Gandhi and Gita Krishna Bhatta, MD, FRCS
 
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi 134 years ago on October 2 nd
Mohandas Gandhi as a young boy
While in school, the student Gandhi got into bad company and took to meat-eating, smoking and even stealing. Then his cons...
<ul><li>While in school, the student Gandhi got into bad company and took to meat-eating, smoking and even stealing. Then ...
Leaders Lead !
Gandhi and Gita <ul><li>The Gita has been a mother to me ever since I became first acquainted with it in 1889  </li></ul>
Gandhi and Gita <ul><li>When disappointment stares me in the face and all alone I see not one ray of light, I go back to t...
Gandhi and Gita <ul><li>Gita was part of daily family prayer during his father’s later days </li></ul><ul><li>1889 – in Lo...
Gandhi and Gita <ul><li>History </li></ul><ul><li>Renunciation of fruit of action </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge and devotion...
Gandhi and Gita <ul><li>Need to understand why Gandhi saw Gita as he saw </li></ul><ul><li>For that we need to understand ...
Gandhi and Gita <ul><li>Gandhi = Naitik Mahapurush (A moral person, a good person) </li></ul><ul><li>Krishna = A Dharmic P...
 
Goodness <ul><li>Goodness suffers from a basic weakness that it wants to keep away from conflicts </li></ul><ul><li>When g...
Dharma <ul><li>Righteousness, virtue </li></ul><ul><li>Ultimate law or logos </li></ul><ul><li>Justice – no classes </li><...
Maya <ul><li>Maya = network of ego </li></ul><ul><li>Maya = The infrastructure of existence </li></ul>
Avatar <ul><li>yada yada hi dharmasya   glanir bhavati bharata   abhyutthanam adharmasya   tadatmanam srjamy aham </li></u...
Dharma <ul><li>Fear forms the basis of downfall of dharma </li></ul><ul><li>This then leads to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Furt...
Dharma <ul><li>Value system </li></ul><ul><li>Deterioration of Dharma </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Like a Riots in the space of v...
Yoga <ul><li>Union of mind to soul </li></ul><ul><li>Yogaschittavritti nirodhah (yoga is cessation of mind) </li></ul><ul>...
Growth <ul><li>Cylindrical growth </li></ul><ul><li>Centering growth - Cone </li></ul>
 
 
Desire Pathway <ul><li>Dhyayato Vishayanpunshah  </li></ul><ul><li>Kamah (desire) </li></ul><ul><li>Krodha (anger) </li></...
Desire Pathway <ul><li>Driving force </li></ul><ul><li>Parents to Parmatma </li></ul>
Driving forces <ul><li>Outside </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Parents </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Peer </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Intrin...
Myths of karma <ul><li>Sakam karma = selfish act </li></ul><ul><li>Nishkam karma = selfless act </li></ul><ul><li>Karma sa...
Karma Yoga (Basics) <ul><li>karmany evadhikaras te  ma phalesu kadacana  ma karma-phala-hetur bhur  ma te sango 'stv akarm...
Karma Yoga (Basics) <ul><li>We have right to karma </li></ul><ul><li>We do not have right to the result </li></ul><ul><ul>...
Karma <ul><li>Nishkam Karma – mundane karma = karma sanyas </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(Mundane karma + essential karma = karma)...
Karma <ul><li>Karma + Kamana  Sakam Karma </li></ul><ul><li>divided buddhi </li></ul><ul><li>Sakam Karma-Kamana  Nishkam K...
Karma Yoga <ul><li>Nishkam Karma </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sakam karma – desires/expectations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Does ...
Nishkam Karma <ul><li>Frees from bondage of karma </li></ul><ul><li>No effort of nishkam karma is wasted </li></ul><ul><li...
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Gandhi And Gita

