introduction to electronic publishing


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- the application of the skills of electronic publishing and its mechanisms from the beginning and until the arrival of the source to the target groups. 2 - briefing programs used for electronic publishing and the ability to evaluate to determine the most appropriate for the target. 3 - the ability to know the areas that should be employed in electronic publishing, media type appropriate for that.

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introduction to electronic publishing

  2. 2. Publishing2  Publishing is the process of production and dissemination of literature or information -the activity of making information available to the general public. In some cases, authors may be their own publishers, meaning: originators and developers of content also provide media to deliver and display the content for the same.
  3. 3. Traditional Publishing3  Traditionally, the selection, preparation, and distribution of printed matter—including books, newspapers, magazines, and pamphlets Engraving using the early Gutenberg press during the 15th century.
  4. 4. Advantages and Disadvantages of Traditional4 Publishing
  5. 5. Advantages of Traditional Publishing5  Visually Appealing;  Tangible and durable;  Higher perceived value;  No access to technology required;  Greater quality control;  Accepted norm;  Valuable, certifiable and collectable;  Dos not require a power source.
  6. 6. Disadvantages of Traditional Publishing6  Books are expensive;  Difficult to find a publisher;  Costly to publish;  High printing costs;  Restricted in Multimedia;  Distribution is labor intensive and costly;  Limited number of copies printed;  Require large storage place;  Lower profit margin for the author.
  7. 7. Concept of Electronic publishingDEFINITIONS 7
  8. 8. Electronic Publishing8  Electronic publishing (also referred to as ePublishing or digital publishing) includes the digital publication of e-books, EPUBs, and electronic articles and the distribution of written-information digitally through CD-ROMs, DVDs, portable document files (PDF), or online over the internet or other networks.
  9. 9. What is electronic publishing?9  Creation, distribution and sharing of digital content through a variety of electronic media (web, CD-ROM, disk).  True digital publishing - takes advantage of networking tools and multimedia capability.
  10. 10. Web publishing10 (also known as online publishing )   The Web is a truly revolutionary advance in ability to disseminate information.  Web publishing has disadvantages, however; some temporary, some inherent.  It isn ’t free: initial and ongoing costs.  If you publish on the Web, do it for the right reasons.
  11. 11. Electronic Publishing products : 11
  12. 12. E-PUBLISHING PRODUCTS12  CD-ROM  e-journals (Electronic  Online newspaper article )  e-books  Online Catalogue  Directories on the W eb.  Online News Sources  QR code  Collaborative software  Audio ,Video  File sharing  digital libraries  Database  W ikipedia  Mobile apps .  Twitter  Rss (Really Simple Syndication )  E-mail  Facebook  Blog  YouTube  Online Questionnaires … etc
  13. 13. Mobile Application13 Kindle eBook reader from Amazon. I pad from Apple (Assignment_1)
  14. 14. QR code (Quick Response14 code) (Assignment_1)
  15. 15. 15
  16. 16. QR Code (abbreviated from Quick Response Code)16 is the trademark for a type of matrix barcode (or two-dimensional code) first designed for the automotive industry. More recently, the system has become popular outside the industry due to its fast readability and large storage capacity compared to standard UPC barcodes. The code consists of black modules (square dots) arranged in a square pattern on a white background. The information encoded can be made up of four standardized kinds ("modes") of data (numeric, alphanumeric, byte/binary, Kanji), or through supported extensions, virtually any kind of data.
  17. 17. Advantages and Disadvantages of Electronic17 Publishing
  18. 18. Advantages of e- Publishing18  1- Speed ,Easily searchable Rapid communication between the participants in the network and communicate with each other.  for example, Articles can be put on the Web as soon as they are ready, without having to wait maybe months for a space in a journal issue. Provide Capabilities make it easier for users to search and access data and information required directly and very quickly.  Searchability is one of the core advantages of a digital format, its easier to find research, the fewer duplicated experiments there will be, resulting in less wasted time.
