CONNECTORS OF CONTRAST (to show opposing information) + NOUN PHRASEIN SPITE OF ( tot i …) IN SPITE OF the calories I love burgers NOUN PHRASEDESPITE (tot i…) DESPITE the calories I love burgers NOUN PHRASE + SUBORDINATE CLAUSEALTHOUGH (tot i que…) •ALTHOUGH burgers contain a lot of fat, they’re delicious SUBORDINATE CLAUSE MAIN CLAUSEEVEN IF (fins i tot si…) •EVEN IF we study hard, we won’t pass the exam SUBORDINATE CLAUSE MAIN CLAUSEWHILE (mentres ) • WHILE I was running, it was rainning SUBORDINATE CLAUSE MAIN CLAUSE + SENTENCE ( note the comma)HOWEVER, ( tot i això…) Burgers are tasty. HOWEVER, they contain a lot of fatON THE CONTRARY, ( al SENTENCEcontrari) I know fast food is not healthy. ON THE CONTRARY, it mayBUT, ( però) cause serious health problems.ON ONE HAND ( per una SENTENCEbanda)/ON THE OTHER ON ONE HAND I found the speech interesting, ON THE OTHERHAND ( per altra banda) HAND I didn’t agree with it.
CONNECTORS OF CAUSE AND REASON +NOUN PHRASEBECAUSE OF ( degut a…) He lost the game BECAUSE OF his illness NOUN PHRASETHANKS TO ( gràcies a…) She passed the exam THANKS TO MartaAS A RESULT OF ( com a He expects to lose 15 kilos AS A RESULT OF the dietconseqüència de…) NOUN PHRASE + SUBORDINATE CLAUSEBECAUSE ( perquè) He went on a diet BECAUSE he had serious problems MAIN CLAUSE CONNECTOR SUBORDINATE CLAUSESINCE Ja que…. SINCE/AS/SEEING THAT he had serious health problems,AS CONNECTORS SUBORDINATE CLAUSESEEING THAT he went on a diet MAIN CLAUSE
CONNECTORS OF ADDITION: to add information or points on a topicIN ADDITION TO (a més de) IN ADDITION TO obesity, fast food causes serious health problemsBESIDES (a més de) BESIDES obesity, fast food causes serious health problemsAPART FROM (a part de) APART FROM obesity, fast food causes serious health problems (these are conjuntions within sentence)AND (i) I like cheese AND vegetablesALSO (també) Fast food causes obesity. It may ALSO cause healthWe use it in front of the verb. problems.TOO ( també) Fast food causes obesity AND it may cause healthWe use it at the end of the problems TOO.sentence.
CONNECTORS OF RESULT + SENTENCESO ( per tant) They were late, SO they missed the trainAS A CONSEQUENCE ( com a The flood destroyed the village. AS A CONSEQUENCEconseqüència) a lot of people lost their homes.FOR THIS REASON ( per The exam was very difficult. FOR THIS REASON manyaquest motiu) people failed the exam.
Some practice…1. But or so ?. The film was very long …….. it was interesting …….. we got home late.. The restaurant is very expensive ……the food is terrible …….only rich people can go there. They didn’t have any money ……..they wanted to go to a hotel ……...they couldn’t go to a hotel
Some practice…1. But or so ?. The film was very long but it was interesting so we got home late.. The restaurant is very expensive but the food is terrible so only rich people can go there. They didn’t have any money but they wanted to go to a hotel so they couldn’t go to a hotel
Fill in the blanks with a suitable contrast connectorHowever, in spite of, despite, on the other hand, although2. Maria didn’t get a promotion ______________ her qualifications.3. On the one hand you could rent a flat instead of buying one.______________________ you have to pay money each month and the flat isn’t yours.4. _______________Albert was advised on the risks, he decided to travel alone to South America.5. The city has a 50 km speed limit. ______________people are often caught speeding.6. He always looks so lonely and sad ______________ his popularity.
Fill in the blanks with a suitable contrast connector However, in spite of, despite, on the other hand, although• Maria didn’t get a promotion despite/in spite of her qualifications.• On the one hand you could rent a flat instead of buying one. On the other hand you have to pay money each month and the flat isn’t yours.• Altough Albert was advised on the risks, he decided to travel alone to South America.• The city has a 50 km speed limit. However people are often caught speeding.• He always looks so lonely and sad in spite of/despite his popularity.
JOIN EACH PAIR OF SENTENCES• BE CAREFUL WHERE YOU PUT THE WORDS IN BRACKETS ( ALTHOUGH, IN SPITE OF, DESPITE)3. Dave smokes. He seems to be in good health ( although)4. Max didn’t notice theasign. It was right in front ofmoney. even though) Joe is millionaire .He hates spending him (5. Kate never learnt Spanish. She lived in Spain for many years ( although) ( despite
JOIN EACH PAIR OF SENTENCES• BE CAREFUL WHERE YOU PUT THE WORDS IN BRACKETS ( ALTHOUGH, IN SPITE OF, DESPITE)• Although Dave smokes. He seems to be in good health• Max didn’t notice the sign even though It was right in front of him• Kate never learnt Spanish although She lived in Spain for many years by Eva Hugas