Elaich module 6 topic 6.5 - Protection and rehabilitation of historic city of Acre

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ELAICH - Educational Linkage Approach in Cultural Heritage.
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Protection and rehabilitation of historic city of Acre

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  • TECHA 2008
  • Elaich module 6 topic 6.5 - Protection and rehabilitation of historic city of Acre

    1. 1. Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural HeritageEducational ToolkitTeaching MaterialBasic CourseModule 6 Management and UseTopic 6.5 Protection and rehabilitation of historic city of Acre Dr. Anna Lobovikov-Katz - Technion Israel Institute of Technology
    2. 2. Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage Copyright ©ELAICH Beneficiaries 2009-2012 This material is an integral part of the “ELAICH – educational toolkit” and developed as part of the project ELAICH – Educational Linkage Approach in Cultural Heritage within the framework of EuroMed Cultural Heritage 4 Programme under grant agreement ENPI 150583. All rights reserved to the ELAICH Beneficiaries. This material, in its entirety only, may be used in "fair use" only as part of the ELAICH – educational toolkit for the educational purposes by non-profit educational establishments or in self-education, by any means at all times and on any downloads, copies and or, adaptations, clearly indicating “©ELAICH Beneficiaries 2009-2011” and making reference to these terms. Use of the material amounting to a distortion or mutilation of the material or is otherwise prejudicial to the honor or reputation of ELAICH Beneficiaries 2009-2011 is forbidden. Use of parts of the material is strictly forbidden. No part of this material may be: (1) used other than intended (2) copied, reproduced or distributed in any physical or electronic form (3) reproduced in any publication of any kind (4) used as part of any other teaching material in any framework; unless prior written permission of the ELAICH Beneficiaries has been obtained. Disclaimer This document has been produced with the financial assistance of the European Union. The contents of this document are the sole responsibility of the ELAICH Consortium and can under no circumstances be regarded as reflecting the position of the European Union.Dr. Anna Lobovikov-Katz - Technion Israel Institute of Technology
    3. 3. Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural HeritageAbstract The current presentation is an overview of the general approach to protecting the cultural heritage of the World Heritage City of Acre and basic steps undertaken for its protection, conservation and development. These consist of understanding buildings in acre, diagnosing its archaeological sites and historic buildings, understanding the structural system of buildings in Acre, classifying historic buildings in Acre, studying changes in the buildings throughout their lifetime and causes of decay, and providing conservation interventions with subsequent evaluation of results. Dr. Anna Lobovikov-Katz - Technion Israel Institute of Technology
    4. 4. Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural HeritageContent Table of contents of this presentation The General Approach to Protecting the Cultural Heritage of Acre 6.5.1 Understanding Buildings in Acre 6.5.2 Diagnosing Archaeological Sites and Historic Buildings in Acre 6.5.3 Understanding the Structural System of Buildings in Acre 6.5.4 Classifying Historic Buildings in Acre 6.5.5 Changes in the Acre Buildings throughout their Lifetime 6.5.6 Causes of Decay of Buildings in Acre 6.5.7 Intervening in the Acre Buildings 6.5.8 Dr. Anna Lobovikov-Katz - Technion Israel Institute of Technology Shelley-Anne Peleg – Israel Antiquities Authority
    5. 5. Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage Acre – General BackgroundAcre is situated on a peninsula, onthe northern coast of Israel. Twicein its history, Acre became aninternational city - in the thirteenthcentury, as the crusader capital cityof the Latin Kingdom of Jerusalemand in the nineteenth century,under El-Jazzar Pasha ,the Ottomanruler. Despite the many years thathave passed, authenticarchaeological and historicalevidence from these two periodsstill remain in the city. It is withinthese remains, that modern lifecontinues to this day. Shelley-Anne Peleg - Israel Antiquities Authority 5
    6. 6. Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage 2.1.1 The General Approach to Protecting the Cultural Heritage of AcreProtection of the Cultural Heritage in Legal Means: Akko includes legal means and – The Old City is protected by the Israeli Antiquities Law (1978) public awareness. – The Master Plan designating development procedures for the city (1994) – The Conservation Appendix, authorized as part of the Master Plan – states degrees of conservation for all 1000 buildings in the city, the establishment of a conservation committee to authorize building additions and conservation inspection. (1997) – Acre declared a World Heritage Site state the Israeli obligation to preserve the cultural heritage of Acre to the international community (2001) Shelley-Anne Peleg - Israel Antiquities Authority 6
    7. 7. Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage 2.1.2 Understanding Buildings in AcreInitial stage - Urban Survey of all buildings in Second stage – includes a full documentationAkko include basic information about each file for each building:building • General data • Legal information • Historic and cultural background • Documentation of existing condition • Documentation of architectural details • Analysis of developments and stages • Evaluation • Recommendations Shelley-Anne Peleg - Israel Antiquities Authority 7
    8. 8. Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage 2.1.3 Diagnosing Archaeological Sites and• Sources include: Historic Buildings in Acre 14th century map of Acre – Historic evidence (can include maps, diaries, pictures and drawings) – Analysis of current physical condition• Managing the Documentation includes: – Multi documentation team and 17th Century drawing of the Citadel regular overseeing of the procedures – Planning Recommendations for future building to reduce harm to sites and to emphasize the values Shelley-Anne Peleg - Israel Antiquities Authority 8
    9. 9. Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage 2.1.4 Understanding the Structural System of Buildings in Acre The Wall and its relationship to theStages : urban surroundings in: 1909 and in 19461. Understanding the urban development and the relationship of the site to it2. Understanding the current relationship of the site to its surrounding3. Understanding specific terminology for the structure (e.g – in the example of the wall, terminology of fortifications)4. Understanding the Architecture and Technology Understanding the historic development of the site5. Connecting the historic development to the viewed physical development stages of the building Shelley-Anne Peleg - Israel Antiquities Authority 9
    10. 10. Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage 2.1.5 Classifying Historic Buildings in Acre• According to Criterias: – Aesthetic – Historic – Social – Scientific Shelley-Anne Peleg - Israel Antiquities Authority 10
    11. 11. Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage 2.1.6 Changes in the Acre Buildings throughout their Lifetime• Building additions• Alterations• Decay Shelley-Anne Peleg - Israel Antiquities Authority 11
    12. 12. Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage 2.1.7 Causes of Decay of Buildings in Acre Ottoman Walls of Acre• Neglecting• Vandalism• Improper use• Absence of proper maintenance• Trash dumping• Unauthorized building additions• Improper materials• Vegetations• Reduction of buildings strength Shelley-Anne Peleg - Israel Antiquities Authority Authority Shelley-Anne Peleg - Israel Antiquities 12
    13. 13. Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage 2.1.8 Intervening in the Acre BuildingsSteps:• Removal of modern additions• Stabilizing the structure• Conservation: – Initial Cleaning – Removal of vegetation (if exists) – Cleaning stone joints of cement – Pointing (addition of mortar to stone joints) – Completing missing or damaged stonework – Stabilizing outer faces of the walls and cracks – Stabilizing plaster edges – Grouting voids in the core of the walls (injecting mortar into the core of the wall) – Adding drainage at needed places – Removing broken stones and replacing them – Rebuilding missing parts Shelley-Anne Peleg - Israel Antiquities Authority 13

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