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Bureau of Prisons | Latino Movement in the US
 

Bureau of Prisons | Latino Movement in the US

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I was invited to speak to the staff at the Tallahassee Federal Penitentiary on the current Latino movement in the United States.

I was invited to speak to the staff at the Tallahassee Federal Penitentiary on the current Latino movement in the United States.

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  • First of all, thank you for the opportunity to speak here today. When Valery contacted me, I felt honored that I could speak to you and share some interesting facts on the Latino / Hispanic community nationwide and even here in Leon County.
  • Today isn't about me, but those 47 MILLION Latinos. However, just a little background. I am a member of the Tallahassee Hispanic Professional Assoc. A social and professional association, recently started with roughly 75 members and growing. I am also on the Board of Directors and the President of the Florida chapter of LISTA , which stands for Latinos in Information Sciences and Tech Assoc. It’s a nationwide organization that focuses on promoting the need for technology opportunities for Latinos. LISTA works closely with folks in D.C. to create policy and advise the President. If any of you are interested in more information on either of these organizations, please feel free to let me know after this talk. To pay the bills, I run a health care IT company here in Tallahassee, called Uber Operations, which works with FDOH, TEXAS, and the CDC. Recently focusing in the H1N1 outbreak.
  • As I mentioned, I am honored to represent the more than 47 MILLION, yes, 47 Million Hispanics and Latinos in the USA.
  • Enough about me. So, I will be sharing with you facts and figures, to try and paint a picture or snapshot of the Latino community in the US, today. Here in Leon County, as you can see, there were 8, 407 Latinos in 2000, and in 2008 there were 14, 000, which was 5% of the Leon County population. This is a growth of 57%, which as you can imagine, is pretty amazing.
  • From a national perspective, there is estimated to be 47 MILLION Latinos in the US, and forecasts show in 2050, there will be over 100 Million Latinos, which will be roughly 25% of the population.
  • As you saw, there is a nice size group in Leon County of Latinos. Recently the county held the Hispanic Heritage Fest, which was a total success. Rumors are next year’s will be even bigger with the census, and more on that in a few slides.
  • Continuing with the local area and latinos: FSU, almost 11% of their student population is Latino.
  • TCC is at 5%
  • FAMU is at 2.5%
  • As we all know, there are several Latino influences locally like: LA FIESTA, BB and Gordos, my favorite.
  • You saw the numbers from a national perspective, 47 Million….what about % of total population: that’s at almost 16%!
  • These maps, which I will show quickly so you can compare the spreading of the Latino population is an interesting indicator of the strong points of the community, obviously starting by Mexico, Florida is populated by mainly Cubans and Puerto Ricans and Puerto Ricans are the main group in NY. At one point in recent history, there were more Puerto Ricans in NY than in Puerto Rico itself.
  • Interesting quotes from major orgs…. According to U.S. Census data cited by USA Today, “60% of the 1.3 million new Hispanics in 2005 are citizens because they were born here.” A 2007 study conducted by the Pew Hispanic Center found that a “majority (52%) of the nation's 16 million Hispanic children are now ‘second generation ,’ meaning they are the U.S.-born sons or daughters of at least one foreign-born parent.” Between 2000 and 2006: • Hispanics accounted for one-half of the nation’s growth • Hispanic growth rate (24.3%) was more than three times the growth rate of the total population (6.1%)
  • Here is a chart by the US Census Bureau showing Florida as the 3 rd in terms of population size in the US in 2006, with 3 Million
  • Miami-Dade county as #3
  • As you saw in the maps, the WEST has the largest population with 18 Million. Followed by the South with 15 MILLION
  • This is one of my favorite charts, where you see that the Mexicans are #1 in population size with 28 MILLION, which is 64% of all Latinos in the US. I am one of the 1.5 Million Cubans in the US.
  • So how do the Latinos do in terms of pay, salary? Males make on avg: $27K, way below the overall US avg for males of $42K. Latinas are paid on avg $24K, closer to the non-Latinas which make $32K on avg a year.
  • One of the questions I have heard posed frequently is where are the other minorities in terms of the overall US population….this graph shows that the second minority group are the blacks at 39.7 Million followed by Asians at 14 Million. Now, if you get all the minorities, and you group them, they make up 33% of the TOTAL US POPULATION, and the Whites make up 67%.
  • Next year is a big year!! Actually, now is a big year because the Census is next year, however….the Census Bureau is spending millions to promote the Census in 2010. I just met with Evelin, the Census rep here in Tallahassee, and she mentioned she is hiring folks to promote the 2010 count and is working very hard in making sure ALL Latinos and minorities are counted….one thing that they always emphasize is that even if you are undocumented or “illegal” they do not, by law, report you to the authorities and by law, all records are locked in vaults. As you can imagine, the migrant workers in Gadson county are probably very worried that if they fill out the Census questionnaire they will be arrested….that's not the case, we just have to make sure they are aware of that.
  • Why is the Census so important? Census data is used to determine how approximately $300 billion in federal funds are distributed annually to state, local, and tribal areas for critical community services, including community development block grants and other grant programs. It is estimated that each individual who remains uncounted by the Census results in a loss of $1,268 of federal funds, per person, per year. Also helps planning for emergency preparedness, transportation, roads, security and more.
  • Stereotype: as undependable Stereotype: illegal residents Stereotype: they work and send money home Stereotype: If your business means seasonal work, Hispanics won't come back after winter . Stereotype: Hispanic workers are always late to work and want to leave early . Language
  • Here you have the Supreme Court Justice Sotomayor, former Presidential candidate Bill Richardson, Secretary Solis from Labor and Ken Salazar from the Dept of Interior
  • Hispanics are not one race, nor do they represent a single ethnic group. The racial and ethnic composition of Hispanics has three major elements: European, African and Native American. The word Hispanic was coined by the Romans in 204 B.C. to identify the inhabitants of the Iberian Peninsula, today’s Spain and Portugal. The US Census bureau uses both interchangeably. The term Hispanic was adopted in the United States in the 1970s by the federal government.
  • 20 countries speak Spanish as their first language Spanish is the fourth most frequently spoken language in the world after Mandarin, Hindustani and English
  • Hispanics are the largest minority in the U.S. The U.S. is the fifth largest Hispanic country in the world. About 1 . . . of every two people added to the nation’s population between July 1, 2004, and July 1, 2005, were Hispanic
  • 32.7% The percentage of Hispanics who lacked health insurance in 2005
  • 1.6 million The number of Hispanic-owned businesses in 2002
  • $35,967 The median income of Hispanic households in 2005
  • $222 billion Revenue generated by Hispanic-owned businesses in 2002, up 19% from 1997.
  • 58% The percentage of Hispanics age 25 and older who had at least a high school education in 2004 714,000 Number of Hispanics 25 years and older with advanced degrees in 2004 (e.g., master’s, professional, doctorate). 12% The percentage of the Hispanic population age 25 and older with a bachelor’s degree or higher in 2004.
  • 7.6 million The number of Hispanic citizens who reported voting in the 2004 presidential election.
  • 21.8% The poverty rate among Hispanics in 2005 1.6 million The number of Hispanic-owned businesses in 2002 $35,967 The median income of Hispanic households in 2005 67% The percentage of Hispanic families consisting of a married couple
  • One of the most impressive numbers, the ultimtae sacrifice for a country is that there are 1.1 Million vets or military personnel that are Latino.
  • Once again, I am only 1 of 47 MILLION, I hope I painted a picture of what the Latino Movement is today, in our Country.

Bureau of Prisons | Latino Movement in the US Bureau of Prisons | Latino Movement in the US Presentation Transcript