Imperialism In Africa


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  • It is good to view the two faces of imperialism.
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  • im confused can someone post like a definition of imperialism because im not sure what it is !
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  • Excellent slide show. Too often comments are made about Africa's current state without a rational understanding of the root and underlying causes of the problems. Europe has since changed and many Europeans today are sincere about helping Africa ,however ,in the years of imperialism they almost destroyed the will of the people. The effects are still being felt to this day.
    I wish I had access to this website when I went to school. excellent job.Short presentation but very informative.
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Imperialism In Africa

  1. 1. By Abdel-Rahman Hassan, Mohamed Mnasria, Salem Al-Ansari and Khalid Al-Daboos
  2. 2. <ul><li>Imperializing </li></ul><ul><li>Henry The Navigator </li></ul><ul><li>King Leopold </li></ul><ul><li>Benito Mussolini </li></ul><ul><li>Lord Lugard </li></ul><ul><li>Resisting </li></ul><ul><li>Mao Mao </li></ul><ul><li>Mohamed Saied Hassan </li></ul><ul><li>Omar Al Mukhtar </li></ul><ul><li>Omar Al futi </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Henry the navigator, the son of the Portuguese king John 1, was one of the key figures in African imperialism. </li></ul><ul><li>Although he didn’t imperialize himself , he informed the Portuguese of how profitable Africa is. </li></ul><ul><li>The Portuguese followed his path and started the imperializing of African Land in the beginning of the 1800s. </li></ul><ul><li>Britain, France, Belgium and Germany gradually followed the Portuguese lead and started to imperialize Africa. </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>King Leopold of Belgium showed great interest in Africa and especially Congo. </li></ul><ul><li>He tried to Conquer Congo a couple of time till he got it through a cruel process of killing civilians . </li></ul><ul><li>Belgium became stronger after this mass destruction process and gained a huge amount of resources such as gold and rubber. </li></ul><ul><li>This profit inspired other imperializing nations to expand their empires. </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Benito Mussolini , a close ally to Adolf Hitler who conquered Ethiopia and Libya after creating his own fascist party in Italy. </li></ul><ul><li>He often used propaganda to gain support of his people </li></ul><ul><li>Lord Lugard of Britain, a Great solider and Explorer, Introduced Indirect rule to England </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Mao Mao was rebellion group formed in Kenya to oppose British rule. </li></ul><ul><li>The Mao Mao group lasted from 1952 till 1960. </li></ul><ul><li>They worked on plans to force the British to leave. </li></ul><ul><li>They kept improving their plans and techniques till the British were aware of the great danger they are causing and immediately arrested the groups leaders. </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Omar Muhktar led a rebellion group in Libya against the Italians that kept the Italians wanting his death for 20 years. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1931, he was captured and executed in a scenes that all Libyans will remember . </li></ul><ul><li>His rebellion inspired many other group to follow his path and eventually gain independence from foreign rule . </li></ul><ul><li>With a story similar to Omar Mekhtar, Mohamed Hassan leads a huge rebellion group against the British in Somalia that kept the British in Crisis for 20 years till his death. </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Omar Futi, aka Umar Tall , made his own territories in Nigeria. </li></ul><ul><li>He began putting people to his side to gain a level of popularity and power no Nigerian had reached before </li></ul><ul><li>He was powerful enough to declare war over the French but the French had better techniques and overthrew him </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>England </li></ul><ul><li>France </li></ul><ul><li>Belgium </li></ul><ul><li>Germany </li></ul><ul><li>Italy </li></ul><ul><li>Spain </li></ul><ul><li>Portugal </li></ul>
  10. 12. <ul><li>When Henry the Navigator discovered the profits of invading African land he inspired Portugal to invade the coast of Africa. </li></ul><ul><li>Also, The Conference of Berlin divided Africa to the imperializing countries. So Africa was fully invaded by different European nations as show on the map on slide 10. </li></ul>
  11. 13. <ul><li>Many countries had invaded Africa so many colonial forms were applied: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The English were the First to use Indirect rule in their colonies( electing local official advised by British rulers). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The French used Direct rules in Africa </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>New imperialism was clearly used in a great portion in Africa ( Lots of colonies have official languages of French and English and a great percentage of people converted to Christianity </li></ul></ul>
  12. 14. <ul><li>The Europeans recognized how important African is and the amount of profits it may give them . </li></ul><ul><li>The Europeans had better techniques than the Africans did therefore Africa got imperialised easily </li></ul><ul><li>Some civil wars were on-going at that time and the imperialists used it to their advantage. </li></ul><ul><li>The Europeans were eager for the land to satisfy their needs for the Industrial Revolution. </li></ul>
  13. 15. <ul><li>Negative Effects </li></ul><ul><li>Lots of African countries are unstable and suffer from violence everyday. </li></ul><ul><li>Starvation and Hatred are common among african people </li></ul><ul><li>Positive Effects </li></ul><ul><li>Made people aware of the danger they were in and forced them to industrialize </li></ul><ul><li>Raised Global awareness of the issue that is happening in Africa </li></ul>