Gisela kelsey alex elizabethPresentation Transcript
Each woman faced the decision to either challenge or accommodate the traditional role of women.
Matilda Bradley Carse
Matilda Bradley Carse
Born September 19, 1835
Time Period she was active: Gilded Age (mid 1860s to early 1900s)
Women and the Gilded Age
Known for political involvement during campaigns and elections
Began to take action in prohibition
Matilda’s Many Involvements
WCTU (Women’s Christian Temperance Union)
WTPA (Women’s Temperance Publishing Association)
Matilda and the WCTU
She was the president of the Chicago chapter of the WCTU
Sponsored activities that took place in the WCTU
Was capable of providing economic aid to the WCTU through various fund raisers she put together.
Created social reforms to aid the Chicago Slums
Logo of the WCTU
Matilda and the WTPA
She founded the association, this published a weekly newspaper called “The Signal”.
This association published books and articles that were in favor of the WCTU and the temperance movement.
She provided employment for many women.
Wrote various articles herself.
Overall a success as a businesswomen.
Matilda and the Temperance Temple
Her last project
Meant to provide funds for the WCTU
Never fully developed
Considered a failure
Matilda died shortly after in 1917
Austen was born in 1866 in Staten Island, NY
She began taking photographs at age 10
Alice Austen: The Victorian Age
The Victorian Age lasted from the year 1837 to 1901
Leisure activities became very popular including bicycling, tennis, and traveling
Text Photos by Alice Austen of friends cycling, practicing gymnastics and goofing around
Alice Austen: The Victorian Age
Women were expected to marry early and create happy, comfortable homes for their families
However, Austen never married, but instead formed strong bonds with other women, a practice that received much negative attention during the time period
“ Julia Martin, Julia Bredt and Self Dressed Up as Men” 1891 “ Darned Club” 1891
A Victorian Age Photographer
Aside from capturing upper-middle class life, Austen also photographed those at the bottom of society
The Victorian Era saw a large influx of immigrants into the country especially into large cities such as New York where Austen lived
Below: “Hester Street, Egg Stand Group” 1895 A perfect example of lower class life in New York City
Life for most 19 th century immigrants in New York was all about work, including young children, like the ones below
Alice Austen: A woman Before her time
-One of the first female photographers in a male dominated sphere
-Did not marry or have children
-Spent her life with a female companion
-Photographed the world as she saw it, both the good and the bad
Ani DiFranco (1970- )
“ I think it’s really important for people to tell their story, so I want to be as frank as possible… It’s especially important for women, because the dominant history is male.” –Ani Difranco
Born in Buffalo, New York on September 23, 1970 as Angela Maria DiFranco.
Age 9- She began to learn and play guitar.
Age 11- Parents divorced
Age 15- Declared herself an emancipated minor.
Graduates high school in three years leading her to pursue a career in music.
Age 19- Starts her own record label: Righteous Babe Records
She is a business woman, musician and political activist.
Independent Folk artist [18 albums and numerous Grammy nominations]
Has won a Grammy, a Woman of Courage, and numerous awards for her outstanding work
Challenging traditional role of women
Righteous Babe Records
Her popularity is mostly explained because she is outspoken about her business and ideals...
Most of her songs deal with politics, racism, sexism, sexual abuse, homophobia, reproductive rights, poverty, and war.
Challenging the Status Quo
In the early 1990s, created Righteous Babe Records and began to release music
As the music turned larger many began to follow in her footsteps. [like Madonna]
Many in the music industry began to be like-minded and started their own business and revel in the complete artistic freedom.
She began something and others have followed.
March for Women's Lives April 25, 2004- Washington, D.C
Ani singing and playing guitar for the audience “My body is all that I own”
On her own…
Folk music: writes, plays and produces her music
Contributes to the feminist movement just like many influential women do
Works for what she believes is right and gets recognized for her individual hard work
Understands the meaning of DIY and informs others of it.
Ani in the end...
Independent folk artist who speaks out about politics, feminism and other touchy subjects to get the word out.
Does what she does because it makes her happy
“ I was able to quit my day job and devote myself to what I love.”
Born in Los Angeles on June 1, 1926
Spent most of her childhood in and out of orphanages before getting married at age 16
Changing to fit in
In 1945 Marilyn started her modeling career, and began bleaching her hair blonde due to the agency wanting a model with lighter hair.
As a model she took whatever jobs her modeling agency offered to her was on the cover of many magazines including Playboy in 1953.
Changing her name
In 1947 it was suggested by a head of a movie studio that Monroe should change her name from her original name Norma Jean Baker to Marilyn Monroe.
In films such as Don’t Bother to Knock , Gentlemen Prefer Blondes , and How to Marry A Millionaire Monroe became known for playing the ditzy dumb blonde characters.
During the 1950’s women were supposed to get married and start a family.
Marilyn Monroe was married three times:
James Dougherty, 1942-1946
Joe DiMaggio, 1954
Arthur Miller, 1956-1961
Marilyn and Joe DiMaggio
Despite all of the glamour that Marilyn was surrounded by, she had become dependant on anti- depressants.
Marilyn Monroe died on August 5, 1962 of an overdose which was also considered to be a probable suicide in her home in Los Angeles.
Going with the status quo
Marilyn Monroe went along with what others wanted her to be and was never completely happy.
While she was a famous actress, she was mostly known for being a sex symbol.
While some women have gone along with what others have wanted them to be many have chosen to go against it and still be as successful and in some cases happier than those who followed the traditional role of women.