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  • 1. SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE, BUILDING & DESIGN ARCHITECTURE CULTURE & HISTORY 2 [ARC 1323] Project: Architecture Heritage Building Analysis Site: Pre-war shop lots at Jalan Raya Timur Tutor : Ms. Ida Group MemberStudent ID Choo Ai Lin0317253 Chin Pui Man Cheang Eileen Lim Zhi Hong 0310331 1006A77249 0304547
  • 2. Introduction The origin name of Klang is from the language Mon-Khymer that is “Klong”. Klong can be identified as a warehouse because Klang became an important port that has lots of warehouses. Meanwhile another evidence, “Klang” means “canal” or waterway (Official Portal Klang Municipal Council [OPKMC],2013). Klang‟s history came before Malacca. Klang is claimed to be one of the oldest city in Malaysia. According to history, Klang was occupied since 2000 years ago. The first entry on Klang was written starting from the moments of Klang resurrection that was once was not tied to any area. Klang from the time it functioned as the principle port of the state of Selangor to the period when greater Klang and its surrounding territories become a major agricultural centre. Finally, mention is made of an important development hitherto little known namely the beginnings of the industrialization in Malaya. The major industries were located in Klang because of the proximity to Port Swettenham (known as Port Klang). Figure 1: Jalan Raya Timur shop lots top view. (Google Maps, 2013)
  • 3. Introduction of Site The site of study a historical building is pre-war shop lot along Jalan Raya Timur, situated within close proximity of Klang railway station. Jalan Raya Timur contains 40 shop lots which with different phase and size.(Figure 2)These lots, which were constructed between year 1930 and 1940, made the area one of the busiest spots in southern Klang then. The pre-war shop lots are just rows of dilapidated buildings. Due to the decline of the town‟s economy, these lots are now functioning as commercial offices but many of the lots have been abandoned. Figure 2 shows the shop lots along Jalan Raya Timur Architect This building was completed by WCT Land Development Company. This company become the fastest growing township in the Klang Corridor and also involved in many big projects in all over the place. For example, the opening of AEON Bukit Tinggi Shopping Center and hypermarkets like Tesco and Giant. This has transformed Klang into a lively royal town with complete facilities and total convenience. BBT has received a thumping endorsement from Klang residents, going by the strong occupancy rate of more than 90% for its houses and shops. In addition, the group has since ventured out of the country with a key project in Ho Chi Minh, Vietnam. Platinum Plaza- an architectural and innovative design mixed commercial developments of office towers, SOHO, Business class Hotel and the largest shopping mall in Vietnam.
  • 4. Introduction of Chosen Building- TeckHeng Enterprise This building built by LaburBinaSdn. Bhdwas a 3m x 7m x 7m height office building. At the early 1940s, it was a residential building afterthe completion of this building.Mostof the Chinese peoplestayed herehaving their daily routinesandactivities. Year 1940 After the Chinese family moved awaythis shop has become a commercial area.Onionbusinesswas operated. An Indianbusinessman took over it and ran hisbusiness for 5 years. Year 1945-1950 At year 1951, the onion business had stopped and failed to operate. The Yap family took over this building and it became TeckHeng Office Equipment Sales & Service. At year 1951-1965, the Company only provided service and repair works of office equipments only. Later, the Company started its business and slowly expanded to provide a full range of repair services. After 1965, TeckHengEnterprise has grown from strength to strength and is now a well-established and dynamic organization, specializing in repairing type writer, office furniture & workstation, office renovation, blinds, carpet, safety box, steel cabinet, CCTV, door access system, office automation, whiteboards, etc.
  • 5. In fact, it has already expanded to include import and export activities as one of its core business. At 1995, the owner retired and passed his business his elder daughter. Hence, the business was well-known and continued until Year 1951 – 2013 (today) today. Concept - Art Deco Style with Early Straits Eclectic Features Art Deco Style Building They are usually 2 to 3 storeys high, main entrance in the front, center with symmetric windows, and optionally, wings on both sides. The front, especially the entrance, may have columns and decorations. Mostly influenced by European, they geometrically design their building highlighting vertical and horizontal lines. They also have Shanghai plaster wall finishing and flagpole and relief writings on the wall. TeckHeng Enterprise is an Art deco building has the concept of a simple rectilinear line and its geometry forms. This building is masonry ornamented with rectilinear façade and geometrically pilasters which are the main characteristic of an art deco building. Besides, it also maintain some early straits eclectic building features, for example the jack roof and the five-foot way.
