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PD2012 LD
 

PD2012 LD

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    PD2012 LD PD2012 LD Presentation Transcript

    • JCPS Adult and Continuing Education 1
    • Successful Research-Based Solutions for Students with Special Needs Nina Mounce & Martha Ruth Van Cleave JCPS Adult and Continuing Education 2
    • AGENDA• Introduction• Special Needs Definitions• Fat City – Rick Lavoie• Break• Accommodations and Adaptations• Power Path Strategies• Strategies for the Adult Learner JCPS Adult and Continuing Education 3
    • JCPS Adult and Continuing Education 4
    • LEARNING DIFFERENCES PRETESTTRUE – FALSE1. If an adult has a learning disability, he more than likely is considered to be mentally retarded.2. It is estimated that 50 – 80 % of students in Adult Basic Education and literacy programs are affected by learning disabilities.3. There is a lot of research on learning disabilities and the manifestations that they have on adults.4. Children who have been identified with a learning disability tend to grow out of it.5. There is only one learning disability that adults have and that is dyslexia.6. When adults have a learning disability the only part of their life that is affected is the part that deals with education.7. When providing an accommodation the program is providing the student with a place to stay or live.8. It is the adult education program’s responsibility to provide every accommodation that the student requests.9. The best way to learn is by using printed material.10.People who have learning disabilities are rarely successful in the workforce and have trouble earning an adequate wage. JCPS Adult and Continuing Education 5
    • KENTUCKY STATISTICS• 800,000 People in KY do not have a diploma• 500,000 of those people are working age• GED graduates 10,000 per year• Nearly 1 million Kentucky adults read poorly if at all• The average income in Kentucky is 83% of that in neighboring states• 1 out of every 5 adults has a learning difference• 2.9 % of the adults have a learning disability• Boys outnumber girls 3 – 1 JCPS Adult and Continuing Education 6
    • US STATISTICS• 1 IN 7 Americans have a learning disability• 15% of the US Population Compiled by the National Institute of Health, 2011 JCPS Adult and Continuing Education 7
    • JCPS Adult and Continuing Education 8
    • Definition of Learning Disabilities (Learning Differences)A specific learning disability is a disorder in one or more of the central nervous system processes involved in perceiving, understanding and/or using concepts through verbal (spoken or written language) or nonverbal means. This disorder manifests itself with a deficit in one or more of the following areas:Attention, reasoning, memory, communicating, reading, writing, spelling, calculation, coordination, social competence and emotional maturity. JCPS Adult and Continuing Education 9
    • JCPS Adult and Continuing Education 10
    • Learning Differences Glossary• Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) – A disorder characterized by inappropriate degrees of attention, impulsiveness, and/or hyperactivity. Although these areas are considered to be core symptoms, all three characteristics are not necessarily present in those affected. Symptoms are generally first manifested early in childhood and may persist in varying degrees throughout adult life.• Attention Deficit Disorders: Commonly found in the difficulty with sustaining attention and focusing on information for long periods of time. The difference between ADD and ADHD is the absence or presence of hyperactivity.• Dyslexia: Difficulty reading. When viewed through the criteria of academic success this is probably the most serious and debilitating learning disorder. The difficulty may take many forms including seeing letters in mirror image, reversals, in ability to distinguish the spaces between words, etc. JCPS Adult and Continuing Education 11
    • What Dyslexia Is Not • It is not a sign of poor intelligence. • It is not the result of laziness or of not caring. • It is not a disease. • It cannot be cured with pills, diets, or medical treatment. • It is not an eye problem.• It is not outgrown, although individuals with dyslexia can learn how to learn. JCPS Adult and Continuing Education 12
    • DYSLEXIA  Neurological in origin • Neurological in origin• Characterized by difficulties with accurate and/or fluent word recognition • Spelling & Decoding Difficulties • Problems in Reading Comprehension • Average to Above Average IQ • Info processed in different area of the brain • Inherited • 15% - 20% have dyslexia JCPS Adult and Continuing Education 13
    • JCPS Adult and Continuing Education 14
    • Learning Differences Glossary (con’t)  Dysgraphia: Difficulty writing. This can be the actual physical (motor) process required for writing, or the difficulty of being able to express ideas in writing, or of the symbols required for writing (mathematical as well as other letter symbols).• Dysgraphia: Difficulty writing. This can be the actual physical (motor) process required for writing, or the difficulty of being able to express ideas in writing, or of the symbols required for writing (mathematical as well as other letter symbols).• Dyscalculia: Difficulty coping with mathematics, comprehending as well as understanding relationships between mathematical symbols and concepts; difficulty with calculations and number manipulation.• Intellectual Difficulties: Difficulty with the capacity to learn. No definite brain damage is indicated in the history or from neurological findings; nor is there any evidence /suggestion of other cause(s). JCPS Adult and Continuing Education 15
    • JCPS Adult and Continuing Education 16
    • JCPS Adult and Continuing Education 17
    • TESTING ACCOMMODATIONS & ADAPTATIONS AMERICANS WITH DISABILITIES ACT – 1990 INDIVIDUAL EDUCATION PLAN VOCATIONAL REHABILITATION FOUR ACCOMMODATIONS REQUEST FORMS Physical/chronic health Emotional/mental Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder Learning and other cognitive disabilityTESTING ACCOMMODATIONS FOR BLIND, VISUALLY IMPAIRED AND DEAF JCPS Adult and Continuing Education 18
    • JCPS Adult and Continuing Education 19
    • JCPS Adult and Continuing Education 20
    • POWER PATH STRATEGIES • Build on student’s strengths • Complete partnership contract with student. • Develop peer learning team to work with student. • Incorporate three ways of learning into each activity.• Add review session or write journal entry at end of each learning activity. • Use positive self-talk. • Provide frequent feedback on student’s effort. JCPS Adult and Continuing Education 21
    • JCPS Adult and Continuing Education 22
    • JCPS Adult and Continuing Education 23
    • JCPS Adult and Continuing Education 24
    • JCPS Adult and Continuing Education 25