BHP Billiton vs. Rio Tinto


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Presentation for Financial Analysis 2012 at UEBS. Presentation Edited by EB Holmes.
Contributors: EB Holmes, R. Dahler, N. Naskidashvili, J. Guo.

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  • Nika“We will begin with our recommendation for the stock, and provide an overview of BHP-Billiton. Next we will discuss BHP’s strategy in comparison to its nearest rival: Rio Tinto.We will discuss the strategic and financial risks and provide a ratio and four slices financial analysis. We will conclude with our calculation of BHP’s valuation using
  • Nika“Figures shown above and throughout the presentation are in US Dollars”“stock traded on: NYSE, LSE London Stock Exchange, ASX Australian Stock Exchange, JSE Johannesburg Stock Exchange.”
  • NikaThe two entities exist as separate companies, but operate as a combined company known as BHP Billiton.The group has a global presence with more than 100 mining sites in 25 countries.
  • Jin Liang
  • CEO took over in 2007Yin
  • DiversificationIndustrialization and UrbanizationCommodity Price Dependent
  • Check Al prices or other reasons for poor performance
  • Capital Management: share buybacks?Nov 15th 2010, reactivate $4.2 of 13 B buyback programme
  • EricLow debt levels. Why? Because they are effectively funding from CFO. Equity.Board said no to the 2008 Rio Tinto deal,2010 Potash Corp Bid failureAnti Trust issues?Government networking requires involvement
  • Iron in Pilbara, Australia- Transported by rail to Cape LambertBrownfield meaning?Better map with all resourcesMadagascar Mining: Heavy mineral sands: ilmenite and zircon, TIO2 (pigment)
  • Tom Albanese volunteered to forgo his bonus due to the 8.9B Aluminum asset write down which led to 2011’s low net profit figure.2 Directors not standing for re-election1 Yves Fortier2 Sir Rod Eddington
  • Coking Coal is the largest market share growth area.Iron and Copper are Rio’s top profit producers.
  • Commodity Index is highly correlated with the Mining Index.Largest Market Share Growth for Rio Tinto is in Coking Coal, used for steel production. This is primarily driven by demand for steel in developing countries such as China.
  • Like BHP, Iron is the largest proportion of profits.
  • Profit grows when revenue increases – better picture than Rio
  • Revenue and Pre-tax Profit
  • Translational exposure of non-functional currency monetary items and transactional exposure of non-functional currency expenditure and revenues
  • Where is the cash going?
  • Discuss low return on CUVI numbers – focus on acquiring mines, not necessarily investing in intangibles; revenue driven from iron ore and petroleum…. 2009 was actually iron ore and metallurgical coal.FA/WC funded by equity  relatively untraditional in this market. Typically metal and mining companies borrow to fund WC/corp growth. Steady cash flows have mainly been used to finance growth with some cash going back to the shareholders.GOV  Increasing due to BHP’s strong financial health. Loans  Modest debt numbers leave room for further development projects, alliances or acquisitionsNVP increase due to increased provisions related to the closure and rehabilitation of mines. Other smaller balances within the provisions section are related to employee benefits, restructuring (business termination)
  • CUVI is growing faster than GOV – Market grew due to favorable commodity prices and increased demand from China. Due to BHP’s ability to get into favorable partnerships and alliances, the expectations for Chinese demand of natural resources to continue growing and that BHP has invested a majority of its cash to finance growth (billions have been invested in expansion projects and the development pipeline looks strong), we expect the market price to continue increasing and one should buy now to take advantage of future growth.
  • Strong development project prospects leading to large capital investment plan in 2012.
  • Source:
  • Look at share price is the same?
  • Look at share price is the same?
  • Look at share price is the same?
  • Look at share price is the same?
