Wo nd e rs o f the A n c ie n t a n dM o d e r n W o r ld
•   What is a wonder?•   What wonders of the world do you know?•   What do you know about them?•   Have you visited any of...
The  Seven  nders  of theWo         orldAn cient W          The Seven Wonders of the Ancient            World are consider...
wT?          kno he AncientD id y ou      of the w                         Greeks                                  loved t...
by Eva Hugas
Gizas three pyramids and the Sphinx were constructed in the fourth dynasty of Egypts Old  Kingdom, the first great civiliz...
T h e h a n g in g g a r d e n s o f B a bT h e h a n g in g g a r d e n s o f B a b y lo nw e re            b u ilt      ...
Th e s ta tu e o f Z e u sa t Greeks m p i a that the temple ofThe     O l y consideredZeus needed a huge statue. Phidias,...
The Ephesus goddess Artemis, sometimes called Diana, is not the same figureworshiped in Greece. The Greek Artemis was the ...
Q u ic k F a c t s                                            L o c a t i o n : H alicarnassus(M oder                     ...
e C o lo s s u s o f R h o d e s     The island of Rhodes was an important economic center in Ancient times.     After a g...
The story of the Pharos starts with the founding                              of the city of Alexandria by the Macedonian ...
by Eva Hugas
by Eva Hugas
TAJ MAHALIt is a white marble mausuleum built by an Indian emperor in Agra to honour thememory of his wife. The constructi...
Chichén Itzá is possibly the most famous temple city ofthe Mayas, a civilization that lived in present day Central   C H I...
Christ, the RedemeerIt is a statue of Jesus Christ in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. It is considered the largest ArtDeco statue ...
TH E C O L O S S E U M The C o l o s s e u m , or the C o l i s e u m is an elliptical amphitheatre in the centre of the c...
M achu P icchu is a 15th-century Inca site located                       2,430 metres above sea level. It is located in th...
GREAT WALL OF CHINAConstructed between the fifth centuryB.C. and the 16th century to keep outinvading Mongol tribes, the G...
PETRA, JORDANPetra is famous for its many stone structures such as a 42-meter-tall temple carvedwith classical facades int...
The Official New 7 Wonders of the World have been elected bymore than 100 million votes to represent global heritagethroug...
w h ic h s t a n d s f o r : U N IT E DN A T IO N SE D U C A T IO N A L ,S C IE N T IF IC A N DC U L T U R A L O R G A N I...
In a dictionary, you will find “heritage” defined                  as something that has been inherited.               Ano...
Our cultural and natural heritage is fragile and has been  greatly threatened, particularly over the last hundred  years. ...
Hi story             Between the two World Wars, the League of Nations, the                predecessor of the United Natio...
To accommodate the monuments on the        island, rocks were blasted with explosives,        and the heavy blocks of the ...
INOLOGY     TERM                    Immo                           vable                                        herita    ...
YOUR PROJECT:     •Your country has decided to draw up a list of national     cultural and natural heritage sites. Your cl...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Wonders of the ancient and modern world4

528 views

Published on

Published in: Education, Technology
0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
528
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
49
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Wonders of the ancient and modern world4

