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Conjunctions
and
Connectives
You can use conjunctions to join 2
sentences or 2 parts of a sentence. They
help you to show the
relationship/connection b...
Some basic conjunctions:
after although and because
But
When
before If Or
So
by Eva Hugas
Connecting words
If you want to make connections between
words and phrases, you can use other
connecting words such as:
AL...
DO YOU
REMEMBER??
by Eva Hugas
CONNECTORS OF CONTRAST (to show opposing information)
IN SPITE OF ( tot i …)
DESPITE (tot i…)
+ NOUN PHRASE
IN SPITE OF th...
CONNECTORS OF CAUSE AND REASON
BECAUSE OF ( degut a…)
THANKS TO ( gràcies a…)
AS A RESULT OF ( com a
conseqüència de…)
+NO...
CONNECTORS OF ADDITION: to add information or
points on a topic
IN ADDITION TO (a més de)
BESIDES (a més de)
APART FROM (a...
CONNECTORS OF RESULT
SO ( per tant)
AS A CONSEQUENCE ( com a
conseqüència)
FOR THIS REASON ( per
aquest motiu)
+ SENTENCE
...
SOME PRACTICE:
Choose the right word to complete the
sentence:
1. I stayed at home and / after/ or watched television
2. I...
SOME PRACTICE:
Choose the right word to complete the
sentence:
1. I stayed at home and / after/ or watched television
2. I...
Copy this text in your notebook. Fill in the
gaps with also, as well, even, like, only,
than, too. Use each only once.
I r...
Copy this text in your notebook. Fill in the
gaps with also, as well, even, like, only,
than, too. Use each only once.
I r...
Rewrite each of the following sentences so that it
means the same as the sentence before it. Use the right
conjunction.
1....
Rewrite each of the following sentences so that it
means the same as the sentence before it. Use the right
conjunction.
1....
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Conjunctions and connectives

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Transcript of "Conjunctions and connectives"

  1. 1. Conjunctions and Connectives
  2. 2. You can use conjunctions to join 2 sentences or 2 parts of a sentence. They help you to show the relationship/connection between the two parts of a sentence. by Eva Hugas
  3. 3. Some basic conjunctions: after although and because But When before If Or So by Eva Hugas
  4. 4. Connecting words If you want to make connections between words and phrases, you can use other connecting words such as: ALSO EVEN ONLY AS WELL LIKE THAN TOO by Eva Hugas
  5. 5. DO YOU REMEMBER?? by Eva Hugas
  6. 6. CONNECTORS OF CONTRAST (to show opposing information) IN SPITE OF ( tot i …) DESPITE (tot i…) + NOUN PHRASE IN SPITE OF the calories I love burgers NOUN PHRASE DESPITE the calories I love burgers NOUN PHRASE ALTHOUGH (tot i que…) EVEN IF (fins i tot si…) WHILE (mentres ) + SUBORDINATE CLAUSE •ALTHOUGH burgers contain a lot of fat, they’re delicious SUBORDINATE CLAUSE MAIN CLAUSE •EVEN IF we study hard, we won’t pass the exam SUBORDINATE CLAUSE MAIN CLAUSE • WHILE I was running, it was rainning SUBORDINATE CLAUSE MAIN CLAUSE HOWEVER, ( tot i això…) ON THE CONTRARY, ( al contrari) BUT, ( però) ON ONE HAND ( per una banda)/ON THE OTHER HAND ( per altra banda) + SENTENCE ( note the comma) Burgers are tasty. HOWEVER, they contain a lot of fat SENTENCE I know fast food is not healthy. ON THE CONTRARY, it may cause serious health problems. SENTENCE ON ONE HAND I found the speech interesting, ON THE OTHER HAND I didn’t agree with it.
