Regional DevelopmentInternational Conference Latvia.                        Greg Clark Dec 2011   1
2
A Re-Balanced World With No More Core and Periphery                                                      3
The new horizon
Human and Urban Development and Ecological Footprint by Country                                                           ...
HUMAN DEVELOPMENT AND ECOLOGICAL      FOOTPRINT BY COUNTRY                               WELL-DESIGNED                    ...
Traditional Regional Policies        New Regional Policies              ‘Regional Planning’                  ‘Territorial ...
Integrated Framework For City/Region Development                                         Global economy and               ...
Requirements of the two modelsTraditional                New  Political Orientation      Market Orientation  Development w...
10
11
12
13
14
15
A basic typology1. Regional admin/gov with City-Regions.   Germany, Italy, France, Spain.2. Regional admin/gov without Cit...
17
The ‘Northern Way’                     18
Integrated Framework For City/Region Development                                         Global economy and               ...
As many city & metropolitan economies are „under-bounded‟      some regional governance may boost growth…                 ...
The new mobility.....not just tourism                                     Visitors                    Research            ...
Why metropolitan action 1?1. Extensive metropolitan re-organisation visible world-wide.   Metropolitan markets   Metropoli...
Why metropolitan action 2?3. Dynamic space   The space is dynamic and ever changing. Metro area and Region converging.4. O...
SDRIF: Growth corridors             SDRIF: Regional connectivitySDRIF: Multi-modal transport plan   SDRIF: Regional green ...
25
26
Regional Development and SpecialisationSmart Regions?                                          27
Regional Development Leadership 1.   National Gov Co-ordination and Innovation    eg Inter-ministerial commitment and disc...
National Leadership The biggest challenge in regional development is internal government co-ordination and alignment.     ...
Local and RegionalWhat is really regional and local?Capable local government, with enough  scale and incentive to encourag...
Leadership dividend –competitive advantage of leadership                                      31
What role for institutional and business groups in        the regional leadership system?     Negotiate                   ...
Regional Development Toolsi.     Strategic Planningii.    Development Agenciesiii.   Development Banksiv.    Brand Platfor...
Regional Strategic Planning    Definition:    “Regional/spatial planning gives geographical expression to the economic,   ...
Origins of Strategic Planning• Spanish Cities after Franco• Australian Cities catching up with sprawl.• EU cities in the c...
Core features of Strategic PlanningShape the future or be shaped by it!i.      Shaping future growth management. Clear fra...
Focus of regional plans                                                                 Hong                              ...
Focus of regional plans                                                             Hong                                  ...
Focus of regional plans                                                               Hong                                ...
Conclusionsi. A new era in regional spatial planning.ii. Regional leadership tools.iii. Strategic and influential document...
Turin metropolitan strategic plan   City centre strategy         Strategic themes of strategy                      Specifi...
Development Banks andFinancial Institutionsi.     Many regional development imperatives are neither wholly market       fu...
Building a regional development financial system.i.    National Development Bank.ii.   Evolution of local and regional dev...
Development Corporation Typologies                Urban          Productivity                                             ...
Bizkaya: Regional Development System
€3.50      €2.20what arebrands?           Brands are simply stories           that drive demand
what arebrands?           They signpost what           makes you different
48
Building a „Great Regional Experience‟        “Great Place”       “Enjoyable and         Memorable        Experience”  “Pl...
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Riga greg clark dec 2011

  1. 1. Regional DevelopmentInternational Conference Latvia. Greg Clark Dec 2011 1
  2. 2. 2
  3. 3. A Re-Balanced World With No More Core and Periphery 3
  4. 4. The new horizon
  5. 5. Human and Urban Development and Ecological Footprint by Country 5
  6. 6. HUMAN DEVELOPMENT AND ECOLOGICAL FOOTPRINT BY COUNTRY WELL-DESIGNED CITIES 6
  7. 7. Traditional Regional Policies New Regional Policies ‘Regional Planning’ ‘Territorial Development’ 1950s to 1990s 1980s to presentObjectives Balance national economies by Increase regional development compensating for disparities performanceStrategies Sectoral approach Integrated development programmes and projectsGeog. focus Political regions Metro regions and eco regionsTarget Lagging regions All regions - Metropolitan regionsContext National economy International economy and local economiesTools Subsidies, incentives, state aids, Assets, drivers of growth, soft and hard and regulations infrastructures, collaboration incentives, development agencies, co-operative governance, financial intermediationActors National governments and Multiple levels of governments, private sometimes regional governments and civic actors. Implementation agencies. 7 Collaborative governance
  8. 8. Integrated Framework For City/Region Development Global economy and Macro-economic framework Markets Feedback effects Development and growth Productivity Use of Population resources Innovation Industrial Business Human Environ ConnectivityDrivers & creativity structure ownership & mgt capital mgt Business Educational Land and Social/ cultural Ecological Governance environment and research physical infrastructure & base structure & investment base infrastructure quality of life 8 Pre-conditions