  • BHP Billiton vs. Rio Tinto

    1. 1. BHP BillitonFinancial Analysis as of March 14th 2012
    2. 2. Agenda1) Recommendation2) Overview3) Strategy4) Risks5) Financial Analysis – Ratios6) Financial Analysis – Four Slices7) Valuation
    3. 3. Recommendation• Buy!• 2011 Group Market Cap: US $234B• Group Segment DCF Valuation: US $236B• CUVI: US $2.9B• GOV: US $174B
    4. 4. Overview• BHP Billiton comprises two entities: • BHP Billiton Limited • BHP Billiton Plc.• 100 mining sites in 25 countries.• Headquartered in Melbourne, Australia• Employs over 100,000 people including contractors.• 10 Operating Segments: • Iron ore, Petroleum, Uranium, Aluminum • metallurgical and energy coal • base metals, nickel, manganese • diamonds and specialty products
    5. 5. BHP Billiton Overview
    6. 6. Key Dates• 2001 Australian Broken Hill Proprietary (BHP) merges with the UK’s Billiton. Billiton CEO becomes Group CEO, but resigns 6 months later• 2003 The company begins a $5 billion investment in oil extraction• 2005 R&D Alliance with Chinese Academy of Science (CAS)• 2008 BHP Billiton attempts to buy Rio Tinto. Board Rejects• 2009 BHP and Rio Tinto form 50:50 Joint Venture in Australia (Iron Ore)• 2011 Acquisition of Chesapeake Energy Corporation’s USA shale gas assets
    7. 7. Mining and Extraction Industry Observations• Sensitive to Commodity prices• Sensitive to taxation such as Australian MRRT: Minerals Resource Rent Tax (From July 2012) and Carbon pricing• Capital Expenditure High  Consolidation• Technology Increasing Extraction Potential• Equipment Procurement lead time increasing• Large Scale Transportation Required
    8. 8. Strategy
    9. 9. People• Group CEO Marius Kloppers• Employees: 100,000 Including Contractors• 2010: Net Profit per employee: $130,000
    10. 10. Elements of BHP’s Strategy• Unprecedented Demand growth due to Industrialization and Urbanization of Developing World• Geographic and Industry Diversification• Largest source of Profits from Iron Ore and Petroleum
    11. 11. Elements of BHP’s Strategy• Heavily investment in Iron Ore and LNG production.• Gained technical expertise in oil drilling from recent Acquisition of Petrohawk ($12.1 B Cash)• Similar Drilling Procedure for gas and oil. Drill for gas near oil deposits – Win-Win
    12. 12. Geographic & Industry Diversification Source: BHP Investor Presentation, Feb. 2012
    13. 13. EBIT, EBIT Margin Source: BHP Investor Presentation, Feb. 2012
    14. 14. Sources and Uses of Cash Source: BHP Investor Presentation, Feb. 2012
    15. 15. Risk Analysis: SWOT• Strengths – Balance Sheet and Cash Position – Centralized Marketing Engine• Weaknesses – High Copper Extraction Costs – Low Margin on Aluminum• Opportunities – Demand growth due to Urbanization and industrialization, especially in China• Threats – Financial Instability in Euro Zone, Price Volatility – Lack of Board-CEO collaboration – Anti-trust legislation, Carbon Taxation – Reputational Risk (Dirty Business) – Inclement Weather linked to Climate Change
    16. 16. Competitor Analysis: Rio Tinto
    17. 17. Source: Rio Tinto Investor Presentation, Sep. 2011
    18. 18. Copper Extraction Cost Advantage Source: Rio Tinto Investor Presentation, Sep. 2011
    19. 19. Rio Tinto’s People• Chairman Jan du Plessis• Group CEO Tom Albanese: No Bonus this year• Group CFO Guy Elliot• Copper CEO Andrew Harding• Energy CEO Doug Ritchie• Employees: Fewer than BHP Billiton (77,000)• 2010 Net Profit per Employee: $185,000
