Former federal employees, staffers, & representatives become lobbyists, & in turn lobbyists become employees, staffers, & even representatives
Lawmakers-turned-lobbyists used privileges for access to “members only” areas of House & Senate, including the floors & House gym
Often use revolving door privileges to award their firm or employer special contracts & legislation
Today, former government officials must wait an arbitrary amount of time before using the “revolving door,” although this rule usually does not apply to high-level officials (ie Dick Cheney, Karl Rove)
Connected PACs – Majority of PACs, formed by corporations, unions, etc. Can only receive money from “restricted class.”
Non-connected PACs – Fastest growing of PACs, include single-issue & ideological groups. Can receive money from from any individual, PAC, or organization.
Leadership PACs – Created by member of Congress to support other candidates. Classified as non-connected PACs. Cannot directly support campaigns, but can cover administrative costs like travel, consultants, polling, etc.
Super PACs – Spawned from Citizens United , aka “independent expenditure committees.” Can raise unlimited funds from any individual, corporation, or union. Cannot coordinate with parties or campaigns and must disclose names of donors.