These challenges for Universities are being monitored through the EUA Trends survey of which the results are being analysed and will be published in 2010.
EUA is devoting its attention to the development and impact of autonomy and related reforms through a wide range of work. One of these studies, in which we analysed over 30 elements of autonomy, is due to be published at the end of this year. Although this study confirms the existence of a general trend towards an increase in university autonomy throughout Europe, there are still a large number of countries that do not grant their universities enough autonomy, thereby limiting their performances. We believe that autonomy is a crucial condition for universities to achieve their missions. To just give you some examples we think that universities need be able to design their internal academic and administrative structures, to select their executive leadership in an appropriate way to shape their institutional strategy and their academic profile to shape the content of their curricula and select their academic and administrative staff and are able to act financially independently. If there is not a certain freedom to act independently in terms of financial issues, then the other dimensions of autonomy may well only exist in theory. In the majority of countries universities receive their funding via block grants, but there are still some cases where line-item budgets are used, with universities having no possibility to shift funding between budget lines. Another crucial element for the achievement of universities aims is financial sustainability. The three pillars for this we see in appropriate financial management and the application of the right tools such as full costing, a diversified income structure and sufficient public funding. But to move towards full costing and to diversify their income universities need support from national governments and European stakeholders. EUA for its part is already working on designing actions to foster the enhancement of full costing in Europe.
Lidia Borrell-Damian, Challenge and change: Developing modern education and training systems in Europe
Youth on the Move Briefing for Journalists Dr. Lidia Borrell-Damian Research and Innovation Unit European University Association Florence, 8 May 2011 Session on “ Challenge and change: Developing modern education and training systems in Europe”
Key Challenges for Universities’ Successful Integration of the EHEA and ERA <ul><li>1 Next stage of “Bologna” reforms implementation. </li></ul><ul><li>2 Research and Innovation – changing nature and mission diversity. </li></ul><ul><li>3 International competition and cooperation. </li></ul><ul><li>4 Building partnerships. </li></ul>… …
<ul><li>Increasingly important in all areas of university missions, curricula development, research collaboration and innovation activities. </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Open Innovation’ model of university / business cooperation . </li></ul><ul><li>Enhanced employability and entrepreneurial attitudes of university graduates, inter-sectoral exchange of staff and ‘knowledge exchange’ </li></ul><ul><li>In research and innovation activities building partnerships requires sound project management and improved intellectual property management reflecting respective interests. </li></ul>… … Universities Building Partnerships
Examples of Initiatives on University Partnerships <ul><li>“ Responsible Partnering Guidelines” </li></ul><ul><li>Development of general guidelines based on good practices. </li></ul><ul><li>“ European Platform of Universities Engaged in Energy Research” (EPUE) </li></ul><ul><li>Mapping of university research and training capacity including collaboration with industry in the field of energy. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Collaborative Doctoral Education” </li></ul><ul><li>University-Industry partnerships for enhanced knowledge exchange </li></ul>… …
Working together to strengthen research in Europe 4.1 Revised Responsible Partnering Guidelines Example 1 Revised Responsible Partnering Guidelines Voluntary code of conduct reflecting proven good practices in collaborative research
… … <ul><li>Universities addressing ‘Grand Challenges’ </li></ul><ul><li>EUA has joined the new European Energy Research Alliance (EERA) which has been launched in the framework of the European Strategic Energy Technology Plan (SET-Plan) </li></ul><ul><li>EUA has decided to create a “European Platform of Universities Engaged in Energy Research” (EPUE) as a parallel mechanism for consultation and engagement by universities to that already established by the national research institutes. </li></ul><ul><li>EUA sees EERA as an important pilot action in the potential development of the new instrument of “joint programming” in which university-based research and post-graduate training needs to contribute and be strengthened. </li></ul>Example 2 European Platform of Universities Engaged in Energy Research (EPUE Platform)
Report cover Example 3: Collaborative Doctoral Education
Twelve Recommendations for Situations Involving Collaborative Research Training <ul><li>Identify knowledge/technological needs and challenges that need R&D input </li></ul><ul><li>Exchange views on knowledge/technological challenges with university/industry </li></ul><ul><li>Plan medium-long term R&D strategy (e.g. within five years) </li></ul><ul><li>Develop high quality research proposals </li></ul><ul><li>Know the costs of your research and identify funding sources </li></ul><ul><li>Raise your awareness of the respective research environments in which to collaborate in your field (university, industry) </li></ul><ul><li>Develop/Participate in forums for soft ways of interaction between students, researchers and industry experts with good research content (conferences, fairs, etc.) </li></ul><ul><li>Organise small-size highly-specialised workshops/meetings that pool experts from different research fields and sectors </li></ul><ul><li>Seek the right expertise to assist you (IPR issues, contractual issues, etc.) </li></ul><ul><li>Formalise doctoral collaborations in solid and fair agreements combining structure and flexibility </li></ul><ul><li>Consider physical proximity as an asset to develop mutual trust - promote face-to-face dialogue </li></ul><ul><li>Commit to excellence in doctoral education, research and management </li></ul><ul><li>Source: DOC-CAREERS report </li></ul>
… … Univ and Ind as Partners for research activity, Human Resources training and entrepreneurship University as a supplier of knowledge and Human Resources Shorter term Longer term Delimited contracts for a specific project Short term internships for students Short term secondments for academics within the firm and the opposite Joint training programmes: “Chairs” Joint laboratories Doctoral Schemes/ Programmes Special events organized with secondary or primary schools University-Industry Collaborations COLLABORATION TIME FRAME … … Source: EUA DOC-CAREERS Project
… … UNIVERSITY INDUSTRY GIVES ACCESS TO UNIVERSITIES IS ACCESSIBLE THANKS TO UNIVERSITY Doctoral Candidate in Collaborative Doctoral Programmes Collaborative Doctoral Programmes The unique role of doctoral candidates as a link between university and industry Source: E. Chassagneux, EIRMA
… … Importance at the time of recruitment (scale form 0 to 5) Doctorate Holders in Enterprises: What Skills Make them Employable? Source: EUA DOC-CAREERS Project
<ul><li>Autonomy and Sustainable Funding </li></ul><ul><li>To support universities to move towards full costing of their activities, to diversifying their funding base and obtain sufficient public funding. </li></ul><ul><li>Priority Investment in Higher Education and Research </li></ul><ul><li>The current economic downturn has brought into focus more sharply the need for Europe to invest more in higher education and research to remain a globally competitive region. </li></ul><ul><li>A varied range of European Funding Instruments </li></ul><ul><li>To support the development of varied university missions across Europe and its regions to achieve the ‘modernisation agenda’ for Europe's’ Universities. </li></ul>Framework Conditions Required … …