PTHA 1513 FUNCTIONAL  ANATOMY Week 1: Lecture 1    Elaine Wilson, PT
Today’s Theme Song   <ul><li>Welcome to the Spring Semester!!! </li></ul>
Goals for Today <ul><li>Review the course syllabus </li></ul><ul><li>Define commonly used anatomic and kinesiologic termin...
Syllabus Review
Expectations for Functional Anatomy
CHAPTER 1 Basic Principles of Kinesiology
Kinematics <ul><li>Translation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rectilinear motion (straight line) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Curvili...
Kinesiology Terminology <ul><li>Anterior: toward the front of the body </li></ul><ul><li>Posterior: toward the back of the...
Kinesiology Terminology – cont’d <ul><li>Inferior :  below, or toward the feet </li></ul><ul><li>Proximal: closer to, or t...
Kinesiology Terminology – cont’d <ul><li>Deep: toward the inside (core) of the body </li></ul><ul><li>Origin: the proximal...
Osteokinematics <ul><li>Planes of motion </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sagittal plane: left-right division </li></ul></ul><ul><ul>...
Osteokinematics – cont’d <ul><li>Axes of rotation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Anterior-posterior </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>...
Osteokinematics: Body Motions <ul><li>Flexion  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Motion of one bone approaching the flexor surface of ...
Osteokinematics: Body Motions – cont’d <ul><li>Rotation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bony segment spinning about its longitudinal...
Osteokinematics: Body Motions – cont’d <ul><li>Protraction  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Translation of bone  away  from midline ...
Osteokinematics: Body Motions – cont’d <ul><li>Horizontal adduction and abduction </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Shoulder motions i...
Osteokinematics: Body Motions – cont’d <ul><li>Radial deviation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lateral hand movement toward the rad...
Osteokinematics: Body Motions – cont’d <ul><li>Inversion and eversion </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Frontal plane motions of the a...
Osteokinematics: It’s All Relative  <ul><li>Two perspectives of movement at a joint </li></ul><ul><li>Open-chain motion </...
Homework <ul><li>Read Chapter 1 :  Essentials of Kinesiology for the PTA  prior to Thursday 01/19/12 course at 9am. </li><...
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chapter 01 week 1 lecture 1

  1. 1. PTHA 1513 FUNCTIONAL ANATOMY Week 1: Lecture 1 Elaine Wilson, PT
  2. 2. Today’s Theme Song  <ul><li>Welcome to the Spring Semester!!! </li></ul>
  3. 3. Goals for Today <ul><li>Review the course syllabus </li></ul><ul><li>Define commonly used anatomic and kinesiologic terminolgy </li></ul><ul><li>Describe common movements of the body </li></ul><ul><li>Analyze the planes of motion and axes of rotation for common motions </li></ul>
  4. 4. Syllabus Review
  5. 5. Expectations for Functional Anatomy
  6. 6. CHAPTER 1 Basic Principles of Kinesiology
  7. 7. Kinematics <ul><li>Translation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rectilinear motion (straight line) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Curvilinear motion (curved line) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Rotation (movement of body about an axis) </li></ul><ul><li>Active movements </li></ul><ul><ul><li>e.g., flexing an arm over the head </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Passive movements </li></ul><ul><ul><li>e.g., resistance of a stretched ligament </li></ul></ul>Mosby items and derived items © 2009 by Mosby, Inc., an affiliate of Elsevier Inc.
  8. 8. Kinesiology Terminology <ul><li>Anterior: toward the front of the body </li></ul><ul><li>Posterior: toward the back of the body </li></ul><ul><li>Midline: an imaginary line that courses vertically through the center of the body </li></ul><ul><li>Medial: toward the midline of the body </li></ul><ul><li>Lateral: away from the midline of the body </li></ul><ul><li>Superior: above, or toward the head </li></ul>Mosby items and derived items © 2009 by Mosby, Inc., an affiliate of Elsevier Inc.
  9. 9. Kinesiology Terminology – cont’d <ul><li>Inferior : below, or toward the feet </li></ul><ul><li>Proximal: closer to, or toward the torso </li></ul><ul><li>Distal: away from the torso </li></ul><ul><li>Cephalad: toward the head </li></ul><ul><li>Caudal: toward the feet, or “tail” </li></ul><ul><li>Superficial: toward the surface (skin) of the body </li></ul>Mosby items and derived items © 2009 by Mosby, Inc., an affiliate of Elsevier Inc.
