SFD forcible entry


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Forcible Entry Powerpoint slides prepared for Sanford Fire Department rookie school, April 2013

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SFD forcible entry

  1. 1. Forcible EntryForcible EntryPrepared by Lt. Eric NeubertApril, 2013Sourced from Jones & BartlettFundamentals of Firefighter Skills,2ndEdition1
  2. 2. OpeningOpening Instructors/Students Exits Cell Phones/Radios Interactive Plan Companies2
  3. 3. ObjectivesObjectives Understand the association between specifictools and special forcible entry needs. Describe the basic construction of typicaldoors, windows, and walls. Know the dangers associated with forcing entrythrough doors, windows, and walls. Know how forcible entry relates to salvage.311
  4. 4. IntroductionIntroduction (1 of 2)(1 of 2) Forcible entry Method to gain access when normal means of entrycannot be used Requires strength, knowledge, proper techniques, andskill Use amount of force appropriate to situation. Alarm/Nothing showing VS. working fire411
  5. 5. IntroductionIntroduction (2 of 2)(2 of 2) Arrange to secure the opening before leaving scene. Keep up with how new styles of windows, doors, locks,and security devices operate.511
  6. 6. PreparationPreparation Your Gear Personal tools Your Truck (Engine) Available tools and location Your Tools In service and ready to use Your District Yourself6
  7. 7. Preparation (cont)Preparation (cont) Your District Types of occupancies Special problems or hazards7
  8. 8. What’s In Your Pockets?What’s In Your Pockets?8
  9. 9. Forcible Entry SituationsForcible Entry Situations Required at emergency incidents where time is acritical factor Effect a rescue. Control a fire before it extends. Non Emergency situations Calls for a more thoughtful approach911
  10. 10. Forcible Entry SituationsForcible Entry Situations Company Officer Selects Point of entry Method to use “Try before you pry”10
  11. 11. The ProblemThe Problem Primarily Residential, Mercantile, Light Industrial Look for the easy way Try doors & windows Knox Box or hidden keys Neighbors Alternate Entry 2ndFloor Bulkhead Air conditioners11
  12. 12. Forcible Entry ToolsForcible Entry Tools Fire fighters must know: What tools are available Uses and limitations of each tool How to select the right tool How to operate each tool How to carry each tool How to inspect and maintain each tool1211
  13. 13. What Is Your MostWhat Is Your MostImportant Tool?Important Tool?13
  14. 14. General Tool SafetyGeneral Tool Safety Incorrect use or improper maintenance can bedangerous. Always wear proper PPE. Use the right tool for the job. Keep tools clean and serviced. Take broken tools out of service for repair. Keep tools in proper area or container.1411
  15. 15. General Carrying TipsGeneral Carrying Tips (1 of 2)(1 of 2) Request assistancewith heavy tools. Use your legs to liftheavy tools.1511
  16. 16. General Carrying TipsGeneral Carrying Tips (2 of 2)(2 of 2) Keep sharp edges and points away from your body. Cover them with a gloved hand. Carry long tools pointing down. Be aware of overhead wires.1611
  17. 17. General Maintenance TipsGeneral Maintenance Tips (1 of 2)(1 of 2) All tools should bein a ready state. Tools must be inworking order, intheir storage place,and ready for use.1711
  18. 18. General Maintenance TipsGeneral Maintenance Tips(2 of 2)(2 of 2) Tools require regular maintenance and cleaning toensure readiness. Perform required checks conscientiously. Follow manufacturer’s guidelines and instructions. Keep proper records of maintenance, repairs, andwarranty work performed.1811
  19. 19. Types of Forcible Entry ToolsTypes of Forcible Entry Tools Striking Tools Prying/Spreading Tools Cutting Tools Lock Specialty Tools1911
