Wonders of the ancient and modern world4Presentation Transcript
Wonders of the Ancient and Modern World
• What is a wonder?• What wonders of the world do you know?• What do you know about them?• Have you visited any of them?• In cooperative group make a list of your 7 wonders of the Modern World by Eva Hugas
The Seven nders of theWo orldAn cient W The Seven Wonders of the Ancient World are considered the greatest monuments of all time. Of the original seven the Great Pyramid of Giza is the only one of the group still standing today. by Eva Hugas
wT? kno he AncientDid you of the Greeks loved wonderf to make ul struct l world. A t the tim ures in t ists different e there w heir lists ma ere a lot writers. de by dif of ferent G reekSince the Greeks made the lists manymonuments on them were examples ofGreek culture. The writers might have listedthe Great Wall of China or Stonehenge but theyhadn’t visited them. Not all the Seven Wo time. Even nders exis if you lived ted at the have still n in ancient same eeded a tim times you e machine would to see all s even. by Eva Hugas
by Eva Hugas
Gizas three pyramids and the Sphinx were constructed in the fourth dynasty of Egypts OldKingdom, the first great civilization on earth.Today it is still a mystery how did the Egyptians achieve to construct these huge pyramids. ManyEgyptologists agree that they used ramps and ropes.Gizas pyramids are oriented to face the four cardinal directions: true north, south, east, and west.Their entrances are all on the north side, and the temples of the pyramids are on the east side The great pyramid of Giza by Eva Hugas
The hanging gardens of BabylonThe hanging gardens of Babylon were builtby king Nebuchadnezzar because his wifewas homesick. The land she came from wasgreen and mountainous, and she found the flatterrain of Mesopotamia depressing. The kingdecided to recreate her homeland by building anartificial mountain with rooftop gardens. by Eva Hugas
The statue of Zeus atOlympiaThe Greeks considered that the temple ofZeus needed a huge statue. Phidias, afamous sculptor of the time did the work. Heneeded 12 years to complete the project.The statue was 22 feet wide and more than40 feet tall.Zeus sat on a throne made of gold, ebony,ivory and inlaid with precious stones. Carvedinto the chair were figures of Greek gods andmystical animals, including the half man/halflion sphinx.In his right hand the statue held the figure ofNike (the goddess of victory) and in its leftwas a scepter which had an eagle at its top.Zeus’ skin was composed of ivory and thebeard, hair and robe of gold. by Eva Hugas
The Ephesus goddess Artemis, sometimes called Diana, is not the same figureworshiped in Greece. The Greek Artemis was the goddess of the hunt. The EphesusArtemis was a goddess of fertility. She was pictured with eggs , symbols of fertility. of ArtemisT empleQuick FactsLocation: Ephesus (Present day Turkey)Built: Around 323 BC Destroyed: 262 AD byGoths Size: Length 425 ft. (129m)Made of: Mostly marble
Quick Facts Location:Halicarnassus(Modern Turkey) Built: Around 350 B.C. Function:Tomb for the City King, Mausolus Destroyed: Damaged by earthquakes in 13th century A.D. . Final destruction by Crusaders in 1522 A.D. Size: 140 feet (43m) high. Made of: White MarbleIn 353 B.C. Mausolusdied. His wife Artemisia,who was also his sister,decided to build him themost splendid tomb in theknown world. by Eva Hugas Mausoleum at Halicarnassus
The Colossus of Rhodes The island of Rhodes was an important economic center in Ancient times. After a great war in the 3rd century BC, to celebrate their victory and freedom the people of Rhodes decided to built a giant statue of bronze of their patron god Helios. Its construction took 12 years. The actual Statue of the Liberty, a gift from France to America, is the echo of the original Colossus. by Eva Hugas
The story of the Pharos starts with the founding of the city of Alexandria by the Macedonian conqueror Alexander the Great in 332 B.C.. Alexander started at least 17 cities named Alexandria at different locations in his vast domain. Most of them disappeared, but Alexandria in Egypt continues even today. Alexander died soon after in 323 B.C. and the city was completed by Ptolemy Soter the new ruler of Egypt. Under Ptolemy the city became rich and prosperous. However, it needed both a symbol and a mechanism to guide the many trade ships into the busy harbour. Ptolemy authorized the building of the Pharos in 290 B.C., and when it was completed some twenty years later, it was the first lighthouse in the world and the tallest building in existence, with the exception of the Great Pyramid.The lighthouse of Alexandria by Eva Hugas
