The Holocaust
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The Holocaust

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Overview of the Holocaust, includes speaker notes

Overview of the Holocaust, includes speaker notes

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The Holocaust Presentation Transcript

  • 1.
    • April 29 th Starter
    • Write in planner
    • Take out piece of paper and pen/pencil for notes.
    • What comes to mind when you hear:
    The Holocaust
  • 2. The Holocaust
  • 3.
    • Hitler wanted to create a superior race of “pure Germans,” called the Aryan Race
    Jews, Gypsies, Jehovah’s Witnesses, mentally and physically disabled, homosexuals, communists, Poles, Russians, Ukrainians, political opponents
  • 4.
    • Anti-Semitism: hostility towards or discrimination against Jews
  • 5. First Solution (1933 – 1938): Persecution
    • Boycott of Jewish businesses began in 1933
  • 6. SA pickets, wearing boycott signs, block the entrance to a Jewish-owned shop. The signs read: "Germans, defend yourselves against the Jewish atrocity propaganda, buy only at German shops!" and "Germans, defend yourselves, buy only at German shops!"
  • 7. Two Nazi stormtroopers stand guard in front of the H. L. Heimann store in Bopfingen, to prevent would-be shoppers from violating the Nazi boycott of Jewish-owned businesses.
  • 8.
    • Anti-Jewish Laws
      • Fired from public service jobs
      • Not allowed to attend public schools
      • Where they could live and travel was limited
  • 9.
    • 1935: Nuremberg Laws passed
      • Defined who was a Jew
      • Said Jews were not citizens
  • 10.  
  • 11.  
  • 12. The fire department only made sure the fire did not spread to the building next to the synagogue
  • 13. View of the interior of the Essenweinstrasse synagogue in Nuremberg following its destruction during Kristallnacht.
  • 14.
    • 1935-1938: Subtle pressure to force Jews to leave Germany
    • Germans bought up Jewish businesses for ½ its worth
    •  
  • 15.
    • 1938: persecution becomes more aggressive
      • Jewish property taken
      • Forced to take on Israel and Sarah as middle names
      • Forced to wear the yellow star
  • 16. Second Solution (1939-1941): Isolation
  • 17.
    • Jews relocated to ghettos
      • food rations and living conditions were very poor
      • Warsaw, Poland – largest ghetto
  • 18.  
  • 19.
    • Many transferred to labor/concentration camps
  • 20.  
  • 21.  
  • 22.
    • Einsatzgruppen: mobile killing squads used in Poland and Russia
  • 23.  
  • 24.  
  • 25.  
  • 26. Final Solution (1942): genocide
    • Wannsee Conference January 20, 1942
    • – Nazi Officials come up with “final solution” to exterminate all Jews
  • 27. 6 major death camps created: Treblinka, Chelmno, Sobibor, Maidanek, Auschwitz-Birkenau, and Belzec
  • 28. Jews from the Lodz ghetto board deportation trains for the Chelmno death camp
  • 29. Hundreds of Jews wait to board deportation trains at the railroad station in Würzburg. Their luggage and bed rolls are piled in the center of the platform.
  • 30. “ Work makes one free”
  • 31.  
  • 32.  
  • 33.
    • Gas Chambers
      • Many victims did not know of their upcoming death, referred to as baths/showers
      • Carbon monoxide and Zyklon B were used as poison
    •  
    Majdanek:The rear side of a gas chamber. The furnace to the right was used to create carbon monoxide for gassing prisoners.
  • 34.  
  • 35. Human remains found in the Dachau concentration camp crematorium after liberation. Germany, April 1945.
  • 36.  
  • 37. (Above) Bales of hair shaven from women at Auschwitz, used to make felt-yarn. (Below) After liberation, an Allied soldier displays a stash of gold wedding rings taken from victims at Buchenwald.
  • 38.
    •   1944-1945 camps began to be liberated by Allies
    • Video and pictures taken to document the atrocities
  • 39.  
  • 40.  
  • 41.  
  • 42.  
  • 43.
    • “ In Germany, the Nazis came for the Communists and I didn’t speak up because I wasn’t a Communist. Then they came for the Jews, and I didn’t speak up because I wasn’t a Jew. Then they came for the trade unionists, and I didn’t speak up because I wasn’t a trade unionist. Then they came for the Catholics, but I didn’t speak up because I was a Protestant. Then they came for me, and by that time there was no one left to speak for me.”
    • ~Martin Niemoller