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The Holocaust
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The Holocaust

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Overview of the Holocaust, includes speaker notes

Overview of the Holocaust, includes speaker notes

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  • Transcript

    • 1.
      • April 29 th Starter
      • Write in planner
      • Take out piece of paper and pen/pencil for notes.
      • What comes to mind when you hear:
      The Holocaust
    • 2. The Holocaust
    • 3.
      • Hitler wanted to create a superior race of “pure Germans,” called the Aryan Race
      Jews, Gypsies, Jehovah’s Witnesses, mentally and physically disabled, homosexuals, communists, Poles, Russians, Ukrainians, political opponents
    • 4.
      • Anti-Semitism: hostility towards or discrimination against Jews
    • 5. First Solution (1933 – 1938): Persecution
      • Boycott of Jewish businesses began in 1933
    • 6. SA pickets, wearing boycott signs, block the entrance to a Jewish-owned shop. The signs read: "Germans, defend yourselves against the Jewish atrocity propaganda, buy only at German shops!" and "Germans, defend yourselves, buy only at German shops!"
    • 7. Two Nazi stormtroopers stand guard in front of the H. L. Heimann store in Bopfingen, to prevent would-be shoppers from violating the Nazi boycott of Jewish-owned businesses.
    • 8.
      • Anti-Jewish Laws
        • Fired from public service jobs
        • Not allowed to attend public schools
        • Where they could live and travel was limited
    • 9.
      • 1935: Nuremberg Laws passed
        • Defined who was a Jew
        • Said Jews were not citizens
    • 10.  
    • 11.  
    • 12. The fire department only made sure the fire did not spread to the building next to the synagogue
    • 13. View of the interior of the Essenweinstrasse synagogue in Nuremberg following its destruction during Kristallnacht.
    • 14.
      • 1935-1938: Subtle pressure to force Jews to leave Germany
      • Germans bought up Jewish businesses for ½ its worth
      •  
    • 15.
      • 1938: persecution becomes more aggressive
        • Jewish property taken
        • Forced to take on Israel and Sarah as middle names
        • Forced to wear the yellow star
    • 16. Second Solution (1939-1941): Isolation
    • 17.
      • Jews relocated to ghettos
        • food rations and living conditions were very poor
        • Warsaw, Poland – largest ghetto
    • 18.  
    • 19.
      • Many transferred to labor/concentration camps
    • 20.  
    • 21.  
    • 22.
      • Einsatzgruppen: mobile killing squads used in Poland and Russia
    • 23.  
    • 24.  
    • 25.  
    • 26. Final Solution (1942): genocide
      • Wannsee Conference January 20, 1942
      • – Nazi Officials come up with “final solution” to exterminate all Jews
    • 27. 6 major death camps created: Treblinka, Chelmno, Sobibor, Maidanek, Auschwitz-Birkenau, and Belzec
    • 28. Jews from the Lodz ghetto board deportation trains for the Chelmno death camp
    • 29. Hundreds of Jews wait to board deportation trains at the railroad station in Würzburg. Their luggage and bed rolls are piled in the center of the platform.
    • 30. “ Work makes one free”
    • 31.  
    • 32.  
    • 33.
      • Gas Chambers
        • Many victims did not know of their upcoming death, referred to as baths/showers
        • Carbon monoxide and Zyklon B were used as poison
      •  
      Majdanek:The rear side of a gas chamber. The furnace to the right was used to create carbon monoxide for gassing prisoners.
    • 34.  
    • 35. Human remains found in the Dachau concentration camp crematorium after liberation. Germany, April 1945.
    • 36.  
    • 37. (Above) Bales of hair shaven from women at Auschwitz, used to make felt-yarn. (Below) After liberation, an Allied soldier displays a stash of gold wedding rings taken from victims at Buchenwald.
    • 38.
      •   1944-1945 camps began to be liberated by Allies
      • Video and pictures taken to document the atrocities
    • 39.  
    • 40.  
    • 41.  
    • 42.  
    • 43.
      • “ In Germany, the Nazis came for the Communists and I didn’t speak up because I wasn’t a Communist. Then they came for the Jews, and I didn’t speak up because I wasn’t a Jew. Then they came for the trade unionists, and I didn’t speak up because I wasn’t a trade unionist. Then they came for the Catholics, but I didn’t speak up because I was a Protestant. Then they came for me, and by that time there was no one left to speak for me.”
      • ~Martin Niemoller