The Big6 SkillsThe Big6 Skills
A Problem-Solving Approach
Information Skills Instruction
as developed by
Michael B. Eisenberg and Robert E. Berkowitz
The Big6(tm) is copyright (c) (1987) Michael B. Eisenberg and Robert
E. Berkowitz. www.big6.com
How Much is That Doggy in theHow Much is That Doggy in the
Presentation created by
Using the Big6 Skills
The Big Six:The Big Six:
is a stage approach to information
may be research needed for a school
assignment or information needed in
your personal life
it has six broad skill areas necessary for
successful information problem-solving
Using the Big6Using the Big6
A family is looking for a new pet. They
have decided on a dog, but what kind of
dog should they get?
They will be following the steps outlined
in the Big6 to make their choice.
1. Task Definition1. Task Definition
“What do we need to do?”
Define the information problem.
Identify the information needed
to solve the problem.
2. Information2. Information
Seeking StrategiesSeeking Strategies
“What can we use to find what
Brainstorm all possible
Select the best sources.
3. Location and3. Location and
“Where can we find
what we need?”
4. Use of4. Use of
“What information can I use?”
Engage (read, hear, view or
Take out needed information.
5. Synthesis5. Synthesis
“How can we put our information
Organize information from all
Make a decision. (Create a product or performance.)
The Product - Our ChoiceThe Product - Our Choice
6. Evaluation6. Evaluation
“How will we know if we did well?”
Judge the product (are we happy
with our new pet?).
Judge the process (efficiency).
To sum up...To sum up...
Information literate people are
those who have learned how to
learn. They are prepared for life
long learning because they can
always find the information needed
for any task or decision at hand.