Dugway Arc549

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Dugway Arc549

  1. 1. Built to Destroy: Erich Mendelsohn’s, Konrad Wachsmann’s, and Antonin Raymond’s “Typical German and Japanese Test Structures” at Dugway Proving Ground, Utah” Enrique Ramirez ARC 549 2.13.2008
  2. 4. Testing and Development
  3. 9. GASOLINE 5% ALUMINUM NAP HTHENE 5% ALUMINUM PALM ITATE + .5% CARBON BLACK -------------------------------------------------- NAPALM
  4. 10. Detonation of Napalm M47 Device, Harvard University, 4 July 1942
  5. 11. Cutaway Drawing of AN-M69-x Napalm Incendiary Bomb
  6. 12. M50 Incendiary Clusters (Containing M69 Bombs) In Use Over Japan, 1945
  7. 14. Views of Dugway Test Structures (1943), E. Mendelsohn, K. Wachsmann, A. Raymond, architects, from Historic American Engineering Record, HAER No. 15, Library of Congress (1988)
  8. 15. Advertisements from The Architectural Forum , January 1943.
  9. 17. German Village
  10. 18. Erich Mendelsohn (1887-1953) Konrad Wachsmann (1901-1980) Erich Mendelsohn & Konrad Wachsmann (1943), Dugway Testing Model, Tooele County, Utah Side and End Elevations
  11. 19. Erich Mendelsohn and John Brandt, German Testing Model, Dugway Proving Ground, Isometric (1943), from N.D.R.C. Miscellaneous Publication SOD 30601 (May 27, 1943)
  12. 20. Erich Mendelsohn, “Survey of German Roof Coverage Areas in Principal Urban Targets”, from N.D.R.C. Miscellaneous Publication SOD 30601 (May 27, 1943)
  13. 21. Konrad Wachsmann, Holzhaiusbau -- Technik und Gestaltung (1930) (translated as “Building the Wooden House”) Konrad Wachsmann, Unrealized Project for Deutsches Holz für Hausbau und Wohnung , Am Kochenhofsiedlungen (1927-28) (Paul Schmitthenner, artistic director)
  14. 22. Konrad Wachsmann, Floor Detail from Holzhausbau (1930) (left) and from Dugway German Testing Model (1943) (with John Brandt)
  15. 24. Japanese Village
  16. 25. “ Prefab Target: Antonin Raymond Duplicates Japanese Worker Houses for U.S. Army”, The Architectural Forum (March 1946)
  17. 27. Antonin Raymond at Tokyo Golf Club, 1931 Antonin Raymond, Architectural Details (1938)
  18. 28. Antonin Raymond, Ambassador Saito Library, Interior Perspectives, 1941 (Source: Raymond, Antonin Raymond: An Autobiography )
  19. 29. Antonin Raymond, Measured Drawings and Photographs of Typical Japanese Floors, from Architectural Details (1938)
  20. 30. Antonin Raymond, Japanese Testing Model, Dugway Proving Ground, Isometric (1943), from N.D.R.C. Miscellaneous Publication SOD 30601 (May 27, 1943)
  21. 31. Interiors
  22. 32. Typical German Furnishings, from N.D.R.C. Miscellaneous Publication SOD 30601 (May 27, 1943)
  23. 33. Equivalent German Furnishings, Dugway Proving Ground, from N.D.R.C. Miscellaneous Publication SOD 30601 (May 27, 1943)
  24. 34. Typical Japanese Furnishings and Dugway Equivalents, from N.D.R.C. Miscellaneous Publication SOD 30601 (May 27, 1943)
  25. 35. Erich Mendelsohn and Konrad Wachsmann, German Testing Model, Dugway Proving Ground (1943) (background), Building T8104, Observation Bunker (1943) (foreground)
  26. 36. Typical?
  27. 37. Aerial Views of German Cities (Source: N.D.R.C.)
  28. 38. Typical German Roofs (Source: N.D.R.C.)
  29. 39. Aerial View of Japanese Tile Construction (Source: N.D.R.C.)
  30. 40. Aerial View of Japanese Commercial Area (Source: N.D.R.C.)
  31. 41. Aerial Views of Typical Japanese Cities (Source: N.D.R.C.)
  32. 42. Fig 3.32 -- Aerial Views of Typical Japanese Cities (Source: N.D.R.C.)
  33. 43. Images from Kochehofsiedlungen , Stuttgart,1933, Paul Schimitthenner, Director

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