What is Marfan Syndrome?a disorder of connective tissue, the tissue thatstrengthens the bodys structuresnamed after Antoine Marfan, the French doctor whofirst noticed the disorder in 1896affect the skeletal system (bones), cardiovascularsystem- heart, eyes, and skin.
Geneticscaused by defects in a gene called fibrillin-1causes too much growth of the long bones of the body.About 75% of the time, the gene for Marfan syndrome runsin families, getting passed down to children from parentswho have the disease.A child born to a parent who has Marfan syndrome has a50% chance of having the disease tooNo cure
SymptomsPeople who have Marfan syndrome have very specificsymptoms that usually happen together. When thesesymptoms show up as a group, it tells doctors that aperson might have the Marfans.Marfan syndrome can affect the skin and lungs. Thesesymptoms are less common and less serious,especially in kids and teens
SymptomsFlat feetSmall lower jawtall with long, thin arms and legs and spider-likefingersA chest that sinks in or sticks outLearning disabilityJoints that are too flexible
Diagnosis4 Types of doctors geneticist (a doctor who specializes in disorders of the genes), a cardiologist (heart doctor), an ophthalmologist (eye doctor), and an orthopedist (bone doctor) A geneticist will ask if anyone in the family had the same symptoms and may even ask if anyone in your family died early of a heart-related death.
Who gets marfan syndromeMen and woman and children can have marfansyndrome. It is found in people of all races.
TreatmentSkeleton (Bones): Getting a yearly exam of the spine and breastbone Using a back brace or Heart and blood vessels having surgery for severe problems.. Getting regular checkupsLungs Not smoking Wearing a medical alert Seeing a doctor if you have bracelet any problems with breathing during sleep
FACTSAbraham Lincoln suffered from Marfan SyndromeFebruary is Marfan Syndrome’s awareness month.People with Marfan shouldn’t do lots of running orphysical contact.