  10. 10. Kinesiology Terminology – cont’d <ul><li>Deep: toward the inside (core) of the body </li></ul><ul><li>Origin: the proximal attachment of a muscle or ligament </li></ul><ul><li>Insertion: the distal attachment of a muscle or ligament </li></ul><ul><li>Prone: describes the position of an individual lying face down </li></ul><ul><li>Supine: describes the position of an individual lying face up </li></ul>Mosby items and derived items © 2009 by Mosby, Inc., an affiliate of Elsevier Inc.
  11. 11. Osteokinematics <ul><li>Planes of motion </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sagittal plane: left-right division </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Frontal plane: front-back division </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Horizontal (transverse) plane: top-bottom division </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Anatomic position </li></ul><ul><li>Degrees of freedom </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Number of planes of motion joint allows </li></ul></ul>Mosby items and derived items © 2009 by Mosby, Inc., an affiliate of Elsevier Inc.
  12. 12. Osteokinematics – cont’d <ul><li>Axes of rotation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Anterior-posterior </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>e.g., hip abduction/adduction </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Medial-lateral </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>e.g., elbow flexion/extension </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vertical (longitudinal) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Rotational movements, e.g., trunk rotation </li></ul></ul></ul>Mosby items and derived items © 2009 by Mosby, Inc., an affiliate of Elsevier Inc.
  13. 13. Osteokinematics: Body Motions <ul><li>Flexion </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Motion of one bone approaching the flexor surface of another </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Extension </li></ul><ul><ul><li>An approximation of the extensor surfaces of two bones </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Abduction </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Frontal plane movement away from the midline </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Adduction </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Frontal plane movement toward the midline </li></ul></ul>Mosby items and derived items © 2009 by Mosby, Inc., an affiliate of Elsevier Inc.
  14. 14. Osteokinematics: Body Motions – cont’d <ul><li>Rotation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bony segment spinning about its longitudinal axis of rotation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Internal rotation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Anterior bone surface rotates toward the midline </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>External rotation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Anterior bone surface rotates away from the midline  </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Circumduction </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A circular motion through two planes </li></ul></ul>Mosby items and derived items © 2009 by Mosby, Inc., an affiliate of Elsevier Inc.
  15. 15. Osteokinematics: Body Motions – cont’d <ul><li>Protraction </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Translation of bone away from midline in a plane parallel to the ground </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Retraction </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Movement of a bony segment toward the midline in a plane parallel to the ground </li></ul></ul>Mosby items and derived items © 2009 by Mosby, Inc., an affiliate of Elsevier Inc.
  16. 16. Osteokinematics: Body Motions – cont’d <ul><li>Horizontal adduction and abduction </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Shoulder motions in the transverse plane </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Horizontal adduction: hands come together </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Horizontal abduction: extremities move away from midline </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Pronation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Forearm movement that turns the palm posteriorly </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Supination </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Forearm movement that turns the palm anteriorly </li></ul></ul>Mosby items and derived items © 2009 by Mosby, Inc., an affiliate of Elsevier Inc.
  17. 17. Osteokinematics: Body Motions – cont’d <ul><li>Radial deviation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lateral hand movement toward the radius </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ulnar deviation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Medial hand movement toward the ulna </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Dorsiflexion </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sagittal plane ankle motion bringing the foot upward </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Plantar flexion </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sagittal plane ankle motion pushing the foot downward </li></ul></ul>Mosby items and derived items © 2009 by Mosby, Inc., an affiliate of Elsevier Inc.
  18. 18. Osteokinematics: Body Motions – cont’d <ul><li>Inversion and eversion </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Frontal plane motions of the ankle/foot complex </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Inversion results in a medial-facing foot sole </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Eversion results in a lateral-facing foot sole </li></ul></ul>Mosby items and derived items © 2009 by Mosby, Inc., an affiliate of Elsevier Inc.
  19. 19. Osteokinematics: It’s All Relative <ul><li>Two perspectives of movement at a joint </li></ul><ul><li>Open-chain motion </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Movement of distal segment of bone about a relatively fixed proximal segment </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Closed-chain motion </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Movement of proximal segment of bone about a relatively fixed distal segment </li></ul></ul>Mosby items and derived items © 2009 by Mosby, Inc., an affiliate of Elsevier Inc.
  20. 20. Homework <ul><li>Read Chapter 1 : Essentials of Kinesiology for the PTA prior to Thursday 01/19/12 course at 9am. </li></ul>
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