Thinking, Watching,and Drawing MotionElizabeth Goodmanegoodman@ischool.berkeley.edu@egoodman
THINKING MOTION
Motion = (Time, Location)
WATCHING MOTION
Setha LowOn the Plaza: The Politics of Public Space and Culture2000
Watching and talking“We started by studying how people use plazas. We mounted time-lapse cameras overlooking the plazas an...
Observing and recording
Existing data     Travel time maps - London     MySociety and Stamen Design     2007
Automated tracking         Trash | Track         MIT Senseable Cities         2009         http://senseable.mit.edu/trasht...
REPRESENTING MOTION
Representing motionSYMBOL SYSTEMS
Arrows         Louis Kahn         Philadelphia Planning Study         1953         From Alison Smithson (ed.),         Tea...
AlphabetsRudolf LabanSchrifttanz1928
Icons        http://gesturecons.com/
Color-coding
Representing motionTRACES
TasksFrank and Lillian Gilbreth            Motion Study                      1913
Habits          Amsterdam Real Time                   Waag Society      http://realtime.waag.org/                         ...
Taxi cabs            Cabspotting            Exploratorium, Yellow Cab, and            Stamen Design            2006       ...
Flight patternsAaron KoblinFlight patterns2006
Representing motionINVISIBLE DYNAMICS
Internet trafficNatalie JeremijenkoLive WIt consists of an 8 foot piece of plasticspaghetti that hangs from a small electr...
Wind       Martin Wattenberg       and Fernanda Viegas       http://hint.fm/wind/       2012
Representing motionUNDERMINING THE GRID
“The cartographic conventions of the base map are an expression of a singular notion of urban space – one that favors the ...
Guy DebordEmotional states   Guide Psychogeographique de Paris                   (Psychographic Guide to Paris)           ...
DESIGN FROM MOTION
Nuage VertHeHe2011hehe.org2.free.frPhoto: Yuki Kawamura
JetsamIntel Research2005www.urban-atmospheres.net
Trash can
Knowing when to stop                       America Revealed: Pizza Delivery                       PBS America             ...
ResourcesExperiments in Motion   www.experimentsinmotion.com   pinterest.com/experimotionwww.informationisbeautiful.netwww...
Thinking, Watching, Drawing Motion
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Thinking, Watching, Drawing Motion

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A presentation to Wendy Ju's architecture seminar at UC Berkeley, Architecture and Motion. September 20, 2012.

Published in: Design, Technology, Real Estate
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  • This is going to be pretty casual. Longstanding interest in mobility, movement, motion
  • Ask how they have been conceptualizing motion
  • What is moving? People objects animals bitsTime + placeWhat isn’t motion?What else is motion?
  • Review how to watch motion, in escalating complexity
  • “movement maps”Observation on a plaza in MexicoThis is the simplest form: she watched and took notes as people moved in a bounded space
  • Talked about Whyte’s work? This is more complicated
  • http://www.mysociety.org/2007/more-travel-maps/
  • Show: http://youtu.be/OlIelAWikWQ?t=3sGPS to delivery guys in Manhattan
  • MappingRepresenting relationships between elements spatially(2) Forming correspondances between one type of data and another: LiveWireNumber of dimensionsTime, location, speed, mood
  • How does this deal with time? The dotted line =stop-and-go movement of trucks and buses. Arrows = fast-moving traffic, spirals =cars in parking lots. In his plan, Kahn said, he intended "to redefine the use of streets and separate one type of movement from another so that cars, buses, trolleys, trucks, and pedestrians will move and stop more freely, and not get in each other’s way. . . . This system of movement is not designed for speed but for order and convenience. The present mixture of staccato, through, stop and go makes all the streets equally ineffectual." [Louis I. Kahn, "Toward a Plan for Midtown Philadelphia," in Latour, Louis I. Kahn, 29.]
  • LabanotationHe published this notation first 1928 as "Kinetographie" in the first issue of "Schrifttanz".http://user.uni-frankfurt.de/~griesbec/LABANE.HTML
  • Icons for gesturesThere are lots of libraries – this is one I found randomly online
  • I think we’ve all seen this before
  • Ordinary citizens equipped with GPShttp://realtime.waag.org/
  • Each cab's path is represented by a line. The color of the line depends on the speed of the taxi - red is fast, white is slow.
  • Borrowed from Exploratorium exhibit title
  • It consists of an 8 foot piece of plastic spaghetti that hangs from a small electric motor mounted in the ceiling. The motor is electrically connected to a nearby Ethernet cable, so that each bit of information that goes past causes a tiny twitch of the motor. A very busy network causes a madly whirling string with a characteristic noise; a quiet network causes only a small twitch every few seconds.
  • Beautiful – check out animation online. http://hint.fm/wind/Most interesting as comparative – what Tufte calls “small multiples”What do we expect to get out of this?Consider the varying usefulness of small static multiples vs the dynamic displayQUESTION: WHAT DO WE GET OUT OF BOTH THAT’S DIFFERENT?
  • Borrowed from Exploratorium exhibit title
  • Charting literal and non-literal closenessRelation to basemap“These "psychogeographic" maps proposed a fragmented, subjective, and temporal experience of the city as opposed to the seemingly omnipotent perspective of the planimetric map. As mapping is used as a tactic to bring together personal narratives about urban space, the Situationist maps provide a useful example of visualizing a subjective view of the city.” AlisonSantAnother example: the tracemaps we saw, which proceed from human movement and have no relation to Discours Sur Les Passions D'Amour, 1957.“In a dérive one or more persons during a certain period drop their usual motives for movement and action, their relations, their work and leisure activities, and let themselves be drawn by the attractions of the terrain and the encounters they find there… But the dérive includes both this letting go and its necessary contradiction: the domination of psychogeographical variations by the knowledge and calculation of their possibilities.[6]”Knabb, Ken, ed. Situationist International Anthology, Berkley: Bureau of Public Secrets, 1995. pg 50.
  • Borrowed from Exploratorium exhibit titleTwo examples that help us re-see familiar places and things that we otherwise turn away from
  • http://vimeo.com/17350218
  • We forget that people taking things out is a big proportion of how trash cans are used!Highlighting what people want to forget: That homeless people take things out That what we throw away remains That what we throw away tells us a lot about ourselves
  • There are a lot of reasons why you might want to do this. The question is, what purpose does it serve in your project?I showed two projects that are about visualization, I realized. There are a lot of other purposes. Let’s open it up to discussion about why and how. Show: http://youtu.be/OlIelAWikWQ?t=3sWhat is your project, anyway? What effect do you want it to have in the world?
  • Thinking, Watching, Drawing Motion

