Menerapkan teknik pengambilan gambar produksi kd 7 english
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Menerapkan teknik pengambilan gambar produksi kd 7 english

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Menerapkan teknik pengambilan gambar produksi kd 7 english Menerapkan teknik pengambilan gambar produksi kd 7 english Presentation Transcript

  • Applying Image Capturing Production Engineering.Describe about multimedia
  • Applying Image Capturing Production Engineering The film is a work of art that comes from a combination of many elements, such as sound, images, and motion, etc..Hal.: 2 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • Applying Image Capturing Production Engineering The government itself defines the film as follows: "Film is a cultural art works that are mass communication media to hear the view is based on cinematography with selluloid recorded on tape, videotapes, video discsHal.: 3 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • Applying Image Capturing Production Engineering or materials other technological inventions in the form, type, size of the chemical, electronic processes or other processes or without voice or dapt performed and displayed with the project system mechanic, electronic and / or other (th Film Act. 1992, Chapter I, Article 1 ). "Hal.: 4 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • Applying Image Capturing Production Engineering • The film is a series of many frames images shown in certain speed. * Video is a series of many picture frame that contains the stages of a movement / skuen who played with a certain speed.Hal.: 5 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • Applying Image Capturing Production Engineering DEFINITION CAMERA The camera is one important aspect in the making of the film, the camera functions that take / record scenes directed by the director and then visualized by the players that make the scenes.Hal.: 6 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • Applying Image Capturing Production Engineering # The camera operated by the usual film crew called the cameraman. # Cameraman, the camera operates in accordance with the director.Hal.: 7 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • Applying Image Capturing Production Engineering There are a few things to note relating to the camera device. Before any shooting is a good idea if a cameraman preparations as follows: * Mastery of the camera device to be used. Should follow the written rules on the use of the manual book. Understand the strengths and weaknesses.Hal.: 8 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • Applying Image Capturing Production Engineering * Once familiar with the ins and outs of the camera, the scene also understand what and how the technique is desired. * Creating a breakdown of equipment to be used like a battery, microphone, extension cord, etc.. * Make sure the battery in good shape and full, and all the facilities at the camera worked well.Hal.: 9 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • Applying Image Capturing Production Engineering In video production activities / movies, there are many kinds of cameras are used. The division of a video camera / film divided over the media used to store data (image & sound) that have been taken. Just as in photography, who has taken pictures stored on the roll of film. But in this type of camera, film rolls in addition there are also magnetic tape to store the voice data.Hal.: 10 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • Applying Image Capturing Production Engineering In a 1-second shots, it takes about 30 frames the film. The type of film used is a positive film (slides), in which to view its contents should be washed in the laboratory first film and is projected by using a special projector.Hal.: 11 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • Applying Image Capturing Production Engineering TYPE - TYPE CAMERA # In general there are 2 types of cameras: 1. Analog (AV) The data is stored as a stream of strong signals (waves) on the camcorder tape. This type of camera types including VHS, S - VHS, 8mm, and Hi - 8.Hal.: 12 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • Applying Image Capturing Production Engineering 2. Digital (DV) Camera digital video recorder stores data in binary code format of bits per byte which consists of series 1 (on) and 0 (off). Types of cameras include mini DV, and Digital 8.Hal.: 13 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • Applying Image Capturing Production Engineering KIND - KIND VIDEO Analog Video: 1. Usually used cassette (tape) 2. Magnetic tape-based 3. Requires digital compression of the order to transferred to the computer. 4. Excess full colors 5. Weakness will experience thirst as time.Hal.: 14 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • Applying Image Capturing Production Engineering  # Type - type of Video Analog:  1. U Matic  2. Betamax  3. VHS  4. S-VHSHal.: 15 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • Applying Image Capturing Production Engineering  Video Digital:  1. Can record sound and images at the same time.  2. CCD (Charge Couple Device)  3. There is no reduction in image compression processHal.: 16 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • Applying Image Capturing Production Engineering * Types of Digital Video: 1. Mini DV 2. DV Cam 3. DVC ProHal.: 17 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • Applying Image Capturing Production Engineering PART - PART VIDEO CAMERAHal.: 18 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • Applying Image Capturing Production Engineering In general, the parts consisting of a video camera: 1. Battery for power supply 2. Place tape 3. Zoom 4. Recorder button 5. Output port video / audio (can be analog or digital)Hal.: 19 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • Applying Image Capturing Production Engineering 6. Focus Ring 7. Preview window (View Fender) 8. Microphone 9. Light controls 10. Keys Player (for playing back video). 