Relative clauses

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Relative clauses

  1. 1. RELATIVE CLAUSES
  2. 2. by Eva Hugas
  3. 3. To make a relative clause you need to use a relative pronoun. The RELATIVE PRONOUNS you use depends on the thing you‟re talking about. The most basic ones are these: FOR PEOPLE WHO/THAT FOR THINGS WHICH/THAT FOR PLACES WHERE FOR TIMES WHEN FOR REASONS WHY by Eva Hugas
  4. 4. Relative clauses are formed by joining two sentences. For example: by Eva Hugas
  5. 5. “Peter is the student”+ “He comes from Glasgow”: “Peter is the student WHO comes from Glasgow”. by Eva Hugas
  6. 6. by Eva Hugas “The books are on the table” + “They are mine”: “The books WHICH are on the table are mine”.
  7. 7. When we join 2 sentences with a Relative Pronoun, Adjective or Adverb, we have to suppress the noun/ pronoun/ possessive that the Relative replaces. “I‟ve just met Tom” + “Tom seems to be a nice guy”: “I‟ve just met Tom, WHO seems to be a nice guy” by Eva Hugas
  8. 8. Two types of relative clauses: a)Defining relative clauses. b) Non defining relative clauses. by Eva Hugas
  9. 9. Defining Relative Clauses by Eva Hugas
  10. 10. I spoke to the man WHO gave you the news. by Eva Hugas
  11. 11. The book WHICH you lent me is really good. by Eva Hugas
  12. 12. The place WHERE I live is very beautiful by Eva Hugas
  13. 13. The month WHEN I travelled to Lisbon was August by Eva Hugas
  14. 14. Non Defining Relative Clauses by Eva Hugas
  15. 15. Mark‟s sister, who‟s 35, goes swimming every day. by Eva Hugas
  16. 16. Barcelona, which is Catalonia‟s largest city, is situated in on the Mediterranean coast. by Eva Hugas
  17. 17. OTHER RELATIVE PRONOUNS WHOM • This is hardly used in spoken English and not often in written English. It sounds very formal to most people. • Use it only after prepositions. • There „s usually another less formal way to say this in English. For example: The woman to whom he was talking was his sister. The woman that he was talking to was his sister. by Eva Hugas
  18. 18. Whose • This is used to show possession. It means basically “of who(m)”. • It can always be used for people and animals. by Eva Hugas That dog whose bone you took is going to bite you.
  19. 19. by Eva Hugas
  20. 20. by Eva Hugas What I don‟t understand is why she married him
  21. 21. I don‟t know WHAT he is going to do next. by Eva Hugas
  22. 22. by Eva Hugas
  23. 23. by Eva Hugas
  24. 24. WHICH/WHAT most frightened me about the house were the noises I heard at night by Eva Hugas
  25. 25. WHAT most frightened me about the house were the noises I heard at night by Eva Hugas
  26. 26. I couldn‟t hear what/that they were saying by Eva Hugas
  27. 27. I couldn‟t hear what they were saying by Eva Hugas
  28. 28. Here‟s the computer program whom/whose/that I told you. by Eva Hugas
  29. 29. Here‟s the computer program that I told you about. by Eva Hugas
  30. 30. Peter comes from Witney, that/who/which is near Oxford. by Eva Hugas
  31. 31. Peter comes from Witney, that/who/which is near Oxford. by Eva Hugas

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