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This power point reviews the trends in museum changes in the 20th Century and begins the process of discussiong 21st Century change in public program and exhibition design.

This power point reviews the trends in museum changes in the 20th Century and begins the process of discussiong 21st Century change in public program and exhibition design.

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Expanding Defintions Expanding Defintions Presentation Transcript

  • INTO THE 21 ST CENTURY ELAINE HEUMANN GURIAN 2008 EXPANDING DEFINTIONS OF MUSEUMS Elaine Heumann Gurian 2008
  • INTRODUCTION
    • This power point begins the conversation of changes to museums in the 20 th Century and discusses 21 st Century expected changes based on social networking.
    • This is not a comprehensive list rather created to facilitate a beginning dialogue about the fundamental change social networking brings to museums.
    Elaine Heumann Gurian 2008
  • CLASSIC DEFINITION OF MUSEUMS
    • OPEN TO THE PUBLIC
    • COLLECTION OF OBJECTS
    • PRESERVATION OF OBJECTS
    • RESEARCH
    • EDUCATE
    Elaine Heumann Gurian 2008
  • EXPANDING DEFINITION 20 TH CENTURY COLLECTIONS
    • SOME NON- COLLECTIONS BASED INSTITUTIONS RECOGNIZED AS MUSEUMS (CHILDREN’S, SCIENCE, ART GALLERIES)
    • SOME LIVING COLLECTIONS INSTITUTIONS RECOGNIZED AS MUSEUMS (ZOOS, BOTANTIC GARDENS, AQUARIUMS)
    • SOME MUSEUMS EXPANDED COLLECTIONS TO MATCH MORE MULTICULTURAL SOCIETY
    • COLLECTING TECHNOLOGY AND MULTIPLES PUTS ORIGINAL IN QUESTION
    Elaine Heumann Gurian 2008
  • INDIGINOUS DEMANDS CHANGES DEFINTIONS OF COLLECTIONS DISPLAY, PRESERVATION AND OWNERSHIP IN 20 TH CENTURY
    • REDEFINITION OF OWNERSHP
    • LAWS OF REPATRIATION
    • PROTOCOLS OF ACCESS AND INFORMATION PUT IN HANDS OF ELDERS
    • STORAGE, RESTORATION AND PRESERVATION HAVE NEW RULES
    • INCLUSION OF SPIRITUALITY, RITUAL, EMOTION
    Elaine Heumann Gurian 2008
  • CHANGING DEFINTION OF PUBLIC IN 20 TH CENTURY
    • INTEREST IN BROADER PUBLIC INCLUSION
    • EMPHASIS ON INFORMAL EDUCATION, “FREE CHOICE LEARNING
    • VISITOR RESEARCH
    • LEARNING THEORY OF MULTIPLE INTELLIGENCE, SOCIAL WELL BEING
    • MARKET TESTING, MARKETING, ADVERTISING
    • HOURS
    • TOPICS CHOSEN TO BE MORE INCLUSIVE AND MORE POPULAR
    Elaine Heumann Gurian 2008
  • 20 TH CENTURY INTERPRETATION OF DISPLAY
    • MORE STORY TELLING
    • MORE INTERACTIVITY
    • MORE CONTEXTUALIZATION
    • FIRST PERSON
    • MORE TECHNOLOGY (MOVIES, MULTI-MEDIA)
    • MORE MULTI-DISPLINARY (I.E. ART-ARCHEOLOGY)
    • LAYERING
    • RESOURCE CENTERS
    • SHOPS AND EARNED INCOME
    Elaine Heumann Gurian 2008
  • SUMMARY OF MUSEUM’S AUTHORITY IN 20 TH CENTURY
    • RESPECTED
    • LESS ACADEMIC (INCLUSION OF SUBJECT MATTER FOR PUBLIC TASTE)
    • THE MUSEUM REMAINS INTELLECTUAL GATE-KEEPER
    • ONE-WAY PIPELINE OF AUTHORITY WITH SMALL FORAYS INTO PARTICIPATION (TALK-BACK BOARDS)
    • PART OF PANTHEON OF CIVIC INSTITUTIONS OF IMPORTANCE AND MEMORY
    Elaine Heumann Gurian 2008
  • LIVEABLE CITIES & CIVIC ( REAL ) SPACE 21 ST CENTURY
    • INTEREST IN “3 RD ” SPACE (HOME, OFFICE, PUBLIC.)
    • TOURISM TIED TO ECONOMIC GROWTH
      • CULTURAL PRECINCTS,
      • JOINT MARKETING,
    • HISTORIC HOUSES AND HISTORIC SPACES
    • INTANGIBLE HERITAGE
    Elaine Heumann Gurian 2008
  • DEMOCRATIZATION OF AUTHORITY
    • NEW ROLE FOR CURATORS
    • INCLUSION OF INFORMATION FROM AUDIENCE
    • INCLUSION OF OPEN SOURCE INFORMATION
    • DEBATE
    • OPPORTUNITY TO RESEARCH COLLECTIONS IN DIGITAL FORM
    • CUMULATIVE INFORMATION
    Elaine Heumann Gurian 2008
  • THE INTERNET CREATES HABITS OF MIND
    • ACCESS TO INFORMATION 24/7
    • AVAILABILITY OF LARGE BODY OF INFORMATION ON ANY TOPIC
    • MULTIPLE INTERPRETATIONS AND POSITIONS OF ANY TOPIC
    • UPDATES CONSTANTLY
    • CONNECTED TO FRIENDS AND FAMILY
    • CUMULATIVE COMMENTING AND INPUT
    • BUILDING OF REAL AND VIRTUAL COMMUNITY
    Elaine Heumann Gurian 2008
  • 21 ST CENTURY INTERPRETATION STRATEGIES BASED ON WEB
    • WEBSITES
      • VIRTUAL EXHIBITIONS
    • AUDIENCE PARTICIPATION
      • BLOGS
      • TAGS AND TAGGING CLOUDS
      • SUBJECT CHOICE
    • EXHIBITIONS
      • CONTRIBUTION OF STORIES AND VISUALS
      • HAND HELD INTERPREATIONS
      • LAYERING
    • ACCESS TO COLLECTIONS:
      • DIGITALIZATION,
      • OPEN STORAGE
    Elaine Heumann Gurian 2008
  • CATEGORIES OF SHARING INFORMATION
    • INFORMATION, ADDITIONAL INFORMATION (IE COLLECTIONS RECORDS) BLOGGING
    • PERSONALIZATION AND CUSTOMIZATION (HAND HELD GUIDES)
    • LAYERING (ACCESS TO EXTERNAL DATA BASES, ALTERNATIVE VIEWS)
    • REWEIGHTING MATERIAL AND RESETTING PRIORITIES ( TAGGING)
    • BUILDING COMMUNITIES OF INTEREST, EXPERTS,
    • LINKING AND COMPARISONS
    Elaine Heumann Gurian 2008
  • SOCIAL NETWORK WEBSITES
    • *MY SPACE
    • *FACEBOOK
    • *YOUTUBE
    • TWITTER
    • *2 ND LIFE
    • *FLICKR
    • PANDORA
    • *WIKIPEDIA
    Elaine Heumann Gurian 2008
  • Examples of some MUSEUM RELATED SOCIAL NETWORKS
    • MUSEUM2.O
    • MUSEUM3.O
    • EXHIBITFILES
    • H-MUSEUM
    • MUSEUM-ED
    • IDEUM
    • LinkedIn museum groups
    • Facebook museum groups
    Elaine Heumann Gurian 2008