11. DC input terminal.Hal.: 20 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • Applying Image Capturing Production Engineering CAMERA TYPES Type of camera used in the movie is very diverse kinds, but the camera roughly divided into three namely:Hal.: 21 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • Applying Image Capturing Production Engineering 1. 1. Camera images (still photography) 2. The camera produces photo images that are not moving (still single picture). The raw material comes from the image storage selluloid tape, so that after making the recording must be processed again with the chemical processing.Hal.: 22 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • Applying Image Capturing Production Engineering Example: Analog cameras digital camerasHal.: 23 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • Applying Image Capturing Production Engineering 2. Camera film (cinema photography) Camera film has the same material with the camera image and the results obtained are different, the movie camera to produce a moving image or still commonly called motion.Hal.: 24 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • Applying Image Capturing Production Engineering Example : 8 mm camera 16 mm camera 35 mm camera.Hal.: 25 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • Applying Image Capturing Production Engineering 3. Video camera (video photography) Vide for the camera itself has much in common with a movie camera for producing a moving picture (still motion), but what distinguishes the raw material in the form of video tapes after shooting results could be viewed as the image optically and electronically.Hal.: 26 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • Applying Image Capturing Production Engineering Example : Betacam camera MiniDV HDCamHal.: 27 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • Applying Image Capturing Production Engineering Operating the video camera @. Step-by-step video camera operation:Hal.: 28 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • Applying Image Capturing Production Engineering 1. Remove the lens cap 2. Move the position of the power button off to the camera by pressing and hold down the key, then push down 3. Open the LCD screen, by pressing the key LCD screen, and then opened in the direction of the arrow. Viewfinder automatically going to die 4. Press the start / stop to start recording. Press the start / stop again to stop recording.Hal.: 29 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • Applying Image Capturing Production Engineering @. The steps to install the tape on the camera handy are: 1. Press the release button in the direction of the arrow and open the lid.Hal.: 30 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • Applying Image Capturing Production Engineering 2. Insert a tape with cassette glass window position seen from above and press the center of the rear cassette.Hal.: 31 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • Applying Image Capturing Production Engineering 3. After the cassette holder automatically fall down and then press the cover tape.Hal.: 32 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • Applying Image Capturing Production Engineering How It Works Digital Camera.Hal.: 33 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • Applying Image Capturing Production Engineering If we know the pictures in the camera, then when do we shoot can take into account and would like to imagine what the look or the output of the object that we will capture in the camera.Hal.: 34 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • Applying Image Capturing Production Engineering By the time we pressed the shutter button, the camera happens in stages to process the image. Although only briefly felt, but the stage is done in the digital camera long enough. Its just that, the process is done very quickly. Here is a description of the process:Hal.: 35 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • Applying Image Capturing Production Engineering Lens to capture an image, and then forwarded to the panel catcher image. Catcher image or so-called CCD sensor, which also serves as a view finder, sending images to the LCD. While the DSLR camera, the image is also passed to the reflection mirror that reflects the image to the window peep (eye finder).Hal.: 36 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • Applying Image Capturing Production Engineering  Images are captured by the lens, color filter is passed on to then be captured by the CCD or image sensor. The distance between the lens and the sensor is known as the focal length. This distance will also be a factor in the lens.Hal.: 37 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • Applying Image Capturing Production Engineering  CCD task is to transform the analog signal (image captured by the lens) into an electrical signal. In this CCD sensors there are millions of points known as pixels. So the term pixels or megapixels on digital cameras