Expanding Defintions

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This power point reviews the trends in museum changes in the 20th Century and begins the process of discussiong 21st Century change in public program and exhibition design.

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Expanding Defintions

  1. 1. INTO THE 21 ST CENTURY ELAINE HEUMANN GURIAN 2008 EXPANDING DEFINTIONS OF MUSEUMS Elaine Heumann Gurian 2008
  2. 2. INTRODUCTION <ul><li>This power point begins the conversation of changes to museums in the 20 th Century and discusses 21 st Century expected changes based on social networking. </li></ul><ul><li>This is not a comprehensive list rather created to facilitate a beginning dialogue about the fundamental change social networking brings to museums. </li></ul>Elaine Heumann Gurian 2008
  3. 3. CLASSIC DEFINITION OF MUSEUMS <ul><li>OPEN TO THE PUBLIC </li></ul><ul><li>COLLECTION OF OBJECTS </li></ul><ul><li>PRESERVATION OF OBJECTS </li></ul><ul><li>RESEARCH </li></ul><ul><li>EDUCATE </li></ul>Elaine Heumann Gurian 2008
  4. 4. EXPANDING DEFINITION 20 TH CENTURY COLLECTIONS <ul><li>SOME NON- COLLECTIONS BASED INSTITUTIONS RECOGNIZED AS MUSEUMS (CHILDREN’S, SCIENCE, ART GALLERIES) </li></ul><ul><li>SOME LIVING COLLECTIONS INSTITUTIONS RECOGNIZED AS MUSEUMS (ZOOS, BOTANTIC GARDENS, AQUARIUMS) </li></ul><ul><li>SOME MUSEUMS EXPANDED COLLECTIONS TO MATCH MORE MULTICULTURAL SOCIETY </li></ul><ul><li>COLLECTING TECHNOLOGY AND MULTIPLES PUTS ORIGINAL IN QUESTION </li></ul>Elaine Heumann Gurian 2008
  5. 5. INDIGINOUS DEMANDS CHANGES DEFINTIONS OF COLLECTIONS DISPLAY, PRESERVATION AND OWNERSHIP IN 20 TH CENTURY <ul><li>REDEFINITION OF OWNERSHP </li></ul><ul><li>LAWS OF REPATRIATION </li></ul><ul><li>PROTOCOLS OF ACCESS AND INFORMATION PUT IN HANDS OF ELDERS </li></ul><ul><li>STORAGE, RESTORATION AND PRESERVATION HAVE NEW RULES </li></ul><ul><li>INCLUSION OF SPIRITUALITY, RITUAL, EMOTION </li></ul>Elaine Heumann Gurian 2008
  6. 6. CHANGING DEFINTION OF PUBLIC IN 20 TH CENTURY <ul><li>INTEREST IN BROADER PUBLIC INCLUSION </li></ul><ul><li>EMPHASIS ON INFORMAL EDUCATION, “FREE CHOICE LEARNING </li></ul><ul><li>VISITOR RESEARCH </li></ul><ul><li>LEARNING THEORY OF MULTIPLE INTELLIGENCE, SOCIAL WELL BEING </li></ul><ul><li>MARKET TESTING, MARKETING, ADVERTISING </li></ul><ul><li>HOURS </li></ul><ul><li>TOPICS CHOSEN TO BE MORE INCLUSIVE AND MORE POPULAR </li></ul>Elaine Heumann Gurian 2008
  7. 7. 20 TH CENTURY INTERPRETATION OF DISPLAY <ul><li>MORE STORY TELLING </li></ul><ul><li>MORE INTERACTIVITY </li></ul><ul><li>MORE CONTEXTUALIZATION </li></ul><ul><li>FIRST PERSON </li></ul><ul><li>MORE TECHNOLOGY (MOVIES, MULTI-MEDIA) </li></ul><ul><li>MORE MULTI-DISPLINARY (I.E. ART-ARCHEOLOGY) </li></ul><ul><li>LAYERING </li></ul><ul><li>RESOURCE CENTERS </li></ul><ul><li>SHOPS AND EARNED INCOME </li></ul>Elaine Heumann Gurian 2008
  8. 8. SUMMARY OF MUSEUM’S AUTHORITY IN 20 TH CENTURY <ul><li>RESPECTED </li></ul><ul><li>LESS ACADEMIC (INCLUSION OF SUBJECT MATTER FOR PUBLIC TASTE) </li></ul><ul><li>THE MUSEUM REMAINS INTELLECTUAL GATE-KEEPER </li></ul><ul><li>ONE-WAY PIPELINE OF AUTHORITY WITH SMALL FORAYS INTO PARTICIPATION (TALK-BACK BOARDS) </li></ul><ul><li>PART OF PANTHEON OF CIVIC INSTITUTIONS OF IMPORTANCE AND MEMORY </li></ul>Elaine Heumann Gurian 2008