  20. 20. Striking ToolsStriking Tools Used to generate an impact force directly on an objector another tool Head usually made of hardened steel Flat-head axe TNT Tool Sledgehammer2011
  21. 21. Flat-Head AxeFlat-Head Axe One side of the axe head is a cutting blade. Other side is a flat striking surface. Fire fighters often use flat side to strike a Halligan tooland drive a wedge into an opening.2111
  22. 22. SledgehammerSledgehammer Sometimes called mauls Come in various weights and sizes Head of hammer can weigh from 2 to 20 pounds. Handle may be short like a carpenter’s hammer or longlike an axe handle. Can be used alone to break down a door or with otherstriking tools2211
  23. 23. Prying/Spreading ToolsPrying/Spreading Tools Halligan tool Pry bar/Crow bar/Variations Pry axe Hydraulic tools2311
  24. 24. Halligan ToolHalligan Tool (1 of 2)(1 of 2) Widely used Commonly used toperform forcibleentry2411
  25. 25. Halligan ToolHalligan Tool (2 of 2)(2 of 2) Incorporates adz, pick, and claw Adz end pries open doors and windows. Pick end makes holes or breaks glass. Claw pulls nails and pries apart wooden slats.*Pairing with flat head axe creates The Irons2511
  26. 26. ““The Irons”The Irons” FH Axe and Halligan“married” together. Tools complement eachother & cover a widevariety of situations.26
  27. 27. Pry BarPry Bar Made from hardened steel in a variety of shapes andsizes Commonly used to force doors and windows, removenails, or separate building materials Various shapes allow fire fighters to exert differentamounts of leverage in diverse situations.2711
  28. 28. Hydraulic ToolsHydraulic Tools Spreaders Cutters Rams Require hydraulicpressure2811
  29. 29. Cutting ToolsCutting Tools Primarily used for cutting doors, roofs, walls, andfloors Hand operated and power cutting tools Axe Bolt cutters Circular saw Bullet/Chain Saw2911
  30. 30. AxeAxe (1 of 2)(1 of 2) Many different typesof axes Flathead Pickhead Pry axe Special purpose3011
  31. 31. AxeAxe (2 of 2)(2 of 2) Cutting edge of axe used to break into plaster andwood walls, roofs, and doors Pick used for opening walls, floors, etc. Flat portion for striking other tools3111
  32. 32. Bolt CuttersBolt Cutters Used to cut metal components as bolts, padlocks,chains, and chain-link fences Available in several different sizes The longer the handle, the greater the cutting force. May not be able to cut into some heavy-duty padlocksmade of case-hardened metal3211
  33. 33. Circular SawCircular Saw Gasoline-powered Light, powerful, and easy-to-use Blades can be changed quickly. Carbide-tipped blades Metal-cutting blades Masonry-cutting blades3311
  34. 34. Bullet SawBullet Saw Gas Powered Chain Saw Depth Gauge Carbide tipped bullet chain Able to cut through multiple layers of roofing, boards,nails, light gauge metal “Roll” over rafters/floor joists34
  35. 35. Lock/Specialty ToolsLock/Specialty Tools (1 of 2)(1 of 2) Used to disassemble the locking mechanism on a door Cause minimal damage to the door and the door frame Experienced user can usually gain entry in less than aminute.3511
  36. 36. Lock/Specialty ToolsLock/Specialty Tools (2 of 2)(2 of 2) K tool Lock wrenches Halligan (pick) Credit Card Pocket Knife Hood Latch Tool3611
  37. 37. K ToolK Tool Designed to shearoff a lock cylinder soit can be removed3711
  38. 38. DoorsDoors Basic DoorConstruction Door Jamb Hardware Locking device3811
  39. 39. Construction MaterialConstruction Material Wood Metal Fiberglass/Composite Glass3911
  40. 40. WoodWood (1 of 2)(1 of 2) Slab Solid-core Solid wood coreblocks covered by aface panel Hollow-core Lightweight,honeycomb interior4011
  41. 41. WoodWood (2 of 2)(2 of 2) Ledge Wood doors with horizontal bracing Panel Solid wood doors made from solid planks to form arigid frame with solid wood panels set into the frame4111
