Computer Assisted Language Learning(CALL)<br />Ujang Edi Brata, Nurul Fajriyah,<br />EkaWahyuSetianingsih, AamMaryamah<br />Post Graduate Program <br />UHAMKA Jakarta<br />
Computer as a medium is used for the sake of facilitating people in learning, such as learning a language.<br />Computer is totally dependent on the users<br />Computer is more interactive<br />Computer may act as a teacher or tutor<br />Roles of Computer in Learning<br />
Maddison (1983): technology of education and technology of communication are two sides of the same coin.<br />The beneficial advantages of CAL; interactive capability and flexibility<br />Nicholls (1995): students didn’t produce many well-formed and complete sentences, and didn’t practice their spoken English in computer-mediated instructions.<br />In computer – mediated instruction, students tended to try out a number of guesses rather than discus with their partner (Windeatt, 1986)<br />Can CALL effectively deliver explicit instruction on grammar?<br />Computers and Language Learning<br />
Issues Regarding the Change of Methods of Language Teaching<br />
- CAL: the learning involving the utilization of the computer - CALL: means CAL which is implemented to language.<br />CAL and CALL<br />
CALL: Underlying Consideration<br /><ul><li> Ahmad, et al, (1985:4): the computer is </li></ul> flexible.<br /><ul><li>Hiltzand Turrof (1985) and Hiltz (1994): the </li></ul> flexibility supports collaborative learning <br /> among students.<br /><ul><li> Computer based language instruction is </li></ul> ability to interact with learners.<br /><ul><li> The more powerful the technology </li></ul> becomes, the more ‘human’ functions the <br /> machine is able to take on.<br />
Advantages of CALL<br /><ul><li>Develop a non-sequential reading habit.
Offer freedom for users to choose any </li></ul> topic available.<br /><ul><li> Can be used in pairs.
Allow the students to determine what </li></ul> particular topics and how long he wants <br /> to learn.<br />
Disadvantages of CALL<br /><ul><li>It is considered to be much less </li></ul> handy.<br /><ul><li> Makes eye irritate and pain.
Needs a lot of funds.</li></li></ul><li>Students View towards CALL<br /><ul><li>The use of the system is very easy