  1. 1. Wo nd e rs o f the A n c ie n t a n dM o d e r n W o r ld
  2. 2. • What is a wonder?• What wonders of the world do you know?• What do you know about them?• Have you visited any of them?• In cooperative group make a list of your 7 wonders of the Modern World by Eva Hugas
  3. 3. The Seven nders of theWo orldAn cient W The Seven Wonders of the Ancient World are considered the greatest monuments of all time. Of the original seven the Great Pyramid of Giza is the only one of the group still standing today. by Eva Hugas
  4. 4. wT? kno he AncientD id y ou of the w Greeks loved to onderful make lis s world. A ts tructures t the tim different e there w in their lists ma ere a lot writers. de by di of fferent G reekSince the Greeks made the lists manymonuments on them were examples ofGreek culture. The writers might have listedthe Great W all of C hina or Stonehenge but theyhadn’t visited them. Not all the Seven Wo time. Even nders exis if you lived ted at the have still n in ancient same eeded a tim times you e machine would to see all s even. by Eva Hugas
  5. 5. by Eva Hugas
  6. 6. Gizas three pyramids and the Sphinx were constructed in the fourth dynasty of Egypts Old Kingdom, the first great civilization on earth. Today it is still a mystery how did the Egyptians achieve to construct these huge pyramids. Many Egyptologists agree that they used ramps and ropes. Gizas pyramids are oriented to face the four cardinal directions: true north, south, east, and west. Their entrances are all on the north side, and the temples of the pyramids are on the east sideh e g r e a t p y r a m id o f G iz a by Eva Hugas
  7. 7. T h e h a n g in g g a r d e n s o f B a bT h e h a n g in g g a r d e n s o f B a b y lo nw e re b u ilt by k in gNe buc ha dne zza r bec aus e h isw i f e w a s h o m e s i c k . The land she camefrom was green and mountainous, and she foundthe flat terrain of Mesopotamia depressing. Theking decided to recreate her homeland by buildingan artificial mountain with rooftop gardens. by Eva Hugas
  8. 8. Th e s ta tu e o f Z e u sa t Greeks m p i a that the temple ofThe O l y consideredZeus needed a huge statue. Phidias, afamous sculptor of the time did the work. Heneeded 12 years to complete the project.The statue was 22 feet wide and more than40 feet tall.Zeus sat on a throne made of gold, ebony,ivory and inlaid with precious stones. Carvedinto the chair were figures of Greek gods andmystical animals, including the half man/halflion sphinx.In his right hand the statue held the figure ofNike (the goddess of victory) and in its leftwas a scepter which had an eagle at its top.Zeus’ skin was composed of ivory and thebeard, hair and robe of gold. by Eva Hugas
  9. 9. The Ephesus goddess Artemis, sometimes called Diana, is not the same figureworshiped in Greece. The Greek Artemis was the goddess of the hunt. The EphesusArtemis was a goddess of fertility. She was pictured with eggs , symbols of fertility. of A rtemisT empleQuick FactsLocation: Ephesus (Present day Turkey)Built: Around 323 BC Destroyed: 262 AD byGoths Size: Length 425 ft. (129m)Made of: Mostly marble
  10. 10. Q u ic k F a c t s L o c a t i o n : H alicarnassus(M oder n T urkey) B u i l t : A round 350 B .C . F u n c t i o n : T omb for the C ity K ing, M ausolus D e s tr o ye d : D amaged by earthquakes in 13th century A .D . . F inal destruction by C rusaders in 1522 A .D . S i z e : 140 feet (43m) high. M a d e o f : W hite M arbleIn 353 B.C. Mausolusdied. His wife Artemisia,who was also his sister,decided to build him themost splendid tomb in theknown world. by Eva Hugas Mausoleum at Halicarnassus
  11. 11. e C o lo s s u s o f R h o d e s The island of Rhodes was an important economic center in Ancient times. After a great war in the 3rd century BC, to celebrate their victory and freedom the people of Rhodes decided to built a giant statue of bronze of their patron god Helios. Its construction took 12 years. The actual Statue of the Liberty, a gift from France to America, is the echo of the original Colossus. by Eva Hugas
  12. 12. The story of the Pharos starts with the founding of the city of Alexandria by the Macedonian conqueror Alexander the Great in 332 B.C.. Alexander started at least 17 cities named Alexandria at different locations in his vast domain. Most of them disappeared, but Alexandria in Egypt continues even today. Alexander died soon after in 323 B.C. and the city was completed by Ptolemy Soter the new ruler of Egypt. Under Ptolemy the city became rich and prosperous. However, it needed both a symbol and a mechanism to guide the many trade ships into the busy harbour. Ptolemy authorized the building of the Pharos in 290 B.C., and when it was completed some twenty years later, it was the first lighthouse in the world and the tallest building in existence, with the exception of the Great Pyramid.T h e lig h t h o u s e o f by Eva Hugas
  13. 13. by Eva Hugas
  14. 14. by Eva Hugas
  15. 15. TAJ MAHALIt is a white marble mausuleum built by an Indian emperor in Agra to honour thememory of his wife. The construction began around 1632. by Eva Hugas
  16. 16. Chichén Itzá is possibly the most famous temple city ofthe Mayas, a civilization that lived in present day Central C H IC H E N IT Z AAmerica. It was the political and religious center of Mayacivilization during the period from A.D. 750 to 1200.At the citys heart lies the Temple of Kukulkan—whichrises to a height of 24 meter. Each of its four sides has91 steps—one step for each day of the year, with the365th day represented by the platform on the top. by Eva Hugas
