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  • 1. Assembling OWN COMPUTERSTEP STEP OWN PC assembling
  • 2. Assembling OWN COMPUTER Components of computer assemblers are available on the market with a variety of quality and price options. By assembling their own computers, we can determine the types of components, capabilities and facilities of the computer as needed. Stages in the computer assembly consists of: A. Preparation B. Assembly C. D. Testing Handling ProblemsHal.: 2 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • 3. Assembling OWN COMPUTER  Preparation  Good preparation will facilitate the assembly of computers and avoid problems that may arise.  It is related in preparation include:  Computer Configuration Determination  Kompunen preparation and equipment  SecurityHal.: 3 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • 4. Assembling OWN COMPUTER  Computer Configuration Determination  Computer configuration relates to the determination of components and features of the computer and how all the components can work as a computer system according to our wishes.Hal.: 4 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • 5. Assembling OWN COMPUTER  Determination of components starting from the type of processor, motherboard and other components. Factors suitability or compatibility of the components of the motherboard should be noted, because each type of motherboard supports the processor type, memory modules, ports and I / O bus different.Hal.: 5 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • 6. Assembling OWN COMPUTER  Preparation Components and Equipment  Computer components and assembly equipment to be prepared for the assembly prepared in advance to facilitate assembly. Equipment is prepared consisting of:Hal.: 6 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • 7. Assembling OWN COMPUTER  Computer Components  Completeness of components such as cables, screws, jumpers, bolts, etc.  Manuals and reference books from the components  Aids in the form of a flat screwdriver and philips  Operating system software, device drivers and application programs.Hal.: 7 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • 8. Assembling OWN COMPUTER  The book takes as a reference manual for the position of the diagram mengatahui connection elements (connectors, ports and slots) and element configuration (jumpers and switches) and how to set jumpers and switches are appropriate for the assembled computer.  Diskette or CD required to install the software operating system, device drivers of the devices, and application programs on a computer that is assembled.Hal.: 8 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • 9. Assembling OWN COMPUTER  Security  Necessary precautions to avoid problems such as damage to components by static electrical charges, falls, excessive heat or liquid spills.  Prevention of damage due to static electricity by:Hal.: 9 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • 10. Assembling OWN COMPUTER  Security  Using anti-static wrist or touch the metal surface on the chassis before handling components to remove static charge.  Does not directly touch the electronic components, connectors or circuit path but holding the body of metal or plastic components contained inHal.: 10 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • 11. Assembling OWN COMPUTER Stage of the process on a computer assembly consists of: Preparation motherboard Installing processor Installing heatsink Installing Memory Modules install the motherboard on the chassis Install Power Supply Install the motherboard and chassis cable Install Drive Install the adapter card Final SettlementHal.: 11 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • 12. Assembling OWN COMPUTER  1. Preparation motherboard  Check your motherboard manual to find out the position of jumpers for CPU speed setting, speed multiplier and input voltage to the motherboard. Set the jumper setting according to the instructions, set the jumpers wrong voltage can damage the processor.Hal.: 12 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • 13. Assembling OWN COMPUTER  Easier processor motherboards occupy placed before casing. How to install the processor socket and slot types differ.Hal.: 13 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • 14. Assembling OWN COMPUTER  Determine the position of pin 1 on the processor and the processor socket on the motherboard, usually located on the corner marked with a dot, triangle or curve.  Straighten locking lever position to open the socket.  Insert the processor into the socket by aligning the position of first legs with holes processor socket. Squeeze until there is no gap between the processor with the socket.  Lower the locking lever back.Hal.: 14 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • 15. Assembling OWN COMPUTER  Slot Type  Install buffer (bracket) at the two ends of a slot on the motherboard so that the peg hole position met with a hole in the motherboard  Enter the pegs and locking pin in the hole peg  Processor card tucked in between the brace and press to the right into the hole slot.Hal.: 15 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • 16. Assembling OWN COMPUTER  TYPES OF SLOT IN assembling a PC that is:Hal.: 16 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • 17. Assembling OWN COMPUTER  3. Install Heatsink  Heatsinks function is to remove the heat generated by the processor through the conduction of heat from the processor to the heatsink.  