Tips for writing
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  • 2. What’s in writing? • Part 1 : 5 pairs of sentences linked by a theme or topic. The second sentence has a gap you must fill using up to 3 words. The second sentence must mean exactly the same as the first. 1 mark for each correct answer: 5 • Part 2: 1 short message such as an email or a note to a friend ( 35-45 words). You are told which 3 things to write about. Total number of marks: 5 • Part 3: 1 question from a chocie of a letter to a friend or a story ( approximately 100 words) Total number of marks: 15 ABOUT 40 MINUTES by Eva Hugas
  • 3. • In part 1 you are given marks for accuracy-you must write the correct answer. • In part 2 you are given marks for successfully communicating a message-you must cover all three points. • In part 3 you are given marks for: Range of grammar accuracy Range of vocabulary register Organisation of ideas spelling and punctuation by Eva Hugas
  • 4. Part 1: sentence transformation TIP! Make sure that the second sentence, once you have filled in the gaps, means the same as the first sentence. DO NOT WRITE MORE THAN 3 WORDS! If you do, you may lose marks. Examples: 1. The concert tickets were cheaper than Maria expected. The concert tickets were not as expensive as Maria expected. 2. Toby’s house is near the park. Toby’s house is not far from the park. NEAR= NOT FAR FROM 3. Our football coach told us to train harder. We were told to train harder by our football coach. OUR COACH TOLD US= WE WERE TOLD BY OUR COACH 1. It isn’t necessary to bring mobiles on the camping trip. You don’t need to bring mobiles on the camping trip. IT ISN’T NECESSARY= YOU DON’T NEED TO by Eva Hugas
  • 5. Part 1: sentence transformation Examples: 1. Alex had not been camping before. This was the first time Alex had been camping. 2. The pool is only a five-minute walk from Peter’s house. It takes Peter five minutes to walk to the pool. 3. Sara won a singing competition at the age of eight. Sara won a singing competition when she was eight years old. CONTRACTIONS COUNT AS TWO WORDS, APART FROM ‘CAN’T’ WHICH CAN BE WRITTEN AS ONE WORD ‘CANNOT’. by Eva Hugas
  • 6. Part 2: guided writing by Eva Hugas
  • 7. Some examples Make a suggestion: Why don’t we? Let’s… by Eva Hugas
  • 8. by Eva Hugas
  • 9. Give an explanation: I can’t because I have to… by Eva Hugas
  • 10. I can’t come because by Eva Hugas
  • 11. Make an apology: I’m really sorry but… by Eva Hugas
  • 12. Remind somebody: Don’t forget to…/ You must remember to… by Eva Hugas
  • 13. by Eva Hugas
  • 14. Invite somebody: Would you like to…? by Eva Hugas
  • 15. Fancy…? by Eva Hugas
  • 16. Make a recommendation: I think it’s a good idea to… I thing the best thing is to…
  • 17. by Eva Hugas
  • 18. An example A news sport centre has opened near your home and you would like to go there tomorrow. Write an email to your English friend Chris. In your email you should: • ask her to come to the sports centre with you • explain why you want to go there • suggest somewhere you can meet Write 35-45 words on your answer sheet. by Eva Hugas
  • 19. Writing: Part 3. Letter. TIP. Check your letter when you have finished, using a checklist like the one below. CHECKLIST Have you written about the topic indicated in the question? Have you made any mistales in spelling or grammar? Have you used a range of vocabulary? Have you written the right number of words? Have you written in paragraphs? Have you linked the points clearly? Have you started and ended your letter in a suitable way? Have you used language that is suitable for an informal letter?
  • 20. Layout • Put your address, but not your name, at the top right of the page. • Write the date under the address • Write your greeting on the left-hand side • Leave a line between paragraphs. • Write a short closing. • Don’t forget to sign your name at the bottom. by Eva Hugas
  • 21. Style Useful language Greeting: Dear… Closing: Love from…/Best wishes/ Write soon Thanking: Thanks for your letter. /It was good hearing from you. Apologizing: I’m sorry I haven’t written Asking: How are you? What are you doing? Replying: You asked about… Giving personal information: I’m fine/ I’m studying a lot… Sending wishes: I hope your family are well /Give a hug to your brother… by Eva Hugas
  • 22. address date Greeting question Thanking replying Informal and colloquial contraction Sending wishes and closing by Eva Hugas
  • 23. Writing Part 3: storyTIP! : You can make your story more interesting by using descriptive language such as adjectives and adverbs. Example: Your English teacher has asked you to write a story. This is the title for your story: A day out Read the example: the adjectives and adverbs in the story are highlighted. They help to make the story more interesting. by Eva Hugas
  • 24. REFERENCES University of Cambridge The Official Top Tip For Pet Informal letter: http://ies-santabrigida- by Eva Hugas