Wk 2 lecture 1 pp


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Wk 2 lecture 1 pp

  1. 1. PTHA 1301: The profession of Physical Therapy<br />Fall 2011: Week 2, Lecture 1<br />
  2. 2. Today’s Theme song<br />Imma be...<br />Week 2, Lecture 1<br />
  3. 3. Goals for today: Profession of PT Basics<br />Explain the importance of Clinical Decision Making as it relates to the PTA<br />Discuss basic historical facts related to PT<br />Define the title of Physical Therapist Assistant<br />Differentiate between PTA, PT, and Therapy Aide<br />Summarize the Hippocratic Oath<br />Identify key components of the Patient’s Bill of Rights<br />Week 2, Lecture 1<br />
  4. 4.
  5. 5. Clinical Decision Making for the Physical Therapist Assistant, First Edition<br />Steven B. Skinner<br />Chapter 1<br />Introduction to Decision Making<br />What factor(s) influenced YOUR decision<br />to become a PTA?<br />
  6. 6. Figure 1.1: Decision Making Factors<br />
  7. 7. Figure 1.2: Clinical Decision Making Factors<br />
  8. 8. Figure 1.3: Potential Range of Clinical Decisions in Electrical Stimulation<br />
  9. 9.
  10. 10. Chapter 1<br />Development of the Physical Therapy Profession<br />What did you learn from your reading(s) about the development of the Physical Therapy Profession?<br />
  11. 11. History of Rehabilitation Treatments Including Therapeutic Exercises <br />Some treatments date back to 3000 BC<br />“The Art of Gymnastics” by Herodicus<br />500 BC in ancient Greece<br />Hippocrates, the “Father of Medicine”<br /> 400 BC, 1st to use E-Stim via Torpedo Fish<br />Galen’s writings described Anatomy & Physiology in human movement, 200 AD<br />“Libro del Exercicio” published in Spain, 1500’s, 1st printed book on exercise<br />Per Henrik Ling: Swedish Exercise, 1800’s<br />
  12. 12. History of the Physical Therapy Profession<br />The Formative Years<br />The Development Years<br />The Fundamental Accomplishment Years<br />Mastery Years<br />Adaptation Years<br />Vision and Application of Scientific Pursuit Years<br />
  13. 13. The Formative Years: 1914 to 1920<br />“The Reconstruction Era”<br />1st outbreak of Poliomyelitis, 1916<br />Division of Special Hospitals and Physical Reconstruction, 1917<br />“Reconstruction Aides” 1917, treated disabled soldiers from World War I<br />Described as combo of: “the school teacher” and “the professional nurse”<br />Unmarried women between 25 and 40<br />Gym, Whirlpool Room, Massage Room, Pack Room, Mechanotherapy Room, “Electricity Room”<br />Pioneers of “Reconstruction Aide” era<br />Marguerite Sanderson <br />Mary McMillan<br />Decline in # of Reconstruction Aides between 1919-1920 due to postwar decrease in hospitals<br />
  14. 14. The Development Years: 1920 to 1940<br />The Development of Professional Organization (Mary McMillan)<br />American Women’s Physical Therapeutics (1921) Association<br />The PT Review published (now called Physical Therapy) <br />1st edition reported the constitution and bylaws of AWPTA<br />American Physiotherapy Association (1922)<br />Poliomyelitis (began 1916) and the Great Depression (1929)<br />PT services reduced in 1929 due to The Great Depression<br />
  15. 15. The Fundamental Accomplishment Years: 1940 to 1970<br />The Professional and Educational Developments of Physical Therapy<br />Expansion of role from technical to professional practitioner in 1950’s<br />The Polio Vaccine (1955) and the Journal of the American Physical Therapy Association (1962) (was the PT Review)<br />The Beginning of Physical Therapy Assistants (1965-1967)<br />
  16. 16. Mastery Years & Adaptation Years: 1970 to 2005<br />MASTERY YEARS: 1970 to 1996: <br />The Societal Developments of Physical Therapy (1969, 1st 15 PTA’s graduated in Miami)<br />The Expansion of the Physical Therapy Profession (OSHA), from hospitals to private practices to homes<br />ADAPTATION YEARS: 1996 to 2005<br />The Balanced Budget Act (1997) – Medicare Cap<br />The Refinement Act (1999) – suspended cap<br />The APTA Events: Normative model of PTA Education (1999)<br />
  17. 17. Vision and Application of Scientific Pursuit Years: 2006 to Today<br />The American Physical Therapy Association’s Vision 2020<br />Achieving Direct Access<br />PTA Caucus<br />
  18. 18. Chapter 2<br />The Physical Therapist Assistant as a Member of the Health Care Team<br />
  19. 19. What is a Physical therapist assistant?<br />The APTA defines a PTA as “a technically educated health care provider who assists the physical therapist in the provision of physical therapy”<br />
  20. 20. Areas of Importance for a PTA<br />Wellness Promotion<br />Injury Prevention<br />Medical Treatment<br />Variety of Settings<br />Week 2, Lecture 1<br />
  21. 21. Why do we have Physical Therapist Assistants today?<br /><ul><li>1965-1966: Establishment of Medicare/Medicaid Programs
  22. 22. 1967: APTA adopts policy to create Physical Therapy Assistant Programs
  23. 23. 1969: Name change to Physical Therapist Assistant
  24. 24. 1969: 1st 15 PTAs graduated with Associates Degrees in Florida
  25. 25. 1973: PTAs were admitted to APTA as Affiliate Members
  26. 26. 1983: PTAs formed the Affiliate Special Interest Group
  27. 27. 1989: APTA House of Delegates approved creation of Affiliate Assembly</li></ul>Week 2, Lecture 1<br />
  28. 28. PTA/PT/Therapy Aide<br />Compare & Contrast<br />
  29. 29. Direction and Supervision of the Physical Therapist Assistant<br />Levels of Supervision<br />The Role of the PTA in a Clinical Setting<br />The PT’s Responsibilities in the Clinical Setting<br />The Collaboration Path Between the PT and the PTA<br />Differences in Supervision Requirements for PTAs<br />
  30. 30. The Hippocratic Oath<br />What is it?<br />
  31. 31. The Patient’s bill of rights<br />What is it?<br />Week 2, Lecture 1<br />
  32. 32. Important Reminders <br /> T-Shirt Order and $ due 09/09/11<br />Medical Forms/Shot Records due 09/09/11<br />SPD TPTA Meeting TONIGHT 09/06/11, TTUHSC, Academic Classroom 240, 6:30pm, Program by Dr. Randy Wolcott (Wound Care Specialist)<br />Week 1, Lecture 2<br />26<br />
  33. 33. Upcoming Graded Assignments<br />3 Potential Research Topics (Blackboard Assignment). Due 11am Today (see your Blackboard Mail if you have not turned this in yet).<br />Library SmartStarts Modules 1-6 before 09/13 lecture (print out quiz summary for ALL 6 modules).<br />Compare/Contrast PT/PTA/Rehab Aide (Blackboard Assignment). Due 11am Thursday 09/08.<br />Thank You Letter to Russell Kitten (turn in a hard copy). Due 4pm Thursday 09/08.<br />Narrow down your potential Research Topic to two (Blackboard Assignment). Due 11am Tuesday 09/13.<br />Week 1, Lecture 2<br />27<br />
  34. 34. Closing thought<br />“Life is all about how you handle Plan B” – Suzy Toronto<br />Week 2, Lecture 1<br />