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  • I will not copy anything from your work. I only saved it so I could return to it when I had more time to look over it more thoroughly at a later time. At this point I will remove it. I do not copy anyone's work, whether copyrighted or not. I find much satisfaction in creating my own. I only wanted to tell you what good work I thought you had done.
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micds pbl 2011 micds pbl 2011 Presentation Transcript

  • Project Based Learning
    Elizabeth Helfant
    1851micds!*%!
    1851micds SHIFT1851
  • AGENDA
    Why PBL?
    What is and isn’t PBL?
    Pedagogy within PBL
    Experience PBL
    Design PBL Unit
  • • Defining projects
    Components of projects
    Managing projects
    Creating projects
    Grading projects
    The realities of projects
  • Other Objectives
    Make you think and question things
    Put you in some PBL learning situations
    Expose you to some technology support tools
    Have you build a unit for next year
  • An Invitation
    Saturday August 20th 9-2
  • Today’s Site
    http://goo.gl/qeE17
    And a Video
  • Task One:
    Get into Groups of 4 (If 3, reporter and recorder become 1)
    Introductions
    Assign each member one of these rolls
    • Recorder – Records groups thoughts and class notes that might be important
    • Facilitator/Discussion Leader – Keeps group on task, maintains full participation, also records important information from instructions
    • Reporter- Reports out to larger group
    • Reflector/Evaluator – Will assess group and individual contribution/engagement
    Record these rolls on the Google Site Under Group Work –
    Group Numbers are on the Table-
    This page will be your working location.
  • Task 2
    What is PBL?
    What are the essential ingredients?
    Give an example.
    Why these images?
    Did you include these things- http://goo.gl/5ZUAY
    Be mindful of your role.
  • Task 3
    Role Discussion
    How did each member perform their role?
    Fill out the assessment on the Group Site- It’s a Google Form-
  • Why PBL?
  • MICDS Upper School Reasons
  • What Kids ShouldLearn
    http://www.bie.org/research/21st_century_skills
  • 7 Cs + 3Rs
    Content Understanding
    Critical Thinking
    Cross Cultural Understanding
    Collaboration
    Communication
    Computing Skills
    Career and Civic Learning and Self-Reliance
  • Partnership for 21st Century Skills
    Must be defined with Essential/Driving Questions!
    http://www.p21.org/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=254&Itemid=120
  • 21st Century Skills (Engage)
    Basic, Scientific and Technological Literacy
    Visual and Information Literacy
    Cultural Literacy and Global Awareness
    Inventive Thinking:
    Digital Age Literacy:
    Adaptability and Managing Complexity
    Curiosity, Creativity and Risk Taking
    Higher Order Thinking and Sound Reasoning
    Effective Communication:
    High Productivity:
    Teaming, Collaboration and Interpersonal Skills
    Personal and Social Responsibility
    Interactive Communication
    Prioritising, Planning and Managing Results
    Effective Use of Real World Tools
    High Quality, Meaningful Results
  • NETS
  • Skill Inventory
    What skills do your students need more practice with?
    Which 1-2 skills do you teach well and how do you do that?
    Individual Writing- Everyone contribute to the google doc- (we’ll do it anonymously but in PBL, I’d have kids logged in)
    http://goo.gl/o6Bbe
  • Consider Dispositions and Habits
    Perkins Learning Dispositions for Good Thinking
    The Disposition to be curious and questioning
    The Disposition to think broadly and adventurously
    The Disposition to reason clearly and carefully
    The Disposition to organize one’s thinking
    The Disposition to give time to thinking
    From The Thinking Classroom-Learning and Teaching in a Culture of Thinking, Perkins, Tishman, Jay
  • Habits of Mind
    3P Grading
    Grading for Product
    Grading for Process (Habits of Mind)
    Grading for Progress (Skills Development)
    How do you assess these?
  • Another Reason for PBL:How Kids Learn?
  • Seven BIG Learning Messages
    Intelligence is not fixed
    Effort (Motivation) is as important as ability
    Learning is strongly influenced by emotion
    We all learn in different ways
    Deep learning is an active process
    Learning is messy
    Learning is Social
    Photo Credit: Stockphoto/VasiliyYakobchuk)
  • Chapter 2:
    How the Brain Processes Information
    What strikes you as consistent or inconsistent with the way we teach skills and content now?”
    What might this have to do with PBL?
    Recorder contributes thoughts on EtherPad
    http://ietherpad.com/XmxidQ6b8y
  • Blooms, Daggett, Flow, ZPD
  • BREAK
  • THE PBL PROCESS
  • The PBL Process
    REFLECTION
    Skim 7 Essentials
  • Begin with the End in Mind
    Craft the Driving Question
    Plan the Assessent
    Map the Project
    Manage the Process
  • Experience PBL
  • PBL, Projects, IBL, ProjectBL, Exercises
    Let’s visit the PBL
    Google Site-
    Exercises vs. Problems and the Role of HW- Vatterott Chapter 4 – Rethinking HW
  • PBL Design and UBD
  • Generating Ideas for Projects
  • Where do Ideas Come From
    Online
    • Sample Projects (we will evaluate these later)
    Current Events/News
    NonFiction Readings
    Student Conversations
    Anywhere- Try Keeping an Evernote Notebook and clip stuff that might turn into an idea
  • Driving Questions
  • Group Dynamics
  • Defining projects
  • 1
    Projects are authentic, real world.
