The Great War
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The Great War

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Overview of World War One broken down by years. Lots of photos

Overview of World War One broken down by years. Lots of photos

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Transcript

  • 1. The Great War
  • 2. 1914 – Europe Goes to War
    • Allied Powers : Britain, France, Russia, Italy, later the U.S.
    • Central Powers : Germany, Austria-Hungary, Ottoman Empire
  • 3.  
  • 4.
    • Most of the fighting took place on the Western Front
    • First Battle of Ypres - the beginning of stalemate (standstill) on the Western Front in 1914.
  • 5.
    • Almost 1.8 million casualties in the first 5 months
    • Soldiers declared truce on Christmas Day and celebrated together
  • 6. 1915 – Trench Warfare
    • Trenches became deeper and more complex
  • 7.  
  • 8.  
  • 9.  
  • 10.  
  • 11.  
  • 12.  
  • 13.  
  • 14.  
  • 15.
    • Weapons used:
      • Poison Gases - Chlorine and mustard gas
  • 16.
      • Artillery – large caliber weapons like cannons
  • 17.
      • U-boat
  • 18.
      • Aircraft & the Zeppelin
  • 19.  
  • 20.
      • Tanks
  • 21.
      • Flamethrower
  • 22.
    • Civilians became targets
  • 23.
    • Women began working at jobs the men did before the war
  • 24.
    • Austria-Hungary defeated Serbia
  • 25. 1916 – Year of Attrition
    • Each side tried to wear the other out
    • Battle of Verdun – 10 month battle (longest!); resulted in stalemate, heavy losses
  • 26.
    • Battle of the Somme – German victory, huge British and French casualties
  • 27.
    • Russia launches attacks into Germany
  • 28. 1917 – Europe’s year of Trial
    • Food rationing and “meatless days” on the home front
  • 29.
    • Russian Revolution causes Russia to drop out of the war
    Lenin
  • 30.
    • U.S. enters war on side of the Allies
      • Sinking of the Lusitania (1915)
  • 31.
      • Intercepted German telegraph message to Mexico encouraging them to attack US
  • 32. 1918 – Triumph of the Allies
    • Germany ran out of troops
    • The Central Powers collapsed
  • 33.
    • Armistices signed…last one to sign was Germany on November 11 th , 1918
  • 34.