To optimize the heat transfer of the heatsink must be fitted tightly on the top of the processor with a few clips as a drag while the contacts on the heatsink surface coated with the gene of heat.  If the heatsink is equipped with a fan on the fan power connector is connected to the fan connector on the motherboard.Hal.: 17 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • 18. Assembling OWN COMPUTER  HOW TO INSTALLING HeatsinkHal.: 18 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • 19. Assembling OWN COMPUTER  4. Installing Memory Modules  Memory modules are installed sequentially from the smallest socket number. The order of installation can be seen from the diagram of the motherboard.  Each type of memory modules SIMMs, DIMM and RIMM can be distinguished by the position of grooves on the sides and bottom of the module.Hal.: 19 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • 20. Assembling OWN COMPUTER  How to install for each type of memory module as follows.:  Type SIMMs  Adjust the position of grooves on the module with the bumps in the slot.  Insert the module with a sloping 45-degree angle to the slot  Push the module straight up in the slot, the locking lever on the slot will automatically lock the module.Hal.: 20 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • 21. Assembling OWN COMPUTER Type DIMM and RIMM Jenis DIMM dan RIMM Hal.: 21 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • 22. Assembling OWN COMPUTER  How to install the DIMM and RIMM modules together and there is only one way that will not be reversed because there are two grooves as a guide. DIMM and RIMM difference in the position of the curve  1.Rebahkan locking catches at the end of the slot  2.sesuaikan position module connector grooves on the bumps in the slot. and enter the module into the slot.  3.Kait lock automatically locks the module in the slot when the module is just installed.Hal.: 22 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • 23. Assembling OWN COMPUTERHal.: 23 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • 24. Assembling OWN COMPUTER  5. Install the motherboard to the chassis  Motherboard mounted to the chassis with screws and seat (standoff). How to install as follows:  Determine the position of the hole for each holder of plastic and metal. Mounting holes for the metal (metal spacer) are marked with a ring on the edge of the hole.Hal.: 24 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • 25. Assembling OWN COMPUTER  Install metal or plastic holder on the tray casing in accordance with the position of each corresponding mounting hole on the motherboard.  Place the motherboard on the tray so that the head holder casing out of the hole on the motherboard. Place the lock screw on each metal holder.  Place the frame port I / O (I / O sheild) on the motherboard if any.  Place the tray casing which is mounted on the chassis and motherboard with a screw lock.Hal.: 25 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • 26. Assembling OWN COMPUTER  HOW TO INSTALLING MOTHERBOARD.Hal.: 26 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • 27. Assembling OWN COMPUTER 6. Install Power Supply  Several types of chassis is equipped with power supply. When the power supply has not included the way the installation as follows:Hal.: 27 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • 28. Assembling OWN COMPUTER  Enter the power supply on the shelf at the back of the casing. Connect the four locking screws. Connect the power connector from the power supply to the motherboard. ATX power connector types have only one way of installation so as not to be reversed.Hal.: 28 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • 29. Assembling OWN COMPUTER  For non-ATX type connectors with two separate cables then black ground must be placed side by side and mounted in the middle of the motherboard power connector. Connect the power cord for the fan, if you use the fan for cooling the CPU.Hal.: 29 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • 30. Assembling OWN COMPUTER  7. Install the motherboard and chassis cable  After the motherboard installed in the chassis next step is to install the cable I / O on the motherboard and the casing panels.  Connect the data cable for the floppy drive controller on a floppy connector on the motherboardHal.: 30 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • 31. Assembling OWN COMPUTER  Connect the IDE cable connector to the primary and secondary IDE on the motherboard.   For non-ATX motherboard. Connect the serial cable and parallel port on the connector on the motherboard. Note the position of pin 1 to install.Hal.: 31 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • 32. Assembling OWN COMPUTER  On the back of the casing there is a hole to install an additional port types of non-slot. Open the lock plate screw holes covered lalumasukkan port to port connectors installed and put screws back.  