  42. 42. MetalMetal Hollow-core metal doors Have a metal framework interior so they are lightweight Solid-core metal doors Have a foam or wood interior to reduce weight withoutaffecting strength4211
  43. 43. FiberglassFiberglass Fiberglass shell Foam core Interior woodreinforcement in keyareas43
  44. 44. GlassGlass Generally steel frame with tempered glass or temperedglass only Easy to force Produce a large amount of broken glass4411
  45. 45. Types of DoorsTypes of Doors (1 of 2)(1 of 2) Inward-opening Outward-opening Sliding doors Revolving doors Overhead doors4511
  46. 46. Types of DoorsTypes of Doors (2 of 2)(2 of 2) Hinges indicate ifdoor is inward- oroutward-opening. Outward Hinges arevisible. Inward Hinges are notvisible.4611
  47. 47. Door FramesDoor Frames (1 of 2)(1 of 2) Wood-framed doors Stopped door frames Have a piece of wood attached to the frame to stop thedoor from swinging past the latch Rabbeted door frames Have a stop cut built into the frame so it cannot beremoved4711
  48. 48. Door FramesDoor Frames (2 of 2)(2 of 2) Metal-framed doors are more difficult to force open. Look like rabbeted door frames4811
  49. 49. Inward-Opening DoorsInward-Opening Doors (1 of 2)(1 of 2) Design Made of wood, steel, or glass Have an exterior frame with a stop or rabbet Locking mechanisms range from standard door knoblocks to deadbolt locks or sliding latches. Most residential open inward4911
  50. 50. Inward-Opening DoorsInward-Opening Doors (2 of 2)(2 of 2) Forcing Entry Determine what type of frame the door has. Use a prying tool near the locking mechanism to pry thestop away from the frame. Use a striking tool to force the prying tool further intothe jamb.5011
  51. 51. Outward-Opening DoorsOutward-Opening Doors (1 of(1 of2)2) Design Used in commercialoccupancies and formost exists Designed for a quickexit Made of wood,metal, or glass Usually haveexposed hinges5111
  52. 52. Outward-Opening DoorsOutward-Opening Doors (2 of(2 of2)2) Forcing entry Check to see if hinges can be disassembled or hinge pinsremoved. Place adz end of prying tool into the door frame. Use striking tool. Leverage the tool to force the door outward away fromthe jamb.5211
  53. 53. Sliding DoorsSliding Doors (1 of 2)(1 of 2) Design Made of temperedglass in a wood ormetal frame Have two sectionsand a double track A weak latch on theframe of the doorsecures the movableside.5311
  54. 54. Sliding DoorsSliding Doors (2 of 2)(2 of 2) Forcing Entry Check whether a security rod is in the door track. If present, try another door. If not present, use a pry bar to lever door away fromlocking mechanism. If necessary, break the glass.-Some patio doors swing on hinges-5411
  55. 55. Overhead DoorsOverhead Doors (1 of 2)(1 of 2) Design Can roll up or tilt Made of wood ormetal May be hollow-coreor solid-core5511
  56. 56. Overhead DoorsOverhead Doors (2 of 2)(2 of 2) Forcing entry Break out a panel or window and manually operate lockfrom within. Always securely prop door open to prevent door closing. Security roll-up door Cut triangle-shape entry.5611
  57. 57. WindowsWindows (1 of 2)(1 of 2) Usually easier to force than doors Frames made of wood, metal, vinyl Glass is the easiest way to force a window, but also themost dangerous.5711
  58. 58. WindowsWindows (2 of 2)(2 of 2) Safety Wear PPE with face and eye protection. Clear area of personnel. Coordinate with fire attack to prevent flare-ups andbackdrafts. Completely clear frame of glass shards.5811
  59. 59. Glass ConstructionGlass Construction Regular or Annealed Glass Double-Pane Glass Plate Glass Laminated Glass Tempered Glass Wire Glass5911
  60. 60. Regular or Annealed GlassRegular or Annealed Glass Commonly used because it is inexpensive Larger pieces called plate glass Easily broken with a pike pole Watch out for shards. Can penetrate helmets, boots, and other protective gear6011