actually refers to the number of points on this sensor. The smaller the sensor and the more points the sensor, the more refined and higher resolution images produced.Hal.: 38 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • Applying Image Capturing Production Engineering  Images are captured by the CCD sensor forwarded to the image processing tasks to process all the data from the CCD sensor into digital data of image format files, and compression processing according to the selected image format (RAW, JPEG, etc.). In this section other than the role chipset, software (firmware) from the camera in question also determines the outcome of the picture.Hal.: 39 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • Applying Image Capturing Production Engineering The second part is what will determine the character of the digital camera. That is why, each of their cameras have software and its own chipsets in their cameras. The last process is to send the image files in the selected format to the storage (storage) or memory card. Typically, a SD memory card, CF and so on.Hal.: 40 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • Applying Image Capturing Production Engineering The next stage is the process conducted outside the camera. But in the modern digital cameras, still provides a direct printing option called PictBridge, ExifPrint and so on.Hal.: 41 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • Applying Image Capturing Production Engineering Thus the process of drawing on a digital camera. But these steps only basic or foundation of almost all digital cameras. In some brands of digital cameras, usually still add a few processes to improve picture quality, including the addition of features on casement or software applications.Hal.: 42 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • Applying Image Capturing Production Engineering  Additional Features Additional features of the software functions on the level more often we meet, for example, the addition of frame images, effects such as the Sephia photos, black and white, etc.. Although these effects in addition to nature only, but sometimes very helpful to reduce the image during printing.Hal.: 43 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • Applying Image Capturing Production Engineering Some additional features are very useful is the backlight, which is photographing objects back light, white balance, face recognition for photography as well as anti-shake models that have cameras on each term as varied as anti- shake, MEGA OIS, VR (Vibration Reduction), Super steady shot, and so on.Hal.: 44 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • Applying Image Capturing Production Engineering LEARNING TO USE THE VIDEO CAMERA.Hal.: 45 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • Applying Image Capturing Production Engineering Basic Video Camera Operation Camera there are various brands, shapes, and variants. So is the image storage media also vary. Examples of famous brands including: Sony, Panasonic, Phillips, Ikegami, JVC, and others. Of the various brands that each has different variants and shapes. Began amateur camera, semi professional and professional cameras. Image storage media including: Betacam, Dvcam, DVC Pro, MiniDV, or shaped card (memory card).Hal.: 46 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • Applying Image Capturing Production Engineering For beginner users / amateurs auto mode is usually enough to get a standard image. But in certain conditions, auto mode can not we use to get a picture in accordance with our will. That is why the professional Cameraman often use the manual mode of operating the camera.Hal.: 47 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • Applying Image Capturing Production Engineering The Main Control There are six basic control on the camera: 1. Exposure: * Aperture * Shutter Speed * (ND Filter) * (Gain) 2. Color Filter 3. White Balance 4. Zoom 5. Focus 6. Audio LevelsHal.: 48 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • Applying Image Capturing Production Engineering Aperture, Shutter speed, ND filters, and gain is part of the exposure. -Exposure: exposure I could simply mean the camera lighting. To obtain a normal image, not dark (under exposure) and not very bright (over exposure) should be noted:Hal.: 49 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • Applying Image Capturing Production Engineering · Aperture (diaphragm) In the television cameras also called Iris, which is a thin metal sheet arranged in such a way that can be opened and closed to adjust the amount of light entering the camera lens. Iris as our pupils can grow and shrink according to the incoming light.Hal.: 50 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • Applying Image Capturing Production Engineering When Iris is opened as wide as possible, the lens sends light maximum with the camera, otherwise when opening the iris diaphragm opening is reduced to narrow, so that light entering the camera a bit. Not the diaphragm is measured in f-stop: f/1.4 - f/22. smaller f-stop number = large diaphragm openings, larger f-stop number = small diaphragm opening. Iris settings manually can be done by rotating the iris ring on the camera lens.Hal.: 51 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • Applying Image Capturing Production Engineering · Shutter Speed shutter speed is usually the standard in the television camera 1 / 50. unless you want to use the shutter effect or to synchronize with the object, the new Shutter