19th Century Paradigms


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  • While social Darwinism has become an uncommon word since the end of WWII it could be argued that there is still a mentality of survival of the fittest among modern society. Think in terms of class and race. The idea that peoples ills are just a result of natural selection and is just a way in which the evolutionary process creates the best adapted species was a common thought in the late nineteenth century. Does modern society demonize people of different races? Classes?
  • 19th Century Paradigms

    1. 1. Paradigms-SocialDarwinism-Imperialism & Nationalism
    2. 2. What modern paradigms do we live by today? Remember our definition of paradigms: Long lasting patterns of ideas, beliefs and values that act as a criteria for decision making  How can opposing paradigms lead to conflict? Late nineteenth century paradigms: - Newtonian Paradigm - Darwinian Paradigm - Social Darwinism - Economic Paradigm - Marxist Paradigm - Christian Paradigm
    3. 3. Science and Social Beliefs: The Impact of Charles Darwin  Darwins revelations concerning nature found a ready audience among many Darwins theory of evolution manifested in Europe who believed that the laws of that an underlying plan existed which nature should apply to human behavior. directed and controlled the behavior and development of natural life  -Europe, and most of the developed world saw the world as one big - Darwin hypothesized that each competition. creature is born with slightly different characteristics.  - The Darwinian law of survival of the fittest provided justification for -Certain characteristics allow an animal aggression and territorial acquisitions to survive long enough to reproduce and the view that other nations were more likely to be rivals than allies. - These characteristics are then passed on to the next generation while those  - The perception that some cultures creatures with characteristics were less advanced than other inappropriate to the environment are technologically "superior" cultures destroyed and not allowed to pass their seemed to provide justification of characteristics on to the next Darwins theories and the generation appropriateness of applying his biological theories to the human condition.
    4. 4. Is there Social Darwinism today?Is there still a focus on survival of the fittest and competition in terms of society?Does modern society demonize people of different races, or classes?
    5. 5. European nations at the turn of the century desired… Industrial strength. To control of the rest of the world. Which brings us to: Imperialism: When a country invades another country with the intent of increasing their wealth resources and power. “The sun never sets on the British Empire”  By 1922 Britain owned 25% of the earths total land area.
    6. 6. Connecting Imperialismand Social Darwinism: It was widely accepted that class and racial struggle was natures“inescapable law” in the late 19th century. Therefore the conquest of “inferior” people was justified.
    7. 7.  The United States has decided to make Saskatchewan an American state and drew a new border all around the province. We are about to become American citizens. With a partner come up with five reasons why you want to maintain your Canadian citizenship.
    8. 8. Nationalism The strong sense of pride a citizen feels toward their country.
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