Camera 2013


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Cinematography - Use of Camera

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  • Crouching Tiger
  • Camera 2013

    1. 1. Use of the CameraUse of the Camera Micro analysis
    2. 2. Camera should beCamera should be analysed in two ways:analysed in two ways: Framing Movement
    3. 3. FramingFraming Camera’s distance from the subject Camera angle in relation to the subject Point of view
    4. 4. DistanceDistance Extreme long shot Long shot Medium Long Shot Mid shot Medium Close Up Close up Big Close up Extreme close up
    5. 5. The following are examples ofThe following are examples of basic framing techniques…basic framing techniques…
    6. 6. Shot Types (Framing)Shot Types (Framing)
    7. 7. Angle in relation toAngle in relation to subjectsubject High angle Low angle Wide Angle
    8. 8. HIGH ANGLE SHOT • Taken from above, sometimes used to create a sense of vulnerability.
    9. 9. LOW ANGLE SHOT • Taken from below. Often creates a sense of power & authority
    10. 10. WIDE ANGLE SHOT A lens which allows the audience to see more peripheral detail.
    11. 11. CANTED ANGLE A shot which is deliberately not straight on the tripod. Creates a sense of distortion / confusion.
    12. 12. POINT OF VIEW SHOT • Camera shot as if through the eyes of a protagonist, this will give the audience more information about what the character knows and share their experience, (often we are being asked to empathise with the character).
    13. 13. Look at the following stillLook at the following still What type of shot is it? What elements of the image are being emphasised? What angles are being played upon in this image? Why do you think this image has been framed in this way?
    14. 14. Look at the following, in eachLook at the following, in each case say…case say… What type of shot is it Why it has been framed in this way Remember you are describing composition and effect.
    15. 15. Key Terms (Framing)Key Terms (Framing)  Extreme long shot (ELS)  Long shot (LS)  Medium Long Shot (MLS)  Mid shot (MS)  Medium Close Up (MCU)  Big Close Up (BCU)  Close-up (CU)  Extreme close-up (ECU)  High angle  Low angle  Wide Angle  Canted Angle  Point of view
    16. 16. PANNING • The camera stays still and pivots left to right in order to: • Follow action • Reveal a scene • Bring new objects or characters in
    17. 17. TILT • The camera stays still and pivots up or down, to: • Introduce a character • Suggest scale
    18. 18. ROLL • The camera rolls/spins on the Z axis: • Highly disorientating • Partial roll suggests action
    19. 19. TRACKING SHOT • Where the camera operator moves with (tracks) the action.
    20. 20. CRANE SHOT • Using a crane or similar to create high angle shots. CRANE
    21. 21. AERIAL SHOT • Using helicopters or planes to provide an extreme high angle shot.
    22. 22. Key TermsKey Terms (Movement)(Movement) Pan (Whip Pan) Tilt Roll Dolly/Tracking Shot Zoom Crane Steadicam / Handheld (Aerial Shot) Flying-Cam
    23. 23. Types of ShotTypes of Shot There are a number of different shots which have specific functions within a film or TV programme:
    24. 24. ESTABLISHING SHOT • A shot, often outside, that indicates where action will take place. Establishing shot from Friends
    25. 25. MASTER SHOT • A shot that is used at the beginning or end of ‘sections’ . Master Shot from The Weakest Link
    26. 26. FRAMING SHOT • Using a piece of set or scenery to frame a shot.
    27. 27. TWO-SHOT • When two people are in the shot. Two-shot, Easy Rider Two-shot, Lethal Weapon 3
    28. 28. ExamplesExamples Look at the following clip(s) and consider how the camera is adding meaning to events.