Speed in the ON position for the next match we can choose our destination.Hal.: 52 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • Applying Image Capturing Production Engineering · ND Filter ND filter (Neutral Density) serves to reduce the intensity of light that is too strong without affecting the quality of light colors. This filter is used when light conditions are too hard, like a sunny midday.Hal.: 53 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • Applying Image Capturing Production Engineering · Gain In contrast to the ND filter, gain of function when taking pictures in less light, which in normal circumstances when the opening maximum f-stop (f/1.4) is still under exposure. With Gain exposure we can lift digitally, the consequences become a little coral image (cracked).Hal.: 54 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • Applying Image Capturing Production Engineering Color Filter Function to change or match the light coming into the camera. Generally, the video camera has two color correction filters. For shooting indoors with tungsten light (red) filters we put 3200 º K and for shooting with the sun lighting filter we use 5600 º K.Hal.: 55 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • Applying Image Capturing Production Engineering Sunlight contains blue. If we install the filter 2 (5600 º K) to the sun, we actually put on an orange filter to compensate for the blue color of the sun. More light bulb contains the color red, so we put a filter no.1 (3200 º K) is bluish.Hal.: 56 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • Applying Image Capturing Production Engineering Light source of higher intensity light containing blue, light source intensity low beam contains more red. The difference is the color of light depends on the temperature and measured with a degree Kelvin.Hal.: 57 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • Applying Image Capturing Production Engineering . White Balance The intensity of light varies at different times and different places in a day. Outside sunlight (daylight) has a temperature of approximately 5600 º K, the light bulb in the room has a temperature of approximately 3200 º K, TL lights have temperatures between 5000 º K, 6000 º K. because the intensity of light is very different from the color correction filter can not produce the right white color.Hal.: 58 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • Applying Image Capturing Production Engineering Thus the video camera is also equipped with buttons to set the white balance. The easiest way is for the white balance by pointing the camera to the white stuff whatever is in the same light conditions with the light that we use to record the scene.Hal.: 59 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • Applying Image Capturing Production Engineering How to set the white balance: * First match with the color correction filter light conditions that we use .* Point the camera shooting of any white stuff on the camera zoom until you see the viewfinder white only.Hal.: 60 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • Applying Image Capturing Production Engineering * Press the AWB (Auto White Balance) * The camera is ready to record. Note: "The camera should be in the white balance again when the light changed circumstances".Hal.: 61 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • Applying Image Capturing Production Engineering TECHNICAL PICK VIDEO CAMERA IMAGES The video camera is a camera device that is used to move moving picture and save them on certain media, which then will be processed. Video Camera Type Based on the format: ~ Analog ~ DigitalHal.: 62 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • Applying Image Capturing Production Engineering 2) Based Media Record: `` Betamax Betacam `VHS` Memory stick `` Mini Disc 8mm `VHS-C `DV (Digital Video) `Mini DVHal.: 63 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • Applying Image Capturing Production Engineering Retrieving Images Kind of shooting angle is: 1. Normal Angle Position the camera parallel to the height of the eye (the focus) object is taken.Hal.: 64 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • Applying Image Capturing Production Engineering 2. High Camera Angle Angle of the objects that look so impressive small objects. This technique has a dramatic impression of the value of "dwarf".Hal.: 65 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • Applying Image Capturing Production Engineering 3. Low Camera Angle Angle from the direction of the objects that look so impressive large objects. This technique has the great value dramatic/ prominance, authoritative, powerful, dominant.Hal.: 66 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • Applying Image Capturing Production Engineering 4. Birds Eye View Shooting technique that is above the height of the object. The result will look spacious environment and other things seem small and scattered. 5. Subjective Camera Angle Retrieval technique in which the camera trying to engage the audience in the event. As if the camera lens as the eye of the spectator or one of the actors in the scene.Hal.: 67 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • Applying Image Capturing Production Engineering 6. Objective Camera Angle Retrieval technique in which the camera presents in accordance with reality. 