  61. 61. Double-Pane GlassDouble-Pane Glass Used in many homes because it improves homeinsulation Uses two panes with an air pocket between them Two panes need to be broken separately. Watch out for shards.6111
  62. 62. Plate GlassPlate Glass Commercial plate glass is stronger, thicker glass used inlarge window openings. Can easily be broken with a Halligan tool or pike pole Watch out for large shards.6211
  63. 63. Laminated GlassLaminated Glass Also known as safety glass Molded sheet of plastic between two sheets of glass Commonly used in vehicle windshields6311
  64. 64. Tempered GlassTempered Glass Specially heat-treated Four times stronger than regular glass Common in side and rear vehicle windows,commercial or sliding doors Breaks into small pellets without sharp edges6411
  65. 65. Wired GlassWired Glass Tempered glass with wire reinforcement Often used in fire-rated doors Difficult to break6511
  66. 66. Frame DesignsFrame Designs Double-Hung Window Single-Hung Window Jalousie Window Awning Window Horizontal-Sliding Window Casement Window Projected Window6611
  67. 67. Double-Hung WindowsDouble-Hung Windows (1 of 2)(1 of 2) Design Two sashes move upand down Common inresidences One center lock orone on either side6711
  68. 68. Double-Hung WindowsDouble-Hung Windows (2 of 2)(2 of 2) Forcible entry Break locking mechanism to force entry. Place a prying tool under the lower sash and force it up. May be cheaper and easier to break glass.6811
  69. 69. Single-Hung WindowsSingle-Hung Windows (1 of 2)(1 of 2) Design Upper sash is fixed—only lower sash moves. Locking mechanism is the same. May be difficult to distinguish between single-hung anddouble-hung from exterior.6911
  70. 70. Single-Hung WindowsSingle-Hung Windows (2 of 2)(2 of 2) Forcing entry Use same technique as forced entry through double-hung window. Breaking glass and opening the window is generallyeasier.7011
  71. 71. Forcing a Double or SingleForcing a Double or SingleHung WindowHung Window71
  72. 72. Jalousie WindowsJalousie Windows Adjustable,overlapping sectionsof tempered glass Operated by handcrank Difficult to force Avoid if possible.7211
  73. 73. Awning WindowsAwning Windows Like jalousie, but onlyone or two panels Break open lower paneland operate crank. Break out panels. May be easier to forcethan jalousie due tolarger panel size7311
  74. 74. Horizontal-SlidingHorizontal-SlidingWindowsWindows Similar to sliding doors Rods and poles areplaced to prevent break-ins. Force in the samemanner as sliding doors. Attempt to locateanother window if asecurity rod is present.7411
  75. 75. Casement WindowsCasement Windows Steel- or wood-framewindows that crank open Similar to jalousie orawning windows Should be avoid becausethey are difficult to open To force, break glass,unlock, and openmanually.7511
  76. 76. Projected WindowsProjected Windows (1 of 2)(1 of 2) Also called factorywindows Avoid forcing entry7611
  77. 77. Projected WindowsProjected Windows (2 of 2)(2 of 2) To force entry, break a pane, unlock, and open thewindow manually. If opening is not large enough, break out entireassembly.7711
  78. 78. Types of LocksTypes of Locks Cylindrical Locks Padlocks Mortise Locks Rim Locks7811
  79. 79. Parts of a Door LockParts of a Door Lock Latch Catches and holdsthe door frame Operator lever The handle Deadbolt A second, separatelatch that locks andreinforces7911
  80. 80. PadlocksPadlocks (1 of 2)(1 of 2) Most common lockson the market today Regular- and heavy-duty are available. Come with variousunlocking devices8011
  81. 81. Parts of a PadlockParts of a Padlock Shackle U-shaped top of thelock Unlocking Device The key way orcombination dial Lock Body Main part ofpadlock8111