by Eva Hugas
by Eva Hugas
TAJ MAHALIt is a white marble mausuleum built by an Indian emperor in Agra to honour thememory of his wife. The construction began around 1632. by Eva Hugas
Chichén Itzá is possibly the most famous temple city ofthe Mayas, a civilization that lived in present day Central CHICHEN ITZAAmerica. It was the political and religious center of Mayacivilization during the period from A.D. 750 to 1200.At the citys heart lies the Temple of Kukulkan—whichrises to a height of 24 meter. Each of its four sides has91 steps—one step for each day of the year, with the365th day represented by the platform on the top. by Eva Hugas
Christ, the RedemeerIt is a statue of Jesus Christ in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. It is considered the largest ArtDeco statue in the world and the 5th largest statue of Jesus in the world. It is 39.6metres tall and 30 metres wide. It was constructed between 1922 and 1931. by Eva Hugas
THE COLOSSEUMThe Colosseum, or the Coliseum is an elliptical amphitheatre in the centre of the city ofRome, Italy and is the largest ever built in the Roman Empire. It is considered one of thegreatest works of Roman architecture and Roman engineering. It was used for gladiatorbattles and public spectacles and 50,000 people could sit there.Its construction started in 72 AD under the emperor Vespasian. by Eva Hugas
Machu Picchu is a 15th-century Inca site located 2,430 metres above sea level. It is located in the Cusco Region of Peru. Machu Picchu was built in the classical Inca style, with polished dry-stone walls. It has become an important tourist attraction. Most of the its buildings have been reconstructed .MACHU PICCHU by Eva Hugas
GREAT WALL OF CHINAConstructed between the fifth centuryB.C. and the 16th century to keep outinvading Mongol tribes, the Great Wallis the worlds longest human-madestructure (over 6,400 kilometers). by Eva Hugas
PETRA, JORDANPetra is famous for its many stone structures such as a 42-meter-tall temple carvedwith classical facades into rose-colored rock. The ancient city also included tunnels,water chambers, and an amphitheater, which held 4,000 people. by Eva Hugas
MoreWonders of the Past
Can you indentify these wonders?
StonehengeThe experts believeStonehenge was a likea cemetery whereancient Britons buriedthe dead andremembered theirancestors. h ow the new ly found village s es made around muchRecent discoveri nd alone but was part of athat Stone henge didn’t stabigger religious site. 0hzpqg .bbc.co .uk/cbbc/clips/p0 Stone age song: http://www sfor kids Enllaç pel moo dle: socialstudie /stone s.com/art icles/worldhistory http://www.so cialstudiesforkid tm hengemystery.h
Tutankhamun’s TreasuresIn 1922 the discovery of the intact tomb of Tutankhamun became probably the best known and most spectacular archaeological find anywhere in the world.The small tomb contained hundreds of objects, many richly decorated and covered in gold.
Easter Island StatuesWhy did the people of Easter Island make all these statues? Why did they clear lots of good farmland so they could drag the giant stones through it on the way to the sentinel positions? http://www.kidzworld.com/article/11395-easter-island#
or Wat 3D ANGKOR WAT ANIMATION An g k In the 13th century Greater Angkor was the most extensive urban complex in the preindustrial world. It was built as a spiritual home for the Hindu god Vishnu. Now is the most famous of all Cambodia’s temples.In 1860 a French naturalist, Alexander-Henri Mouhot visited theruins of Angkor.Publications of his drawings and journals began the rediscoveryof Angkor by the Western World.
The The Alhambra is aAlhambra monument with four different zones: the Palaces, the military zone or Alcazaba, the city or Medina, and the villa of the Generalife. It was created by different cultures: The Muslim, the Renaissance or the Romantic culture over more than six hundred years
Can you name other world wonders?In pairs think of another world wonder. Tell you teacher about it, look for information, make a multimedia presentation and explain your wonder to us!!