7. Eye Level Shooting angle parallel to the object. The results showed catch someones eye view. This technique does not have a dramatic but natural impression.Hal.: 68 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • Applying Image Capturing Production Engineering 8. Frog Eye Shooting angle with the height of the camera parallel to the base / bottom position of the object or lower. The result will look as if the audiences eyes represent the eyes of frogs. 9. Over Shoulder taking pictures from behind the shoulder.Hal.: 69 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • Applying Image Capturing Production Engineering  Kinds of views at the time of recording the image is:  Extreme Close Up (ECU / XCU):  Shooting a very detailed look like the players nose or lips or tip of the heel of the shoe.Hal.: 70 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • Applying Image Capturing Production Engineering · Big Close Up (BCU): Taking pictures of the limited head-to - chin. · Close Up (CU): Images taken from close range, only part of the object that looks like just his face alone, or a pair of new shoes feet.Hal.: 71 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • Applying Image Capturing Production Engineering · Medium Close Up (MCU): Almost the same as MS, if the object of people and taken from the chest upwards. · Medium Shot (MS): Retrieval of medium-range, if the object of it is visible only half his body alone (from the stomach / waist up). · Knee Shot (KS): Object shooting from head to knee.Hal.: 72 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • Applying Image Capturing Production Engineering · Full Shot (FS): Object shooting in full from head to toe. · Long Shot (LS): Decision as a whole. Images taken from a distance, all objects exposed to the background object. · Medium Long Shot (MLS): Images taken from a reasonable distance, so if for example there are 3 objects of the whole will be seen. If the object is a person looking from head to knee.Hal.: 73 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • Applying Image Capturing Production Engineering · Extreme Long Shot (XLS): Images taken from very far distance, youll enjoy no longer the object but the background. Thus it can be seen the position of the object to its environment. · One Shot (1S): Taking pictures of objects. · Two Shot (2S): Shooting two people. · Three Shot (3S): Shooting three people. · Group Shot (GS): Shooting a group of people.Hal.: 74 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • Applying Image Capturing Production Engineering CAMERA MOVEMENT Pan, Panning is a horizontal camera movement (horizontally) from left to right or vice versa a). Pan right (moving the camera around to the right) b). Pan left (the camera moves around to the left) Tilt, Tilting is a vertical camera movement, looking up from bottom to top or vice versa a). Tilt up: up to top b). Tilt down: up and downHal.: 75 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • Applying Image Capturing Production Engineering  Dolly, Track is on the movement tripot or dolly toward or away from the subject  a). Dolly in: approaching the subject  b). Dolly out: stay away from the subject  Pedestal is on the camera movement can be raised pedestal down. Currently used Porta-Jip Traveler.  a). Pedestal up: the camera is increased  b). Pedestal down: camera revealedHal.: 76 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • Applying Image Capturing Production Engineering  Crab is the camera movement laterally or sideways, running parallel to the current subject.  a). Crab left (move left)  b). Crab right (move to the right)  Arc is a turn around the camera movement of objects from left to right or vice versa.Hal.: 77 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • Applying Image Capturing Production Engineering • Zoom. • zoom lens is a movement toward or away from the optical object, by changing the lens focal length from the narrow perspective to a wide angle of view or vice versa • a). Zoom in: closer objects from long shot to close-up • b). Zoom out: keep the object of close-ups to long shots • Follow: • Camera movements follow a moving object. • Crane shot: • Camera movement is mounted on the crane wheels.Hal.: 78 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • Applying Image Capturing Production Engineering  Fading:  Substitution images slowly. If the images fade in and fade out appears if the image disappears and the cross-fade if the image 1 and 2 interchanged simultaneously.  Framing:  Object is in framing Shot. In the frame when entering the frame and the frame out if the exit frame.  Track is tracking camera movement toward or away from the object.  a). Track in: moving the camera toward the object  b). Track out: move the camera away from the object  Follow The camera follows an object moving in the direction.Hal.: 79 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • Applying Image Capturing Production Engineering  Shooting techniques without moving the camera, so quite a moving object:  · Object moves parallel to the camera.  · Walk In: The object moved toward the camera.  · Walk Away: Objects moving away from the camera.  