    20. 20. Elements of Rio Tinto’s Strategy• Geographic and Industry Diversification• Largest Market Share Growth: Coking Coal• Copper is second profit source after Iron Ore• Striving for lowest cost base for Aluminum• 2011 Net Profit reduced by Aluminum Asset Impairment (US $9 Billion)
    21. 21. Rio Tinto’s Market Share Source: Rio Tinto Investor Presentation, Sep. 2011
    22. 22. Source: Rio Tinto Investor Presentation, Sep. 2011
    23. 23. Financial Analysis
    24. 24. Rio TintoUnits: Millions USD$70,000$60,000$50,000$40,000$30,000 Revenue Pre-tax profit$20,000$10,000 $0 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
    25. 25. BHP BillitonUnits: Millions USD$80,000$70,000$60,000$50,000$40,000 Revenue$30,000 Pre-tax profit$20,000$10,000 $0 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
    26. 26. Segment Performance
    27. 27. Commodity Price Risk• High for input costs• Relatively low for outputs• Geographical Diversification mitigates this
    28. 28. Exchange Risk• 2011 Year on Year Change: $0.22, 3% of profit• Transactional exposure of non-functional currency expenditure and revenues - Not disclosed (unknowns!) Source: BHP 2011 AR
    29. 29. Liquidity risk• US$14.2 billion due next year• Cash and cash equivalents US$10 billion, unused facility US$4.06 billion. BHP has enough money to pay without taking into account other assets (receivables etc.).
    30. 30. • Credit Risk Managed by maintaining procedures converting the application for credit approvals, granting and renewal of counterparty limits and daily monitoring of exposures against these limits.• No significant concentration.• Balance of allowance account for impairment - 2% of gross amount• Past-due but not impaired receivables - 6% of gross amount- most less than 30 days• But other information such as counterparties ratings and geographical analysis not disclosed (unknowns!).
    31. 31. Business Segment Analysis
    32. 32. Discounted Cash Flow Valuation Based on segments• Free cash flow= EBIT * (1-tax rate) + D&A – changes in working capital – capital expenditure• We have disclosure of segment D&A and capital expenditure but not changes in working capital• Assumptions: Group changes in working capital weighted by segment assets• Discount rate (WACC): 11%• Conservative assumptions: 0% growth rate for the next five years and 2% for terminal value)• Valuation: US $236 Billion
    33. 33. PP&E Investment
    34. 34. Four Slices Summary
    35. 35. Four Slices Valuation – Buy! 100.00% 90.00% 80.00% 70.00% 60.00% 50.00% CUVI 40.00% GOV 30.00% 20.00% 10.00% 0.00% 2010 2011
    36. 36. Thank You
    37. 37. Appendix Section Selected Strategic Data
    38. 38. BHP Market Capitalization Source: BHP Investor Presentation, Feb. 2012
    39. 39. Source: BHP Investor Presentation, Feb. 2012
    40. 40. Source: Rio Tinto Investor Presentation, Sep. 2011
    41. 41. Source: Rio Tinto Investor Presentation, Sep. 2011
    42. 42. Btoe= Billion Ton of Oil Equivalent, Mtoe=Million Ton of Oil Equivalent Source: Rio Tinto Investor Presentation, Sep. 2011
    43. 43. Rio Tinto’s Global Operations
    44. 44. Source: Rio Tinto Investor Presentation, Sep. 2011
    45. 45. Source: Rio Tinto Investor Website (2012)
    46. 46. Source: Rio Tinto Investor Presentation, Sep. 2011
    47. 47. Appendix Section Selected Financial Data
    48. 48. Non-current Assets by Location
    49. 49. 2011 Summary Calculation
    50. 50. 2010 Summary Calculation
    51. 51. 2009 Summary Calculation
    52. 52. CUVI Calculation
    53. 53. GOV Calculation
    54. 54. References1. ^ "BHP chief in shock resignation". CNN. 5 January 2003. ex.html. Retrieved 13 July 2007.2. Financial Risk Section3. forces 2009 Western Australia Iron Ore 50:50 Joint Venture