4 BASIC CAMERA MOVEMENTS Pan Tilt Zoom Track / Follow
PAN The framing moves left & right, with no vertical movement Hold first image for 3 seconds, pan very slowly and hold last image for 3 seconds Avoid ‘fire hosing’ effect by using sparingly
TILT The framing moves up & down, with no horizontal movement Tilt up (high angle shot) to give illusion of height Tilt down (low angle shot) to create steepness Use a tripod!
ZOOM Regarded as ‘old fashioned’ today! Film directors tend to use ‘insert’ rather than zoom in Use as a cropping tool to set up the shot before recording If using Zoom during recording zoom in from a long shot and hold zoom out from a close-up and hold Don’t overuse – leads to trombone effect
TRACK / FOLLOW Holding the camera (or with camera mounted) - you track or follow the action whilst walking. Use a ‘dolly’ or improvise Aim for continuity
7 Deadly Sins of Camera Work DEADLY SIN REMEDY Backlighting Light source in front Headhunting Medium shot Wrong angle Subject at eye level Jogging –movement Hold camera steady Trombone effect Zoom in / out …hold…cut Snapshotting Hosepiping Don’t cut too quickly Smooth panning Seven Deadly Sins http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=A-6tWTPTmcE&feature=related