  9. 9. Requirements of the two modelsTraditional New Political Orientation Market Orientation Development within Linkages between regions regions Departmental approach: Whole of Gov approach capable National Gov Capable local/regional governance Technical skills and administration Leadership and alliance 9 building
  10. 10. 10
  11. 11. 11
  12. 12. 12
  13. 13. 13
  14. 14. 14
  15. 15. 15
  16. 16. A basic typology1. Regional admin/gov with City-Regions. Germany, Italy, France, Spain.2. Regional admin/gov without City-Regions. Poland, Netherlands, Portugal, Korea.3. Strong Federal States, encouraging City-Regions without Regional Gov or nation wide policy. USA, Canada, Australia.4. National-Local only; limited regions, no city-regions. Ireland, Greece,
  17. 17. 17
  18. 18. The ‘Northern Way’ 18
  19. 19. Integrated Framework For City/Region Development Global economy and Macro-economic framework Markets Feedback effects Development and growth Productivity Use of Population resources Innovation Industrial Business Human Environ ConnectivityDrivers & creativity structure ownership & mgt capital mgt Business Educational Land and Social/ cultural Ecological Governance environment and research physical infrastructure & base structure & investment base infrastructure quality of life 19 Pre-conditions
  20. 20. As many city & metropolitan economies are „under-bounded‟ some regional governance may boost growth… Relationship between size of government and economic growth Regional Local Note that the identification of LA Growth in GDP per capita Authority and regions on this curve is stylised - we are doing some work to identify where the core cities are on this curve … Proportion of city-region population covered by city-region governance arrangement 20
  21. 21. The new mobility.....not just tourism Visitors Research Firms Innovators Increasing Events & Entrepreneurs Festivals Mobility Institutions Students Investors 21
  22. 22. Why metropolitan action 1?1. Extensive metropolitan re-organisation visible world-wide. Metropolitan markets Metropolitan brands Metropolitan governance2. Functional Space Economy & Markets Environment Society Identity Scale 22
  23. 23. Why metropolitan action 2?3. Dynamic space The space is dynamic and ever changing. Metro area and Region converging.4. Opportunity costs. Organise the whole space or suffer from: lack of scale and critical mass needed to succeed co-ordination and capacity problems internal competition and waste incoherent messages missed opportunities5. Who is responsible for metropolitan area? 23
  24. 24. SDRIF: Growth corridors SDRIF: Regional connectivitySDRIF: Multi-modal transport plan SDRIF: Regional green space 24
  25. 25. 25
  26. 26. 26
  27. 27. Regional Development and SpecialisationSmart Regions? 27
  28. 28. Regional Development Leadership 1. National Gov Co-ordination and Innovation eg Inter-ministerial commitment and discipline eg Integrating National and EU Efforts 2. Regional level Strategy development Alliance building Inter-regional system 3. Local level Collaboration with neighbours Prioritisation Business and Investment friendliness
  29. 29. National Leadership The biggest challenge in regional development is internal government co-ordination and alignment. Cabinet Committees? Super Ministries? Shared targets? The 2nd biggest challenge is integrating national and EU approaches. Different competences. Gaps. How to avoid being led by the money? 291
  30. 30. Local and RegionalWhat is really regional and local?Capable local government, with enough scale and incentive to encourage development.4th role of Local needs special arrangements.Enough Regional Governance with competence and authority to lead and co- ordinate and achieve scale 301
  31. 31. Leadership dividend –competitive advantage of leadership 31
  32. 32. What role for institutional and business groups in the regional leadership system? Negotiate Bus Int best Pay for Attract & Reg Comms X Party Wider Advocate Ent know CSR practic activitie retention collab & media collab particip with Gov how e s                                                                     32           
  33. 33. Regional Development Toolsi. Strategic Planningii. Development Agenciesiii. Development Banksiv. Brand Platforms 331
  34. 34. Regional Strategic Planning Definition: “Regional/spatial planning gives geographical expression to the economic, social, cultural and ecological policies of society.” (European Regional / Spatial Planning Charter) “It is at the same time a scientific discipline, an administrative technique and a policy developed as an interdisciplinary and comprehensive approach directed towards a balanced regional development and the physical organisation of space according to an overall strategy." (European Regional / Spatial Planning Charter)
  35. 35. Origins of Strategic Planning• Spanish Cities after Franco• Australian Cities catching up with sprawl.• EU cities in the context of EU enlargement• Chinese cities coping with rapid urbanisation and metropolitanisation.• Japanese cities confronting climate change.Tackling Crisis and Challenge is often the beginning. 35
  36. 36. Core features of Strategic PlanningShape the future or be shaped by it!i. Shaping future growth management. Clear framework for market development and public investment. Understand the returns to the city and citizens form development.ii. Integrated Efforts, mixture of tools, cross cutting issues.iii. Guiding other strategies and frameworks.iv. Based on Vision, foresight, and evidence.v. Incentivising external investment. Combines internal and external rates of returns. Overcomes apparent tensions.vi. Setting standards and measurable targets.vii. Agreement between tiers of Government, providing decisive outcome. Conformity. Joint Prospectus. Agreement.viii. Consultation with stakeholders.ix. Implementation arrangements.x. Locate roles of different bodies.