  • Projects use a driving question or problem.
    2
  • 3
    Projects require the production of an artifact.
  • Projects value depth over breadth.
    4
  • Components of projects
  • 5
    Projects require a task or series of tasks.
  • Students follow a process or investigation to complete task(s) and produce artifact.
    6
  • Project task(s) afford multiple paths to completion and learning.
    7
  • 8
    Students should have choice in the topic(s) and/or process of investigation.
  • 9
    Scaffolds help students perform at a higher level with project tasks.
  • 10
    Resources are evaluated and synthesized to produce artifact(s).
  • 11
    Collaborations allows students to negotiate content and receive feedback.
  • 12
    Assessment encompasses process and product.
  • 13
    Artifacts afford multiple representations of knowledge.
  • 14
    Projects take time.
  • 15
    Good projects offer students opportunities to gauge their learning.
  • 16
    Teachers embed mechanisms to help students manage projects.
  • 17
    Projects achieve multiple standards/objectives at the same time.
  • Creating projects
  • 18
    Projects should encourage students to at least apply knowledge.
  • Bloom’s Taxonomy
    Higher
    Order
    Thinking
    Skills
    (HOTS)
    Lower
    Order
    Thinking
    Skills
    (LOTS)
  • 19
    Students will segment their learning from one class or topic to another.
  • 20
    Students will gauge what is easy to do and choose the path of least resistance.
  • 21
    Students' previous experiences with projects will impact what artifacts students produce.
  • 22
    The amount of time and the resources available to the student will impact the artifacts students produce.
  • Grading projects
  • 23
    Projects should be rigorous
  • 24
    Projects take longer to grade...but the final grade shouldn't be the first grade.
  • 25
    Projects may aggregate multiple sources of knowledge into a portfolio.
  • 26
    Students will weigh what's good enough versus the amount of time and effort required.
  • 27
    It is practically impossible for an artifact to represent all that has been learned.
  • 28
    Process and product must be assessed in order to accommodate all that has been learned.
  • The realities of projects
  • 29
    Teachers and students must recognize and accept their roles in project-based learning.
  • 30
    Teachers and students must be comfortable with the physical messiness of project-based learning.
  • 31
    Teachers and students must have a tolerance for ambiguity in project-based learning.
  • 32
    Project-based learning must be integrated with the reality outside a teacher’s classroom.
  • Successful Inquiry
    Involve students in initial planning
    Sharing learning goals
    Negotiating success criteria
    Planning questions which further learning
    Using strategies which maximise student thinking and articulation
    • Taking notes
    • Making notes or drafting
    • Using thinking skills
    • Citing references
    • Sorting and organising
    • Interpreting and analysising
    • Synthesising and applying
    Presenting Skills
    • Use of ICT
    • Use of software
    • Layout and design
    • Vocabulary studies
    • Listening
    • Speaking
    • Public speaking
    • Discussion
    Learning to Learn Skills
    • Goal setting
    • Organisation and time management
    • Tracking and asking for assistance
    • Self and peer reflection
    • Critiquing
  • Rigor relevanc
  • What is assessment?
  • What is assessment?
    An ongoing process aimed at understanding and improving student learning
    Evidence that students know, can do and understand
    It’s more than just collecting data
  • Assessment
    Focus on how we come to know, as opposed to what we know Focus on the development of information-processing and problem-solving skills
  • Authentic assessment
    Assessing the students’ ability to use what they’ve learning in tasks similar to those in the outside world.
  • What can be assessed?
    Student learning characteristics
    -Ability differences
    -Learning styles
    Student motivational characteristics
    -Interest
    -Effort
    -Goal orientation
    Learning
    -Content knowledge
    -Ability to apply content knowledge
    -Skills
    -Dispositions and attitudes
    -Performances
  • Why do we need to assess?
  • Importance of Assessment
    To find out what the students know (knowledge)
    To find out what the students can do, and how well they can do it (skill; performance)
    To find out how students go about the task of doing their work (process)
    To find out how students feel about their work (motivation, effort)
  • Ways we can assess
    True –False Item
    Multiple Choice
    Completion
    Short Answer
    Essay
    Practical Exam
    Papers/Reports
    Projects
    Questionnaires
    Inventories
    Checklist
    Peer Rating
    Self Rating
    Journal
    Portfolio
    Observations
    Discussions
    Interviews
  • Self Assessment
    Data Gathering
    Understanding
    Reflection/Analysis
    Creativity
  • Self Assessment
    Evidence of Data Gathering
    Have I gathered enough information?