This technique is said because not only rely angle, image size, camera movements and objects but also other elements such as light, property and the environment. Average shooting by using these techniques produce more dramatic impression.Hal.: 80 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • Applying Image Capturing Production Engineering · Backlight Shot: shooting techniques to lighting on the object from behind. · Reflection Shot: making techniques that are not directed to its object but from the mirror / water that can reflect the image of the object. · Door Frame Shot: pictures taken from outside the door while the scene was in the room. · Artificial Framing Shot: objects such as leaves or twigs placed in front of the camera so as if the object is taken from behind the branches.Hal.: 81 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • Applying Image Capturing Production Engineering · Jaws Shot: a camera object as if surprised to see the camera. · Framing with Background: the object of focus in front of the background but there appear so beautiful impression. · The Secret of Foreground Framing Shot: making objects that were in front until the background so that the fusion scene. · Tripod Transition: the camera position above the tripod and move from one object to another object rapidly.Hal.: 82 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • Applying Image Capturing Production Engineering · Artificial Hairlight: given the object hair effects of artificial light so shine and more dramatic. · Fast Road Effect: techniques taken from the car was speeding. · Walking Shot: This technique takes a picture of the current object. Usually used to indicate who was walking in a hurry or pursued by something.Hal.: 83 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • Applying Image Capturing Production Engineering · Over Shoulder: taking pictures from behind the object, the object is usually only seen the head or shoulders only. Obtaining this to show that the object was seeing things or objects can also chatting. · Profile Shot: if two people are in dialogue, but the shot from the side, one showing the camera first and second camera showed the second person.Hal.: 84 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • Applying Image Capturing Production Engineering For the professional cameramen often also do the white balance manually is to set the Color Temperature in the menu on the camera. Zoom Zooming is a zoom lens movement toward or away from the optical object, by changing the lens focal length from the narrow perspective (telephoto) to a wide angle (wide angle).Hal.: 85 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • Applying Image Capturing Production Engineering 1. Zoom in: closer objects from long shot to close-up 2. Zoom out: keep the object of close-ups to long shots. 3. Zooming can be done in two ways: a). Manual: by turning the zoom ring on the lens b). Servo: Usually there servo zoom button on the handle so affordable camera the finger at the camera operates.Hal.: 86 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • Applying Image Capturing Production Engineering Focus The focus is the proper lens settings for a certain distance. Picture said the focus when the resulting image projected by the lens falls on the surface of the tube or CCD clear and sharp. Thus appear also in the viewfinder and monitor. Depth of field or depth of field is a field where the objects in front of and behind the main object was in focus. Technically, the shot with a wide depth of field allows cameramen to follow the object movement. Narrow depth of field that requires us to continuously follow focus if the camera or object moves.Hal.: 87 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • Applying Image Capturing Production Engineering In aesthetic depth of field was instrumental in creating a visual perspective on the whole scene (shot) .* 3 things that determine the depth of field: 1. The lens focal length lens focal length = depth of the narrower the field or any other word more tipis.2 focus. Bigger f-stop/iris iris opening (smaller f-stop) = narrower depth of field / focus increasingly thin. For example f/16 depth field is wider than f/2.0Hal.: 88 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • Applying Image Capturing Production Engineering 3. Distance of the camera with the object a). The farther the distance the camera with the object = wider field depth. b). The closer the object = camera increasingly narrow depth of field.Hal.: 89 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • Applying Image Capturing Production Engineering Audio Levels Do not ignore the audio level on the camera because in addition to image quality, audio quality is also important. Remember TV is a combination of image and sound. There is a picture without a good audio is very disturbing to viewers even information that will be delivered is not up to the audience. Set the audio level should not be under or over (peak).Hal.: 90 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • Applying Image Capturing Production Engineering Stages Maximizing the Use Video Camera 1. Know and Understand Camera Video All equipment must be used correctly - is controlled so that the shooting minimize future errors. 