Camera 2013
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Camera 2013

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Cinematography - Use of Camera

Cinematography - Use of Camera

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  • Crouching Tiger

Camera 2013 Camera 2013 Presentation Transcript

  • Use of the CameraUse of the Camera Micro analysis
  • Camera should beCamera should be analysed in two ways:analysed in two ways: Framing Movement
  • FramingFraming Camera’s distance from the subject Camera angle in relation to the subject Point of view
  • DistanceDistance Extreme long shot Long shot Medium Long Shot Mid shot Medium Close Up Close up Big Close up Extreme close up
  • The following are examples ofThe following are examples of basic framing techniques…basic framing techniques…
  • Shot Types (Framing)Shot Types (Framing)
  • Angle in relation toAngle in relation to subjectsubject High angle Low angle Wide Angle
  • HIGH ANGLE SHOT • Taken from above, sometimes used to create a sense of vulnerability.
  • LOW ANGLE SHOT • Taken from below. Often creates a sense of power & authority
  • WIDE ANGLE SHOT A lens which allows the audience to see more peripheral detail.
  • CANTED ANGLE A shot which is deliberately not straight on the tripod. Creates a sense of distortion / confusion.
  • POINT OF VIEW SHOT • Camera shot as if through the eyes of a protagonist, this will give the audience more information about what the character knows and share their experience, (often we are being asked to empathise with the character).
  • Look at the following stillLook at the following still What type of shot is it? What elements of the image are being emphasised? What angles are being played upon in this image? Why do you think this image has been framed in this way?
  • Look at the following, in eachLook at the following, in each case say…case say… What type of shot is it Why it has been framed in this way Remember you are describing composition and effect.
  • Key Terms (Framing)Key Terms (Framing)  Extreme long shot (ELS)  Long shot (LS)  Medium Long Shot (MLS)  Mid shot (MS)  Medium Close Up (MCU)  Big Close Up (BCU)  Close-up (CU)  Extreme close-up (ECU)  High angle  Low angle  Wide Angle  Canted Angle  Point of view
  • PANNING • The camera stays still and pivots left to right in order to: • Follow action • Reveal a scene • Bring new objects or characters in
  • TILT • The camera stays still and pivots up or down, to: • Introduce a character • Suggest scale
  • ROLL • The camera rolls/spins on the Z axis: • Highly disorientating • Partial roll suggests action
  • TRACKING SHOT • Where the camera operator moves with (tracks) the action.
  • CRANE SHOT • Using a crane or similar to create high angle shots. CRANE
  • AERIAL SHOT • Using helicopters or planes to provide an extreme high angle shot.
  • Key TermsKey Terms (Movement)(Movement) Pan (Whip Pan) Tilt Roll Dolly/Tracking Shot Zoom Crane Steadicam / Handheld (Aerial Shot) Flying-Cam
  • Types of ShotTypes of Shot There are a number of different shots which have specific functions within a film or TV programme:
  • ESTABLISHING SHOT • A shot, often outside, that indicates where action will take place. Establishing shot from Friends
  • MASTER SHOT • A shot that is used at the beginning or end of ‘sections’ . Master Shot from The Weakest Link
  • FRAMING SHOT • Using a piece of set or scenery to frame a shot.
  • TWO-SHOT • When two people are in the shot. Two-shot, Easy Rider Two-shot, Lethal Weapon 3
  • ExamplesExamples Look at the following clip(s) and consider how the camera is adding meaning to events.