  9. 9. LIVEABLE CITIES & CIVIC ( REAL ) SPACE 21 ST CENTURY <ul><li>INTEREST IN “3 RD ” SPACE (HOME, OFFICE, PUBLIC.) </li></ul><ul><li>TOURISM TIED TO ECONOMIC GROWTH </li></ul><ul><ul><li>CULTURAL PRECINCTS, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>JOINT MARKETING, </li></ul></ul><ul><li>HISTORIC HOUSES AND HISTORIC SPACES </li></ul><ul><li>INTANGIBLE HERITAGE </li></ul>Elaine Heumann Gurian 2008
  10. 10. DEMOCRATIZATION OF AUTHORITY <ul><li>NEW ROLE FOR CURATORS </li></ul><ul><li>INCLUSION OF INFORMATION FROM AUDIENCE </li></ul><ul><li>INCLUSION OF OPEN SOURCE INFORMATION </li></ul><ul><li>DEBATE </li></ul><ul><li>OPPORTUNITY TO RESEARCH COLLECTIONS IN DIGITAL FORM </li></ul><ul><li>CUMULATIVE INFORMATION </li></ul>Elaine Heumann Gurian 2008
  11. 11. THE INTERNET CREATES HABITS OF MIND <ul><li>ACCESS TO INFORMATION 24/7 </li></ul><ul><li>AVAILABILITY OF LARGE BODY OF INFORMATION ON ANY TOPIC </li></ul><ul><li>MULTIPLE INTERPRETATIONS AND POSITIONS OF ANY TOPIC </li></ul><ul><li>UPDATES CONSTANTLY </li></ul><ul><li>CONNECTED TO FRIENDS AND FAMILY </li></ul><ul><li>CUMULATIVE COMMENTING AND INPUT </li></ul><ul><li>BUILDING OF REAL AND VIRTUAL COMMUNITY </li></ul>Elaine Heumann Gurian 2008
  12. 12. 21 ST CENTURY INTERPRETATION STRATEGIES BASED ON WEB <ul><li>WEBSITES </li></ul><ul><ul><li>VIRTUAL EXHIBITIONS </li></ul></ul><ul><li>AUDIENCE PARTICIPATION </li></ul><ul><ul><li>BLOGS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>TAGS AND TAGGING CLOUDS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SUBJECT CHOICE </li></ul></ul><ul><li>EXHIBITIONS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>CONTRIBUTION OF STORIES AND VISUALS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>HAND HELD INTERPREATIONS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>LAYERING </li></ul></ul><ul><li>ACCESS TO COLLECTIONS: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>DIGITALIZATION, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>OPEN STORAGE </li></ul></ul>Elaine Heumann Gurian 2008
  13. 13. CATEGORIES OF SHARING INFORMATION <ul><li>INFORMATION, ADDITIONAL INFORMATION (IE COLLECTIONS RECORDS) BLOGGING </li></ul><ul><li>PERSONALIZATION AND CUSTOMIZATION (HAND HELD GUIDES) </li></ul><ul><li>LAYERING (ACCESS TO EXTERNAL DATA BASES, ALTERNATIVE VIEWS) </li></ul><ul><li>REWEIGHTING MATERIAL AND RESETTING PRIORITIES ( TAGGING) </li></ul><ul><li>BUILDING COMMUNITIES OF INTEREST, EXPERTS, </li></ul><ul><li>LINKING AND COMPARISONS </li></ul>Elaine Heumann Gurian 2008
  14. 14. SOCIAL NETWORK WEBSITES <ul><li>*MY SPACE </li></ul><ul><li>*FACEBOOK </li></ul><ul><li>*YOUTUBE </li></ul><ul><li>TWITTER </li></ul><ul><li>*2 ND LIFE </li></ul><ul><li>*FLICKR </li></ul><ul><li>PANDORA </li></ul><ul><li>*WIKIPEDIA </li></ul>Elaine Heumann Gurian 2008
  15. 15. Examples of some MUSEUM RELATED SOCIAL NETWORKS <ul><li>MUSEUM2.O </li></ul><ul><li>MUSEUM3.O </li></ul><ul><li>EXHIBITFILES </li></ul><ul><li>H-MUSEUM </li></ul><ul><li>MUSEUM-ED </li></ul><ul><li>IDEUM </li></ul><ul><li>LinkedIn museum groups </li></ul><ul><li>Facebook museum groups </li></ul>Elaine Heumann Gurian 2008

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