Artur Runge-Metzger, Director for climate strategy and international negotiations, DG CLIMA, European Commission


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Artur Runge-Metzger, Director for climate strategy and international negotiations, DG CLIMA, European Commission

  1. 1. CoP16/CMP6, Cancun<br />Reflections on Cancun & The way forward<br />23 March 2011, Budapest<br />Artur Runge-Metzger<br /> Director, DG CLIMA<br />European Commission<br />
  2. 2. Outline<br /><ul><li>What were the challenges ahead of Cancun?
  3. 3. What has happened in Cancun?
  4. 4. What should happen in 2011?
  5. 5. Implementation PLUS
  6. 6. Inside the EU
  7. 7. Conclusions</li></li></ul><li>Challenges after Copenhagen<br /><ul><li>Stakes were high after Copenhagen
  8. 8. The process was in bad shape and trust was lacking
  9. 9. EU expectations: « step-wise » approach, i.e. balanced package capturing progress made thus far and allowing for concrete action
  10. 10. These expectations were broadly met: Consensus - 1
  11. 11. However, it is not the end of the road but we are back on track!</li></li></ul><li>The Cancun Agreements:A balanced package<br />Decisions address all key issues<br />‘Convention track’ (LCA): 2 degrees objective, anchoring of pledges, Monitoring, Reporting & Verification, adaptation, finance, technology transfer and capacity-building, review<br />‘Kyoto track’ (KP): anchoring of pledges, base year, LULUCF<br />Important milestone for multilateral climate action…<br />Integrates political guidance of the Copenhagen Accord into the official UN process<br />Significant progress on new and old rulebook<br />Sound basis for action – adaptation, technology, deforestation, capacity building to be supported with ‘fast-start finance<br />Further development of the global climate governance system (eg new committees, Green Fund)<br />
  12. 12. The Cancun Agreement:Gaps (1) <br />Key issue of legal form left open in Cancun<br />“Legal options with the aim to complete an agreed outcome”<br />2nd commitment period of the Kyoto Protocol<br />Other<br />New market mechanisms<br />Aviation and maritime transport<br />HFC<br />Agriculture<br />Finance (after Fast-start finance)<br />
  13. 13. The Cancun Agreement:Gaps (2) <br /><ul><li>Level of ambition: UNDP - 60% of what is necessary
  14. 14. Peaking: IPCC - before 2020
  15. 15. Global emissions in 2050: IPCC – 50% cp to 1990</li></li></ul><li>What should happen in 2011?Implementation First<br />Turn pledges into domestic policies<br />Develop Low Emission Development Strategies <br />Set-up domestic Monitoring, Reporting, and Verification systems (capacity building!), registry<br />Put International Consultation and Analysis in place<br />Operationalise of the Green Fund (Transitional Committee)<br />Implement Adaptation Committee, Technology Executive Board<br />Improve carbon market: e.g. CDM including carbon capture and storage<br />Link Fast-Start Finance to implementation of Cancun Accord<br />
  16. 16. What should happen in 2011 ?PLUS<br />Kyoto Protocol 2nd commitment period<br />Closing the gap: peak, long term goal, ambition<br />Long-term finance, notably on sources<br />Carbon markets: develop new sectoral mechanism<br />Addressing missing issues: HFCs, aviation and maritime transport, agriculture<br />Legal form<br />EU like many others in favour of a legally binding agreement but issue will remain divisive<br />Build on Kyoto Acquis<br />Review starting in 2013<br />
  17. 17. Future of Kyoto:Some details<br />EU would prefer a global legally binding deal, but developed countries push for second commitment period<br />EU ready to consider 2nd commitment period <br />if environmental flaws are addressed <br />Carry over of AAU (emission rights): around 11Gt ~ 2.5 times annual EU27 emissions<br />LULUCF<br />If other major economies do similar efforts<br />Kyoto covers <30% ofglobal emissions<br />
  18. 18. Climate change finance<br />UNFCCC Secretariat will compile annual reports on fast start finance from mid 2011<br />Establish the Green Climate Fund : detailed structures to be developed by interim committee<br />Creates Standing Committee on climate finance<br />Recognize goal of developed countries to mobilise jointly US$ 100 billion per year by 2020 (in the context of mitigation action) – but sources unknown yet!<br />
  19. 19. What should happen in 2011?Meeting schedule<br />Informal ministerial meeting, 23-24 March <br />Ad-hoc Working Groups, April 3-8, Bangkok<br />Subsidiary Bodies & Ad-hoc Working Groups, June 6-17, Bonn<br />Ad-hoc Working Groups, September/October???<br />COP17, November 28 – December 9, Durban<br />G8, 26-27 May<br />G20, 3-4 Nov<br />
  20. 20. What should happen in 2011 ?Inside the EU - Implementation<br />EU on track to meet its Kyoto target (2008-2012)<br />Broad legislation in place for 2020, which still needs to be fully implemented, including<br />Implementation: EU Emissions Trading System (3rd phase preparation, e.g. benchmarks for industry, auctioning platform); Effort Sharing Decision (preparatory work for 2013-2020); Engine efficiency; Fuel Quality Directive<br />Proposals: White paper on transport (March); Energy Efficiency Action Plan (March); Multi-Annual Financial Framework 2014-2020 (mid 2011), Land use, land use change and Forestry (mid 2011), Revision of Monitoring Mechanism Decision (mid 2011)<br />Preparatory work: Heavy Duty Vehicles, Maritime transport<br />Review: F-gases <br />Reporting: Fast-start Funding (May); Technical report (May/June), Progress report (October)<br />Going beyond 20%: analysis and discussion in Council<br />Collaborative action with partners (adaptation, technology, REDD+, capacity building)<br />
  21. 21. What should happen in 2011 ?Inside the EU – Roadmap 2050<br />80% domestic reduction in 2050 is feasible<br /><ul><li>with currently available technologies,
  22. 22. with behavioural change only induced through prices
  23. 23. If all economic sectors contribute to a varying degree & pace.</li></ul>Efficient pathway:<br />-25% in 2020<br />-40% in 2030<br />-60% in 2040<br />
  24. 24. Conclusions<br />Cancun has delivered, process back on track<br />Time for implementation of Cancun pledges. The EU is working full steam on this.<br />Still climate change problem is not solved, a lot on our plate to get to a legally binding framework<br />Essential to maintain the « Cancun spirit » to feed in the way to Durban and later<br />However, the « global politics » of climate change have not become easier<br />EU needs to remain determined, further intensify our bilateral contacts/climate diplomacy to keep everybody on board<br />
  25. 25. 15<br />For further information:<br />15<br />