  17. 17. Christ, the RedemeerIt is a statue of Jesus Christ in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. It is considered the largest ArtDeco statue in the world and the 5th largest statue of Jesus in the world. It is 39.6metres tall and 30 metres wide. It was constructed between 1922 and 1931. by Eva Hugas
  18. 18. TH E C O L O S S E U M The C o l o s s e u m , or the C o l i s e u m is an elliptical amphitheatre in the centre of the city of Rome, Italy and is the largest ever built in the Roman Empire. It is considered one of the greatest works of Roman architecture and Roman engineering. It was used for gladiator battles and public spectacles and 50,000 people could sit there. Its construction started in 72 AD under the emperor Vespasian. by Eva Hugas
  19. 19. M achu P icchu is a 15th-century Inca site located 2,430 metres above sea level. It is located in the Cusco Region of Peru. Machu Picchu was built in the classical Inca style, with polished dry-stone walls. It has become an important tourist attraction. Most of the its buildings have been reconstructed .M A C H U P IC C H U by Eva Hugas
  20. 20. GREAT WALL OF CHINAConstructed between the fifth centuryB.C. and the 16th century to keep outinvading Mongol tribes, the Great Wallis the worlds longest human-madestructure (over 6,400 kilometers). by Eva Hugas
  21. 21. PETRA, JORDANPetra is famous for its many stone structures such as a 42-meter-tall temple carvedwith classical facades into rose-colored rock. The ancient city also included tunnels,water chambers, and an amphitheater, which held 4,000 people. by Eva Hugas
  22. 22. The Official New 7 Wonders of the World have been elected bymore than 100 million votes to represent global heritagethroughout history. The ceremony was held in Lisbon in 2007and Bernard Weber is the man who decided to start this orldinitiative. He said that it is a way to protect heritage. e w now n th u k n i yo at i o do niz e… rga itag nt o her rta ct po ot e n im to pr ’s a is ere ose .th r p But… e pu ??? w hos me?? na its by Eva Hugas
  23. 23. w h ic h s t a n d s f o r : U N IT E DN A T IO N SE D U C A T IO N A L ,S C IE N T IF IC A N DC U L T U R A L O R G A N IZ A T IO N by Eva HugasD o t h e m o o d le a c t iv it ie s t o le a r n
  24. 24. In a dictionary, you will find “heritage” defined as something that has been inherited. Another way of thinking about heritage is to focus on those places and objects we wish to keep safe. These are natural and cultural c al places or objects that we value because theyO ur lo come from our ancestors, are beautiful, or may be scientifically important and heri tage irreplaceable. They may be a source of inspiration for us. They may even help to form our identities. In many ways, our heritage reflects the lives of our ancestors and survives today only because of the special efforts we make to preserve it. Can you imagine your local area without heritage? by Eva Hugas
  25. 25. Our cultural and natural heritage is fragile and has been greatly threatened, particularly over the last hundred years. For example, during the First and Second World Wars, many old towns and villages in Europe were destroyed. Important cultural monuments were damaged or destroyed.What had happened to many ancient wonders?Can you think of recent examples of this destruction? Learn more by doing the exercises in our moodle site. by Eva Hugas
  26. 26. Hi story Between the two World Wars, the League of Nations, the predecessor of the United Nations began working on facts ways to protect our heritage. After the Second World War this work accelerated, the UNESCO was established in 1945. There were important international conventions. One of these specifically designed to protect cultural heritage in times of war. An example of an international campaign to save a monument: Abu Simbel •A b u S i m b e l t e m p l e s are two massive rock temples in Abu Simbel, Southern Egypt. •UNESCO WORLD HERITAGE SITE •Built by Ramses II in the 13th c BC as a monument to himself and his queen Nefertiti •The temple had to be relocated because of the building of the Aswan Dam by Eva Hugas
  27. 27. To accommodate the monuments on the island, rocks were blasted with explosives, and the heavy blocks of the dismantled temples were inserted in their place in the walls. The stone blocks each weighed between half a ton and 12 tons. About 40,000 blocks had to be moved. Each block was specially numbered to ensure correct placement in its new site.Dismantling and moving the monuments was the onlyway that these temples could be saved.Today, heritage conservationists around the worldconsider the physical relocation of cultural heritagemonuments to be undesirable except as an absolutelast resort, as was the case of Abu Simbel by Eva Hugas
  28. 28. INOLOGY TERM Immo vable herita geC u lt u r a l h e r it a N e t u r a l h e r it a g e g a Movable heritage by Eva Hugas
  29. 29. YOUR PROJECT: •Your country has decided to draw up a list of national cultural and natural heritage sites. Your class has been asked to prepare one or more nominations of local cultural and/or natural sites for this list. •In groups of 4 nominate different places of your surroundings (each person must complete at least two nominations) i s a n U N E S C O p r o j e c t t a k e n f r o m t h e b o o k Ou r P a c if ic P r o n Y o u n g Ha n d s a n d W o r l d He r it a g e in Y o u n g Ha n d sw n lo a d t h e b o o k f r o m t h e U N E S C O w e b s it e . by Eva Hugas

×