  7. 7. CONNECTORS OF CAUSE AND REASON BECAUSE OF ( degut a…) THANKS TO ( gràcies a…) AS A RESULT OF ( com a conseqüència de…) +NOUN PHRASE He lost the game BECAUSE OF his illness NOUN PHRASE She passed the exam THANKS TO Marta He expects to lose 15 kilos AS A RESULT OF the diet NOUN PHRASE BECAUSE ( perquè) SINCE Ja que…. AS SEEING THAT + SUBORDINATE CLAUSE He went on a diet BECAUSE he had serious problems MAIN CLAUSE CONNECTOR SUBORDINATE CLAUSE SINCE/AS/SEEING THAT he had serious health problems, CONNECTORS SUBORDINATE CLAUSE he went on a diet MAIN CLAUSE
  8. 8. CONNECTORS OF ADDITION: to add information or points on a topic IN ADDITION TO (a més de) BESIDES (a més de) APART FROM (a part de) IN ADDITION TO obesity, fast food causes serious health problems BESIDES obesity, fast food causes serious health problems APART FROM obesity, fast food causes serious health problems AND (i) ALSO (també) We use it in front of the verb. TOO ( també) We use it at the end of the sentence. (these are conjuntions within sentence) I like cheese AND vegetables Fast food causes obesity. It may ALSO cause health problems. Fast food causes obesity AND it may cause health problems TOO.
  9. 9. CONNECTORS OF RESULT SO ( per tant) AS A CONSEQUENCE ( com a conseqüència) FOR THIS REASON ( per aquest motiu) + SENTENCE They were late, SO they missed the train The flood destroyed the village. AS A CONSEQUENCE a lot of people lost their homes. The exam was very difficult. FOR THIS REASON many people failed the exam.
  10. 10. SOME PRACTICE: Choose the right word to complete the sentence: 1. I stayed at home and / after/ or watched television 2. I usually drive to work so/ but/ and I went by bus this morning. 3. Do you want to go out because / or/ if are you tired? 4. We love films so / because/ although we often go to the cinema. 5. She sleeps even/ also/ only four hours every night. 6. I like Italian restaurants and my husband loves them as well/ even/ only 7. I went to bed early although/ because/ so I was tired. by Eva Hugas
  11. 11. SOME PRACTICE: Choose the right word to complete the sentence: 1. I stayed at home and / after/ or watched television 2. I usually drive to work so/ but/ and I went by bus this morning. 3. Do you want to go out because / or/ if are you tired? 4. We love films so / because/ although we often go to the cinema. 5. She sleeps even/ also/ only four hours every night. 6. I like Italian restaurants and my husband loves them as well/ even/ only 7. I went to bed early although/ because/ so I was tired. by Eva Hugas
  12. 12. Copy this text in your notebook. Fill in the gaps with also, as well, even, like, only, than, too. Use each only once. I really enjoy cooking and my husband likes cooking _____________ . All my family like cooking. _____________my ten-year-old son cooks dinner once a week. He cooks____________ a real chef! ___________ my daughter doesn’t like cooking at all. They say that I cook better ___________ my mother. I ____________like to make my own bread and my own wine ___________! by Eva Hugas
  13. 13. Copy this text in your notebook. Fill in the gaps with also, as well, even, like, only, than, too. Use each only once. I really enjoy cooking and my husband likes cooking too/as well . All my family like cooking. Even my ten-year-old son cooks dinner once a week. He cooks like a real chef! Only my daughter doesn’t like cooking at all. They say that I cook better than my mother. I also like to make my own bread and my own wine too/ as well! by Eva Hugas
  14. 14. Rewrite each of the following sentences so that it means the same as the sentence before it. Use the right conjunction. 1. I didn’t know many people in the party but I had a very good time. I had a very good time at the party _____________________________ many people. 2. She had studied very hard and she passed her exams. She passed her exams ________________________________ very hard. 3. Listen carefully or you won’t know what to do. You won’t know what to do ______________________________listen carefully. 4. We live in the same street. We hardly ever see each other. We hardly ever see each other ______________________________in the same street. 5. He worked in a bookshop for two years. Then he went to university. He decided to go to university ____________________________in a bookshop for two years.. by Eva Hugas
  15. 15. Rewrite each of the following sentences so that it means the same as the sentence before it. Use the right conjunction. 1. I didn’t know many people in the party but I had a very good time. I had a very good time at the party although I didn’t know many people. 2. She had studied very hard and she passed her exams. She passed her exams because she had studied very hard. 3. Listen carefully or you won’t know what to do. You won’t know what to do if you don’t listen carefully. 4. We live in the same street. We hardly ever see each other. We hardly ever see each other although we live in the same street. 5. He worked in a bookshop for two years. Then he went to university. He decided to go to university after he had worked/working in a bookshop for two years.. by Eva Hugas
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