  • 6. Main Features of Art Deco Building Flagpoles Shanghai plaster wall finish Banding Devices Sea green glass with metal frame Strong horizontal/ vertical lines Sketch Diagram Early Straits Eclectics Style Building They are also 2 to 3 storeys high, the facades are usually decorative mixture of Malay, Chinese and European ornaments with light indigo blue, ocre or white colour. The building material used are timber, clay bricks and lime. Main Features of Early Straits Eclectics Building Plaster arches and central keystone Full length louvered windows Air Vent Geometric pattern clay floor tiles and granite edge block and step Sketch Diagram Building Inventory (Art Deco Architecture Features -TeckHeng Enterprise) Symmetry -Radial Symmetrical design can be shown from the building Façadewhen it is reflected across a plane vertically to create another instance of itself. - The whole building was divided into 2 similar parts, showing the reflection of the vertical symmetry. Sketch Diagram
  • 7. Extruded concrete canopy Repetitive Form - Extruded Concrete canopy The facades are strong metal works with geometrically - The individual concrete canopy that rectilinear forms. - used as sunshades above the 1st floor Above the doors and windows are metal bar which is of the building offsets the wide repetitive linear form. banding below. Bright Painted Facade Art Deco is a style of colours. This office building was highly coloured. The colour of art deco were always bright and glossy or pastels and decorated both interiors and exteriors. TeckHeng Office Equipment façade was painted with bright orange colour. Vertical Banded Front Elevation Vertical Banding Device Art Deco architects sought to emphasize verticality as a symbol of modernity and progress. Strong vertical lines dominate the TeckHengBuilding's facade and extend all the way up to the roof.
  • 8. Plaster Moulding Unlike in Europe and America where the monumentality of Art Deco was expressed in sculptured stone, in Malaysia, stone was not readily available and was therefore too expensive. Local builders looked for a finish that was mode easily available but possessed the same properties to stone which is Shanghai Plaster, a good, cheap external grade material which would be applied easily. - Horizontal bands below window and rendered wall were finished by Shanghai plaster and the finish was left in beige colour. Plaster Moulding Early Straits Eclectic Architecture Features - TeckHeng Enterprise Jack Roof - Usually in Straits Eclectic building, Party wall - Party walls are typically made of non- they always built with a jack roof which elevated above the main roof. - combustible material. Where required by code, the party wall could be a fire wall. This is to ensure hot air to escape and Party wall can be seen in every as well lights to penetrate the upper adjoining building. floors.
  • 9. The Five-Foot Way - First imposed by Sir Stamford Raffles in Singapore in 1822. Pedestrian walkways indented into the ground floor of a building from the road, so that the overhanging upper floors can provide a cover to shield pedestrians from the sun and rain. - This feature can be found in many shop houses all over the world, and also in some office buildings. - As the ground floor of most buildings are shops or eating places, the five foot ways can also function as a corridor for people to windowshop or stop by for some refreshments. Sketches As implied by name, five foot ways were intended to assume a consistent width of five feet from the absolute front to the wall and entrance defining the frontal of the inner space, but the guideline is not necessarily applied universally, as certain five foot ways are wider or narrower depending on the age, size and function of the building. Business Area Five-Foot Way Section Diagram OfTeckHeng Enterprise
  • 10. Building Material Used Marseille tiles was used Shanghai plaster was used Glass panel door with metal as the roofing material as the wall finishes frame for the main entry Concrete for the ceiling and Classical wooden stairs Sea-green glass window with metal bricksfor the wall that link to the upper floor frame which is art deco style Zinc roofing for the kitchen Wall partitions from rigid acoustic wood Decorative wood panel door Grill doors for security Ceiling made from plywood
  • 11. Contextual Condition Before Renovation After Renovation Before that, door grills was used as a safety door to provide security hence bring in natural ventilation and natural lighting that may save electricity cost. Nowadays, people prefer to use glass for their office/ business area. This is to upgrade the building façade to a modern and elegant extent while glass may provide transparencyas well as security for the owner to alert when people pass by. Timber roof truss was exposed at the Plywood is used to cover the truss not only upper floor. Dust and spider webs are improve the aesthetic of office, it also helps easily trapped onto the joints of the truss. to cover up the air condition piping and fixing hence make the cleaning job easier. Door made of plywood Door made of hard that not easy to wood replaced plywood maintain because the door is more durable wood layer is thin and and can be easily not durable. Before Renovation maintain. After Renovation
