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Criminal an Civil Proceedings in UK
 

Criminal an Civil Proceedings in UK

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Powerpoint presentation corresponding to module 1.6-1.7 from UCLM Law Master

Powerpoint presentation corresponding to module 1.6-1.7 from UCLM Law Master

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    Criminal an Civil Proceedings in UK Criminal an Civil Proceedings in UK Presentation Transcript

    • 1.6. CRIMINAL LAW 1.7. CIVIL LAW
    • Criminal law elements
      • Actus reus; physical element of committing a crime
      • Mens rea: mental element of committing a crime
      • Strict liability: might be sufficient to show that somebody acted negligently, intentionally or recklessly
    • Criminal offences
      • Serious offences: murder and manslaughter
      • Personal offences : assault, rape and sexual abuse
      • Property offences: theft, robbery (using force) and burglary (allanamiento)
      • Participatory offences: accomplice / aid and abet (delito de colaboración)
    • Criminal law defences (eximentes)
      • I nsanity (enajenación)
      • Mistake
      • Self-defence (defensa propia)
      • I ntoxication (embriaguez)
      • Duress (coacción)
      • Necessity (estado de necesidad)
    • TYPES OF CRIMINAL COURTS
      • House of Lords: Last instance you can appellate
      • Court of Appeal (Criminal Division): Hearing appeals from Crown Court
      • Queen’s Bench Division: Supervising, hearing applications for habeas corpus, hear appeals from Magistrates’ Court / Crown Court
      • Crown Court : trials on indictment (escrito de acusación)
      • Magistrates’ Court: Summary offences (without jury)
    • Trials on indictment
      • Prosecutor, police or private party lay an i nformation (denuncian) before a magistrate
      • Magistrate issues a summons (citación) / a warrant for arrest (orden de detención)
      • Police / Crown Prosecution Service (Fiscalía) brings defendant before Magistrates’ Court
      • Preliminary hearing ( vista preliminar): discharge or charge with a crime
      • Crown Court: trial by jury, indictment, plead guilty or not, the burden of proof, testimony
    • Summary Trials
      • The laying of an information before a magistrate
      • Issue a writ of summons or a warrant for arrest
      • Questioning of the suspect by police
      • Preliminary hearing in Magistrates’ Court: plead guilty, testimonies
      • Give a verdict + pass the sentence
    • CRIMINAL PROCEEDINGS SCHEMA
    • Types of punishments
      • Capital punishment (pena capital)
      • Life imprisonment or jail
      • House arrest (arresto domiciliario)
      • Parole or probation regime (libertad condicional)
      • Fines (multas)
    • 1.7. CIVIL PROCEEDINGS
      • Plaintiff brings a case against somebody (defendant) in a County Court / High Court of Justice
      • Writ of summons + served on defendant + acknowledgment of service + hearing (pleadings / discovery of proofs)
      • Out-of-court settlement or judgment (summary / trial judgment)
    • TYPES OF WRONGS AND REMEDIES
      • Torts: libel, slander (difamación)
      • Breach of contract
      • Damages: a charging order / attachment of earnings (embargo de bienes)
      • Termination of contract
      • Issue of an injunction
      • The rescission of contract
    • Types of civil courts
      • Tribunals: administrative questions
      • County Courts: small claims, land cases, divorce, wardship
      • High Court: Queen’s Bench Division (Contracts + torts), Family Division (divorce), Chancery Division (land, mortgages, bankruptcy)
      • Court of Appeal (Civil Division): Appeals from High Court / County Court
      • House of Lords : Appeals from Civil Division or High Court
    • CRIMINAL OR CIVIL MATTER?
      • Ms Robson wants to make her last will
      • The police are taking Mr Dean to the police station. He’s suspected of having stolen a car
      • Mr Bellerby is opening a new factory and he wants to get all employees to sign a contract
      • Mr Flynn owns a restaurant. He has a contract with a company to deliver fruits + vegetables to the restaurant. This company didn’t deliver them on the agreed date
      • Mr Allen is a bank manager. The bank is saying some money is stolen. Mr Allen has a new car + expensive clothes. Police wants to ask him some questions