  19. 19. Advantages of e- Publishing19 2-Interactive: Electronic interaction with the buyer or user of an electronic publication, the producer can collect valuable market- research data very cheaply. The rapid turnaround time means that articles can be read, commented on by the journals readers, and amended much more quickly than can be done with print. The ease with which e-mail can be sent, or forms filled in means that there can be much greater feedback through the Web. After purchasing the e-book by the publisher, the publisher can follow up with customers by sending the message them via e-mail. Its a great way for a new writer to build a platform or create a
  20. 20. Advantages of e- Publishing20 3-Lower costs of review, change and added: It is easy to conduct audits and their modifications (add or delete) the material published electronically, and get the updated version for publication without significant cost.   Electronic publishing has removed much of the cost and risk involved in print publishing. Some statistics that a 70% saving over print costs can be made, while only a 20% saving can be made as distribution costs are a low proportion of the final journal price, and even that saving will be eaten up by extra costs caused by new
  21. 21. Advantages of e- Publishing21 4-Accessibility:Electronic publishing are accessible to all users regardless of geographic location. it is far cheaper for these researchers to get one computer with Internet access than to subscribe to many journals, so electronic journals will be a tool for further breaking down the barriers to democratic research.For any researcher, availability from a desktop computer means a significant increase in accessibility, particularly for those who do not work within easy reach of the library .Cooperation of authors in the production of electronic material. Electronic publishing reduces the use of paper and this means maintaining the trees, which are usually cut off and turned into papers. 
  22. 22. Advantages of e- Publishing22  5- Links ,added value Links are the mainstay of the hypertext format, and should be exploited. Not only can papers link to those they have cited, but with a bit of effort, they can be linked to those that cite them. Rather than just recreate a print journal in exact format, which many of the commercial publishers are doing, advantage should be taken of all the possibilities of the Web to add value, for example by using animation, virtual reality and interactive mathematical charts . Also a large amount of supporting data can be linked to from the article if the reader wanted to look more deeply into the results.
  23. 23. Advantages of e- Publishing23  6-Save Time & Storage : More information can be stored electronically than on paper and e- Published material can be sent across the globe in a few seconds. The actual time it takes for a book to get published is much faster than in traditional publication. Where going the "old-fashioned" way might take up to two years, e-publishing can be as quick as three weeks to only a few months after acceptance. Storage in itself is a great advantage to this form of publishing. Unlimited space on the internet makes it easy for everyone to maintain files. Plus, since most e-publications are sent via PDF files, or compatible word processing docs, its even quick and easy to go in and make changes to a publication. Traditional publishers are often unwilling to make changes to a manuscript because it involves so much extra work.
  24. 24. Advantages of e- Publishing24 7- Keep Rights : Where paper publishers usually try to obtain as many rights a possible, the e-Publisher usually retains none. That means the writer keeps the rights to his work and even has the option to take it to a paper publisher at a later date.
  25. 25. Disadvantages of e- publishing25  Temporary disadvantages:  We b s e rvic e s no t y e t a v a ila ble e v e ry whe re  M ny p e o p le will ne e d tra ining to us e this re s o urc e , a e tc .  Inherent disadvantages:  I re q uire s c o m p uting e q uip m e nt to us e , e tc . t  M ultip lic ity o f Pla tfo rm s (We b -p a g e s c a n e x p e rie nc e inc o ns is te nc y o f a p p e a ra nc e be twe e n d iffe re nt c o m p ute r a rc hite c ture s ).  Updates is not of all Pages.
  26. 26. 26  1-Theft of literary and scientific: The existence of this vast amount of information on the Internet makes it easy to carry out piracy and robbery.  2-Comfort: the print paper can be read in any place and on any position relaxes the reader but the book published electronically can not benefit from it but only the existence the computer.  The main disadvantages of digital information are the limitations of the computer monitor. This leads to problems with reading , particularly over four or five screens, annotation and portability
  27. 27. 27 3- Perishable citation Once printed, the details of a paper journal remain constant, thus finding them again is straightforward, however web sites change their URLs or frequently disappear altogether.   4- Costly to publish : Its true that the overheads are lower for the publisher, but that doesnt mean the cost of the book itself is less .
  28. 28. 28   5- Sales for e-books : are not as great as they are for paper.  6-Cost: There are financial and time costs related to the use of electronic publishing . The user must have a computer monitor, software, service provider and browser  
  29. 29. 29  7-Technical difficulties: The reader must possess some basic computing and networking skills in order to take advantage of electronic  8- Format: E-publishing initially required readers to have certain software for e-books.
