Role of the Church in Medieval Europe

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Overview of the church in Medieval Europe, Speaker notes included

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Role of the Church in Medieval Europe

  1. 1. The Role of the Church in Medieval Europe
  2. 2. Introduction <ul><li>Center of religious and social life </li></ul><ul><li>All Christians belonged to one church – Roman Catholic Church </li></ul><ul><li>Provided leadership in an unstable time </li></ul><ul><li>The church was as important, if not more important, than many kings/queen </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Clergy – the people who perform sacred functions of a church (ex: priest) </li></ul>
  4. 4. Power of the church <ul><li>Owned 1/3 of all land in Europe – largest landholder in Europe </li></ul><ul><li>Collected a tithe – 1/10 of income or 1 penny from peasants </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Generally, the clergy were the only people who could read; often kept records for kings </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Power struggles were common between Pope and King (ex: Pope Gregory VII and Henry IV) </li></ul>
  7. 7. Sacraments and Salvation <ul><li>The church taught that receiving the 7 sacraments were an essential part of salvation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1. baptism </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><ul><li>2. Confirmation – formal declaration of belief in God and the church </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3. Eucharist – like the Lord’s Supper (bread and wine) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(now Mass) </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><ul><li>4. Marriage </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>5. Holy Orders – when a man becomes a priest </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><ul><li>6. Penance – confession of sins to priest (Reconciliation) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>7. Extreme Unction – blessing when sick or dying </li></ul></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
  11. 11. Pilgrimages <ul><li>Christians tried to make a pilgrimage to Jerusalem and Rome at least once </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>Visited churches that supposedly housed relics (holy items) </li></ul>$975 $1,800 Sold for $430.000
  13. 13. <ul><li>Geoffrey Chaucer wrote a popular book about pilgrims called the Canterbury Tales </li></ul>
  14. 14. Art & Architecture <ul><li>Most art was for religious purposes </li></ul><ul><li>Most people couldn’t read, art helped tell Christ’s story </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>Towns spent 50 – 100 years building cathedrals </li></ul><ul><li>Gothic style was popular </li></ul>
  16. 19. Monasticism (life devoted to religion) <ul><li>St. Benedict - Benedictine rule of poverty, chastity, and obedience </li></ul>
  17. 20. A Medieval Monk’s Day
  18. 21. <ul><li>Farmed the land and raised livestock </li></ul><ul><li>Inns, hospitals, refuge in time of war </li></ul>
  19. 22. <ul><li>Libraries and “scriptoria” to copy books and illuminate manuscripts </li></ul>
  20. 24. <ul><li>Friar – traveling preacher, took a vow of poverty, lived by begging </li></ul>
  21. 25. <ul><li>Provided schools for children of upper class </li></ul><ul><li>Eventually, monasteries became too small to teach all who wanted to be educated </li></ul><ul><li>Began meeting outside monastery </li></ul><ul><li>Those buildings grew into universities </li></ul>
  22. 26. Medieval Universities
  23. 27. Monastery <ul><li>Complex community of many different buildings </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Granaries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Breweries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bakeries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wineries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Abbey church </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Library / scriptorium </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hospital </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>School </li></ul></ul>Self contained like a town
  24. 28. <ul><li>http://www.monasterygreetings.com/ </li></ul>
  25. 29. 11/17 Starter <ul><li>Write in planner. </li></ul><ul><li>In today’s box, define MONK and NUN . Use the glossary in your textbook. </li></ul><ul><li>Clear desk when finished. </li></ul>

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