  82. 82. Forcing a PadlockForcing a Padlock Forcing entry Cut the shackle- bolt cutters Break the shackle- Irons If padlock is made of case-hardened steel, manyconventional methods will be ineffective.8211
  83. 83. Bolt CuttersBolt Cutters Can quickly and easily break regular-dutypadlocks Cannot be used on heavy-duty case-hardenedsteel padlocks To use, open jaws as wide as possible. Close jaws around one side of the lockshackles. Once the shackle is cut, the other side will spinfreely and allow access.8311
  84. 84. Cylindrical LocksCylindrical Locks (1 of 2)(1 of 2) Design Most common typeof fixed lock in usetoday8411
  85. 85. Cylindrical LocksCylindrical Locks (2 of 2)(2 of 2) Forced entry K Tool To force, place a pry bar near the locking mechanismand lever it.8511
  86. 86. Mortise LocksMortise Locks Found in hotelrooms Latch will lock door. Bolt can be used foradded security. Difficult to force Use through-the-locktechnique. 8611
  87. 87. DeadboltsDeadbolts Used as secondarylocks Have a bolt thatextends at least 1"into the door frame Difficult to force Use through-the-lock method.8711
  88. 88. Rim LocksRim Locks Older style lock Mounts on outside ofdoor and jamb88
  89. 89. Rim LockRim Lock Present day89
  90. 90. Breaching Walls and FloorsBreaching Walls and Floors Breach only as a lastresort. First consider if wallis load-bearing. Could cause collapseif breached Nonbearing wallscan be removedsafely.9011
  91. 91. Exterior WallsExterior Walls (1 of 2)(1 of 2) Can be constructed of one or more materials Wood, brick, aluminum siding, masonry block,concrete, or metal Whether to attempt to breach is a difficult decision Masonry, metal, and brick are formidable materials.9111
  92. 92. Exterior WallsExterior Walls (2 of 2)(2 of 2) Breaking through can be very difficult. Best tools to use are: Sledgehammer Rotary saw with a concrete blade9211
  93. 93. Interior WallsInterior Walls (1 of 2)(1 of 2) Constructed of wood or metal studs covered by plasteror sheetrock in residences Commercial buildings may have concrete block interiorwalls. Breaching an interior wall can be dangerous. Bearing or non-bearing.9311
  94. 94. Interior WallsInterior Walls (2 of 2)(2 of 2) Locate a stud away from electrical outlets and switches. Make a small hole to check for obstructions. If area is clear, expand to reveal studs.9411
  95. 95. FloorsFloors Most floors arewood or pouredconcrete. Both can be difficultto breach. This is truly a lastresort. Use a rotary sawwith appropriateblade or Bullet Saw.9511
  96. 96. Forcible Entry and SalvageForcible Entry and Salvage Try to keep damage to a minimum. Secure structure before leaving. Replace locks or board up entry point- nails or screws Ensure owner is on-site or request additional policepatrols.9611
  97. 97. SummarySummary “Try before you pry.” Use the minimum amount of force necessary to gainaccess. Knowledge of building construction is essential tosuccessful forcible entry. Use proper PPE. Use and carry tools safely.9711
  98. 98. Hands- on DrillsHands- on Drills Forcing double hung window Forcing inward swinging door Forcing outward swinging door K Tool (time permitting) Building doors (time permitting)98
  99. 99. SafetySafety Keep cutting tools sharp. Use proper PPE. Gloves Eye protection Face protection Have others stand away.9911
  100. 100. Hands-on DrillsHands-on Drills Assign Companies into two groups 1 group to Vent, 1 to Forcible Entry Vent will go over power tools, breach floor and breachwall. Forcible entry will work door prop, window prop, andinterior doors. Groups will switch ½ way through.100
  101. 101. ResourcesResources Jones & Bartlett- Fundamentals of Fire Fighter Skills,2nded. Truckie-Talk (Facebook) VentEnterSearch.com Firefighterclosecalls.com & The Secret List101
  102. 102. Questions?Questions?Comments orSuggestions?102