measurements on site Measurements’ results can be marked on a photograph, or more commonly – on a sketch, produced specially for this purpose.Dr. A. Lobovikov-Katz, Arch.– Principles of study and documentation of a historic site Slide 29
  • 30. Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage Documentation on site Level “C”: Measurements & precise drawings Step I Taking measurements on site Page from field book, which contains all notes, measurements and sketches taken on site. It is the original document of an on-site survey.Dr. A. Lobovikov-Katz, Arch.– Principles of study and documentation of a historic site Slide 30
  • 31. Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage Documentation on site Level “C”: Measurements & precise drawings Step I Taking measurements on site Triangular measurements ofhttp://www.elaich.technion.ac.il/index.php?option=com_conte arches, curves, any nt&view=article&id=73&Itemid=106 shape. Example: measuring arch Dr. A. Lobovikov-Katz, Arch.– Principles of study and documentation of a historic site Slide 31
  • 32. Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural HeritageFrom: 1.5.3. Selected examples of documentation techniques and results Documentation methods and techniques Photographic survey Photography can provide data regarding the shape of the building, its conservation state, and different materials used in its construction/ repair/ previous restorations. Photographic surveys can be focused on general info – general view of a building, as well as document systematically every single detail. Dr. A. Lobovikov-Katz, Arch.– Topic 1.5: Documentation of cultural heritage Slide 32
  • 33. Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural HeritageFrom: 1.5.3. Selected examples of documentation techniques and results Documentation methods and techniques Photographic survey Photography can provide data regarding the shape of the building, its conservation state, and different materials used in its construction. Photographic surveys can be focused on general info – general view of a building, as well as document systematically every single detail. Dr. A. Lobovikov-Katz, Arch.– Topic 1.5: Documentation of cultural heritage Slide 33
  • 34. Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural HeritageFrom: 1.5.3. Selected examples of documentation techniques and results Documentation methods and techniques Photographic survey Photographic survey From students’ work in the course “Documentation of historic building and sites” Faculty of Architecture and Town Planning, Technion, (supervised by author) 2011. Work by Yanai Apelbaum, Zahi Zafrani, Ronit Negrea, Daniel Koppel, Ori Roll; Boaz Barr, Ben Coen, Omer Cohen Dr. A. Lobovikov-Katz, Arch.– Topic 1.5: Documentation of cultural heritage Slide 34
  • 35. Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural HeritageFrom: 1.5.3. Selected examples of documentation techniques and results Documentation methods and techniques Precise drawings Precise drawings: façade – shows a view (projection) of a wall, in accordance with a set of requirements applied in precise drawing (drafting). Students’ work in the course “Documentation of historic building and sites” Faculty of Architecture and Town Planning, Technion, (supervised by author) 2011. Work by Uri Kfir, Yael Itzkin, Naama Sivan, Reut Shpatz Dr. A. Lobovikov-Katz, Arch.– Topic 1.5: Documentation of cultural heritage Slide 35
  • 36. Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage From: 1.5.3. Selected examples of documentation techniques and results Documentation methods and techniques Precise drawingsPrecise drawings: plan – shows a view (projection) of a floor from above, inaccordance with a set of requirements applied in precise drawing (drafting).Student’s work in the course “Documentation of historic building and sites” Faculty of Architecture and Town Planning, Technion(supervised by author) 2003. Precise drawing coordination by Anna Shiffman, Vladimir Feigin, Yulia Podolsky Dr. A. Lobovikov-Katz, Arch.– Topic 1.5: Documentation of cultural heritage Slide 36
  • 37. Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural HeritageFrom: 1.5.3. Selected examples of documentation techniques and results Documentation methods and techniques Mapping The results of the documentation and measurements undertaken on a historic building/ site can be processed and combined in a graphic representation of the analysis of building materials used in a building, and its conservation state. This is called “mapping”. Students’ work in the course “Documentation of historic building and sites” Faculty of Architecture and Town Planning, Technion, (supervised by author) 2011. Work by Uri Kfir, Yael Itzkin, Naama Sivan, Reut Shpatz Dr. A. Lobovikov-Katz, Arch.– Topic 1.5: Documentation of cultural heritage Slide 37
  • 38. Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural HeritageFrom: 1.5.3. Selected examples of documentation techniques and results Documentation methods and techniques Equipment Equipment developed for geodetic survey is widely used in conservation and varies from simple to sophisticated. Here a simple level (leveling instrument) allows establishment of a virtual horizontal plane, to enable the surveyor to collect data about relative height, e.g. of different parts and elements of this courtyard of a “Khan” (inn) built at the end of 18th century in Acre. Are you sure the floor is horizontal? Columns are of equal height? You can check it with a level. Nothing should be “assumed” by a conservation surveyor - everything should be measured and documented. n Dr. A. Lobovikov-Katz, Arch.– Topic 1.5: Documentation of cultural heritage Slide 38
  • 39. Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage From: 1.5.3. Selected examples of documentation techniques and results Documentation methods and techniques Text A few examples of advanced documentation techniques can be accessed on the Advanced Topics section of Module 1, e.g. regarding laser scanner:Digital Documentation of Heritage. Queen’s University, Belfast, Schoolof Geography, Archaeology, and Palaeoecology - funded by Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=h6PMcP8BkWE. Dr. A. Lobovikov-Katz, Arch.– Topic 1.5: Documentation of cultural heritage Slide 39
  • 40. Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage Thank you for your attention © Anna Lobovikov-Katz© Anna Lobovikov-Katz Dr. A. Lobovikov-Katz, Arch. Slide 40

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