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Design principles


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  • 1. Design principles:Balance, proportion, repetition, dominance, contrast, direction, harmony, variety, symbolic meaning,composition.
  • 2. Balance:
  • 3. This is an example of radial balance. The picture feels balanced. The way the circles in the very middle are the smallest and the size increases as you go outwards. The thickness of the circles of metal- it increases as you go outwards from the center. All these bring a sense of balance.
  • 4. This is another example of balance. It is balanced in the way the designer uses the same
    materials on either side of the center..and the bit that hangs down serves to sort of
    centralize and anchor the piece.
  • 5. There is a striking radial
    balance in this picture.
    the way the circles get
    smaller has a pleasing
    effect. The curvy lines
    that go up almost to the
    top from the arc
    increase the sense of
    balance. The arcs at the
    base of the biggest circle
    increase the balance as
    well in that the structure
    looks a lot more steady.
  • 6. Proportion..
  • 7. A good example of
    Dogs are not this
    big in real life. The
    dog is competing
    with the house in
    size and it is
    Portrayed as being
    bigger than the
    Gate. Its exaggerated..and in
    This case it has a
    humorous effect because
    the sign is so obviously
    intended for the cat.
  • 8. The man in this picture is way smaller than the other people, whose feet are all we see. He barely get up their ankles. The difference in size is quite funny. The message in the picture is brought out even more would be an insult for this guy to compare himself to the people or actually the feet around him..
  • 9. Difference in size here…in the adult human and the baby one. The baby is much
    smaller..the way that the picture was taken exaggerates the difference in size
    a bit, the woman is closer to the camera than the baby. (she looks bigger than she would
    if she was the same distance away from the camera as the baby.)
  • 10. The apples get smaller and smaller as you go towards the back.
    It looks like some apples are further away. The ones in the ‘back’ are smaller
    than the ones in ‘front’..there is a sort of invisible line. its at an angle and the closer
    it gets to its vanishing point, the smaller the apple s get.
  • 11. Repetition…
  • 12. The same pattern is repeated here to create a ‘wall’. Repetition of one simple item is
    used to create something a bit more complex than that one item.
  • 13. There is repetition here in that several metal bars are taken and repeatedly
    stuck onto a metal bar following an arc shape . an interesting object is created
    through repetition.
  • 14. There is repetition of shapes (that form something when put together) The same shapes are taken and repeatedly used
    here to create block of what is possibly flats..
  • 15. Dominance..
  • 16. Its like one wolf is dominating the picture..
    The one wolf looks like it is subservient to it, its sort of crouched
    and the other one is upright, making it look like the dominant one
  • 17. The player in the middle
    holding the ball and
    leaping in into the air
    dominates the picture
    All attention is
    automatically drawn to
    him because he is
    elevated above the
    other two players and
    he is HOLDING THE
    BALL.. it is a
    basketball game..
  • 18. The lion in this picture dominates the picture..Its amongst humans and its is the focal
    point of the picture. Its coloring also makes it stand out..
  • 19. Contrast
  • 20. The contrast in this picture attracted my attention and is what makes it
    possible to see anything. The grey and white parts are what show what
    is in the picture. The amount of black there realy draws a lot of attention
    to the white.
  • 21. The brilliant contrast of colors here got my attention. The blackness of the clouds and
    the ground below makes the sunset look more brilliant and brighter.
  • 22. the contrast here is in the
    woman’s hair color. The black
    against the creamy gives
    her a more interesting look.
    The creamy white draws a lot of
    attention because its so bright
    especially because it is
  • 23. Direction
  • 24. The direction in this picture is forward. The strong vertical lines
    that blur into the distance make it seem as though you are going forward fast.
    Which is a pretty accurate sense because the tide that is going back into the sea
    does so at a rapid pace, in one strong movement
  • 25. There is some sense of direction here in how all the individual wires of the piece
    are somehow following one direction.. they go out and then in…its fascinating
    because it looks as though the metal is moving…and metal as we know it is
    wavy and flexible
  • 26. There is a sense of direction in how all the jets are moving as one in one direction..
    their trail of smoke is uniform. they are flying in formation..reminds one of birds
    flying if it were not for the trail of smoke I would actually think they were birds..
  • 27. a sense of direction
    is found in how all the
    lines seem to
    meet in the middle
    of a side of a square.
  • 28. Harmony
  • 29. The harmony in this picture is quite striking. the colours used are harmonious..The
    tones used blend, the curvy lines and their direction have a harmonious effect as well.
  • 30. There is a definite harmony here..The colours and tones used just blend. Also the
    type of line in this picture promotes unity..( curvy, feminine line) also the way the
    things in the room are arranged, its neat, uncluttered and complimentary..
  • 31. What attracted me was the obvious harmony in the picture. This was brought
    About by use of similar shapes and colour- there varying shades of red and
    Brown. Interestingly though no two shapes are quite the same. Different tones
    Are used to keep it interesting.
  • 32. Variety
  • 33. Lots of different colours…lots of shapes…Definitely variety in terms of colour and
    shape.. stuff has just been put together in a seemingly careless fashion but on
    closer inspection you can actually see that the colours are not necessarily fighting..
    they have been carefully arranged to have a pleasant effect on the eye..
  • 34. The number of different items on one chain drew my attention..
    It certainly doesn’t lack in variety. It looks fun and interesting, alive even
    due to the variety. The silly smiley face gives it a lot of cheer.
  • 35. There is variety of colour in this picture. The various colours drew my eye. all sorts of colours have been put together, bright tones..dull-ish looks interesting but also rather flea-market like to me.
  • 36. Symbolic Meaning
  • 37. A cross is a symbol of the Christian faith..It symbolises Christ’s death on the cross. The chain is a bit intricate and sort of delicate and the cross is solid and rather bold. It makes the cross stand out more.
  • 38. Doves are a symbol of peace..the type of line used here is curvy feminine and really restful..the finish on the earnings is also complimentary because its not too bright and attention grabbing..its just right
  • 39. This has become a symbol of liberty all over the world. The statue represents Libertas the roman goddess of freedom.
  • 40. Composition
  • 41. What drew my attention is how my eyes took in the scene. The artist and his subject are the focal point but I also get the feeling that I was peeking in on a scene because of the drawn curtain. There I something catchy about the how we do not see the whole room but a section of it…enough to tell whats going on. But I still find myself curious about the rest of the room which keeps me looking. The arrangement of items is perfect, it tells what's going on but leaves a bit out..enough to hold my attention a bit longer.
  • 42. This is Johannes Vermeer’s painting of Christ in the house of Martha and Mary. The composition of the subjects in this picture ensures that the eye travels the whole picture. You take in all the elements of the picture. The woman at Christ’s feet draws curious attention. In the Biblical story, Mary sits at the feet of Jesus and listens to what he has to say whilst Martha bustles about serving. The man is obviously Christ and the relaxed figure at His feet is Mary. The composition in this painting is perfect because it not only tells the story accurately but its pleasant to look at.
  • 43. The composition of the subjects in this picture drew my attention. It is not how you would normally find the objects placed. the objects are very different but somehow it feels as though they belong together, the way they are placed adds a lot to this.It draws attention to all elements of the picture. Your eye sees all of them.
  • 44. END 