  • 12. Terra cotta roof tiles are subject to unequal Monier Marseille roof tiles are known as shrinkage in burning, which sometimes the interlocking French roof tile that has causes the pieces to be twisted. an existence of about 100 years in history. Monier is the first in Asia to When this isthe case great care must be combine two state-of-the-art technologies taken in fixing the blocks, otherwise the (H-Cassette & Gypsum mould) to ensure long lines of a building, such as those of the roof tiles are of the highest precision the string-courses or cornices, which are with the smoothest surface finishing. This intended to be straight, are apt to be roof tiles are used for most art deco uneven, and the faces of blocks are often building. "in winding." Curve arch (which contain impost and keystone) is used in Art Deco design to replace column of Straight and plain column which is not attractive compare to decorative column with plaster moulding. Rectilinear façade is dull compare to an arch entrance that is more eye catching. Art Deco which is not support much weightas compare to straight and does curve arch. Flat and smoothwall is applied not support because it will absorb lightand make them much weight noticeable then they canfocus on the element of the building. as compare to curve arch. Flat and smooth Before Renovation After Renovation wall is applied because it will absorb light and make them noticeable then
  • 13. Open space at the back area of upper Roofing was added to cover up as the owner floor. wanted to use this area as a store room The owner removed the canopy because he wanted to put up his company logo. The original building provides concrete canopy which is art deco style. Besides, there‟s different between two windows onthe building where left side window havethe element of Early Straits while on theright side, it contains the element of ArtDeco where it introduces the use of glass.This changes it made by the owner because they want to keep it to old style concept yet do not want lights to emit into the interior. Conclusion
  • 14. In the 1960 and 1970s, shophouses again became the common building idiom, especially in the central areas of new towns and housing estates. In 1980s, however, the new found of influence of urban Malaysians sparked a booming car population and a consequent demand for car parks. Shophouses were replaced by high-rise buildings, complete with parking bays ad surrounded by roads, which often became „islands”, isolated from adjacent buildings. In 1980s also marked the appearance of powerful corporation seeking expressions through their buildings, and these were provided by the construction of high-rises. In the late 1980s and 1990s, the merits of these isolated building as urban forms, unsupported by a structured urban framework, began to questioned. These doubts were paralleled by a surge of interest in conservation and the environment. The shophouses were seen by conservationists as representing the typical Malaysian urban form, one that particularly suited the climatic conditions of the country. Conversely, high-rise was viewed as an anonymous international form common to every city in the world. There was concern that Malaysian towns were losing their unique character. Shophouses, which have provided Malaysian streets with a continuous framework and, occasionally, the frames around town squares were preferred to isolated high-rises. Hence, the shophouse is seen again in modern guise, housing estates and new towns built after the 1980s.( ChenVoon Fee, 1998 )
  • 15. References 1. Latest Issue. (n.d.). Gaya Travel Klang Heritage Walk Comments. Retrieved October 10, 2013, from http://www.gayatravel.com.my/articles/gayatraveller/klang-heritage-walk 2. ROYAL KLANG TOWN. (n.d.). Official Portal Klang Municipal Council. Retrieved October 13, 2013, from http://www.mpklang.gov.my/en/sejarah 3. Background Overview. Retrieved October 17, 2013, from http://www.luas.gov.my/icm/knowledge_center/bckground_general.htm 4. The soul of Klang. (n.d.). - RED. Retrieved October 17, 2013, from http://www.nst.com.my/red/the-soul-of-klang-1.140649#ixzz2kWTL3ktS 5. Early Modern Style | PENANG SHOPHOUSE. (n.d.). PENANG SHOPHOUSE. Retrieved October 6, 2013, from http://penangshophouse.com.my/?page_id=186 6. DEVELOPMENT / PROJECT ARCHITECT - LaburBinaSdn Bhd. Retrieved November 3, 2013, from http://www.jobstreet.com.my/jobs/2013/5/default/10/1936413.htm?fr=21 7. Art Deco Ornamentation. (n.d.). Art Deco Ornamentation. Retrieved November 3, 2013, from http://www.brynmawr.edu/cities/archx/05600/proj/p2/npk/artdecoexamples.htm 8. Heritage of Malaysia – Cultural Heritage Buildings. (n.d.). manamy RSS2. Retrieved November 3, 2013, from http://www.mana.my/heritage-of-malaysiacultural-heritage-buildings/ 9. Straits Eclectic Shophouses in George Town. (n.d.). Straits Eclectic Shophouses in George Town. Retrieved November 4, 2013, from http://www.penangtraveltips.com/straits-eclectic-architecture-style.htm 10. Penang Shophouse Styles. (n.d.). Penang Shophouse Styles. Retrieved November 6, 2013, from http://www.slideshare.net/chatpenang/2-penangshophouse-styles 11. L.A. Places. (n.d.). : From the Archives: Downtown Art Deco. Retrieved November 6, 2013, from http://laplaces.blogspot.com/2009/07/downtown-artdeco.html 12. VoonVee, Chen, The Encyclopedia of Malaysia: Architecture, Volume 5, Archipelago Press, 1998