The Holocaust
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The Holocaust

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Overview of the Holocaust, includes speaker notes

Overview of the Holocaust, includes speaker notes

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The Holocaust The Holocaust Presentation Transcript

    • April 29 th Starter
    • Write in planner
    • Take out piece of paper and pen/pencil for notes.
    • What comes to mind when you hear:
    The Holocaust
  • The Holocaust
    • Hitler wanted to create a superior race of “pure Germans,” called the Aryan Race
    Jews, Gypsies, Jehovah’s Witnesses, mentally and physically disabled, homosexuals, communists, Poles, Russians, Ukrainians, political opponents
    • Anti-Semitism: hostility towards or discrimination against Jews
  • First Solution (1933 – 1938): Persecution
    • Boycott of Jewish businesses began in 1933
  • SA pickets, wearing boycott signs, block the entrance to a Jewish-owned shop. The signs read: "Germans, defend yourselves against the Jewish atrocity propaganda, buy only at German shops!" and "Germans, defend yourselves, buy only at German shops!"
  • Two Nazi stormtroopers stand guard in front of the H. L. Heimann store in Bopfingen, to prevent would-be shoppers from violating the Nazi boycott of Jewish-owned businesses.
    • Anti-Jewish Laws
      • Fired from public service jobs
      • Not allowed to attend public schools
      • Where they could live and travel was limited
    • 1935: Nuremberg Laws passed
      • Defined who was a Jew
      • Said Jews were not citizens
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  • The fire department only made sure the fire did not spread to the building next to the synagogue
  • View of the interior of the Essenweinstrasse synagogue in Nuremberg following its destruction during Kristallnacht.
    • 1935-1938: Subtle pressure to force Jews to leave Germany
    • Germans bought up Jewish businesses for ½ its worth
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    • 1938: persecution becomes more aggressive
      • Jewish property taken
      • Forced to take on Israel and Sarah as middle names
      • Forced to wear the yellow star
  • Second Solution (1939-1941): Isolation
    • Jews relocated to ghettos
      • food rations and living conditions were very poor
      • Warsaw, Poland – largest ghetto
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    • Many transferred to labor/concentration camps
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    • Einsatzgruppen: mobile killing squads used in Poland and Russia
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  • Final Solution (1942): genocide
    • Wannsee Conference January 20, 1942
    • – Nazi Officials come up with “final solution” to exterminate all Jews
  • 6 major death camps created: Treblinka, Chelmno, Sobibor, Maidanek, Auschwitz-Birkenau, and Belzec
  • Jews from the Lodz ghetto board deportation trains for the Chelmno death camp
  • Hundreds of Jews wait to board deportation trains at the railroad station in Würzburg. Their luggage and bed rolls are piled in the center of the platform.
  • “ Work makes one free”
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    • Gas Chambers
      • Many victims did not know of their upcoming death, referred to as baths/showers
      • Carbon monoxide and Zyklon B were used as poison
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    Majdanek:The rear side of a gas chamber. The furnace to the right was used to create carbon monoxide for gassing prisoners.
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  • Human remains found in the Dachau concentration camp crematorium after liberation. Germany, April 1945.
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  • (Above) Bales of hair shaven from women at Auschwitz, used to make felt-yarn. (Below) After liberation, an Allied soldier displays a stash of gold wedding rings taken from victims at Buchenwald.
    •   1944-1945 camps began to be liberated by Allies
    • Video and pictures taken to document the atrocities
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    • “ In Germany, the Nazis came for the Communists and I didn’t speak up because I wasn’t a Communist. Then they came for the Jews, and I didn’t speak up because I wasn’t a Jew. Then they came for the trade unionists, and I didn’t speak up because I wasn’t a trade unionist. Then they came for the Catholics, but I didn’t speak up because I was a Protestant. Then they came for me, and by that time there was no one left to speak for me.”
    • ~Martin Niemoller