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Elaich module 1 topic 1.1 - What is cultural heritage? part I
 

Elaich module 1 topic 1.1 - What is cultural heritage? part I

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ELAICH - Educational Linkage Approach in Cultural Heritage....

ELAICH - Educational Linkage Approach in Cultural Heritage.
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Elaich module 1 topic 1.1 - What is cultural heritage? part I

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    Elaich module 1 topic 1.1 - What is cultural heritage? part I Elaich module 1 topic 1.1 - What is cultural heritage? part I Presentation Transcript

    • Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage Dr. Anna Lobovikov-Katz -Technion – Israel Institute of Technology Values and Awareness Module 1 Basic Course Topic 1.1 What is cultural heritage? (Part I) Teaching Material Educational Toolkit
    • Dr. Anna Lobovikov-Katz -Technion – Israel Institute of Technology Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage Slide Copyright ©ELAICH Beneficiaries 2009-2012 This material is an integral part of the “ELAICH – educational toolkit” and developed as part of the project ELAICH – Educational Linkage Approach in Cultural Heritage within the framework of EuroMed Cultural Heritage 4 Programme under grant agreement ENPI 150583. All rights reserved to the ELAICH Beneficiaries.   This material, in its entirety only, may be used in "fair use" only as part of the ELAICH – educational toolkit for the educational purposes by non-profit educational establishments or in self-education, by any means at all times and on any downloads, copies and or, adaptations, clearly indicating “©ELAICH Beneficiaries 2009-2011” and making reference to these terms.   Use of the material amounting to a distortion or mutilation of the material or is otherwise prejudicial to the honor or reputation of ELAICH Beneficiaries 2009-2011 is forbidden.   Use of parts of the material is strictly forbidden. No part of this material may be: (1) used other than intended (2) copied, reproduced or distributed in any physical or electronic form (3) reproduced in any publication of any kind (4) used as part of any other teaching material in any framework; unless prior written permission of the ELAICH Beneficiaries has been obtained. Disclaimer This document has been produced with the financial assistance of the European Union. The contents of this document are the sole responsibility of the ELAICH Consortium and can under no circumstances be regarded as reflecting the position of the European Union. Photographs: Courtesy of Anna Lobovikov-Katz
    • Dr. Anna Lobovikov-Katz -Technion – Israel Institute of Technology Abstract The Topic 1.1. What is cultural heritage? is the first and introductive topic to Module 1 “ Values and Awareness “. This presentation is the first part of Topic 1.1. It explains what is cultural heritage, what are its categories. It explains and exemplifies what is tangible and intangible heritage, movable and immovable. It provides a basic introduction to the most widespread part of cultural heritage, which is the focus of ELAICH: built (or architectural ) heritage – heritage which is around us, which is part of our everyday life. Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage Slide
    • Dr. Anna Lobovikov-Katz -Technion – Israel Institute of Technology Content Content of Topic 1.1 1.1. What is cultural heritage? 1.1.1. General introduction 1.1.2. Main types & categories of cultural heritage 1.1.2.1. Intangible cultural heritage 1.1.2.2. Tangible cultural heritage 1.1.3. Built heritage components and scope Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage Slide
    • Dr. Anna Lobovikov-Katz -Technion – Israel Institute of Technology Content Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage Slide Topic 1.1 - Part I 1.1. What is cultural heritage? 1.1.1. General introduction 1.1.2. Main types & categories of cultural heritage 1.1.2.1. Intangible cultural heritage 1.1.2.2. Tangible cultural heritage 1.1.3. Built heritage components and scope
    • 1.1.1. General Introduction Dr. A. Lobovikov-Katz, Arch. – Topic 1.1: What is cultural heritage? – Part I Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage “ The future of our remaining heritage will depend largely on the decisions and actions of the present generation of young people who will soon become the leaders and decision makers of tomorrow.” K. Matsura, former Director-General UNESCO Slide
    • 1.1.1. General Introduction Cultural Heritage: What is it? Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage Dr. A. Lobovikov-Katz, Arch. – Topic 1.1: What is cultural heritage ? – Part I Slide Cultural Heritage: What is it?
    • 1.1.1. General Introduction Dr. A. Lobovikov-Katz, Arch. – Topic 1.1: What is cultural heritage ? – Part I Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage Slide
        • Cultural heritage comprises different types of “cultural products” produced as a result of human creative activity of different kinds, from arts and crafts to sophisticated technology. In the past, the term cultural heritage almost always meant buildings, or, as more commonly “historic monuments”. With time the term expanded to include more other types of heritage, also “intangible heritage” like theatre performance, music, dance, etc., as well as wider understanding of building, calling for attention to buildings’ immediate surroundings, and to wider concepts sometimes including whole historic quarter, town, village, landscape, etc.
    • Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage Cultural heritage Tangible Intangible Dr. A. Lobovikov-Katz, Arch. – Topic 1.1: What is cultural heritage ? – Part I Slide 1.1.2. Main Categories of Cultural Heritage
    • Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage 1.1.2. Main Categories of Cultural Heritage Dr. A. Lobovikov-Katz, Arch. – Topic 1.1. What is cultural heritage ? – Part I Slide
      • According to the definition by UNESCO * , tangible and intangible Cultural Heritage includes the following types of objects, correspondently:
      • Tangible heritage :
        • Movable cultural heritage (paintings, sculptures, coins, manuscripts, etc.)
        • Immovable cultural heritage (monuments, archaeological sites, and so on)
        • Underwater cultural heritage (shipwrecks, underwater ruins and cities and so on)
      • Intangible heritage (oral tradition, performing arts, rituals, and so on)
      • * from the UNESCO definition (2008): http://portal.unesco.org/culture/en/ev.php-URL_ID=34050&URL_DO=DO_PRINTPAGE&URL_SECTION=201.html
    • Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage Cultural heritage Tangible Intangible Dr. A. Lobovikov-Katz, Arch. – Topic 1.1: What is cultural heritage ? – Part I Slide 1.1.2.1 Intangible Cultural Heritage
    • Tangible heritage Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage 1.1.2.1 Intangible Cultural Heritage Dr. A. Lobovikov-Katz, Arch. – Topic 1.1. What is cultural heritage ? – Part I Slide CULTURAL HERITAGE
      • Intangible heritage
      • oral tradition,
      • performing arts,
      • rituals, and so on
    • Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage 1.1.2.1 Intangible Cultural Heritage Dr. A. Lobovikov-Katz, Arch. – Topic 1.1. What is cultural heritage ? – Part I Slide
        • The “intangible cultural heritage” means the practices, representations, expressions, knowledge, skills – as well as the instruments, objects, artefacts and cultural spaces associated therewith – that communities, groups and, in some cases, individuals recognize as part of their cultural heritage. This intangible cultural heritage, transmitted from generation to generation, is constantly recreated by communities and groups in response to their environment, their interaction with nature and their history, and provides them with a sense of identity and continuity, thus promoting respect for cultural diversity and human creativity.
        • From the Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage 2003
        • http://whc.unesco.org/en/conventiontext
    • Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage 1.1.2.1 Intangible Cultural Heritage Dr . A. Lobovikov-Katz, Arch. – Topic 1.1. What is cultural heritage ? – Part I Slide
    • Dr . A. Lobovikov-Katz, Arch. – Topic 1.1. What is cultural heritage ? – Part I Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage 1.1.2.1 Intangible Cultural Heritage Slide
        • Music, architecture, costume – all belong to a historic epoch of the past… Venice, 2000
        • Traditional music & dance, Greece
        • Traditional music & dance, Spain
    • Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage Tangible & Intangible Cultural Heritage Dr. A. Lobovikov-Katz, Arch. – Topic 1.1. What is cultural heritage ? – Part I Slide
        • Musicians play their intangible music on tangible musical instruments; theatres ( tangible heritage) are built to house intangible performances.
        • Often tangible and intangible are closely connected
    • Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage Cultural heritage Tangible Intangible Dr. A. Lobovikov-Katz, Arch. – Topic 1.1: What is cultural heritage ? – Part I Slide 1.1.2.2 Tangible Cultural Heritage
    • Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage 1.1.2.2 Tangible Cultural Heritage Dr. A. Lobovikov-Katz, Arch. – Topic 1.1. What is cultural heritage ? – Part I
        • Movable cultural heritage (paintings, sculptures, coins, manuscripts, etc.)
        • Immovable cultural heritage (monuments, archaeological sites, etc.)
      Slide
        • Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna
    • Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage 1.1.2.2 Tangible Cultural Heritage Dr. A. Lobovikov-Katz, Arch. – Topic 1.1. What is cultural heritage ? – Part I Slide
        • Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna
        • A building is immovable cultural heritage
        • A building can also contain a collection of cultural heritage objects- pictures, sculptures, tapestries, drawings, furniture, etc. ( movable cultural heritage)
    • Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage 1.1.2.2 Tangible Cultural Heritage Dr. A. Lobovikov-Katz, Arch. – Topic 1.1. What is cultural heritage ? – Part I Slide
        • However, painting may be an integral part of the building, and then it is immovable .
        • In this example in villa Foscarini (Rossi), Veneto, Italy painting is not only a physically integral part of the building (it is painted on the plaster of the walls and ceilings) but it is also part of the architectural space of the building, extending visually and “virtually” its interior (columns and other seemingly three-dimensional elements are actually painted on the ceiling).
    • Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage 1.1.2.2 Tangible Cultural Heritage Dr . A. Lobovikov-Katz, Arch. - Topic 1.1. What is cultural heritage ? – Part I Slide
        • Sculpture as well can be an integral part of a building. In this case sculpture is part of immovable heritage.
    • Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage 1.1.2.2 Tangible Cultural Heritage Dr . A. Lobovikov-Katz, Arch. – Topic 1.1. What is cultural heritage ? – Part I Slide
