12_Thorvald Finnbjörnsson_İzlanda Kümelenme Politikaları

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  • Örva þarf samstarf og samlegð fyrirtækja til þess að vinna að stærri þróunarmálum einstakra greina, meðal annars með því að móta klasastefnuStuðlað verður að uppbyggingu sjávarklasans með því að tryggja greininni gott starfsumhverfi, innleiða jákvæða hvata í regluverk og ýta undir vöruþróun og markaðssókn. Ríkisstjórnin vill efla fræðslu og menntun í sjávarútvegi, bæði hvað varðar veiðar og vinnslu og ekki síst til þess að takast á við ný verkefni samfara vöruþróun, nýsköpun og markaðs- og sölustarfi.
  • 12_Thorvald Finnbjörnsson_İzlanda Kümelenme Politikaları

    1. 1. Cluster Excellence Conference – Cluster 2.0 Izmir 28th of November 2013 Thorvald Finnbjörnsson Icelandic Center for Research
    2. 2. History of cluster development in Iceland • Confederation of Icelandic Industries – Fisheries and industries – Health related industries and health organisations • Growth agreements – Large number of cluster in rural areas • Research intensive cluster programme – Geothermal, ICT and humanities • Industry initiated clusters – Icelandic Geothermal – Ocean Cluster
    3. 3. The new government of Iceland has issued a statement for support of Clusters in Iceland. The policy has not yet been published.
    4. 4. Policy Statement of the Coalition Government „Stimulate cooperation in order to support development in various industries by developing cluster strategy“ „Support the ocean-cluster by ensuring favourable operating conditions/environment, improving regulation, innovation and export“ The ministry will transform these statements into actions with the help of industry and cluster experts.
    5. 5. Industry has taken initiative • Icelandic Geothermal – Cluster initiative, all major players in the industry – International Cluster Conferences in Iceland – Internationally recognized cluster experts • Ocean Cluster with major players of fisheries and processing • Smaller initiative, but promising
    6. 6. Small country, large country • Small countries lack critical mass • Small countries tend to cooperate more • Comparison between Turkey and Iceland could be difficult, but……. – Regional comparison is not out of order – Sector related activities in regions could be similar in large and small countries
    7. 7. Iceland 0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.9 STRUCTURE OF THE CLUSTER Committed cluster participation 62% 38% Composition of the cluster participants 46% 46% 8% Number of committed cluster participants in total 23% 46% 31% Geographical concentration of the cluster participants 8% 92% TYPOLOGY, GOVERNANCE, COOPERATION Maturity of the cluster management 23% 23% 54% Human resources available for cluster management 8% 23% 69% Lifelong learning aspects for the cluster management team 58% 17% 25% Stability and continuity of human resources of the cluster … 8% 92% Stability of cluster participation 100% Clarity of roles – involvement of stakeholders in decision … 23% 31% 46% Direct personal contacts between the cluster … 33% 67% Degree of cooperation within the cluster participants 22% 78% Integration of the cluster organisation in the innovation … 33% 33% 33% FINANCING Share of financial resources from private sources STRATEGY, OBJECTIVES, SERVICES Documentation of the cluster strategy Review of the cluster strategy and implementation plan Degree of fulfilment of the implementation plan Financial controlling system Activities and services of the cluster management Working groups Cluster organisation’s web presence ACHIEVEMENTS, RECOGNITION Recognition of the cluster in publications, press, media Success stories Cluster participants’ satisfaction surveys 23% 31% 15% 11% 11% 77% 69% 85% 89% 22% 56% 56% 25% 8% 11% 22% 38% 46% 56% 67% 44% 44% 67% 67% 46% 15% 54% 11% 33% 1
    8. 8. Iceland 0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.9 STRUCTURE OF THE CLUSTER Committed cluster participation 62% 38% Composition of the cluster participants 46% 46% 8% Number of committed cluster participants in total 23% 46% 31% Geographical concentration of the cluster participants 8% 92% TYPOLOGY, GOVERNANCE, COOPERATION Maturity of the cluster management 23% 23% 54% Human resources available for cluster management 8% 23% 69% Lifelong learning aspects for the cluster management team 58% 17% 25% Stability and continuity of human resources of the cluster … 8% 92% Stability of cluster participation 100% Clarity of roles – involvement of stakeholders in decision … 23% 31% 46% Direct personal contacts between the cluster … 33% 67% Degree of cooperation within the cluster participants 22% 78% Integration of the cluster organisation in the innovation … 33% 33% 33% FINANCING Share of financial resources from private sources STRATEGY, OBJECTIVES, SERVICES Documentation of the cluster strategy Review of the cluster strategy and implementation plan Degree of fulfilment of the implementation plan Financial controlling system Activities and services of the cluster management Working groups Cluster organisation’s web presence ACHIEVEMENTS, RECOGNITION Recognition of the cluster in publications, press, media Success stories Cluster participants’ satisfaction surveys 23% 31% 15% 11% 11% 77% 69% 85% 89% 22% 56% 56% 25% 8% 11% 22% 38% 46% 56% 67% 44% 44% 67% 67% 46% 15% 54% 11% 33% 1 Geography Capacity building Human resources Participation
    9. 9. Nine Clusters with Bronze label Air 66, Tourism Edda, Equality Georg, Geothermal research Icelandic Institute for intelligent machines, ICT Ocean Cluster, Fisheries and food processing Icelandic association of Aluminium producers cluster, Aluminium Katla Geopark, Tourism Vatnajökull region, Regional industry and culture development Icelandic Geothermal Cluster cooperation, Geothermal renewable energy -
    10. 10. The government has a role... * Source: Örjan Sölvell (2009)
    11. 11. Why should government support clusters? • „Companies are more like competitive • „Companies are more likely to enter into R&D collaboration“ • “Clusters are critical drivers of ‘open innovation’, a key source of competitive advantages in the global economy” • “Clusters are powerful tools in promoting internationalization of enterprises” • ”Cluster policies are a vital element of building strong innovations system” Reference: Various sources, DK impact study, EU documents etc.
    12. 12. Vision – 2020 (draft) Vision Growth is based on stronghold industries and expertise Knowledge and innovation is the basis of increased value creation Icelandic companies are competitive in global markets Iceland is attractive for people and businesses
    13. 13. Main objectives (draft) Exemplary business environment and economic stability Main objectives Efficient administration and institutions World–class Innovation and R&D Knowledge and skill base which suits the economy Successful cooperation between businesses and institutions Internationalisation and increased exports Access to finance Sustainable utilization of resources Contribute to solving grand challanges
    14. 14. Challenges and questions in public policy Preparing a cluster policy: • What is the cluster policy aiming for? – Innovation, internationalisation etc • How do cluster policies differ from other innovation policy instruments? • Where to focus? – Immature clusters, national champions, world-class clusters, clusters in transition or combination of these? – Sectors, regions etc? • Key issue: Privately lead – government supported!
    15. 15. Source: Runólfur Smári Steinþórsson Thank you

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