    1. 1. Thinking, Watching,and Drawing MotionElizabeth Goodmanegoodman@ischool.berkeley.edu@egoodman
    2. 2. THINKING MOTION
    3. 3. Motion = (Time, Location)
    4. 4. WATCHING MOTION
    5. 5. Setha LowOn the Plaza: The Politics of Public Space and Culture2000
    6. 6. Watching and talking“We started by studying how people use plazas. We mounted time-lapse cameras overlooking the plazas and recorded daily patterns. We talked to people to find where they came from, where they worked, how frequently they used the place and what they thought of it. But mostly, we watched people to see what they did.”William H. WhyteThe Social Life of Small Urban Spaces (1980)
    7. 7. Observing and recording
    8. 8. Existing data Travel time maps - London MySociety and Stamen Design 2007
    9. 9. Automated tracking Trash | Track MIT Senseable Cities 2009 http://senseable.mit.edu/trashtrack/
    10. 10. REPRESENTING MOTION
    11. 11. Representing motionSYMBOL SYSTEMS
    12. 12. Arrows Louis Kahn Philadelphia Planning Study 1953 From Alison Smithson (ed.), Team 10 Primer (1968),
    13. 13. AlphabetsRudolf LabanSchrifttanz1928
    14. 14. Icons http://gesturecons.com/
    15. 15. Color-coding
    16. 16. Representing motionTRACES
    17. 17. TasksFrank and Lillian Gilbreth Motion Study 1913
    18. 18. Habits Amsterdam Real Time Waag Society http://realtime.waag.org/ 2009 Photo fromwww.experimentsinmotion.com/
    19. 19. Taxi cabs Cabspotting Exploratorium, Yellow Cab, and Stamen Design 2006 http://cabspotting.org
    20. 20. Flight patternsAaron KoblinFlight patterns2006
    21. 21. Representing motionINVISIBLE DYNAMICS
    22. 22. Internet trafficNatalie JeremijenkoLive WIt consists of an 8 foot piece of plasticspaghetti that hangs from a small electricmotor mounted in the ceiling. The motor iselectrically connected to a nearby Ethernetcable, so that each bit of information thatgoes past causes a tiny twitch of the motor. A
    23. 23. Wind Martin Wattenberg and Fernanda Viegas http://hint.fm/wind/ 2012
    24. 24. Representing motionUNDERMINING THE GRID
    25. 25. “The cartographic conventions of the base map are an expression of a singular notion of urban space – one that favors the street over the route, the static over the temporal, and the formal over the subjective. As locative media projects are created that build upon the datum of common base maps, they are structuring a collaborative notion of space within this predefined conception of the city.” Alison Sant“Redefining the Basemap” 2006 http://www.intelligentagent.com/archive/ Vol6_No2_interactive_city_sant.htm
    26. 26. Guy DebordEmotional states Guide Psychogeographique de Paris (Psychographic Guide to Paris) 1957
    27. 27. DESIGN FROM MOTION
    28. 28. Nuage VertHeHe2011hehe.org2.free.frPhoto: Yuki Kawamura
    29. 29. JetsamIntel Research2005www.urban-atmospheres.net
    30. 30. Trash can
    31. 31. Knowing when to stop America Revealed: Pizza Delivery PBS America 2012
    32. 32. ResourcesExperiments in Motion www.experimentsinmotion.com pinterest.com/experimotionwww.informationisbeautiful.netwww. flowingdata.com
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