    Do I have sufficient evidence of research?
    Have I described/defined the problems that are at the core of my inquiry?
  • Self Assessment
    Evidence of Understanding
    Do I understand the information/material I am researching?
    Have I used my own words to summarise my research?
  • Self Assessment
    Evidence of Reflection/Analysis
    Does my work show that I have used the information to form my own ideas?
    Have I addressed the issues at the core of my inquiry?
    Have I drawn conclusions?
  • Self Assessment
    Evidence of Creativity
    Have I created anything that shows my own views and opinions of my inquiry?
    Have I taken any action to do something about my findings?
  • AssessmentConversations
    “When kids are given choices in what they read and what they write, and time to think about what they are doing, their writing and reading get better.
    When we trust them to set goals and to evaluate their learning in progress, we will begin to realize that they know much more than we allow them to tell us through our set curriculums, our standardized tests, our writing samples.”
    Linda Reif
  • ‘In times of change the learners will inherit the earth,
    while the knowers will find themselves beautifully equipped to deal with a world that no longer exists.’
    Eric Hoffer
  • Working in your team -
    Looking at your inquiry plan for next year:
    Decide on exactly what it is that you are going to assess
    Decide the best way that the skill, understanding, knowledge, application, attitude, performance, etc. can be assessed.
    List the criteria you will assess against.
    Design an authentic task to assess that skill, understanding, knowledge, application, attitude, performance, etc.
  • http://www.arcsmodel.com/Mot%20dsgn%20A%20cate.htm
  • Attention
    Keller attention can be gained in two ways: (1) Perceptual arousal – uses surprise or uncertainly to gain interest. Uses novel, surprising, incongruous, and uncertain events; or (2) Inquiry arousal – stimulates curiosity by posing challenging questions or problems to be solved.
    Methods for grabbing the learners’ attention include the use of:
    Active participation -Adopt strategies such as games, roleplay or other hands-on methods to get learners involved with the material or subject matter.
    Variability – To better reinforce materials and account for individual differences in learning styles, use a variety of methods in presenting material (e.g. use of videos, short lectures, mini-discussion groups).
    Humor -Maintain interest by use a small amount of humor (but not too much to be distracting)
    Incongruity and Conflict – A devil’s advocate approach in which statements are posed that go against a learner’s past experiences.
    Specific examples – Use a visual stimuli, story, or biography.
    Inquiry – Pose questions or problems for the learners to solve, e.g. brainstorming activities.
  • Relevance
    Establish relevance in order to increase a learner’s motivation. To do this, use concrete language and examples with which the learners are familiar. Six major strategies described by Keller include:
    Experience – Tell the learners how the new learning will use their existing skills. We best learn by building upon our preset knowledge or skills.
    Present Worth – What will the subject matter do for me today?
    Future Usefulness – What will the subject matter do for me tomorrow?
    Needs Matching – Take advantage of the dynamics of achievement, risk taking, power, and affiliation.
    Modeling – First of all, “be what you want them to do!” Other strategies include guest speakers, videos, and having the learners who finish their work first to serve as tutors. 
    Choice – Allow the learners to use different methods to pursue their work or allowing s choice in how they organize it.
  • 3. Confidence
    Help students understand their likelihood for success. If they feel they cannot meet the objectives or that the cost (time or effort) is too high, their motivation will decrease.
    Provide objectives and prerequisites – Help students estimate the probability of success by presenting performance requirements and evaluation criteria. Ensure the learners are aware of performance requirements and evaluative criteria.
    Allow for success that is meaningful.
    Grow the Learners – Allow for small steps of growth during the learning process.
    Feedback – Provide feedback and support internal attributions for success.
    Learner Control – Learners should feel some degree of control over their learning and assessment. They should believe that their success is a direct result of the amount of effort they have put forth.
  • 4. Satisfaction
    Learning must be rewarding or satisfying in some way, whether it is from a sense of achievement, praise from a higher-up, or mere entertainment.
    Make the learner feel as though the skill is useful or beneficial by providing opportunities to use newly acquired knowledge in a real setting.
    Provide feedback and reinforcement. When learners appreciate the results, they will be motivated to learn. Satisfaction is based upon motivation, which can be intrinsic or extrinsic.
    Do not patronize the learner by over-rewarding easy tasks.
  • http://goo.gl/a328q
  • http://www.und.nodak.edu/dept/ehd/journal/Spring%202006/brockberg.htm
  • http://jbro15.com/wordpress/wp-content/uploads/2011/05/differentiation1.jpg
  • Photo Credit: Stockphoto/VasiliyYakobchuk)
  • http://www.slideshare.net/msquareg/the-secrets-to-project-based-learning
    http://www.slideshare.net/paulreid/inquiry-b-lweb20-ss
    http://www.slideshare.net/lenva/assessment-in-inquiry