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  • Gandhi And Gita

    1. 1. Gandhi and Gita Krishna Bhatta, MD, FRCS
    2. 3. Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi 134 years ago on October 2 nd
    3. 4. Mohandas Gandhi as a young boy
    4. 5. While in school, the student Gandhi got into bad company and took to meat-eating, smoking and even stealing. Then his conscience deeply  troubled him and he wrote a confession to his father. In Gandhi's own words:      “I wrote it on a slip of paper and handed to him myself. In this note, not only did I confess my guilt, but I asked adequate punishment for it, and closed with a request to him not to punish himself for my offence. I was trembling as I handed the confession to my father. He was ill with fistula and was confined to bed. I sat beside him.”
    5. 6. <ul><li>While in school, the student Gandhi got into bad company and took to meat-eating, smoking and even stealing. Then his conscience deeply  troubled him and he wrote a confession to his father. In Gandhi's own words: I wrote it on a slip of paper and handed to him myself. In this note, not only did I confess my guilt, but I asked adequate punishment for it, and closed with a request to him not to punish himself for my offence. </li></ul><ul><li>I was trembling as I handed the confession to my father. He was ill with fistula and was confined to bed. I sat beside him. </li></ul><ul><li>He read it through, and pearl-drops trickled down his cheek, wetting the paper. For a moment he closed his eyes in thought  and then tore up the note. He had sat up to read it. He again lay down. I also cried. I could see my father's agony. I still vividly remember the entire scene today. </li></ul><ul><li>Those pearl-drops of love cleansed my heart, and washed my sin away. Only he who has experienced such love can know what it is. This was for me an object lesson in Ahimsa . When such Ahimsa becomes all-embracing, it transforms everything it touches. There is no limit to its power. </li></ul><ul><li>This sort of sublime forgiveness was not natural to my father. I had thought that he would be angry, say harsh words and strike his forehead. But he was so wonderfully peaceful, and this was due to my clean confession. A clean confession, combined with a promise never to commit the sin again, when offered before one who has the right to receive it, is the purest type of repentance. I know that my confession made my father feel absolutely safe about me, and increased his affection for me beyond measure. </li></ul><ul><li>Excerpted from Gandhi's autobiography </li></ul>
    6. 7. Leaders Lead !
    7. 8. Gandhi and Gita <ul><li>The Gita has been a mother to me ever since I became first acquainted with it in 1889 </li></ul>
    8. 9. Gandhi and Gita <ul><li>When disappointment stares me in the face and all alone I see not one ray of light, I go back to the Bhagavad-Gita. </li></ul><ul><li>I find a verse here and a verse there , and I immediately begin to smile in the midst of overwhelming tragedies -- and my life has been full of external tragedies – </li></ul><ul><li>And if they have left no visible or indelible scar on me, I owe it all to the teaching of Bhagavad-Gita.                     </li></ul>
    9. 10. Gandhi and Gita <ul><li>Gita was part of daily family prayer during his father’s later days </li></ul><ul><li>1889 – in London (20y.o) </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Approached by two theosophists to read Gita </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>1903 - Seeker’s club in S.A .(theosophists again) </li></ul><ul><li>Gita formed a central part in Gandhi’s life </li></ul>
    10. 11. Gandhi and Gita <ul><li>History </li></ul><ul><li>Renunciation of fruit of action </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge and devotion </li></ul><ul><li>Death and self realization (moksha) </li></ul><ul><li>Non-violence </li></ul><ul><li>Freedom of interpretation </li></ul><ul><li>Avatar and divinity of Krishna </li></ul>
    11. 12. Gandhi and Gita <ul><li>Need to understand why Gandhi saw Gita as he saw </li></ul><ul><li>For that we need to understand who Gandhi is </li></ul><ul><li>And how does he differ from Krishna </li></ul>
    12. 13. Gandhi and Gita <ul><li>Gandhi = Naitik Mahapurush (A moral person, a good person) </li></ul><ul><li>Krishna = A Dharmic Purush </li></ul>
    13. 15. Goodness <ul><li>Goodness suffers from a basic weakness that it wants to keep away from conflicts </li></ul><ul><li>When goodness fights it fights to prevent evil from winning and to </li></ul><ul><li>Re-establish the value system Dharma that has been eroded </li></ul>
    14. 16. Dharma <ul><li>Righteousness, virtue </li></ul><ul><li>Ultimate law or logos </li></ul><ul><li>Justice – no classes </li></ul><ul><li>Value system of Mayaspace </li></ul>
    15. 17. Maya <ul><li>Maya = network of ego </li></ul><ul><li>Maya = The infrastructure of existence </li></ul>
    16. 18. Avatar <ul><li>yada yada hi dharmasya glanir bhavati bharata abhyutthanam adharmasya tadatmanam srjamy aham </li></ul><ul><li>Whenever and wherever there is a decline in Dharma, O descendant of Bharata, and a predominant rise of Adharma--at that time I descend Myself. </li></ul>