        • This museum contains collections of cultural heritage objects - pictures, sculptures, drawings, etc. ( movable cultural heritage). However, these sculptures of lions, guarding the staircase, cannot be just removed from there to another location – they are integral part of this architectural space.
        • Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna
    • Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage 1.1.2.2 Tangible Cultural Heritage Dr . A. Lobovikov-Katz, Arch. – Topic 1.1. What is cultural heritage ? – Part I Historic costumes – pieces of art and craft, exhibited in a museum, are also part of tangible heritage. Slide
        • The Kunsthistorisches Museum Vienna - a view of exhibition
    • Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage 1.1.2.2 Tangible Cultural Heritage Dr . A. Lobovikov-Katz, Arch. – Topic 1.1. What is cultural heritage ? – Part I Furniture, objects of art and craft, exhibited in a museum, private collection, or in your home might are also be part of tangible heritage. Slide Albertina, Vienna
    • Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage 1.1.2.2 Tangible Cultural Heritage Dr . A. Lobovikov-Katz, Arch. – Topic 1.1. What is cultural heritage ? – Part I Slide Furniture, objects of art and craft, exhibited in a museum, private collection, or in your home might are also be part of tangible heritage. Albertina, Vienna
    • Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage 1.1.2.2 Tangible Cultural Heritage Dr . A. Lobovikov-Katz, Arch. – Topic 1.1. What is cultural heritage ? – Part I Slide Furniture, objects of art and craft, exhibited in a museum, private collection, or in your home might are also be part of tangible heritage.
    • A historic building may be an integral part of a larger architectural ensemble… Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage 1.1.2.2 Tangible Cultural Heritage Dr . A. Lobovikov-Katz, Arch. – Topic 1.1: What is cultural heritage ? – Part I Slide Villa Pisani (Stra, Italy)
    • Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage 1.1.2.2 Tangible Cultural Heritage Dr. A. Lobovikov-Katz, Arch. – Topic 1.1. What is cultural heritage ? – Part I Slide or a landscape… Villa La Rotonda (Vicenza, Italy)
    • Text Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage 1.1.2.2 Tangible Cultural Heritage Dr . A. Lobovikov-Katz, Arch. – Topic 1.1: What is cultural heritage ? – Part I Slide or a landscape… The Dead Sea and Masada National Park (Israel)
    • A whole living city may be declared a historic site – Venice, Italy. Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage 1.1.2.2 Tangible Cultural Heritage Dr . A. Lobovikov-Katz, Arch. – Topic 1.1. What is cultural heritage ? – Part I Slide
    • Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage 1.1.2.2 Tangible Cultural Heritage Dr. A. Lobovikov-Katz, Arch. – Topic 1.1. What is cultural heritage ? – Part I Slide A historic city - an archaeological site, which is no longer inhabited, may be declared a historic site as well – national park and World Heritage site of Avdat, Israel. Avdat National Park (Israel)
    • Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage 1.1.2.2 Tangible Cultural Heritage Dr . A. Lobovikov-Katz, Arch. – Topic 1.1. What is cultural heritage ? – Part I Slide A historic city - an archaeological site, which is no longer inhabited, may be declared a historic site as well – national park and World Heritage site of Masada, Israel. Masada National Park (Israel)
    • Historic buildings may be used in everyday life… Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage 1.1.2.2 Tangible Cultural Heritage Dr . A. Lobovikov-Katz, Arch. – Topic 1.1. What is cultural heritage ? – Part I Slide Rockefeller Museum; Israel Antiquities Authority, Jerusalem
    • or be a ruin… Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage 1.1.2.2 Tangible Cultural Heritage Dr . A. Lobovikov-Katz, Arch. – Topic 1.1. What is cultural heritage ? – Part I Slide Rhodes, Greece (1997)
    • Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage 1.1.2.2 Tangible Cultural Heritage Dr . A. Lobovikov-Katz, Arch. – Topic 1.1. What is cultural heritage ? – Part I Slide However, a ruin may be restored and brought back to its original use, or given a new function. Synagogue in the Old City of Acre, Israel
    • Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage 1.1.2.2 Tangible Cultural Heritage Dr . A. Lobovikov-Katz, Arch. – Topic 1.1. What is cultural heritage ? – Part I Slide Built heritage is all around us
    • Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage 1.1.2.2 Tangible Cultural Heritage Dr . A. Lobovikov-Katz, Arch. – Topic 1.1. What is cultural heritage ? – Part I Slide Meeting of the modern (buildings) and the past is not always full of harmony. Often modern buildings are much larger in size then their small historic neighbours. We should not overlook even modest values of the past. A small building on the way home from school, half-hidden by huge modern buildings, might be also of a value – historical, architectural, or other... … like this building in a small street in Jerusalem, Israel, which is part of the historic neighbourhood of the 19 th century. By entering this street, one just walks into a totally different, human-size scale of the built environment of the past.
    • "Heritage is about more than our past: it is about how we move towards our future."  Androulla Vassiliou European Commissioner for Education, Culture, Multilingualism, Youth and Sport Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage What is Cultural Heritage? Dr . A. Lobovikov-Katz, Arch. – Topic 1.1. What is cultural heritage ? – Part I Slide
    • © Anna Lobovikov-Katz Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage Thank you for attention Dr. A. Lobovikov-Katz, Arch. Slide © Anna Lobovikov-Katz