  37. 37. Focus of regional plans Hong Ile-de- South Greater Kong Tokyo Chicago France Florida Toronto /PRD Affordable housing ● ● ● Major house-building ● ● ● ● programme Reduce sprawl - direct growth ●Infrastructure ● ● ● ● towards existing centres Quality of life/ public realms ● ● ● ● ● ● Keynote CBD redevelopment ● ● Urban regeneration ● Reduce car dependency through high-investment ● ● ● public transport programmeMobility Easing congestion - road ● expansion alongside public ● ● transport investment 37
  38. 38. Focus of regional plans Hong Ile-de- South Greater Kong Tokyo Chicago France Florida Toronto /PRD Reduce car dependency through high-investment ● ● ● public transportMobility programme Easing congestion - road ● expansion alongside public ● ● transport investment Act on climate change – energy infrastructure and ● ● ● ● ● sustainabilityEnvironment Conservation and water/air ● ● ● ● ● ● pollution improvements Emergency/ disaster ● ● preparation 38
  39. 39. Focus of regional plans Hong Ile-de- South Greater Kong Tokyo Chicago France Florida Toronto /PRD Quality services to reduce social/territorial ● ● ● inequalities Preserve/create ● ● ● employment landSocio-economic Economic development ● ● ● ● ● Job skills ● ● ● Race-gender inclusivity ● Improve social ● ● fabric/communityGovernance Improved regional co- ● ● ● ● ordination Improve international ● ● ● imageBrand-image Attract international ● ● 39 populations
  40. 40. Conclusionsi. A new era in regional spatial planning.ii. Regional leadership tools.iii. Strategic and influential documents.iv. Investment prospectus and communication tool.v. Based on evidence and scenario building.vi. Integrated strategies and families of strategies.vii.Spatial and Infrastructure Planning combined.viii.Integrated Planningix. Implementation of Regional Plans: use of tools.x. Leadership and Citizen/Stakeholder Dialogue 40
  41. 41. Turin metropolitan strategic plan City centre strategy Strategic themes of strategy Specific initiatives Strategy management Special Communication Project, „Luci Urban renewal – rejuvenation of the city‟s dArtista‟, Film Commission Torino City of Turin, Piedmont Region,Phase 1 public realm and accommodation with a Piemonte, Invest in Turin and Torino Internazionale (Agency for(1993-1997) focus on the city centre area and adjacent Piedmont Agency, 1st Strategic Plan, Strategic Plan) areas. Torino Convention Bureau, Atrium project, Winter Olympics. City of Turin, Piedmont Region, Hosting of culturally significant Torino Internazionale (Agency for events such as: Torino World Design Internationalising the city and consolidating Strategic Plan), former Banking Capital and XXIII World Congress ofPhase 2 and projecting the city‟s new image and Foundations, University system, Architecture (2008); Euroscience(1998-2007) identity to the world. A focus on the city Italia 150 (committee for the Open Forum (2010); Italia 150 (2011, centre but not specific to it. organization of the 2011 celebrations of the Unification of celebrations). The Urban Centre Italy 150th anniversary) Metropolitano. Special Communication Project, „Luci dArtista‟, Film Commission Torino City of Turin, Piedmont Region,Phase 3 Piemonte, Invest in Turin and Turin as a „knowledge hub‟ Torino Internazionale (Agency for(2008-2011) Piedmont Agency, 1st Strategic Plan, Strategic Plan) Torino Convention Bureau, Atrium project, Winter Olympics.
  42. 42. Development Banks andFinancial Institutionsi. Many regional development imperatives are neither wholly market fundable, nor justifying permanent subsidy.ii. They can be seen as ‘niches’ where the use of mixed public/private, cash/equity, short-term/long- term financing is involved.iii. To make this work ‘capable intermediaries’ are needed, special purpose financial institutions.iv. Development Banks can build these niches, utilise their balance sheet to manage risks and spread innovation, and leverage external investment. 421
  43. 43. Building a regional development financial system.i. National Development Bank.ii. Evolution of local and regional development finance system to be a key focus.iii. Inter-ministerial co-ordination: national and at regional level.iv. EU Structural Fund programme simplification.v. Regional level finance, budgets, and programming.vi. PPPs and Project Bondsvii. Municipal finance.viii. Inter-municipal collaborationix. Bankers co-ordinationx. Finance skills 43
  44. 44. Development Corporation Typologies Urban Productivity Integrated Visioning and Development and and Economic InternationalisatTypology Economic Partnership Revitalisation Growth -ion Agencies Agencies Agencies Agencies Agencies “Employment “Place and “Place and “Place -shapersPurpose “Place drivers” and productivity productivity productivity and visioners” drivers” leaders” promoters”ExampleAgency
  45. 45. Bizkaya: Regional Development System
  46. 46. €3.50 €2.20what arebrands? Brands are simply stories that drive demand
  47. 47. what arebrands? They signpost what makes you different
  48. 48. 48
  49. 49. Building a „Great Regional Experience‟ “Great Place” “Enjoyable and Memorable Experience” “Pleasant Experience” “Poor 49Experience”

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