Open DataWhat is Open Data?> Complete and raw ( unrefined repositories, not exerpts or summaries)> Actual (it has to make sense now)> Accessible> Machine readable (not flat text)> In Open Standard formats (cumpulsory for government since 2008)> Unconditional (freely usable for or in any application when source is cited, Open DB license)
Open DataIs sharing of data allowed?> Yes, it is Law (WOB, 2005) > The government must actively publicize everything relating to policy making and execution > If information is held back, the WOB gives citizens the right to request the information and has the right to re-use it (e.g. Research, publications etc) > Effectuation of EU PSI Directive from 2003> New law in 2010: Government may not charge fees for digital data request and may not impose intellectual rights or copyright.> Supreme Court added freedom of access to public databases
Open DataFree and without restrictions?> Exceptions > Privacy laws > National interest
Open DataPerceived benefits> Improving transparency> Internal efficiency> Internal effectiveness> Increased self-reliancy> Increased participation> Increased knowledge base> New services and products> New services for citizens
Open Data What has already happened?• Open Innovation Festival - june 2010> Presentations by Ton Zijlstra, Peter Breukers, Patrick Reijnders> Twitter-Foursquare-GoogleMaps Mashup> First introduction of Open Data in City Council• Sessions in Information management department - october 2010• Mini Open Innovation festival - november 2010> Offer by Ton Zijlstra (11 days in 2011)• Open Data Day – december 4 2010• POC Open Data platform - january 2011• 1st Enschede Data Drinks – february 3 2011• Start of new policies on Information Management - february 2011• Adoption of the Motion Innovation through Open Data – march 2011
Open DataDeclaration of Enschede as Open Data City> Active Open Data community in Enschede> Adoption of the motion by the city council> Plan de campagne will be drafted by responsible alderman > Public campaigns > Apps for Enschede contest > Design Open Data framework > Publicize data as it is ready > Engage third parties
Open DataExamples Data via inschrijving Json / iCal API key Xml / RSS / Registratie Html / PDF / Json / iCal /straatnamen/ Xml / RSS / DWH ETL Html / PDF / Json / iCal /........../ Xml / RSS / Html / PDF / OWL /Gegevenswoordenboek/ RDF data.enschede.nl/ Generieke Json / iCal afhandeling /POIservice/ Xml / RSS / BO 2 BO 1 Html / PDF / Json / iCal /........../ Xml / RSS / Html / PDF / OWL /Gegevenswoordenboek/ RDF Data vrij toegangelijk
Open DataYe Old Way: publication of requests for buildingpermits
Open DataLocations available as Open Data.....
Open DataQuestions that can be answered usingOpen Data> Are industrial sites accessible by public transport?> Where in the city can I find a public bathroom if I am physically impaired?> What and how much did the mayor and aldermen declare in costs?> How much of neighboorhood budget is spent on what projects?> Etc. etc Using data already there and combining it with creativity creating knowledge and new possibilities for (local) governments to carry out tasks and interact with citizens.
Open DataInteresting Links> Translation of the motion: http://www.slideshare.net/TonZijlstra/enschede-netherlands-open-data-motion> http://opendataenschede.nl> http://www.opendataday.org/wiki/enschede> http://nl.ckan.net> Information in this presentation provided by Ton Zijlstra and Patrick Reijnders