2. Decent Videotape Views and Saved The videotape is said to be seen and feasible saved if meet 4 requirements: sufficient lighting, focus, stable and sufficient duration.Hal.: 91 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • Applying Image Capturing Production Engineering 3. Decent Videotape Enjoyed Decent video recording must meet the rule enjoyed - the rule as follows: a). Balance, Framing, Compositions: Horizontal Lines, Vertical Lines, Ratio Thirds, Diagonal Lines, Triangle, Perspective, Looking Room, Walking Room, Head Room, the Golden Mean, Background, Foreground. b). Frame Cutting Points: Extreme Close Up, Big Close Up, Close Up, Close Up Medium, Medium Shot, Medium Long Song, Long Shot, Extreme Long Shot.Hal.: 92 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • Applying Image Capturing Production Engineering c). Other Types Of Shot: 2 Shot, 3 Shot, Group Shot, Over Shoulder Shot, Establishing Shot. d). Camera Movement: Panning (Left, Right, Up, Down), Tracking (In, Out, Follow, Revolve), Truck (Left, Right), Zooming (In, Out) e). Camera Angle # 1: Normal Angle, Low Angle, High Angle f). Camera Angle # 2: Objective Camera, Camera subjective g). Shot By Camera Positions: Face Shot, ¾ Shot, Profile Shot, Over Shoulder Shot h). Shooting Rules: Jump Cut, Crossing The Line, Continuity.Hal.: 93 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • Applying Image Capturing Production Engineering 4. Videotape of the Finish and Watch Fair A videography work is finished and ready for general audience through the stages below: a). Pre-Production: The process of planning and preparation of production in accordance with the needs, objectives and the intended target audience. Facilities including the preparation and production techniques, operational mechanisms and creative design (research, writing an outline, scenario, storyboard, etc..). b). Production: The process of taking pictures in the field (shooting).Hal.: 94 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • Applying Image Capturing Production Engineering c). Post Production: The process of editing the editing room, combining the results of the video recordings with various other audiovisual elements. d). Presentation: Presenting the results of edits (editing) in a format ready to watch (cassette, VCD, DVD, etc..) e). Distribution: The dissemination of the work of videography (screening, sales, broadcasting, webcasting, etc..).Hal.: 95 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • Applying Image Capturing Production Engineering Caring for Battery Power and Stock Videos A Shooting @. Element Performance criteria: Coordinate material stock 01 video 1.1. Coordination with relevant personnel and understand and ensure the requirements for video stock shots. 1.2. Certainty ratio schedule and taking pictures with the relevant personnel.Hal.: 96 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • Applying Image Capturing Production Engineering 1.3. The selection of all the necessary stock and that can used and ensure that stock is available in a number of Sufficient to meet the needs of production schedule needs. 1.4. Monitoring of existing stocks associated with end dates stock. 1.5. Completeness of all necessary stock demand and certainly available at the time of filming. 1.6. Handling and storage of video stock to avoid damage and protection of the environment at risk.Hal.: 97 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • Applying Image Capturing Production Engineering 1.7. Completeness of documents and tape labeling, according to company requirements. 1.8. Certainty of all equipment and stock available at the right location and at the time of filming. 1.9. Taking pictures and recording the order with complete drills camera report carefully. 1.10. Documentation stock used for production and stocks for shooting conclusions.Hal.: 98 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • Applying Image Capturing Production Engineering National Work Competence Standards Indonesia Sector Information and Communications Technology Sub- Sector Multimedia and Audio Visual Resources Caring Battery and Stock Videos for A Shooting 1.11. Monitoring of stock and notification of relevant personnel to ensure that the stock is still enough available amount during the productionHal.: 99 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • Applying Image Capturing Production Engineering 02. Set the time code: 2.1. Setting the time code according to the companys instructions. 2.2. The selection and setting of time code according to the requirements of the production. 2.3. Setting time codes synchronized with other equipment when necessary.Hal.: 100 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • Applying Image Capturing Production Engineering 03 Preparing, recorded videotapes and check image video: 3.1. Examination tape heads are damaged or soiled prior to the record. 3.2. Preparation of videotape with the markers and the tone and playing back the tape to check the tape. 3.3. Labeling all the tapes carefully. 3.4. Recording and checking the video tape in the camera for recording. 3.5. Readiness taking pictures with personnel- related.Hal.: 101 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • Applying Image Capturing Production Engineering 04 Filling and maintaining long battery filmmaking: 4.1. Certainty that the supply of sufficient and there battery. 4.2. Battery to be used have been charged enough. 4.3. Battery charging according to company recommendations. 4.4. Battery charged that the shooting requirements. 4.5. Battery labeling according to status.Hal.: 102 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • Applying Image Capturing Production Engineering Organizing Cables - Camera Cable 01 Selecting and preparing the camera cable: 1.1 Coordination with the relevant personnel and cable requirements to ensure shooting. 1.2 Cable selected and recognized the mistake and damage, to then be corresponding improvement according to skill level.Hal.: 103 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • Applying Image Capturing Production Engineering 1.3 Handling, repair and assembly re - cable fault according to safety requirements and the appropriate manufacturers instructions. 