    17. 19. Dharma <ul><li>Fear forms the basis of downfall of dharma </li></ul><ul><li>This then leads to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Further Fear </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Loss of liberty and freedom </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lack of trust </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Suspicion abounds </li></ul></ul>
    18. 20. Dharma <ul><li>Value system </li></ul><ul><li>Deterioration of Dharma </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Like a Riots in the space of value system </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Dharma upholding and different yoga </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Karma yoga </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Buddhi yoga </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gyan yoga </li></ul></ul>
    19. 21. Yoga <ul><li>Union of mind to soul </li></ul><ul><li>Yogaschittavritti nirodhah (yoga is cessation of mind) </li></ul><ul><li>Centering growth </li></ul>
    20. 22. Growth <ul><li>Cylindrical growth </li></ul><ul><li>Centering growth - Cone </li></ul>
    21. 25. Desire Pathway <ul><li>Dhyayato Vishayanpunshah </li></ul><ul><li>Kamah (desire) </li></ul><ul><li>Krodha (anger) </li></ul><ul><li>Sammohan (hypnosis) </li></ul><ul><li>Buddhinash (loss of judgment, memory) </li></ul><ul><li>Pranashyati </li></ul>
    22. 26. Desire Pathway <ul><li>Driving force </li></ul><ul><li>Parents to Parmatma </li></ul>
    23. 27. Driving forces <ul><li>Outside </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Parents </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Peer </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Intrinsic </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pursuing hobbies is an example </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Divine </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Luck </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>puja </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Parmatma </li></ul>
    24. 28. Myths of karma <ul><li>Sakam karma = selfish act </li></ul><ul><li>Nishkam karma = selfless act </li></ul><ul><li>Karma sanyas = no karma </li></ul><ul><li>Nishkam karma = do not worry about results </li></ul>
    25. 29. Karma Yoga (Basics) <ul><li>karmany evadhikaras te ma phalesu kadacana ma karma-phala-hetur bhur ma te sango 'stv akarmani You have a right to work, but never to the result thereof. Never consider yourself to be the cause of the results of your activities, and never be attached to not doing your duty||2:47||. </li></ul>
    26. 30. Karma Yoga (Basics) <ul><li>We have right to karma </li></ul><ul><li>We do not have right to the result </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Result depends on other factors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Our karma + other factors = results </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Do not credit yourself for the result </li></ul><ul><li>Do not think of not doing any karma </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No karma = no result </li></ul></ul>
    27. 31. Karma <ul><li>Nishkam Karma – mundane karma = karma sanyas </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(Mundane karma + essential karma = karma) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>sakam karma – mundane karma = karma sanyas </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(karma = mundane karma + essential karma) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>karma – karta bhava (I-ness) = working for parmatma </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(Karma = karma +karta (doer) </li></ul></ul>
    28. 32. Karma <ul><li>Karma + Kamana Sakam Karma </li></ul><ul><li>divided buddhi </li></ul><ul><li>Sakam Karma-Kamana Nishkam Karma </li></ul><ul><li>ek buddhi </li></ul><ul><li>ek buddhi = definitive intellect </li></ul><ul><li>Buddhi = intellect </li></ul>
    29. 33. Karma Yoga <ul><li>Nishkam Karma </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sakam karma – desires/expectations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Does not mean selfless action </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Sakam Karma </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Does not mean selfish action </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Karma + desires/expectations = SK </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Not always bad </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Karma Sanyas </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sakam karma – mundane karma = KS (desires still present) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nishkam karma – mundane karma = KS </li></ul></ul>
    30. 34. Nishkam Karma <ul><li>Frees from bondage of karma </li></ul><ul><li>No effort of nishkam karma is wasted </li></ul><ul><li>There are no obstacles in the path of nishkam karma </li></ul><ul><li>Nishkam karma protects one from the greatest fears </li></ul><ul><li>Nishkam karma leads to ek-buddhi (clarity) </li></ul>

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