What Kids ShouldLearn http://www.bie.org/research/21st_century_skills
7 Cs + 3Rs Content Understanding Critical Thinking Cross Cultural Understanding Collaboration Communication Computing Skills Career and Civic Learning and Self-Reliance
Partnership for 21st Century Skills Must be defined with Essential/Driving Questions! http://www.p21.org/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=254&Itemid=120
21st Century Skills (Engage) Basic, Scientific and Technological Literacy Visual and Information Literacy Cultural Literacy and Global Awareness Inventive Thinking: Digital Age Literacy: Adaptability and Managing Complexity Curiosity, Creativity and Risk Taking Higher Order Thinking and Sound Reasoning Effective Communication: High Productivity: Teaming, Collaboration and Interpersonal Skills Personal and Social Responsibility Interactive Communication Prioritising, Planning and Managing Results Effective Use of Real World Tools High Quality, Meaningful Results
Skill Inventory What skills do your students need more practice with? Which 1-2 skills do you teach well and how do you do that? Individual Writing- Everyone contribute to the google doc- (we’ll do it anonymously but in PBL, I’d have kids logged in) http://goo.gl/o6Bbe
Consider Dispositions and Habits Perkins Learning Dispositions for Good Thinking The Disposition to be curious and questioning The Disposition to think broadly and adventurously The Disposition to reason clearly and carefully The Disposition to organize one’s thinking The Disposition to give time to thinking From The Thinking Classroom-Learning and Teaching in a Culture of Thinking, Perkins, Tishman, Jay
Habits of Mind 3P Grading Grading for Product Grading for Process (Habits of Mind) Grading for Progress (Skills Development) How do you assess these?
Seven BIG Learning Messages Intelligence is not fixed Effort (Motivation) is as important as ability Learning is strongly influenced by emotion We all learn in different ways Deep learning is an active process Learning is messy Learning is Social Photo Credit: Stockphoto/VasiliyYakobchuk)
Chapter 2: How the Brain Processes Information What strikes you as consistent or inconsistent with the way we teach skills and content now?” What might this have to do with PBL? Recorder contributes thoughts on EtherPad http://ietherpad.com/XmxidQ6b8y
29 Teachers and students must recognize and accept their roles in project-based learning.
30 Teachers and students must be comfortable with the physical messiness of project-based learning.
31 Teachers and students must have a tolerance for ambiguity in project-based learning.
32 Project-based learning must be integrated with the reality outside a teacher’s classroom.
Successful Inquiry Involve students in initial planning Sharing learning goals Negotiating success criteria Planning questions which further learning Using strategies which maximise student thinking and articulation
Importance of Assessment To find out what the students know (knowledge) To find out what the students can do, and how well they can do it (skill; performance) To find out how students go about the task of doing their work (process) To find out how students feel about their work (motivation, effort)
Ways we can assess True –False Item Multiple Choice Completion Short Answer Essay Practical Exam Papers/Reports Projects Questionnaires Inventories Checklist Peer Rating Self Rating Journal Portfolio Observations Discussions Interviews
Self Assessment Data Gathering Understanding Reflection/Analysis Creativity
Self Assessment Evidence of Data Gathering Have I gathered enough information? Do I have sufficient evidence of research? Have I described/defined the problems that are at the core of my inquiry?
Self Assessment Evidence of Understanding Do I understand the information/material I am researching? Have I used my own words to summarise my research?
Self Assessment Evidence of Reflection/Analysis Does my work show that I have used the information to form my own ideas? Have I addressed the issues at the core of my inquiry? Have I drawn conclusions?
Self Assessment Evidence of Creativity Have I created anything that shows my own views and opinions of my inquiry? Have I taken any action to do something about my findings?
AssessmentConversations “When kids are given choices in what they read and what they write, and time to think about what they are doing, their writing and reading get better. When we trust them to set goals and to evaluate their learning in progress, we will begin to realize that they know much more than we allow them to tell us through our set curriculums, our standardized tests, our writing samples.” Linda Reif
‘In times of change the learners will inherit the earth, while the knowers will find themselves beautifully equipped to deal with a world that no longer exists.’ Eric Hoffer
Working in your team - Looking at your inquiry plan for next year: Decide on exactly what it is that you are going to assess Decide the best way that the skill, understanding, knowledge, application, attitude, performance, etc. can be assessed. List the criteria you will assess against. Design an authentic task to assess that skill, understanding, knowledge, application, attitude, performance, etc.
Attention Keller attention can be gained in two ways: (1) Perceptual arousal – uses surprise or uncertainly to gain interest. Uses novel, surprising, incongruous, and uncertain events; or (2) Inquiry arousal – stimulates curiosity by posing challenging questions or problems to be solved. Methods for grabbing the learners’ attention include the use of: Active participation -Adopt strategies such as games, roleplay or other hands-on methods to get learners involved with the material or subject matter. Variability – To better reinforce materials and account for individual differences in learning styles, use a variety of methods in presenting material (e.g. use of videos, short lectures, mini-discussion groups). Humor -Maintain interest by use a small amount of humor (but not too much to be distracting) Incongruity and Conflict – A devil’s advocate approach in which statements are posed that go against a learner’s past experiences. Specific examples – Use a visual stimuli, story, or biography. Inquiry – Pose questions or problems for the learners to solve, e.g. brainstorming activities.
Relevance Establish relevance in order to increase a learner’s motivation. To do this, use concrete language and examples with which the learners are familiar. Six major strategies described by Keller include: Experience – Tell the learners how the new learning will use their existing skills. We best learn by building upon our preset knowledge or skills. Present Worth – What will the subject matter do for me today? Future Usefulness – What will the subject matter do for me tomorrow? Needs Matching – Take advantage of the dynamics of achievement, risk taking, power, and affiliation. Modeling – First of all, “be what you want them to do!” Other strategies include guest speakers, videos, and having the learners who finish their work first to serve as tutors. Choice – Allow the learners to use different methods to pursue their work or allowing s choice in how they organize it.
3. Confidence Help students understand their likelihood for success. If they feel they cannot meet the objectives or that the cost (time or effort) is too high, their motivation will decrease. Provide objectives and prerequisites – Help students estimate the probability of success by presenting performance requirements and evaluation criteria. Ensure the learners are aware of performance requirements and evaluative criteria. Allow for success that is meaningful. Grow the Learners – Allow for small steps of growth during the learning process. Feedback – Provide feedback and support internal attributions for success. Learner Control – Learners should feel some degree of control over their learning and assessment. They should believe that their success is a direct result of the amount of effort they have put forth.
4. Satisfaction Learning must be rewarding or satisfying in some way, whether it is from a sense of achievement, praise from a higher-up, or mere entertainment. Make the learner feel as though the skill is useful or beneficial by providing opportunities to use newly acquired knowledge in a real setting. Provide feedback and reinforcement. When learners appreciate the results, they will be motivated to learn. Satisfaction is based upon motivation, which can be intrinsic or extrinsic. Do not patronize the learner by over-rewarding easy tasks.