appropriate and useful to initiate the six logical steps whenever an individual has an information-oriented problem This problem may be a research project for school or perhaps a problem you need help with in your personal life students need to develop a range of competancies within each skill area Big6 scope and sequence offers a systematic alternative to tradtional K-12 frameworks that focus on location and access skills
-my family recently went through this very process -we wanted to purchase a dog but were unsure of what kind of dog would suit us best -decided to do some research
First step is to recognize that an information need -task – find the perfect dog for our family - we need information about a variety of dogs to determine which one would be best for our family - Identify the information needed -this is where the family would set the criteria for the type of dog they want; easy to train, short hair, good with children; cost;
- the family must consider all possible information sources and begin to develop a plan for searching. -list where to find information on a topic -breed specific books, encyclopedias, magazines, the vet, breeders, friends with dogs, the Internet
-family must now locate information from a variety of resources and access specific information found within individual resources. -locate sources – go to the library, finding books on shelves, book stores for magazines, phone breeders and vets for information -search for web sites on the Internet -find information within sources - use table of contents, index, glossary to find information within a resource -use search tools and commands for searching Internet, CD-ROMs
After finding the resources the family must engage the information to determine its relevance and extract information. -scan the information in a book to determine whether or not it will be useful -download information from Internet, bookmark sites -take jot notes on information read, viewed or interviewed -analyze data on spreadsheets, graphs, charts, databases -determine the quality of information found– bias? From breeders? False information from fans of a breed? Is the web site endorsed by Canadian Kennel Club or America Kennel Club?
Family must organize and communicate the results of the information problem-solving effort. put jot note fact cards in a logical order categorize information create database or spreadsheet to store information on dog characteristics create a printout of database or spreadsheet interpret and communicate findidngs and conclusions
-judge the product – are we happy with our new pet? – it’s a long term commitment! -does the dog fit the criteria as determined at the beginning of the project or have we chosen to amend our criteria as we found more information determine whether the information need, as originally defined, is met -judge the process – efficiency - reflect on what worked well this time and what you would do differently next time
The Big6 SkillsThe Big6 Skills
A Problem-Solving Approach
Information Skills Instruction
as developed by
Michael B. Eisenberg and Robert E. Berkowitz
The Big6(tm) is copyright (c) (1987) Michael B. Eisenberg and Robert
E. Berkowitz. www.big6.com
How Much is That Doggy in theHow Much is That Doggy in the
Presentation created by
Using the Big6 Skills
The Big Six:The Big Six:
is a stage approach to information
may be research needed for a school
assignment or information needed in
your personal life
it has six broad skill areas necessary for
successful information problem-solving
Using the Big6Using the Big6
A family is looking for a new pet. They
have decided on a dog, but what kind of
dog should they get?
They will be following the steps outlined
in the Big6 to make their choice.
1. Task Definition1. Task Definition
“What do we need to do?”
Define the information problem.
Identify the information needed
to solve the problem.
2. Information2. Information
Seeking StrategiesSeeking Strategies
“What can we use to find what
Brainstorm all possible
Select the best sources.
3. Location and3. Location and
“Where can we find
what we need?”
4. Use of4. Use of
“What information can I use?”
Engage (read, hear, view or
Take out needed information.
5. Synthesis5. Synthesis
“How can we put our information
Organize information from all
Make a decision. (Create a product or performance.)
The Product - Our ChoiceThe Product - Our Choice
6. Evaluation6. Evaluation
“How will we know if we did well?”
Judge the product (are we happy
with our new pet?).
Judge the process (efficiency).
To sum up...To sum up...
Information literate people are
those who have learned how to
learn. They are prepared for life
long learning because they can
always find the information needed
for any task or decision at hand.