  30. 30. 30 Types of e- publishing
  31. 31. 31 A - According to the medium:  1. Hard Discs.  2. Other magnetic media: Magnetic Tapes.  3. CD-Rom.  4. Disks and multi-purpose media and CD- DVD.  5. USB ( Universal Serial Bus )  6. SD card memory - SD ( Secure Digital )  7. MP3 ( MPEG-1 Audio Layer 3 )  8. MP4 ( MPEG-4 Part 14 )
  32. 32. B- according to the type32 of databases: 1. Bibliographic Databases 2. Full-Databases 3. Reference Databases 4. Statistical Databases or Numerical Databases
  33. 33. C - according to points of access and m ethods of access to information33 1. Local, Specialized, National Network of any documents and information sources that can be obtained from the collaborative networks at the level of a specific geographic area (ministry, city ... etc.). 2. Wide Area Network which networks on a regional level specific. 3. The Internet for public users.
  34. 34. E according to points of processing, there are two points  -of processing the information available electronically,and they are:34 1.Commercial sources, institutions and businesses distributed in various regions of the world, which seeks to p ro fit from the material made ​available to the information. 2. Sources of institutional no n-p ro fit organization, such as universities, research institutes and documentation centers.  
  35. 35. 35 Electronic Publishing SWOT
  36. 36. SWOT analysis36 SW analysis ) is a strategic planning method used to evaluate the Strengths, OT  W eaknesses/ Limitations, Opportunities, and Threats involved in a project or in a business venture. It involves specifying the objective of the business venture or project and identifying the internal and external factors that are favorable and unfavorable to achieve that objective. Setting the objective should be done after the SWOT analysis has been performed. This would allow achievable goals or objectives to be set for the organization. Strengths: characteristics of the business, or project team that give it an advantage over others W eaknesses (or Limitations): are characteristics that place the team at a disadvantage relative to others Opportunities: e x te rna l chances to improve performance (e.g. make greater profits) in the environment Threats: e x te rna l elements in the environment that could cause trouble for the business or project
  37. 37. 37  The technique is credited to Albert Humphrey, who led a convention at the Stanford Research Institute (now SRI International) in the 1960s and 1970s using data from Fortune 500 companies.  He compiled market data, analyzed it and showed Fortune 500 companies a system to capitalize on strengths, improve weaknesses, seize opportunities and avoid threats.  The publishing industry began to use this system when the sales of e-readers such as Amazons Kindle caught its attention, along with the dwindling sales in bookstores and the funding problems of library systems across the country.
  38. 38. 38
  39. 39. Electronic Publishing SWOT39 Strengths Weaknesses Opportunities Threats More control over final Hard to read G reater chance of being Piracy material published A bility to add m ultim edia to a publication Better for the Electronic readers are Books-on-dem and will C opyright environm ent expensive m ake every publication infringement readily available in printed form Higher royalties A ateur m m aterial is Easy less expensive , Few sales in a so abundant, it is distribution saturated market difficult to get noticed Shorter publication C onsum ers reluctant Subsidy e-publishing times to read from their allows authors the chance com puter screen to be published for a fee Global availability .
  40. 40. 40 Glossary
  41. 41. Glossary41  e-book: An eBook is an electronic (or digital) version of a book. The term is used ambiguously tor refer to either an individual work in a digital format, or a hardware device used to read books in digital format. Some users deprecate the second meaning in favor of the more precise "e-book device“.  Print-on-Demand (POD) Print-on Demand is an new method for printing books which allows books to be printed one at a time, or on demand. This method helps publishers from the process of doing a traditional print run of several thousand books at a time.
  42. 42. Glossary42  Scanning: The process of translating art work into a digital form that can be recognized by a computer and the instrument used for such conversion is called scanner.  Optical Characters Recognition (OCR) Is the mechanical or electronic translation of scanned images of handwritten, typewritten or printed text into machine-encoded text.  Portable Document Format (PDF) is an open standard for document exchange. This file format, created by Adobe Systems in 1993, is used for representing documents in a manner independent of application software, hardware, and operating systems.
  43. 43. 43 Thank You Any Queries??