Degrees.of .comparison
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  • 1. DEGREES OF COMPARISON The Degrees of Comparison in English grammar are made with the Adjective and Adverb words to show how big or small, high or low, more or less, many or few, etc., of the qualities, numbers and positions of the nouns (persons, things and places) in comparison to the others mentioned in the other part of a sentence/expression. 27-04-2009 made by BCK 1
  • 2. Kinds of Degrees of comparison Kinds of degrees of comparison POSITIVE DEGREE Degree of equality COMAPRATIVE DEGREE SUPERLATIVE DEGREE Pr ogr essive degr ee Par allel degr ee Degree of inequality 27-04-2009 made by BCK 2
  • 3. Positive Degree Posit ive Degr ee Degr ee of equalit y Degr ee of inequalit y 27-04-2009 made by BCK 3
  • 4. POSITIVE DEGREE  One noun – person, thing or place – and one quality… above average tall – adjective  John is a man. 27-04-2009 made by BCK 4
  • 5. Positive degree (continued)  Eifel tower is a tall man-made structure. One noun with one quality – ‘tall’ adjective in positive form 27-04-2009 made by BCK 5
  • 6. Degree of equality  The adjective or adverb is in positive form showing that two persons or things are the same – two nouns having the same quality. The common conjunction used is “as…as”. 27-04-2009 made by BCK 6
  • 7. Degree of equality: example 1  John is as strong as James. ‘strong’ – adjective in positive form showing equality 27-04-2009 made by BCK 7
  • 8. Degree of in equality  The adjective or adverb is in positive form showing that two persons or things are not the same – two nouns not having the same quality. 27-04-2009 made by BCK 8
  • 9. Degree of inequality  Peter is not as (so) fast as Paul. 27-04-2009 made by BCK 9
  • 10. COMPARATIVE DEGREE Two persons, things or places are being compared with one adjective or adverb to show that one has more quality or quantity of the adjective or adverb than the other. The adjective or adverb takes ‘r’ or ‘er’ to its positive form, and is said to be in comparative form. The conjunction ‘than’ is used to connect the two clauses. 27-04-2009 made by BCK 10
  • 11. WAYS OF MAKING COMPARISON One-syllable adjectives + (-e)r If the one-syllable adjective ends in V+C+V, double the final consonant and add –er for the comparative form 27-04-2009 made by BCK Two-syllable adjectives + more If the two-syllable adjectives ends with –y, change the y to i and add –er for the comparative form 11
  • 12. Two-syllable adjectives ending in –er, -le, or –ow take –er. adjectives with three syllables or more+ more 27-04-2009 Two-syllable adjectives that follow two rules. These adjectives can be used with -er and -est and with more and most Example: clever, gentle, friendly, quiet, simple made by BCK 12
  • 13. SUPERLATIVE DEGREE ► Comparing one noun – person, thing or place – with several others of its kind to show that this particular noun has the highest degree of the quality or quantity of the adjective or adverb being used to compare. ► The adjective or adverb takes the ‘superlative form’, ending with ‘st’ or ‘est’, with the definite article ‘the’ before it. ► The preposition ‘of’ is used when the comparison is among items, and ‘in’ is used to specify the place, position or area. 27-04-2009 made by BCK 13
  • 14. Superlative Degree: example 1  The elephant is the largest of all land animals.  The giraffe is the tallest of all animals. 27-04-2009 made by BCK 14
  • 15. Superlative Degree: example 2  Susan is t he most intelligent girl in the class. Susan 27-04-2009 made by BCK 15
  • 16. Degrees of Comparison: worksheet 1 • Gerald is fast the fastest the faster 27-04-2009 footballer in our team. made by BCK 16
  • 17. Degrees of Comparison: worksheet 2  Tom is a stronger the strongest strong 27-04-2009 boy. made by BCK 17
  • 18. Degrees of Comparison: worksheet 3  This man is sad happy angry 27-04-2009 , but that man is made by BCK . 18
  • 19. Degrees of Comparison: worksheet 4  Kate is more active activer active 27-04-2009 than Sue. made by BCK 19
  • 20. Degrees of Comparison: worksheet 5 • The white flower is as the most beautiful more beautiful beautiful 27-04-2009 made by BCK as the red flower. 20
  • 21. Degrees of Comparison: worksheet 7  The sea is getting . rough and rough rougher and rougher the rougher and the rougher 27-04-2009 made by BCK 21
  • 22. Degrees of Comparison: worksheet 8  Mt. Everest is higher than high the highest 27-04-2009 mountain in the world. made by BCK 22