When the mouse port not available at the back of the card casing mouse connectors must be installed and connected to the mouse connector on the motherboard.Hal.: 32 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • 33. Assembling OWN COMPUTER  Relations switch cable connector from the chassis front panel, LED, internal speakers and ports that were installed in front of the casing when the motherboard. Check your motherboard diagram to locate the right connectors.Hal.: 33 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • 34. Assembling OWN COMPUTER  8. Install hard disk drives installed DriveProsedur, floppy, CD ROM, CD-RW or DVD is the same as follows:Hal.: 34 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • 35. Assembling OWN COMPUTER  Pellet dislodged drive bay cover (space to drive on the casing)  Enter from the front drive bays with the first set the jumper settings (as master or slave) on the drive.Hal.: 35 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • 36. Assembling OWN COMPUTER  Adjust the position of screw holes in the drive and chassis and then install the drive retaining screws.  Connect the IDE cable connector to the drive and the connector on the motherboard (the connector is used first primary)Hal.: 36 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • 37. Assembling OWN COMPUTER  1 until Repeat step 4 for each installation drive.  If the IDE cable connected to the du drive jumper settings make sure that the difference of the two first drive set as master and the other as slave.Hal.: 37 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • 38. Assembling OWN COMPUTER  Secondary IDE connector on the motherboard can be used to connect two additional drives.  Floppy drive is connected to a special connector on the motherboard floppy  Connect the power cable from the power supply to each drive.Hal.: 38 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • 39. Assembling OWN COMPUTER  9. Install Card Adapter  A common adapter card is installed video card, sound, network, modem and SCSI adapters. Video card should generally be installed and installed before any other adapter card.  How to install the adapter:  Hold the edge of the adapter card, avoid touching the electronic components or circuits. Press the card to plug right into the expansion slot on the motherboardHal.: 39 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • 40. Assembling OWN COMPUTER Place the retaining screw to the chassis card Reconnect the internal cable to the card, if any.Hal.: 40 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • 41. Assembling OWN COMPUTER  10. Settlement End  Replace the chassis cover by sliding  connect the cable from the power supply into the wall socket.  Connect the monitor to the video card port.  Connect the phone cable into the modem port if there isHal.: 41 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • 42. Assembling OWN COMPUTER  Connect the keyboard cable connector and plug the mouse into the mouse port or serial poert (depending on the type of mouse).  Connect other external devices such as speakers, joystick, and microphone if there is to the appropriate port. Check the manual of the adapter cards to ensure the port location.Hal.: 42 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • 43. Assembling OWN COMPUTER  SOLUTION TO THE END:Hal.: 43 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • 44. Assembling OWN COMPUTER  Testing  The new computer is assembled can be tested by running the BIOS setup program. How to do a test with the BIOS programs are as follows:  Turn on the monitor and the system unit. Note the display monitor and the sound from the speakers.Hal.: 44 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • 45. Assembling OWN COMPUTER  Fost of the BIOS program will automatically detect the installed computer hardware. If there are errors then display a blank screen and the speaker sounds a beep on a regular basis as an indication of error codes. Check reference BIOS code to find an error indication is meant by the beep code.Hal.: 45 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • 46. Assembling OWN COMPUTER  If no error occurs then the monitor displays the execution of the POST program. BIOS interrupt key ekan according to the instructions on the screen to enter the BIOS setup program.  Check all the hardware detection by the BIOS setup program. Some settings may have changed in value, especially the capacity of hard drives and boot sequence.  Save changes to the settings and exit the BIOS setup.Hal.: 46 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • 47. Assembling OWN COMPUTER  After exit from the BIOS setup, the computer will load the Operating System with appropriate search order settings in the BIOS boot sequence. Insert Bootable Diskette or CD containing the operating system to drive the search.Hal.: 47 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • 48. Assembling OWN COMPUTER  Handling Problems  A common problem in computer assembly and handling, among others:  Computer or monitor is not lit, probably due to the switch or power cord not connected.Hal.: 48 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • 49. Assembling OWN COMPUTER  HANDLING PROBLEM:  Card adapter is not detected due to the installation of not fitting into the card slot /  LED of the hard disk, floppy or CD burning continue due to wiring error or a pin connector that fits yet connected.Hal.: 49 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • 50. SMK NEGERI 2 CIKARANG WEST The endHal.: 50 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi