Making comparisons
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Making comparisons

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Making comparisons Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Making comparisons
  • 2. Remember! Comparatives with –ER One-syllable adjectives and two-syllable adjectives ending in –y( with – y changing to i) Small, smaller early, earlier late,later Comparatives with MORE Other two-syllable adjectives, and adjectives of more than two syllables, use MORE or LESS More/less modern More/less interesting Comparatives with –ER or MORE A small group of two-syllable adjectives have both forms. Examples are: CLEVER, COMMON, NARROW, POLITE, QUIET, SIMPLE, TIRED Irregular comparatives Good/better bad/worse far, farther/further IMPORTANT!: OLD has a regular form OLDER, and an irregular form ELDER that is used as an adjective. This is my ELDER sister by Eva Hugas
  • 3. SUPERLATIVES follow similar rules to comparatives. One-syllable adjectives use (THE) -EST and longer adjectives use (THE) MOST. Small, smaller, the smallest early, earlier, the earliest Irregular forms Good, the best bad, the worst Adverbs follow the same rules as adjectives. One syllable: fast, faster, the fastest Two syllables ending in -y: early, earlier, the earliest Two or more syllables: efficiently, more/less efficiently, the most/least efficiently MORE-THE MOST LESS-THE LEAST by Eva Hugas
  • 4. The adverbs WELL and BADLY are irregular: Well, better, the best bad, worse, the worst The simplest kind of comparison used THAN. You look younger than your brother. Comparatives can be repeated to suggest continuing change. This lesson seens to be getting longer and longer. Jim started feeling more and more tired. Comparatives can be made stronger or weaker by using these words: STRONGER: MUCH FAR A LOT WEAKER: A BIT A LITTLE There is a very common construction that repeats the word THE. The faster you drive, the more petrol you use. by Eva Hugas
  • 5. Expressions with BEST Sorry, but this is THE BEST I can do. I tried my BEST. by Eva Hugas
  • 6. Comparative clauses With not as/so….as Being a nurse is not as interesting as being a doctor. Being a student is not/so hard as being a teacher. With (just) as…as Living in the country is (just) as expensive as living in London With such ….as I’ve never been to such a good party as that one. by Eva Hugas
  • 7. by Eva Hugas
  • 8. When we compare actions we can use an auxiliary at the end of the sentence. I can swim a lot better THAN Jack OR I can swim a lot better than Jack CAN You paid more for your car than me OR You paid more for your can than I DID. by Eva Hugas
  • 9. Practice Put one suitable word in each space: a) My brother is two years older than me b) The train takes just ____________long as the bus. c) Do you think you can make a ____________less noise? d) These exercises seem to be getting harder and ____________ e) Jean doesn’t need as much help as Harry _____________ f) David din’t enjoy the music as much as I _______________ by Eva Hugas
  • 10. Practice Put one suitable word in each space: a) My brother is two years older than me b) The train takes just as long as the bus. c) Do you think you can make a bit less noise? d) These exercises seem to be getting harder and harder e) Jean doesn’t need as much help as Harry does f) David din’t enjoy the music as much as I did by Eva Hugas
  • 11. Rewrite each sentence beginning as shown. Do not change the meaning. a) Jill can rus faster than Peter. Peter can’t run as fast as Jill ( can’t) b) I didn’t arrive as early as I expected. I arrived _______________________________________________________ c) You are working too slowly. You’ll have to _______________________________________________________ d) I have a brother who is older than me. I have an ________________________________________________________ e) Martin thought the second part of the film was more interesting. Marting didn’t think the first _________________________________________________________ f) There aren’t any trains earlier than this one. This is _________________________________________________________ g) Is this the best price you can offer? Can’t you _________________________________________________________by Eva Hugas
  • 12. Rewrite each sentence beginning as shown. Do not change the meaning. a) Jill can rus faster than Peter. Peter can’t run as fast as Jill ( can’t) b) I didn’t arrive as early as I expected. I arrived later than I expected c) You are working too slowly. You’ll have to work faster/harder d) I have a brother who is older than me. I have an elder/older brother. e) Martin thought the second part of the film was more interesting. Marting didn’t think the first part of the film was as interesting f) There aren’t any trains earlier than this one. This is the earliest train. g) Is this the best price you can offer? Can’t you offer a better price? by Eva Hugas