1.4 The submission of a complex repairs on technical specialists with consultation to the relevant personnel. 1.5 rig documentation, in accordance with company requirements. 1.6 Ensure that all cables can operate and available at the location and the time is right when shootingHal.: 104 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • Applying Image Capturing Production Engineering Handling the camera cable 02: 2.1 Ensure appropriate resources and available energy. 2.2 Use the camera plans and information cable to ensure the cable places and running cables. 2.3 Determination of the place, and the length of cable run according to the camera motion and anticipation of crossing the cable is reduced. 2.4 Portrayal plan to prevent a cable node or twist when in use.Hal.: 105 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • Applying Image Capturing Production Engineering 2.5 Connect the power cable from the contactor to the camera. 2.6 cables secured to prevent tension plug. 2.7 Route verifiable and regular cable, so that the unit controlling the camera, hanging wires, cables spread ramps have been complete in accordance with the motion plan camera and fulfilled in a safe manner.Hal.: 106 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • Applying Image Capturing Production Engineering 2.8 All confirmed the camera cable from the point the right outlet to the camera and certainly does not hinder the camera used in the manufacture of production. 2.9 Ensure that the cable is installed cameras have functions and does not endanger personnel involved in making films or the general public.Hal.: 107 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • Applying Image Capturing Production Engineering 03 Noting the shooting: 3.1 To participate in meetings or hearings before production if necessary, and certainly the end of camera motion and the motion of the cable understood. 3.2 Communication with relevant personnel during the shooting and determined the position and motion of the camera cable and the signal according to the instructions received. Consistent reaction at 3.3 signal received from relevant personnel and ensure consistency time without making mistakes.Hal.: 108 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • Applying Image Capturing Production Engineering 3.4 camera cable is moved without disturbing operation of the camera operator and worked together with other personnel to get the desired camera motion. 3.5 Ensure that the camera operator does not collide with other elements. 3.6 Operation completed without damaging the cable equipment or injure personnel.Hal.: 109 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • Applying Image Capturing Production Engineering Camera cable 04 breaks down: 4.1 All cable extended and confirmed cable the wound to avoid strain and damage. 4.2 cables are free of certain circular complexity and quite safe. 4.3 Cable packed in clean and safe condition to avoid damage and ready for moved if necessary.Hal.: 110 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • Applying Image Capturing Production Engineering 4.4 Reporting and documentation of the damaged cable and the necessary treatment at the relevant personnel. 4.5 Work in left field its original state, certainly there is no detrimental effect on the field work.Hal.: 111 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • Applying Image Capturing Production Engineering FUNCTION CLAPPERBOARD But when you are recording using a video camera recorder, pictures and sound will be aligned as recorded on the same tape. Starting from duration, number / name of the scene, shooting date, and the shooting sequence number. * Clapperboard is a way to handle the process of equalization or synchronization. The bottom board clapperboard usually used for expression.Hal.: 112 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • Applying Image Capturing Production Engineering  Things to Look For:  What to Look For In Image Capturing:  1. Do not break the imaginary line / directional line. If this is done, then the image will be impressed by a collision or back - back, also called jump shoot. Note head room, adequate space at the top head.Hal.: 113 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • Applying Image Capturing Production Engineering 3. Consider looking room, living a balanced eye. 4. Note the nose position, set right on the nose position in the middle layer television. 5. Avoid sporius object, objects - objects that interfere with the composition. 6. All the images we record must have the motivation and information.Hal.: 114 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • Applying Image Capturing Production Engineering 7. Note the continuity, sustainability, the story not to get lost, so the story line intact. 8. Try to always do the edit by camera when taking pictures, especially for when - a very short time, which takes pictures as soon as possible. 9. Special Coverage on interviews taken looking toward a different room each guest speaker (to the right of x to the left) to avoid monotony.Hal.: 115 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • Applying Image Capturing Production Engineering 10. To facilitate the editing process, while taking still establish a minimum 8 ", as well as zooming / panning give beginning and end still 8“. 11. Setting audio min max 3.0 db 0 db (lower atmosphere).Hal.: 116 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
  • SMK NEGERI 2 CIKARANG BARAT The EndHal.: 117 Isikan Judul Halaman Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi